Published on January 1, 2008
“TRANSPORTATION”: “TRANSPORTATION” Citizens Academy January 18, 2007 Welcome to the Monroe CountyHighway Maintenance Facility!: Welcome to the Monroe County Highway Maintenance Facility! Indiana Highway History: Indiana Highway History National support of roads & canals began with “The American System” Indiana’s began with the “Internal Improvement Act of 1836” Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1916 Indiana created a “market road” network and later, 1919, Indiana State Highway Commission created by General Assembly History of County Highway Departments in Indiana: History of County Highway Departments in Indiana From early territorial days to 1820, property owners were required to maintain County & Township roads “Modern” laws of 1885 & 1893 rolled into the 1905 Gravel Road Law, governed by the County & Townships County Unit Law of 1919 established current responsibilities History of County Highway Departments in Indiana (continued): History of County Highway Departments in Indiana (continued) Then, in the early 1940’s, with the continued deterioration of roads & the inability to fund their maintenance with local funds and, with usage of the automobile increasing, a State Gas Tax was created! Here’s its history through time….. Gas Tax: Gas Tax What are we responsible for?: What are we responsible for? Roads – not on State Highways and outside of a City or Town corporate limit Bridges – not on State Highways Culverts / Small Structures, Signs, Guard Rail, Sidewalk, Traffic Signals, and other appurtenances such as ditches and brush adjacent to the roadway. How do we keep track of our system? Who does what? Organizational Chart: Organizational Chart Road Inventory: Road Inventory Monroe County maintains 700.23 miles of roads. All but 54 miles are paved surfaces or asphalt and/or chip & seal roads. Roads maintained by 31 person crew Road widths vary from 1 lane (10 – 12 feet) to 5 lanes (60 feet). Each County maintains their south & east boundary roadways. Roads are assigned a classification based on importance to the regional network. Road Mileage & Annexations: Road Mileage & Annexations Road mileages are sent to the State Auditor for distribution of fuel taxes. Our mileage changes every year due to development & annexations. Bridge Inventory: Bridge Inventory Responsible for 137 bridges 29 different types of structures in our system (concrete beams, truss, & others) Maintained by 5 person Bridge Crew 124 or 90.5% have a carrying capacity of 15 tons or greater 10 or 7.3% have an 11 to 15 ton capacity 3 or 2.2% have a 6 to 10 ton capacity 0 have less than 5 ton capacity (must be closed at 3 tons) Current Sufficiency Rating (2006) = 83.4 out of 100 Historic Bridges : Historic Bridges County has 4 bridges of that are potentially historic structures per Bridge Inventory (eligible for the National Register). Coordinating efforts on State-wide basis to preserve a select, best specimens of various type of structures in order to; 1) preserve our transportation heritage and, 2) expedite the federal review process for needed replacements. Friendship Road Bridge #114 was restored in 2003. The Commissioners received recognition from the FHWA, the INDOT and the Bloomington Historic Preservation Commission for this project. Current plan to build covered bridge Maple Grove Road. As recently as 1947, Monroe County had nine covered bridges, including two constructed by the Kennedy Brothers. However, they were gradually replaced. Three were destroyed when Lake Monroe was built in the 1960’s, and the last one succumbed to arson in 1976. The project is to reclaim the county’s covered bridge heritage Culvert / Small Structure Inventory: Culvert / Small Structure Inventory Responsible for 2,918 pipes ranging from 10” diameter to 19’11” span width Over 93,000 lft. of pipe (<18 miles) Many material types, sizes and shapes Average of 4 pipes per mile Maintained by 5 person Bridge Crew Current Inventory Condition Rating Sign Inventory: Sign Inventory Responsible for over 6,000 road signs, not including identification signs. Includes regulatory signs (stop, yield, speed limit, no parking) Includes warning signs (curve, turn, stop ahead, etc) Averages installation of 1.2 signs per mile Maintained by Highway employees (3 person sign & operations crew) Signal Inventory: Signal Inventory Responsible for seven traffic signals on County roads (Curry Pike – 5*, Old SR 37 South, Liberty Drive) Installed by private contractors Maintained in cooperation with the City of Bloomington Public Works, Traffic Division *Includes new signal installation at Profile Parkway, to be energized by 2/15/07. Guard Rail Inventory: Guard Rail Inventory Responsible for over 20,302 lft. of guard rail on the road network Most installed by private contractors Primary purpose is to guide errant vehicles back onto roadway and; Protection from roadside obstacles Placed after engineering study deems it’s placement is warranted. Sidewalk Inventory: Sidewalk Inventory Responsible for almost 130,000 lft. of sidewalk with no fund to pay for maintenance Most constructed within residential developments Have constructed network that connects State Road 45 to State Road 46 Future construction to be in accordance with Planning Department’s Alternative Transportation Plan Asset Management & GASB-34: Asset Management & GASB-34 What is Transportation Asset Management? “Transportation Asset Management is a strategic and systematic process of operating, maintaining, upgrading and expanding physical assets effectively throughout their lifecycle. It focuses on business and engineering practices for resource allocation and utilization, with the objective of better decision making based upon quality information and well defined objectives.” AASHTO Subcommittee on Asset Management Asset Management: Asset Management Decision-Making & Resource Allocation Goals and Objectives Analysis of Options and Tradeoffs Preservation, Operations, Capacity Expansion Implementation Monitoring and Performance Measures Policies Feedback Overview Budgets Expectations Asset Management: Asset Management Capital Improvement Operations RESOURCES Safety, Etc. Preservation Slide21: Where Does Your Highway Money Go? Life Cycle Analysis: Life Cycle Analysis Pavement Condition Optimal Timing Time/Traffic Original Pavement GASB-34? So what is it?: GASB-34? So what is it? • Government Accounting Standards Board NOT a government agency • Sets standards for States and Local entities Basis of audit opinions for bonding • State and local agencies to include the value of physical assets in their financial statements • Changed reporting from Optional to Required • Timing - Phase I: >$100 million (6-15-01) Phase II: $10 to $100 million (6-15-02) Phase III: < $10 million (6-15-03) GASB-34 (continued): GASB-34 (continued) GASB-34 (continued): GASB-34 (continued) What do we get out of this?: What do we get out of this? Large and long-term commitment at all levels of government Preservation versus Deferred Maintenance Long-term Solutions versus Short-term Fixes Potential for better decisions Monroe County utilizes an asset management software where every operation is tracked and monitored for performance Road Inspections: Road Inspections Conducted continuously by Highway Superintendent, Assistants and Foremen Includes pavement conditions Includes pipe conditions Includes drainage of ditches Includes sign placement verifications and conditions Have conducted inspections using consultants in past with other inventories to verify our results Used to prepare future road resurface and maintenance projects for Commissioners review and approval Bridge Inspections: Bridge Inspections Conducted continuously by Assistant Engineer In-depth inspection required by FHWA every two years in accordance with the National Bridge Inspection & Safety Standards of the Federal Aid Highway Act of 1968 Done by trained, qualified structural engineer Maximizes public safety for all. Reviewed by the INDOT and the FHWA for compliance with Act Provides historical data base for us to use in assessing material usage and design. Drainage, Drainage, Drainage!: Drainage, Drainage, Drainage! These are the 3 parts of a good road! Most storm water is taken care of on surface but subsurface hydrology most common cause of damaged roadbeds. Bridge Crew & Ditch Crews maintain our roadway drainage systems. All new subdivisions reviewed by Drainage Engineer and Drainage Board which assists with addressing development issues as it relates to drainage. More Drainage: More Drainage NPDES Stormwater, Phase II, program of the Federal Clean Water Act. The 6 minimum measures are; 1) Public education & outreach 2) Public participation & involvement 3) Illicit Discharge Detection & Elimination 4) Construction Site Storm Water Runoff Control 5) Post-Construction Storm Water Management in New Development & Redevelopment 6) Pollution Prevention/Good Housekeeping for Municipal Operations Several Departments are working in developing our plan with the IDEM at the present time. City / County Cooperation: City / County Cooperation Traffic Signal work Long Range Transportation Planning Subdivision Reviews Road maintenance “trade offs” Equipment sharing Data sharing (counts, inventories, etc) Coordination with utilities in TIF Districts GIS & Transportation: GIS & Transportation Extremely useful tool Used to plot crash locations, asset locations, road classifications and other inventory data, property data such as easements and Rights-of-Way, drainage study area and slope calculations. This list is endless! Emergency Management : Emergency Management Highway Department is responsible parties serving as the lead in the Emergency Support Functions of Transportation and Public Works. The responsibilities included are to assist with mass evacuations, establishing evacuation routes, inventory and use of heavy equipment & trucks, coordination with all utilities. Homeland Security laws require training of the ESF leaders inclusive of area police, fire and other community responders. Funding this Operation: Funding this Operation TRADITIONAL METHODS MOST COMMUNITIES IN THE STATE UTILIZE ARE; Motor Vehicle Highway Account Local Road and Street Account Cumulative Bridge GAS TAX FUNDS: GAS TAX FUNDS Provides funds for MVH & LR&S Accounts Funds raised from 18 cent gas tax you pay at the pump. It is distributed to almost 300 entities…………… like this - Motor Vehicle Highway Account: Motor Vehicle Highway Account State funds from gasoline taxes, vehicle registration fees, drivers licenses, title fees, weight and excise taxes, special fuel taxes (around $480,000,000 annually). Distributed monthly to various branches of government, including State, Counties, Cities, Towns and other entities. State receives approximately 53% of fund. Remainder is split based on road mileage, registered vehicles and population. Can be used (by Counties) only for construction, reconstruction, and maintenance of highways. It can also be used for all overhead costs associated with this operation. Motor Vehicle Highway Account: Motor Vehicle Highway Account MVHA RECEIPTS 1999 THROUGH 2006 Local Road & Street Account: Local Road & Street Account This fund is similar to the Motor Vehicle Highway fund in that it is money generated from the gasoline tax and distributed based on car registrations of a specific County. Then it is distributed - 60% based on population & 40% on mileage. By law, money generated for this fund can be used for engineering, land acquisition, construction, resurfacing, maintenance, restoration, or rehabilitation of both local and arterial road and street systems. Monroe County historically has used this fund to pay for major capital improvements, such as Curry Pike, and our safety programs. Since 1996, this fund has seen a sharp decrease, going from over $900,000 to our current budget of $700,000. Local Road & Street Account: Local Road & Street Account LR&SA RECEIPTS 1999 THROUGH 2006 Cumulative Bridge Fund: Cumulative Bridge Fund Property Tax of $0.0213 per $100 of assessed valuation. Paid by all property owners in Monroe County, including those within the corporate limits of the City of Bloomington and the Towns of Ellettsville and Stinesville. Funds used to pay for bridge and culvert repairs and replacements. Funds also used for engineering, Right-of-Way acquisition and construction matching funds or federally funded bridge replacement projects. Cumulative Bridge Fund: Cumulative Bridge Fund CUMULATIVE BRIDGE PROPERTY TAX RECEIPTS – 1992 THROUGH 2006 Funding this Operation: Funding this Operation NON–TRADITIONAL METHODS INCLUDE; Local Option Highway User Tax (Wheel Tax) Tax Increment Financing Districts Cumulative Capital Development Funds Department of Commerce Grants Federal Highway Administration / Metropolitan Planning Organization Funds Federal Discretionary Funds Local Option Highway User Tax (Wheel Tax): Local Option Highway User Tax (Wheel Tax) Legislature approved legislation to allow County Councils to adopt a local tax due to a $40 million shortfall in local public agency distributions. One of first Counties in Indiana to adopt this tax in 1982, effective in 1983. Has been modified twice since adoption, latest in 2005. Raises almost $3 million overall Proceeds divided between County, City of Bloomington, Towns of Ellettsville and Stinesville. Local Option Highway User Tax (Wheel Tax): Local Option Highway User Tax (Wheel Tax) WHEEL TAX / SURTAX – A local license plate fee that generates approximately $1,100,000 for the county annually. these funds are used on resurface projects only. Local Option Highway User Tax (Wheel Tax): Local Option Highway User Tax (Wheel Tax) Beginning in 2006, the County eliminated 10% surtax and establish $25 flat fee for vehicles less than 11,000 pounds, raise Wheel tax to $40 for all vehicles in class except light trailers, which will raise from $5 to $10. Distribution of Funds based on LR&S formula (60% population; 40% mileage) What does accounting & asset management have to do with anything? LOHUT & LR&SA Distribution: LOHUT & LR&SA Distribution Tax Increment Financing Districts: Tax Increment Financing Districts TIFS are utilized to provide funds for needed infrastructure in areas that are intended to promote economic development. There are 3 TIF Districts in County jurisdiction; Richland TIF - 625 acres Bloomington TIF – 1100 acres Fullerton Pike TIF - 77 acres Richland TIF District: Richland TIF District Revenues exceeding $1 million annually. Projects improved existing roadways and made new connections for better traffic flows Also provided new sewer and water facilities in area for increased environmental and public safety improvements. Increased developable property availability with all infrastructure in place. Bloomington TIF District : Bloomington TIF District In early stages with minimal revenue at this time however, expected to generate over $16 million for infrastructure needs. Projects included in developer-backed bond include extension of Curry Pike, beginning of frontage roads, and sewer and water infrastructure. Cumulative Capital Development Funds: Cumulative Capital Development Funds Funds requested on an “as needed” basis. Used primarily for promotion of industrial infrastructure. These funds will be used for projects that promote industrial development, whether it be for new companies or retaining the industries we currently have. Department of Commerce Grants: Department of Commerce Grants Requested on a project by project basis, usually associated with plant expansions. Funds are based on job creation and proposed capital improvements by industry. Funds can be used for infrastructure or job training specific to the industry. Federal Discretionary Funds: Federal Discretionary Funds Funds are specifically listed in Federal Appropriation Bills of a given year. Used only upon request by Local Government. Have been successful in receiving $1 million for Curry Pike and are awaiting $500,000 for Fullerton Pike in FY 2007 bill, currently in the Senate. Federal Highway Administration / Metropolitan Planning Organization: Federal Highway Administration / Metropolitan Planning Organization Federal government requires communities with population > 50,000 to establish an MPO for the purpose of transportation planning. Approved by Governor Orr in 1982. Objective is to promote & encourage development of transportation systems, embrace multimodal system, and minimize transportation related fuel consumption & air pollution. Comprised of 3 Boards representing various Federal, State, City of Bloomington, Town of Ellettsville & IU interests; Policy Committee – Elected and Appointed Officials Technical Committee – Appointed Officials Citizens Committee – A broad cross-section of County, City, & Town people. MPO (continued): MPO (continued) Funds distributed to the MPO from the INDOT are to be used in the urbanized area. Funds can be for a road, bridge or other type of transportation related project or planning study. Requires a local match – usually 20% of cost of project or study. Projects within the urbanized area of the City of Bloomington require approval from the MPO. Only $2.5 million available per year for all entities. Thoroughfare Plan: Thoroughfare Plan Two Components – Functional Classification System & Capital Improvement Plan Plan approved in 1997 and compliments MPO’s Long Range Plan Functional Classification assigns the “importance” of the roadway in the overall system. CIP is used as direction in future road improvements Project Prioritization: Project Prioritization Maintenance Projects based on pavement condition needs as seen by field inspections, anticipated pavement conditions based on our previous inventory assessments (PCI), traffic counts - # of people effected, crash histories, and long term maintenance costs. Capital Improvement Projects Same as above combined with projected land use & traffic studies and modeling. Public input from Thoroughfare Hearings and MPO. Project Development: Project Development Maintenance Project / Improvement Identified Estimate prepared for annual program Submitted to Commissioners for approval Submitted to County Council for approval, if additional funds are necessary that are not already in the budget, previously approved by the Council Project Development: Project Development Major Capital Improvement Project Identified in Thoroughfare Plan, TIF Plan, MPO Long Range Plan, or Bridge Inventory. Estimate prepared for project. Submitted to Commissioners for approval Submitted to County Council for approval, if additional funds are necessary that are not already in the budget, previously approved by the Council If Federal funds are used, submitted to INDOT via MPO (if in UA), for review and approval Design firm selected via approved process Plans prepared, inclusive of environmental reviews, necessary federal, state & local permits. Public Hearings conducted on design of specific project. Right-of-Way acquired if necessary Bid via public construction laws Capital Improvement Projects: Capital Improvement Projects Current Major Projects of 2007 Vernal Pike, Phase 1 – $4.5 million improvement which is part of 2 phase project that will improve alignment from Hartstrait Road to Curry Pike. Rogers St.Bridge #78 - $755,000 bridge replacement over Clear Creek. Walnut & 1st Sts Bridge #902 – $3 million (est.) bridge replacement project with City. Bids in April. Sunrise Greeting Court - $325,000 road reconstruction project. Bids in May Smith Rogers Roads Curve Correction - $500,000 safety improvement. Bids in September. Hunters Creek Road - $400,000 bridge replacement project. Bids in September. Gosport Road Bridge #164 - $500,000 iron truss renovation. Bids in September. Capital Improvement Projects: Capital Improvement Projects Major Projects of 2008 Rockport Road Bridge #94 - $875,000 bridge replacement. Major Projects of 2009 Vernal Pike, Phase II - $5.1 million improvement which is 2 phase of project that will improve alignment from Curry Pike to State Road 37. Maple Grove Road #38 – $750,000 bridge “resurrection”/preservation project which is the relocation of the Cedar Ford Covered Bridge, originally built in 1885 in Shelby County. Beyond ….. Fullerton Pike multi-lane from SR 45 to Sare Road. Thank you! : Thank you! Questions ??? Comments ??? Or contact us later at; Bill Williams John Chambers Monroe County Highway Department Monroe County Highway Department Highway Director / Engineer Highway Superintendent Courthouse, Room 323 2650 S. Kirby Road Bloomington, Indiana 47404 Bloomington, Indiana 47403 (812)349-2555 (812)825-5355 [email protected] [email protected] Thank you for coming! Now …………: Now ………… Here’s Bob!!!