Published on January 15, 2008
Understanding Catholicism: Intellectual Formation Theology Class: Understanding Catholicism: Intellectual Formation Theology Class Beatitudes Catholicism As Comprehensive and Holistic: Catholicism As Comprehensive and Holistic Matthew 4:17 “Repent for the kingdom of heaven is at hand” ~Beatitudes are preceded by the call of the twelve apostles (kingdom’s ministers) cf. Matthew 4:18-22; Luke 6:12-16 ~ The Beatitudes: Matthew : The Beatitudes: Matthew Matthew 5:3-10 Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven Blessed are those who mourn, for they shall be comforted Blessed are the meek, for they shall inherit the earth Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness, for they shall be satisfied Blessed are the merciful for they shall obtain mercy Blessed are the pure in heart, for they shall see God Blessed are the peacemakers, for they shall be called sons of God Blessed are who are persecuted for righteousness’ sake, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven The Beatitudes:Luke: The Beatitudes: Luke Luke 6:20 Blessed are you poor, for yours is the kingdom of God. Blessed are you that hunger now, for you shall be satisfied Blessed are you that weep now, for you shall laugh Blessed are you when men hate you, and when they exclude you and revile you, and cast out your name as evil, on account of the Son of man! Rejoice your reward will be great in heaven Woe to you that are rich, for you have received you consolation Woe to you that re full now, for you shall hunger Woe to you that laugh not, for you shall mourn and weep Woe to you, when all men speak well of you Beatitudes: Definitions: Beatitudes: Definitions Beatitude- Latin word for happiness Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle -happiness is the only thing that humans desire for its own sake. He observed that men sought riches not for the sake of being rich, but to be happy Eudaimonia- Greek word for happiness Eu- (good, moral) -diamon- (spirit, not body) -ia (lasting, permanent state) Contentment- moment, subjective, modern Blessedness- eternal, objective, ancient Christ- Mainly ancient, but includes subjective satisfaction & objective perfection Our Concept vs. Christ’s Concept: Our Concept vs. Christ’s Concept Our Concept of happiness? 1. Wealth 2. Freedom from Pain 3. Conquest/power 4. Self-esteem 5. Justice/peace 6. Sex 7. Winners 8. Honor/accepted 9. Long life Jesus’ Concept or happiness? 1. Poor 2. Mourn 3. Meek 4. Thirst for righteousness 5. Merciful 6. Pure 7. Peace-makers 8. Persecuted 9. Cross Not our ways : Not our ways Chesterton “It is because we are standing on our heads, that Christ’s philosophy seems upside down. We are looking up at the earth and kicking our feet at the heavens” We are called to imitate Christ and “be perfect, as your heavenly Father is perfect” Matthew 5:48 “The Beatitudes depict the countenance of Jesus Christ and portray his charity. They express the vocation of the faithful associated with the glory of his Passion and Resurrection; they are the paradoxical promises that sustain hope in the midst of tribulations; they proclaim the blessings and rewards already secured, however dimly, for Christ’s disciples; they have begun in the lives of the Virgin Mary and all the saints.” CCC 1717 The Decalogue and the Beatitudes: The Decalogue and the Beatitudes “The Beatitudes are not specifically concerned with certain particular rules of behavior. Rather, they speak of basic attitudes and dispositions in life …the Sermon on the Mount demonstrates the openness of the commandments and their orientation toward the horizon of the perfection proper to the Beatitudes. These latter are above all promises, from which there also indirectly flow normative indications for the moral life. I their originality and profundity they are a sort of self-portrait of Christ, and for this very reason are invitations to discipleship and communion of life with Christ” VS 16 Saints experience of Beatitude: Saints experience of Beatitude Jesus is the most satisfying happiness The saints are extremely happy because of their infectious blessings, not taught, but caught Smile of Mother Teresa can convert more ably than any arguments Life of happiness and seed is planted at baptism How did we become so confused?: How did we become so confused? If happiness is now understood only partially and incompletely, where was the fullness lost? Is temporal happiness incompatible with faith? What are the historical developments of the divorce of faith and modern reason?