Classical Conditioning Review

Information about Classical Conditioning Review

Published on January 15, 2008

Author: Panfilo

Source: authorstream.com

Content

Classical Conditioning Review:  Classical Conditioning Review Test Your Knowledge Question:  Question Explain and define classical conditioning. Answer:  Answer Classical Conditioning is the basic learning process that involves repeatedly pairing a neutral stimulus with a response-producing stimulus until the neutral stimulus acquires the capacity to elicit the same response. Question:  Question List the classical conditioning terms. Answer:  Answer Unconditioned Conditioned Stimulus Response Question:  Question Define the classical conditioning terms. Answer:  Answer Unconditioned Unlearned, untaught Conditioned Learned, taught Stimulus Something that elicits a response Response A reaction caused by a stimulus Question:  Question Define: Neutral Stimulus (NS) Unconditioned Stimulus (UCS) Conditioned Stimulus (CS) Answer:  Answer Neutral Stimulus An unconditioned stimulus always elicits a reflexive or unconditioned response. Unconditioned Stimulus An unconditioned stimulus always elicits a reflexive or unconditioned response. Conditioned Stimulus A conditioned stimulus is a formerly neutral stimulus that acquires the capacity to elicit a reflexive response Question:  Question Define Unconditioned Response (UCR) Conditioned Response (CR) Answer:  Answer Unconditioned Response An unconditioned response is an unlearned, reflexive response that is elicited by an unconditioned stimulus. Conditioned Response A conditioned response is the learned, reflexive response to a conditioned stimulus. Question:  Question Using Pavlov’s example of Classical Conditioning, what was the: Neutral Stimulus (NS) Unconditioned Stimulus (UCS) Unconditioned Response (UCR) Conditioned Stimulus (CS) Conditioned Response (CR) Answer:  Answer Neutral Stimulus: Bell Unconditioned Stimulus: Food Unconditioned Response: Salivation Conditioned Stimulus: Bell Conditioned Response: Salivation Question:  Question Provide an example of Classical Conditioning. Answer:  Answer Sara has always felt calm and relaxed when listening to classical music. Lately, she’s been lighting a candle just before she listens to classical music. Now she doesn’t even need the classical music to feel relaxed. Question:  Question Now identify your example’s: Neutral Stimulus (NS) Unconditioned Stimulus (UCS) Unconditioned Response (UCR) Conditioned Stimulus (CS) Conditioned Response (CR) Answer:  Answer Neutral Stimulus: Candle Unconditioned Stimulus: Music Unconditioned Response: Feeling relaxed Conditioned Stimulus: Candle Conditioned Response: Feeling relaxed Question:  Question Diagram the classical conditioning model using the classical conditioning example that you provided. Answer:  Answer NS + UCS UCR Candle Music Feeling relaxed CS CR Candle Feeling relaxed Question:  Question What are the factors that affect conditioning? Answer:  Answer Stimulus Generalization Stimulus Discrimination Extinction Spontaneous Recovery Question:  Question Define/explain: Stimulus Generalization Stimulus Discrimination Extinction Spontaneous Recovery Answer:  Answer Stimulus Generalization The occurrence of a conditioned response not only to the original conditioned stimulus, but to other, similar stimuli as well. Stimulus Discrimination The occurrence of a conditioned response to a specific stimulus, but not to other, similar stimuli. Extinction The gradual weakening and apparent disappearance of the conditioned response. Spontaneous Recovery The reappearance of a previously extinguished conditioned response after a period of time without exposure to the conditioned stimulus. Slide24:  Review is Over

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