Published on January 15, 2008
Polish Classical Composers: Polish Classical Composers Do you know these names? They are the most known Polish composers of classical music! We would like you to get familiar with them. Have a nice time! : Do you know these names? They are the most known Polish composers of classical music! We would like you to get familiar with them. Have a nice time! F. Chopin S. Moniuszko W. Kilar K. Penderecki Slide3: Frédéric François Chopin, (March 1, 1810 – October 17, 1849) is one of the most famous, influential and admired composers for the piano, and Poland's most significant composer. He was born Fryderyk Franciszek Chopin, of French and Polish parentage in the village of Żelazowa Wola, Poland. In Warsaw he was hailed as a child prodigy for his keyboard and composition skill. He left for Paris at the age of 20, having already composed his two piano concertos, and never returned to Poland. In Paris, he made a career as a performer and teacher as well as a composer, and adopted the French variant of his name, "Frédéric-François". In 1836 he met the French writer George Sand, with whom he had a relationship for nine years until 1847. After suffering from poor health for much of his life, his condition forced him to give up performing and teaching shortly before he died. FRYDERYK CHOPIN Slide4: Chopin's compositions, which are almost exclusively for the piano, include the Funeral March piano sonata and the twenty-four etudes and are widely considered to be amongst the pinnacles of the piano repertoire. Although some of his music is among the most technically demanding for the instrument, Chopin's style emphasizes poetry, nuance, and expressive depth rather than mere technical display. He is often cited as one of the mainstays of Romanticism in nineteenth-century classical music. Monument in Warsaw Slide5: Stanislaw Moniuszko Stanisław Moniuszko was born on the 5th May 1819 in Obiel in Belarus. He was a famous conductor and composer. He was taught how to play piano by August Frezer and Dominik Stefanowicz. He left for Berlin where he continued to learn his future profession. He returned to Poland and married Aleksandra Mueller. He worked as an organist and a piano teacher. He became famous thanks to his very good performances. In 1848 he composed his most famous work, “Halka”. This opera was a great success. He became the first conductor of Polish Opera in the Grand Theatre in Warsaw. The January Uprising slowed down his career, but he composed another famous work – “The Haunted Manor” in 1865. He died on the 4th June 1872 of a heart attack. He is considered the creator of the Polish National Opera. Slide6: Krzysztof Penderecki Krzysztof Penderecki is a Polish composer and conductor of classical music. Penderecki's international recognition began in 1959 at the Warsaw Autumn Festival with the premiere of works, Strophen, Psalms of David, and Emanations, but the piece that truly brought him to international attention was Threnody to the Victims of Hiroshima (see threnody and Hiroshima), written for 52 string instruments. In it, Penderecki makes use of extended instrumental techniques (for example, playing on the wrong side of the bridge, bowing on the tailpiece). There are many novel textures in the work, which makes great use of tone clusters (notes close together played at the same time). His the most famous opuses are: Operas: The Devils of Loudun, Paradise Lost, The Black Mask, Ubu Rex, Symphonies: Symphonies 1-8 and Lacrimosa, Polish Requiem, Cello Concerto, Credo. Slide7: Wojciech Kilar Wojciech Kilar is a Polish classic and film music composer. Kilar was born in July 17, 1932 in Lwów, Poland now L'viv, Ukraine. He studied in Katowice and later on in Paris with Nadia Boulanger. He won several prices for his works and belongs (together with Krzysztof Penderecki and Henryk Górecki to the Polish avant-garde of the Sixties. His orchestral work Krzesany (Climbing up the mountains) from 1974 became famous, but since the mid 1970s he has become well known as a composer of film scores, increasingly in Hollywood (working with Roman Polanski). Kilar remains faithful to the style he defined for himself in these works to this day. Having abandoned avant-garde technical means almost entirely, he continues to employ a simplified musical language, in which sizeable masses of sound serve as a backdrop for highlighted melodies that are often emotionally potent. This occurs in those compositions that reference folk music (especially Polish Highlander folk melodies) and in patriotic and religious pieces that reflect the composer's deep religious faith and devotion to his country. The building blocks for Kilar's film music are similar, and this specialization has helped the composer gain far-reaching fame throughout the world. Although it was his cooperation with Francis Ford Coppola on DRACULA (1992) that consolidated the composer's position in the film world, it seems that the films of Krzysztof Zanussi have inspired Kilar to the highest levels artistic achievement.