Published on January 16, 2008
Unit 7: Unit 7 The Luncheon 午 餐 Slide2: I. Word Study and Word Building 1. impression n. 印象: 1. impression n. 印象 e.g. What’s your impression of John Denver as a country music singer? The performance left very little impression on the audience. make / leave a deep impression on sb. : 给某人留下深刻的印象 impress v. impressive a. 2. hospitable a. 好客的: 2. hospitable a. 好客的 e.g. Gordon and Mary were very kind and hospitable to us when we visited them last summer. Note: be hospitable to: 对… 热情 hospitality n. 好客，盛情 cf. hospital n. hostile a. hostility n. 敌意，恶意 考题：: 考题： I was deeply impressed by the hostess’ _____ and enjoyed the dinner party very much. a. humanity b. hospitality c. hostility d. indignation Answer: b. 3. dramatic a. 戏剧性的；惹人注目的: 3. dramatic a. 戏剧性的；惹人注目的 e.g. Nancy immediately threw up her hands in a dramatic gesture. Bruce made a dramatic description of the baseball game. Note: drama n. dramatize v. dramatically adv. 4. innocent a. 天真的；无罪的: 4. innocent a. 天真的；无罪的 e.g. Janet is 14 years old and very innocent. Jack turned his head and looked at me with large innocent eyes. Note: innocence n. 无辜，清白 5. mouthful n.: 5. mouthful n. -ful : suffix, the amount or number that will fill Ex. 9 P 160 6. Back formation (逆成法)：: 6. Back formation (逆成法)： e.g. an affix as edit from the word “editor” Ex. 10 P 161 Slide10: II. Language points and text analysis 1. in answer to: in response to作为对…的回答，答复；应…之请求: 1. in answer to: in response to作为对…的回答，答复；应…之请求 e.g. The electrician came at once in answer to my telephone call. The newspaper published an open letter in answer to the readers’ criticisms. 2. overlook vt. 俯视；忽视: 2. overlook vt. 俯视；忽视 e.g. From their house on the hillside, they can overlook the whole city. This window on the top floor of the building overlooks most of the square. 3. keep body and soul together: 勉强/仅能维持生活: 3. keep body and soul together: 勉强/仅能维持生活 e.g. In those days it was difficult for many poor people to keep body and soul together. Jim was an unskillful worker and earned hardly enough to keep body and soul together. 4. means n. 金钱，财富: 4. means n. 金钱，财富 e.g. Only a man of means could afford such a big house. We must live within, not beyond, our means. Note: (live) within one’s means: 量入为出 (live) beyond one’s means: 入不敷出，不量入为出，超出某人的经济能力 means: 手段，方法，工具(用作单数): means: 手段，方法，工具(用作单数) by all means: 1) 尽一切办法；一定，务必 2) (表示答应)好的，当然可以 be means of: 用，依靠 by no means: 决不，一点也不 by any means: 无论如何 by some means or other: 用某种方法 Proverb: The end justifies the means. 只要目的正当，可以不择手段。 5. modest a. moderate适度的，适中的；不太大的: 5. modest a. moderate适度的，适中的；不太大的 e.g. Mrs. White served us a modest but tasty meal. Please accept this modest present from our class. 6. cut out : leave out, give up停止使用，戒除: 6. cut out : leave out, give up停止使用，戒除 e.g. The doctor told the overweight lady to cut out meat from her diet. At the age of seventy, my father decided to cut out smoking and drinking. 7. manage v. get along过活，生活: 7. manage v. get along过活，生活 e.g. I wonder how he managed with such a small income. How can anyone manage on $300 a month? cf. manage v. 处理，办理；对付；设法对付；设法: cf. manage v. 处理，办理；对付；设法对付；设法 e.g. – Do you need any help with those heavy bags? -- No, thanks. I can manage. She knows how to manage him when he’s angry. I finally managed to find what I was looking for. 8. passion n. 激情: 8. passion n. 激情 e.g. My sister has a great passion for classical music. In these poems Byron expressed his burning passion for the woman he loved. Note: passionate a. 有激情的 have a passion for: 酷爱… 9. be inclined to: be likely to; tend to 易于…的，倾向于，想: 9. be inclined to: be likely to; tend to 易于…的，倾向于，想 e.g. Nobody felt inclined to argue with Ben. I’m inclined to believe what you say. Note: be inclined to do sth. : 倾向于，常常 10. startle vt. 使吃惊，使惊跳: 10. startle vt. 使吃惊，使惊跳 e.g. You startled me! I didn’t hear you come in. He was startled to see her looking so pale. Note: be startled to do sth. : … 吃了一惊 be startled by / at sth. : 为某事所惊 be startled out of one’s sleep: 从睡梦中惊醒 startling a. 令人吃惊的，惊人的 11. reassure vt. 使安心，使消除疑虑；再向…保证，再对…进行保险: 11. reassure vt. 使安心，使消除疑虑；再向…保证，再对…进行保险 e.g. They apologized and reassured me that the matter would be dealt with immediately. She tried to reassure me, “Don’t worry about it. We won’t let it happen again.” Note: reassure sb. that … cf. assure vt. 使确信，使放心；向… 保证；对…进行保险: cf. assure vt. 使确信，使放心；向… 保证；对…进行保险 e.g. Investigations assured us of the soundness of the plan. I can assure you of the reliability of the information. I assure you that I will not say a word about this to anyone. Note: assure sb. of sth.: 使某人确信…；向某人保证… assure sb. that … : 向某人保证… 12. come in: 上市；有供应(到成熟季节，当令): 12. come in: 上市；有供应(到成熟季节，当令) e.g. The salesman said the new fashions had just come in that morning. As soon as the fresh vegetables come in, they put them on sale. 13. can’t / couldn’t (very) well : 不好，不便: 13. can’t / couldn’t (very) well : 不好，不便 e.g. I couldn’t very well refuse to lend him the book. You can’t very well argue today in favor of what you were against yesterday. 14. by all means: certainly; of course; feel free to 一定；务必: 14. by all means: certainly; of course; feel free to 一定；务必 e.g. – “Would it be all right if I left early?” “Yes, yes, by all means.” -- “May I borrow your dictionary for a moment?” “By all means.” -- By all means bring your girlfriend with you. 15. believe in: 相信…的价值: 15. believe in: 相信…的价值 e.g. His mother believes in dieting in order to control her weight. More and more people in Japan have come to believe in (doing) tajiquan. cf. believe in: have trust in 相信；信任；信赖 16. a trifle : slightly; a little bit有点，稍微: 16. a trifle : slightly; a little bit有点，稍微 e.g. He seems a trifle nervous. His uniform made him a trifle out of place at the party. 17. forbid vt. 禁止，不许: 17. forbid vt. 禁止，不许 e.g. When I was young, my parents forbade me to watch TV before I had finished my homework. Mrs. Smith forbids her daughter to go out in the evening. Note: forbid sb. to do sth. : 禁止某人做某事 prohibit sb. from doing sth.: 禁止某人做某事 cf.: cf. ban: 语气最重，指权威机关“正式禁止”。一般含有“严厉谴责”的意思，只能用于严重危害公众利益的事物；但反动统治集团，从他们的利益出发，“禁止”人民进步正义的活动、出版物等，也可用ban。ban 只能以事物为宾语 forbid: 是最普通用的词，可用于较细小的事物。 prohibit: 指(通过法律、法令或严正警告)禁止某些事物，应用范围较ban 广。 prohibit sb. from doing sth.: 禁止某人做某事 18. come to: reach (a total); amount to总计: 18. come to: reach (a total); amount to总计 e.g. I didn’t expect that these few books would come to so much. How much does the bill come to? 200 yuan? 19. take (sb.) to task: criticize or scold 申斥，责备(某人): 19. take (sb.) to task: criticize or scold 申斥，责备(某人) e.g. When the team lost the match, their coach took them seriously to task for all the mistakes they had made. Peter has been taken to task for more than once about his carelessness. 20. (not) in the least: (not) at all一点也不: 20. (not) in the least: (not) at all一点也不 e.g. I don’t understand American football in the least. Jim is not interested in the least in classical music. It’s no trouble to post the letter for you. Not in the least. 21. sigh vi. 叹气: 21. sigh vi. 叹气 e.g. She put down the phone, sighed, and shook her head sadly. Mike sighed with despair at the thought of the opportunities he had missed. 22. ruin vt. destroy, completely spoil毁灭(常用于比喻): 22. ruin vt. destroy, completely spoil毁灭(常用于比喻) e.g. Too much sugar can ruin your teeth. You’re ruining your health, staying up so late every day. cf.: cf. damage: 指“损坏”，意味着损坏后价值或效率降低，一般是部分性的，有时也可用于借喻中。 destroy: 指十分彻底的“破坏”，常含有“不能或很难修复”的意思，也可用于借喻中(construct (建设)的反义词) ruin: 现在多用于比喻中，有时泛指一般的“弄坏了”。在指真正具体地“摧毁”、“破坏”建筑物等时，以不用为宜。Ruin用作名词复数用时，指具体的“废墟ruins”。 23. be obliged to: be forced or impelled to被迫做某事: 23. be obliged to: be forced or impelled to被迫做某事 e.g. Because of her poor eyesight, Jane is obliged to wear glasses all the time. Having found a mistake in his calculation, the engineer was obliged to do the work all over again. Note: be obliged to do sth. : 被迫做某事 oblige sb. to do sth. : 强迫某人做某事 cf. be obliged to sb. : 感谢/感激某人 24. (not) bring oneself to do sth. : 强迫自己做某事: 24. (not) bring oneself to do sth. : 强迫自己做某事 e.g. She could not bring herself to tell her husband about what had happened that afternoon. Nothing could bring him to approve of his daughter’s marriage to a foreigner. 25. start up: 惊动，惊起: 25. start up: 惊动，惊起 e.g. Johnnie started up out of his chair when he heard the bell ring. The young lovers started up when the girl’s mother entered the room. 26. thrust vt. push suddenly or violently猛推；刺，戳: 26. thrust vt. push suddenly or violently猛推；刺，戳 e.g. He thrust his hands into his pockets. The murderer thrust a dagger into the woman’s heart. Note: thrust … into … 27. in season: available正当时令；正当盛产季节: 27. in season: available正当时令；正当盛产季节 e.g. Watermelons / Strawberries are not in season at this time of year. Don’t buy imported bananas; they are too expensive. Wait until native ones are in season. cf. out of season: not available不当令 28. mean a. not generous吝啬的；刻薄的: 28. mean a. not generous吝啬的；刻薄的 e.g. His sister is very mean and never shares her sweets with others. Don’t be mean with the tip; the waiter is such a nice young man. 29. revenge n. 报仇，报复: 29. revenge n. 报仇，报复 e.g. We bombed their cities in revenge for their attacks on ours. I’ll have / get my revenge on you for what you have done to me. Jim threatened to take revenge on the shirt factory that had fired him. Note:: Note: have / get one’s revenge on sb. for sth. : 因某事向某人报仇 take revenge on sb. : 向某人报仇 revenge vt. 替…报仇 e.g. revenge sb. : 为某人报仇 revenge oneself on sb. for sth. : 因某事向某人报仇 30. take / have a hand in: play a part in 参加，介入，插手: 30. take / have a hand in: play a part in 参加，介入，插手 e.g. He made all the elaborate arrangements himself and would let no one else take / have a hand in them. It is obvious that more than one person had taken / had a hand in this matter / affair. III. Group Discussion: III. Group Discussion Describe an embarrassing experience that you have had. IV. Dictation: IV. Dictation After eating a rich meal at an expensive restaurant in Paris, John was startled to find that he hadn’t got any money on him. Very much embarrassed, he went to the manager and said, “I’m sorry, sir, but I haven’t got any money to pay for that meal.” Dictation: Dictation “That’s all right,” said the manager. “we’ll write your name on the wall and you can pay the next time you come in.” “Don’t do that. Everybody who comes in will see it.” “Oh, no, they won’t. Your overcoat will be hanging over it, ” said the manager.