Comma Rules

Information about Comma Rules

Published on October 24, 2013

Author: tccampa

Source: authorstream.com

Content

Comma Rules: Comma Rules Some common rules for using commas Click for next  Beware of comma myths!: Beware of comma myths! These myths are commonly-held incorrect beliefs about when to use a comma. Click for next  Comma Myths: MYTH #1: Long sentences need a comma. Comma Myths Click for next  Comma Myths: TRUTH: Sentence length does not determine when to use a comma. Comma Myths Click for next  Comma Myths: MYTH #2 : Add a comma wherever you “pause. ” Comma Myths Click for next  , Comma Myths: TRUTH: “Pausing” or “breathing” while reading a sentence does not mean a comma is needed. Comma Myths Click for next  PowerPoint Presentation: Different readers pause or breathe in different places . Click for next  Comma Myths: MYTH #3: Always use a comma before “ and ” Comma Myths Click for next  Comma Myths: TRUTH: “ and ” does not always require a comma. Comma Myths Click for next  Comma Myths: Specific rules apply for using commas with “ and ” Comma Myths Click for next  Comma Rules in this presentation: : Introductory Phrases & Clauses Coordinating conjunction rule Sentence Interrupter rule “However” rule Coordinate adjectives rule Comma Rules in this presentation: Click for next  Comma Rule #1: Introductory Phrases & Clauses: Comma Rule #1: Introductory Phrases & Clauses Click for next  Rule:: Rule: Place a comma after introductory phrases & dependent clauses. introductory phrases dependent clauses Click for next  Introductory Phrases & Clauses: Introductory Phrases & Clauses Prepositional phrase , sentence with subject & verb. In today’s class , we learned comma rules . From the side , the building looked scary. Click for next  Introductory Phrases & Clauses: Introductory Phrases & Clauses Prepositional phrase , sentence with subject & verb. Along the way , the girls became friends . Except for Louis , everyone was asleep. For tonight’s movie , we chose a horror film. Click for next  Introductory Phrases & Clauses: Introductory Phrases & Clauses Dependent clause , sentence with subject & verb. A dependent clause begins with a subordinating conjunction: Because I was late , my boss was angry. Because Although If When Unless While Click for next  Introductory Phrases & Clauses: Introductory Phrases & Clauses Dependent clause , sentence with subject & verb. Unless he saves some money , he will be broke . Although Mary can swim , she is afraid of water. Click for next  Introductory Phrases & Clauses: Introductory Phrases & Clauses When the guests arrived , John served the drinks . Since no one was home , we left a note. While looking for my bracelet , I found my ring. Click for next  Introductory Phrases & Clauses: Introductory Phrases & Clauses While the road crew repairs cracks in the pavement , traffic will build up. Click for next  Coordinating Conjunction Rule: Coordinating Conjunction Rule FANBOYS and commas Click for next  Coordinating Conjunction Rule : Coordinating Conjunction Rule RULE: Use a comma before a coordinating conjunction that separates two sentences. Sentence , and sentence. so separates two sentences . but for yet nor Click for next  Coordinating Conjunction Rule : yet but Coordinating Conjunction Rule The house was abandoned , so and the city condemned it. He annoys me , I find him attractive. Click for next  Coordinating Conjunction Rule : Do NOT use a comma if one side is not a sentence. Coordinating Conjunction Rule Sentence and fragment. no comma if one side is not a sentence. I jumped in my car and drove home. Click for next  Coordinating Conjunction Rule : Sentence Coordinating Conjunction Rule The cushions were rotted for I had left them outside . , Sentence comma Click for next  Coordinating Conjunction Rule : Coordinating Conjunction Rule I took on the responsibility for cleaning the porch. Sentence fragment NO comma Click for next  Comma or NO comma?: My friend overheard my phone conversation and she discovered I was planning a surprise party for her. Comma or NO comma? , Comma! Sentence Sentence Click for next  Comma or NO comma?: My friend’s party took two months to plan and was a huge success. Comma or NO comma? NO Comma! Sentence fragment Click for next  Comma or NO comma?: Dairy products such as ice cream taste good but tend to upset my stomach. Comma or NO comma? NO Comma! Sentence fragment Click for next  Comma or NO comma?: Ryan does not like water so he will not Comma or NO comma? , Comma! Sentence Sentence use the hot tub. Click for next  Comma or NO comma?: Keva will stay with us for a week or split her vacation between our house and grandma’s. Comma or NO comma? NO Comma! Sentence fragment Click for next  Comma or NO comma?: We taped a list of chores to the door yet Dave continues to ignore our cleaning requests. Comma or NO comma? , Comma! Sentence Sentence Click for next  Sentence Interrupters : Sentence Interrupters Appositives & Parenthetical Expressions Click for next  Sentences are sometimes interrupted by… : Sentences are sometimes interrupted by… Appositives Parenthetical Expressions Click for next  PowerPoint Presentation: Subject verb and the rest of the sentence. , appositive , An Appositive renames or provides more information about a subject / noun. renames provides more information Sarah expects us to practice daily. , our squad leader , appositive Click for next  Appositive Rule : Rule: If the information can be removed without changing the meaning , then place commas around it . Appositive Rule Click for next  Appositives: Appositives Bill Clinton the former president will speak at graduation. Bill Clinton the former president will speak at graduation. , , Appositive - use commas Click for next  Appositives: Appositives The winner , who was announced yesterday , is suspected of cheating. , who was announced yesterday , is suspected of cheating. The winner who was announced yesterday is suspected of cheating. , , Appositive - use commas Click for next  Appositives: Appositives Roberto , a hardworking student , always has the highest score in the class. , a hardworking student , always has the highest score in the class. Roberto a hardworking student always has the highest score in the class. , , Appositive - use commas Click for next  A Parenthetical Expression is a side remark or extra comment added for emphasis. : A Parenthetical Expression is a side remark or extra comment added for emphasis. It interrupts a sentence: Sunday , by the way, is my birthday. side remark extra comment Click for next  Parenthetical Expression Rule : Rule: Place a comma before and after a parenthetical expression. Parenthetical Expression Rule Sunday by the way is my birthday. , , Click for next  Parenthetical Expression: Parenthetical Expression My neighbors for example stay up all night. , , The patient is as far as we can tell perfectly healthy. , , This job I can assure you will be completed next week. , , Click for next  “However” rule: “However” rule comma or semi-colon? Click for next  PowerPoint Presentation: Sometimes you use: , however , Other times you use: ; however , Click for next  However = Parenthetical Expression : When “however” interrupts 1 sentence, use commas around it. However = Parenthetical Expression Click for next  comma, however, comma: When “however” interrupts 1 sentence: comma , however , comma She was too tired to travel. , however , Use commas Click for next  semi-colon; however, comma: When “however” divides 2 sentences , use semi-colon ; however , comma Sentence ; however , sentence. Click for next  semi-colon; however, comma: When “however” divides 2 sentences: semi-colon ; however , comma 2 sentences She was tired She decided to take the trip anyway. She was tired. ; however , she decided to take the trip anyway. Click for next  “However” rule: Which is correct? Sentence #1: The whole story he told , however , was difficult to believe. or Sentence #2: The whole story he told ; however , was difficult to believe. “However” rule Click for next  “However” rule: Sentence #1 is correct: The whole story he told , however , was difficult to believe. “However” rule “however” interrupts 1 sentence The whole story he told was difficult to believe. Click for next  “However” rule: Which is correct? Sentence #1: I did not think I would like the movie , however , it ended up being one of my favorites. or Sentence #2: I did not think I would like the movie ; however , it ended up being one of my favorites. “However” rule Click for next  “However” rule:  Sentence #2 is correct Sentence #2: I did not think I would like the movie ; however , it ended up being one of my favorites. “However” rule “however” divides 2 sentences Click for next  “However” rule: Which is correct? Sentence #1: The apartment upstairs ; however , is available starting next month. or Sentence #2: The apartment upstairs , however , is available starting next month. “However” rule Click for next  “However” rule: Sentence #2 is correct: The apartment upstairs , however , is available starting next month. “However” rule “ however ” interrupts 1 sentence The apartment upstairs is available starting next month. Click for next  Coordinate Adjectives Rule : Coordinate Adjectives Rule Commas and adjectives Click for next  Coordinate Adjectives Rule : Use a comma between 2 adjectives that describe the same noun . Coordinate Adjectives Rule adjective , adjective I saw a dark , ugly spider. It was a small , empty room. Click for next  Coordinate Adjectives Rule : Q: What are “ Coordinate Adjectives ?” A: 2 Adjectives that describe the same noun . Coordinate Adjectives Rule Click for next  Coordinate Adjectives Rule : For example : I saw a dark ugly spider on the ceiling. dark ugly = coordinate adjectives I saw an ugly spider. I saw a dark spider. Coordinate Adjectives Rule , , Click for next  Coordinate Adjectives Rule : He was a difficult stubborn child. He was a difficult child. He was a stubborn child. Coordinate Adjectives Rule , Click for next  Coordinate Adjectives Rule : Which is correct? #1: Spot is a big , cuddly dog. Or #2: Spot is a big cuddly dog. Coordinate Adjectives Rule Click for next  Coordinate Adjectives Rule : Answer: #1 is correct! Spot is a big , cuddly dog. Spot is a big dog. Spot is a cuddly dog. Coordinate Adjectives Rule Click for next  Coordinate Adjectives Rule : Which is correct? #1: It is another hot , humid day in our city. Or #2: It is another hot humid day in our city. Coordinate Adjectives Rule Click for next  Coordinate Adjectives Rule : Answer: #1 is correct! It is another hot , humid day in our city. It is another hot day in our city. It is another humid day in our city. Coordinate Adjectives Rule Click for next  Many other comma rules exist, but the rules you have just reviewed are some of the most common. : Many other comma rules exist, but the rules you have just reviewed are some of the most common . Click for next  End of presentation: End of presentation End of presentation

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