Published on February 14, 2012
PowerPoint Presentation: COMPARATIVE STUDY OF DIFFERENT RELIGIONS IN INDIA PowerPoint Presentation: MohammedDanish Akshata Chavan Apurva Pavaskar Sonali Kharose Dilip Khandekar PRESENTED BY- PowerPoint Presentation: MohammedDanish Ismail Shaikh M – 4155 Topic On: Islam / Muslim PowerPoint Presentation: INTRODUCTION PowerPoint Presentation: RELIGIONS IN INDIA The Land of spirituality & Philosophy The most dominant religion in India Din – E – Elahi Followers of Non-Indian Religions PowerPoint Presentation: INTRODUCTION To Islam PowerPoint Presentation: Sunni Muslim Sufi Muslim Shia Muslim Wahabi Muslim Branches of islam PowerPoint Presentation: Testimony Prayer Hajj Alms Giving Fasting 5 PILLARS OF ISLAM PowerPoint Presentation: Prophet Mohammed PBUH Founder of Religion of Islam Beginning of Islamic Calendars Prophet Mohammed Life & Tradition PowerPoint Presentation: Torah Psalms Islamic Holy Books PowerPoint Presentation: Contd... Gospel Quran PowerPoint Presentation: festivals Eid-Ul-Fitr ( Ramzan Eid ) Eid-Ul-Adha ( Bakra Eid ) Eid -E- Milad PowerPoint Presentation: Akshata Chavan M – 4150 Topic On: Hinduism PowerPoint Presentation: INTRODUCTION To Hinduism PowerPoint Presentation: HINDUISM Religion Of India Its true Hinduism is the most followed religion of India. No Founder Associated There is no credited founder and there is no specific belief system to Hinduism PowerPoint Presentation: Contd... Symbol That Represent Hinduism The Om is the symbol that is most often used to represent the Hindu faith. PowerPoint Presentation: Holy Book. The two most important of the ancient writings are the Vedas and the Upanishads. PowerPoint Presentation: Contd... Beliefs Hindu people follow its teachings by adhering to prominent beliefs. Roots of Hinduism (Vedas) Vedas are large body of text originating in ancient India. The text constitutes the oldest layer of Sanskrit literature and oldest scriptures of Hinduism. PowerPoint Presentation: Rituals Focus on devotion to God (perceived as Brahman, Shiva, Vishnu etc) or several gods. PowerPoint Presentation: Varna Dharma Varna refers to the categorization of the Hindu Society by four castes. PowerPoint Presentation: Dilip Kumar Khandekar M – 4144 Topic On: Sikhism PowerPoint Presentation: INTRODUCTION To Sikhism PowerPoint Presentation: introduction Sikhism, the youngest of the world religions, is barely five hundred years old. Its founder, Guru Nanak, was born in 1469. Guru Nanak spread a simple message of "Ek Ong Kar": we are all one, created by the One Creator of all Creation. Sikhs are easily recognized by turban. Sikhism is a way of life, or self-discipline coupled with a belief in the unity of God, equality of man, faith in the Guru's word and love for all. Most Sikhs speak Punjabi However, some speak Hindi, Urdu or English. PowerPoint Presentation: What is Sikh? ? ? Sikh means “Student” or “Disciple” Sikhism is world’s 5th largest religion , after Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, and Buddhism 26 million Sikhs worldwide 20 million in India 1 million in North America PowerPoint Presentation: Birth of Sikhism Guru Nanak Dev Ji – 1 st Guru Born in 1469 during a time when: Rich exploited the poor Women had no role in society Land divided by religion Guru Nanak founded Sikhism based on equality and justice for all and taught us that all human beings regardless of skin color, wealth, caste, and gender are created equal. “Truth is high; still higher is truthful living” - Guru Nanak Dev Ji PowerPoint Presentation: 5 K’s – mandatory articles of faith Kesh - Uncut hair: Sikhs do not cut hair or beards to remain in the image that God gave us. Kachera - Under-shorts (boxers) to represent modesty and fidelity ( virtuous character ) Kanga - Comb, made of wood - to keep uncut hair neat and clean. Kara - Bracelet, made of steel worn on right hand –a reminder of noble actions, a symbol of eternity. Kirpan - Ceremonial small blunt knife Symbolizing freedom , liberty and justice. Articles of faith PowerPoint Presentation: Guradwara- place of worship PowerPoint Presentation: Guradwara- place of worship The Sikh religious service follows the traditions started by the 1 st Guru to promote equality and alleviate suffering. It has 3 components: Sangat :- Community prayer through readings from the Guru Granth Sahib and singing of hymns (Kirtan). Pangat :-A sense of equality with everyone seated on the ground - at the same level. Langar :- Community vegetarian meal for all . PowerPoint Presentation: The golden temple The Golden Temple is the most sacred of places for the Sikhs. To enter one has to descend stairs – teaches humility. There are doors on all fours sides, which signifies that people from all over the world are invited irrespective of caste, color, religion, and race . 24/7 Langar. PowerPoint Presentation: Sonali Kharose M – 4152 Topic On: Christians PowerPoint Presentation: INTRODUCTION To Christians PowerPoint Presentation: What is Christianity? A diverse, 2000 year old religion followed by almost one third of the world’s population! Based on the life, teachings, death and resurrection of a first century Jew known as Jesus, believed to be the Christ (messiah, savior) by his followers (thus called “Christians”) PowerPoint Presentation: Who was Jesus? – The historical Jesus Born, bred, lived, and died a Jew in first century Roman occupied Palestine Around age 30, took on a mission of preaching, teaching, and healing as an itinerant teacher Had a following of 12 primary disciples and countless multitudes attracted by his miracles and words of wisdom A political threat to Roman and Jewish authorities, is put to death through torturous crucifixion (a Roman punishment) PowerPoint Presentation: Scriptural sources – The Christian Bible The Great Guide!!!!! PowerPoint Presentation: How do Christians practice their faith? – in church Sacraments: Baptism Communion (Eucharist, Mass, the Lord’s Supper) Confirmation Confession of sins, penance, atonement Marriage (“Holy Matrimony”) Ordination (“Holy Orders”) Healing (anointing, “Holy Unction”, “Last rites”) PowerPoint Presentation: What are some Christian holy days? Two major seasons in the Christian calendar: Christmas – celebrating the birth of Jesus Easter – commemorating the resurrection of Christ Christmas: Advent (four weeks leading up to Christmas day) Christmas Day (December 25 th ) Epiphany (the “twelfth day of Christmas”) PowerPoint Presentation: Contd... Easter: (early spring, date varies) Pentecost: the 50 th day (seven weeks) after Easter (commemorates the coming of the Holy Spirit upon the apostles) PowerPoint Presentation: Purva Pawaskar M – 4147 Topic On: Comparison of Different Religion PowerPoint Presentation: Comparison Of Different Religions In India PowerPoint Presentation: Hinduism Islam Sikhism Christianity Origins & History Indigenous religion of India as developed to present day. Muhammad, 622 AD, Saudi Arabia Guru Nanak, c. 1500 AD, Punjab, India. Founded by Jesus Christ in c. 30 AD, Israel. Adherents Worldwide (approx.) 900 million 1.3 billion (Sunni: 940 million) 23 million 2 billion God(s) and Universe One Supreme Reality (Brahman) manifested in many gods and goddesses One God (Allah in Arabic) One God (Ik Onkar, Nam) One God who is a Trinity of Father, Son, and Holy Spirit PowerPoint Presentation: Hinduism Islam Sikhism Christianity Human Situation and Life's Purpose Humans are in bondage to ignorance and illusion, but are able to escape. Purpose is to gain release from rebirth, or at least a better rebirth. Humans must submit (islam) to the will of God to gain Paradise after death. Overcome the self, align life with will of God, and become a "saint soldier," fighting for good. All have sinned and are thereby separated from God. Salvation is through faith in Christ and, for some, sacraments and good works. Afterlife Reincarnation until gain enlightenment. Paradise or Hell. Reincarnation until resolve karma and merge with God. Eternal heaven or hell (or temporary purgatory). PowerPoint Presentation: Hinduism Islam Sikhism Christianity Texts The Vedas, Upanishads, Bhagavad Gita, Ramayana, etc. Qur'an (Scripture); Hadith (tradition) Adi Granth (Sri Guru Granth Sahib) The Bible (Old and New Testaments) Practices Yoga, meditation, worship (puja), devotion to a god or goddess, pilgrimage to holy cities, live according to one's dharma (purpose/ role). Five Pillars: Faith, Prayer, Alms, Pilgrimage, Fasting. Mosque services on Fridays. Ablutions before prayer. No alcohol or pork. Holidays related to the pilgrimage and fast of Ramadan. Prayer and meditation on God's name, services at temple (Guradwara), turban and five Ks. Balance work, worship, and charity. No monasticism or asceticism. Prayer, Bible study, baptism, Eucharist (Communion), church on Sundays, numerous holidays. PowerPoint Presentation: Hinduism Islam Sikhism Christianity Prophet Krishna,Ram Muhammad,Ishmael Guru Nanak and 9 subsequent Moses,Abraham,John the Bapist Marriages Its built in heaven Man may marry upto 4 women Love or arrange In heaven marriages doesn’t exist ,except for marriage between God and soul Place of worship Temple Mosque Gurdwara Church PowerPoint Presentation: Hinduism Islam Sikhism Christianity Virtues in which religion is based upon Love and truth Peace Courage Love Views on other religion All religions are equal. Humanity is the basis Only Islam is right All religion are equal. However not all religions lead to the merging of one’s soul with god Christianity alone contains the fullness if truth PowerPoint Presentation: Thank You All........