Published on February 7, 2008
Slide2: Vratsa District is situated in the Northwestern part of Bulgaria and covers approximately 3% of the total area of the country. BASIC DATA OF VRATSA DISTRICT Total area– 3 600 sq.км Population– 219 830 residents Agricultural area– 302 300 hа Forests– 575 sq.км Water area – 67 sq.км Territories for transport and infrastructure - 21 sq.км The climate is temperate-continental with cold winter and hot summer. Relief: Mainly flat landscape. Most of the territory is occupied by the Danube Valley. To the South and South West it gradually turns into Fore Balkan and in Stara Planina (Balkan Mountain). Област Враца Slide3: As a part of the Regional Museum of History the Ethnographic Museum has kept the memory of the traditional Bulgarian culture and customs. In the Regional Museum of History, where is situtated the Art Gallery, is exhibited the world famous, gold plated, silver, Thracian treasure of the village Rogozen. Vratsa District is a center of a rich ancient culture in Northwestern Bulgaria. In the town Vratsa there are remarkable monuments of the cultural, historical and architectural heritage , which are of national importance, some of them are the Tower of Mechtchiite and Kurtpachova Tower, built in ХІІ th century. Slide4: The Cherepish monastery ”Assumption” (ХIVв.) – one of the oldest monasteries, preserved until the recent days, tucked away at the foot of the grand rocks in the Iskar defile and was connected with the battles of Tzar Ivan Shishman. In the town Oriahovo are the Museum of History, Ethnographic House and the House-museum of Diko Iliev - the genius Bulgarian folk composer and musician. The National Museum Ship “Radetzki” in the town Kozloduy retained the memory of the heroism of the detachment of Hristo Botev. There are also Museum exhibitions and Art Galleries in the towns Mezdra and Krivodol. On the historical path of the Hristo Botev’s detachment from the Kozloduy river’s bank to the summit Okoltchitsa, each year many people from all the country participate in the National marche , to show their respect to the memory of Hristo Botev and the immortality of all Bulgarian heroes. Each year on the 1st and 2nd of June in the town Vratsa and on the summit Okoltchitsa are organized celebrations in the memory of Hristo Botev and all heroes perished in the name of the Liberation of Bulgaria. Slide5: In Vratsa District There are 15 secondary schools, 19 high and vocational schools, providing education for the students - the future sepcialists in economics, mechanical and electric engineering, nuclear power,chemistry and textile industry, stone-cutting, agriculture and others.There are also High School of foreign languages and High school of Natural Sciences and Mathematics. There are Local Centers of the following Universities: Veliko Turnovo University “St.Cyril and St.Methodius”- Pedagogical college Vratsa University of Medicine Sofia -Medical college Vratsa Southwestern University “Neofit Rilski” - Blagoevgrad - Local Center Vratsa University of National and World Economy -Vratsa Local Center of Economy International Slavonic Institute - Local Center Vratsa New Bulgarian University - Local Center Vratsa Moscow University -Local Center Vratsa Slide6: The House of the power specialists in the town Kozloduy and the House of the railwayman in the town Mezdra are very important Centers of culture for the region. The 92 small local cnters of culture in the District preserve the traditions and the uniqueness of the Bulgarian spirit. The Regional institutions of Culture realize their successful activities in Vratsa District - Regional Museum of History and Art Gallery, Drama puppet theatre and Vratsa philharmonic orchestra, placed in the Palace of Culture in the town Vratsa. Slide7: The Southern part of the District is more industrialized, comparing to the Northern, where the development of the agriculture is predominant. The largest companies, presenting the economic development of the District are: “Holcim-Bulgaria” AD – village Beli izvor, “Centromet” AD - town Vratsa, “Sunnytex” AD - town Mezdra, “Enemona” AD -town Kozloduy, “Ledenika” AD - town Mezdra, “Hemus-M” AD -town Mezdra, “Lalov I Vachev” EOOD - town Vratsa, “Bulned” EOOD - town Vratsa The Gross Domestic Product of Vratsa District - 4 338 levas per capita of the population /2001/ represents 54% of the total GDP for the three Districts in the Northwestern region for planning and is also16% higher than the average GDP for Bulgaria. The Gross production of industry shows an increase of 21 % comparing with 2000 . The economic fields of the industrial manufacture in the District are production of electric power, mechanical engineering, food processing and beverage, textile and clothing industry, trade and construction. Slide8: The attraction of foreign investment funds with the aim of technological renovation for export oriented goods is the main priority to restore the share of industry in the economic structure of Vratsa District. The availability of foreign investment funds is for now unsufficient and we only can count on the SME’s development as shareholding companies with foreign investments . The investors are presented mainly by Swiss, Italian and Greek companies. Slide9: The port of Oriahovo and the ferry-boat connection Oriahovo-Beket are of national and international importance. In the town Mezdra is situated the main railways junction, which connects the Northwestern Bulgaria with the rest of the country. The length of the roads within the territory of Vratsa District is 1 277 km of the Republican Road system. The bus transport system ensures the suitable connections to the towns – Sofia, Pleven, Svishtov, Lovech, Gabrovo, Vidin and others. A gas-main passes through the territory of Vratsa District and there is a natural gas-condensed field in the village of Chiren. Slide10: Near the villages Chiren and Liliatche are situated the natural rock bridge ”Bojia most” (“God’s Bridge”), karst spring ”Jabokrek" and the cave “Ponora”. Some of the most interesting sites within the territory of “Vratchansky Balkan” Natural Park are the Vratsa Eco-trail, Children Ecological educational Center and the cave ”Zmeiova dupka”. “Vratchansky Balkan” Natural Park, as a protected natural area, covers the Reserve ”Vratchansky karst” - picturesque rocky formations, the cave ”Ledenika" –tourist site of national importance and the gorge “Vratsata” near the river Leva. Slide11: There are perfect conditions in the area of Vratsa Balkan (Vratsa Mountain) for the development of the alpinism, gliding and mountaineering. 3 zones for recreation and tourism are defined with the chalets: Okoltchitsa, Parshevitsa and Ledenika. The touristic sites of national importance are the summit ”Vola”– the place, where our national hero Hristo Botev - poet and revolutionary, perished, “Borovanska mogila” – the ruins of an ancient Roman fortress and the Memorial complex ”Botev put”( “Botev’s route”). There are very good prerequisites in the Northern part of Vratsa District to develop the tourism and fishing and exiting boating along the river Danube. Slide12: The sustainable development of the agriculture is one of the priorities of the District Development plan as well as to overcome the social-demographic problems and the economic stabilization of the rural areas. Most of the fields are sowed with the traditional crops - wheat, maize, sunflower, barley. The orchards and vineyards cover a little share of the cultivated land. There is a potential to increase the areas under irrigation,to develop silk-worm breeding, bee-keeping and organic plant-growing. Vratsa District has traditions in the development of the agriculture, main factor for that being the favorable natural and climatic conditions. The total area of the agricultural territories is 302 300 ha, and the cultivated lands are 267 000 ha.