Counselling Skills

Information about Counselling Skills

Published on November 16, 2010

Author: neha.gala

Source: authorstream.com

Content

Slide 1: Skills for Effective Counselling PROFESSIONAL COUNSELLING : PROFESSIONAL COUNSELLING INVOLVES an Interpersonal Relationship WITH an Individual WHO is Seeking Help FOR dealing with Personal Issues THAT Interfere or Detract from a satisfactory life The COUNSELLOR is WILLING to GIVE HELP in a SETTING that PERMITS help to be given and received. Stages in Counselling : Stages in Counselling Assessment of the Problem Goal Setting Rapport and Relationship Building Initiating Interventions Termination and Follow up Slide 4: Reflection Diagram Reflection EFFECTIVE HELPER : EFFECTIVE HELPER Self Other AWARENESS of SELF ATTITUDE Genuineness Empathy Objectivity Unconditional Positive Regard Interpersonal Attractiveness Trustworthiness Competence Sensitivity to understand ethnic and cultural factors Barriers Assumptions In relation to SKILLS FOR COUNSELLING : SKILLS FOR COUNSELLING Listening Clarifying questions Use of Open-ended questions Assessing Ability-potential deciding response Skills to Work with Client’s Feelings Help Express feelings Identify & Discriminate bet.feelings Help to Alter/Accept feelings Attend to Verbal/Nonverbal Cues Convey Support :Verbal & Nonverbal methods Assertive Styles : Assertive Styles Supporting/caring - FEELERSCommunicates, Warmth, Nurturing & Concern for others Directing/Guiding - DOERS and/or THINKERSCommunicates a no-nonsense, authoritative approach, concern for results Annalytical - THINKERCommunicates facts, information, thoughts and probabilities. Expressive - DOERS or FEELERSCommunicates, feelings & needs in an open and expressive manner Verbal Assertive Training Skills : Verbal Assertive Training Skills Broken Record Fogging Free Information & self disclosure Negative Assertion Negative Inquiry Workable compromise Group Counselling- Techniques : Group Counselling- Techniques Establishing Trust Dealing-resistance,anxiety,conflict, difficult members Group Cohesion Facilitation Style Slide 10: Competing (dominating) Collaborating (integrating) Compromising Avoiding Accommodating (obliging) Concern for Self (Assertiveness) Conflict Styles Concern for Others (Cooperativeness) COGNITIVE DISTORTIONS : COGNITIVE DISTORTIONS All Or Nothing Thinking (Black and white categories) Overgeneralization (negative event as never ending pattern of defeat) Mental Filter (Pick neg.detail & dwell on it) Disqualify the positive (reject positive events) Jumping to conclusions (make negative interpretation,although no negative facts available) Mind reading, Fortune teller error Magnification/minimization (magnify other’s ach., minimize own ach.) Emotional reasoning (neg.events reflect way things are) Shoulds/musts statements Personalization (see self as cause of negative event although not primarily responsible for it) COUNSELLING : COUNSELLING REQUIRES PRINCIPLES OF MANAGING FROM THE “HEART” Hear and understand me Even if you disagree, don’t get me wrong Acknowledge the greatness within me Remember to look for my loving intentions Tell the truth with compassion

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