Cubism

Information about Cubism

Published on March 3, 2008

Author: Donato

Source: authorstream.com

Content

Cubism:  Cubism c.1907- c. 1914 Stages of Cubism…:  Stages of Cubism… Analytic Cubism (1908–11) Synthetic Cubism (1912–24) Analytic Cubism::  Analytic Cubism: Objects are shown from many viewpoints at once so that solid forms are shattered. They become fractured, geometric shapes compressed into a sliver of space and flattened against the canvas. Space is treated as if it were a solid, tangible mass. Confusion is enhanced because colour is removed and everything is painted in browns and greys with a few fragmented black outlines. Addition of stenciled text towards the end of Analytic Cubism. Synthetic Cubism::  Synthetic Cubism: Was developed c.1912 Colour was re-introduced with two technical innovations called papier collé and collage. Papier collé involves sticking coloured paper onto the canvas and was invented by Braque. Collage was subsequently developed by Picasso and involved including all kinds of material such as newspaper or fabric in the painting. Both techniques bridged the gap between art and life by sticking bits of the real world onto the canvas. They also drew attention to the fact that a painting it is a flat object and blurred the line between painting and sculpture. Cubist Artists:  Cubist Artists Main Players Pablo Picasso Georges Braque Followers (after c.1910) Juan Gris Robert Delaunay Marcel Duchamp Le Fauconnier Metzinger Influences…:  Influences… Cézanne had a huge retrospective of his work in Paris, 1907 – seen by Picasso. Braque already working in l'Estaque region. The Basics behind Cubism…:  The Basics behind Cubism… On the left and right are two different perspectives of the cube at the top. On the bottom is a combination of the two perspectives, producing a strange-looking geometric form. Pablo Picasso ‘Les Demoiselles d’Avignon’, 1907:  Pablo Picasso ‘Les Demoiselles d’Avignon’, 1907 George Braque ‘House at L'Estaque’ 1908 :  George Braque ‘House at L'Estaque’ 1908 Slide10:  "M. Braque scorns form and reduces everything, sites, figures and houses, to geometric schemas and cubes.” Louis Vauxcelles on the opening of the Salon d’Automne, 1908. Georges Braque ‘Landscape at La Ciotat [ Paysage à La Ciotat]’, Summer 1907:  Georges Braque ‘Landscape at La Ciotat [ Paysage à La Ciotat]’, Summer 1907 Pablo Picasso ‘Three Women’, 1907:  Pablo Picasso ‘Three Women’, 1907 George Braque ‘Large Nude’, 1908:  George Braque ‘Large Nude’, 1908 Georges Braque ‘Viaduct at L'Estaque’ [Paris, early 1908]:  Georges Braque ‘Viaduct at L'Estaque’ [Paris, early 1908] Pablo Picasso ‘Three Women’, 1907-1908:  Pablo Picasso ‘Three Women’, 1907-1908 Georges Braque Fruit Dish [Paris, Winter] 1908-09 :  Georges Braque Fruit Dish [Paris, Winter] 1908-09 Pablo Picasso ‘Seated Woman (Seated Nude)’, 1909:  Pablo Picasso ‘Seated Woman (Seated Nude)’, 1909 Georges Braque ‘Roche Guyon’, 1909:  Georges Braque ‘Roche Guyon’, 1909 Pablo Picasso ‘Reservoir at Horta’ Horta de Ebro, Summer 1909 :  Pablo Picasso ‘Reservoir at Horta’ Horta de Ebro, Summer 1909 Georges Braque ‘Violin and Palette’, Autumn 1909 :  Georges Braque ‘Violin and Palette’, Autumn 1909 Pablo Picasso ‘Portrait of David-Henry Kahnweiler’, 1910:  Pablo Picasso ‘Portrait of David-Henry Kahnweiler’, 1910 Georges Braque ‘Bottle and Fishes’ [L'Estaque, autumn 1910] :  Georges Braque ‘Bottle and Fishes’ [L'Estaque, autumn 1910] Pablo Picasso ‘The Guitar Player’, 1910:  Pablo Picasso ‘The Guitar Player’, 1910 Pablo Picasso ‘Portrait of Wilhelm Uhde’, 1910:  Pablo Picasso ‘Portrait of Wilhelm Uhde’, 1910 Pablo Picasso ‘Ambroise Voilard’, 1910:  Pablo Picasso ‘Ambroise Voilard’, 1910 Georges Braque ‘Piano and Mandola (Piano et mandore)’, winter 1909–10 ’:  Georges Braque ‘Piano and Mandola (Piano et mandore)’, winter 1909–10 ’ Georges Braque ‘Le Portugais’, 1911:  Georges Braque ‘Le Portugais’, 1911 Pablo Picasso ‘Ma Jolie’, 1911:  Pablo Picasso ‘Ma Jolie’, 1911 Pablo Picasso ‘Accordionist’, 1911:  Pablo Picasso ‘Accordionist’, 1911 George Braque ‘Le Gueridon’, 1911:  George Braque ‘Le Gueridon’, 1911 Albert Gleizes ‘Paysage’, 1911:  Albert Gleizes ‘Paysage’, 1911 Juan Gris ‘Jar, Bottle and Glass’, 1911 :  Juan Gris ‘Jar, Bottle and Glass’, 1911 Jean Metzinger ‘Aldeia’, 1912 :  Jean Metzinger ‘Aldeia’, 1912 Georges Braque ‘Still Life with a Violin’, Autumn 1912 :  Georges Braque ‘Still Life with a Violin’, Autumn 1912 Pablo Picasso ‘Still Life with Chair-Caning’ Paris, [May] 1912 :  Pablo Picasso ‘Still Life with Chair-Caning’ Paris, [May] 1912 Pablo Picasso ‘Student with Pipe’, 1913:  Pablo Picasso ‘Student with Pipe’, 1913 Pablo Picasso ‘Violin and Guitar’, 1913:  Pablo Picasso ‘Violin and Guitar’, 1913 Juan Gris ‘L’Homme au Café’, 1912:  Juan Gris ‘L’Homme au Café’, 1912 Juan Gris ‘Glass of Beer and Playing Cards’ 1913:  Juan Gris ‘Glass of Beer and Playing Cards’ 1913 Pablo Picasso ‘Pipe, Glass, Bottle of Vieux Marc’, Spring 1914:  Pablo Picasso ‘Pipe, Glass, Bottle of Vieux Marc’, Spring 1914 Juan Gris ‘Breakfast’, 1914 :  Juan Gris ‘Breakfast’, 1914 Georges Braque ‘Woman with Guitar’, 1914:  Georges Braque ‘Woman with Guitar’, 1914 Juan Gris ‘Still-Life (Fantomas)’, 1915:  Juan Gris ‘Still-Life (Fantomas)’, 1915 Juan Gris ‘Still Life in Front of an Open Window: Place Ravignan’, 1915:  Juan Gris ‘Still Life in Front of an Open Window: Place Ravignan’, 1915 Juan Gris ‘Glasses and Newspaper’, 1914:  Juan Gris ‘Glasses and Newspaper’, 1914 Juan Gris ‘Mandolin’, 1919 :  Juan Gris ‘Mandolin’, 1919 Léger and Delaunay:  Léger and Delaunay A little distraction…. Robert Delaunay Eiffel Tower Series, 1910-11:  Robert Delaunay Eiffel Tower Series, 1910-11 Fernand Léger ‘The Smokers’,1911-1912:  Fernand Léger ‘The Smokers’,1911-1912 Fernand Léger ‘Contrasting Forms’,1913:  Fernand Léger ‘Contrasting Forms’,1913 And Finally…:  And Finally… 1924 marks the end of the Cubist Epoch – although Gris remained a Cubist until his death – even though is health faded. Braque’s work was too personal for any category. Picasso moves into a more surreal phase through his ‘Three Dancers’ painting.

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