d9

Information about d9

Published on February 24, 2008

Author: Woodwork

Source: authorstream.com

Content

Unit 9:  Unit 9 What Is Intelligence, Anyway? 智力到底是什么? I. Word Study :  I. Word Study 1. aptitude n. natural ability or skill 能力,才能:  1. aptitude n. natural ability or skill 能力,才能 e.g. She has an aptitude for dealing with people. He showed an aptitude for music at an early age. 2. figure n. (1) number; symbol for a number, esp. 0 to 9 数字;位数:  2. figure n. (1) number; symbol for a number, esp. 0 to 9 数字;位数 e.g. She got a starting salary of six figures. The Government Yearbook is full of statistical figures. (2) shape or outline of sb. or sth 外形,轮廓,隐约可见的人影:  (2) shape or outline of sb. or sth 外形,轮廓,隐约可见的人影 e.g. I saw a figure 20 feet away from me in the dim street light. There is a figure of a chimney in the distance. (3) important person (of the stated kind) 人物,名人:  (3) important person (of the stated kind) 人物,名人 e.g. The young students argued over who was the most influential figure in the 20th century. (4) human form 体型,风姿:  (4) human form 体型,风姿 e.g. The fashion model exercises daily to keep her figures. The woman in the portrait had a graceful figure. (5) diagram; drawing to illustrate sth. (插)图,图形 :  (5) diagram; drawing to illustrate sth. (插)图,图形 e.g. The figures in the book will help you understand the theories better. 3. register (v.) write in a list or record 登记,注册:  3. register (v.) write in a list or record 登记,注册 e.g. I have registered for four courses for next semester. The two staff members there are busy registering new students. (n.) record or list登记,注册;登记表,注册薄:  (n.) record or list登记,注册;登记表,注册薄 e.g. You might find some Chinese names on the US immigration register of the 19th century. 4. academic a. (1) scholarly, theoretical, not practical 学术的,学究的:  4. academic a. (1) scholarly, theoretical, not practical 学术的,学究的 e.g. Academic exchanges are an important part of cultural exchanges between two countries. His theory received little attention because he was unknown in the academic world. (2) of a college or university 学院的:  (2) of a college or university 学院的 e.g. This is the school calendar for academic year 2002 – 2003. 5. explore v. (1) search or examine thoroughly 探索,探究:  5. explore v. (1) search or examine thoroughly 探索,探究 e.g. To write his graduation paper the sociology student explored all the major libraries in the city. The multi-national company sent a group to China to explore business possibilities. (2) travel into or through a region for the purpose of learning about it 勘探,勘查,探测:  (2) travel into or through a region for the purpose of learning about it 勘探,勘查,探测 e.g. A robot was recently sent to explore the surface of Mars. Rigorous physical training is needed if one wants to explore the Arctic regions. 6. determine v. (1) decide (on) 决定:  6. determine v. (1) decide (on) 决定 e.g. I found it hard to determine which side was right just by hearing them quarrel. Have you determined the date for your wedding? (2) find out precisely 确定:  (2) find out precisely 确定 e.g. Investigators have not yet determined the cause of the air crash. The explorer determined his location by using the compass. (3) make up one’s mind 决意,决心:  (3) make up one’s mind 决意,决心 e.g. We determined on an early start / on starting early. He (was) determined to learn how to operate the machine in two days’ time. 7. subsection n. part of a section 小组,分部:  7. subsection n. part of a section 小组,分部 sub- : smaller or less important than 次,亚,准,再,副,分支,下级 e.g. subset / subtitle / subdivision /subeditor / subcontinent / subarea / subregion / subcollege 8. joke n. sth. said or done to cause amusement 笑话,玩笑:  8. joke n. sth. said or done to cause amusement 笑话,玩笑 e.g. He didn’t laugh because he did not see / get the joke. Don’t play jokes on him. He can’t take jokes. (v.) make jokes 说笑话,开玩笑:  (v.) make jokes 说笑话,开玩笑 e.g. This is no joking matter. Don’t take it seriously. He is only joking with you. 9. dumb a. (1) unable to speak 哑的,不能说话的:  9. dumb a. (1) unable to speak 哑的,不能说话的 e.g. She was dumb from birth and was very kind to dumb animals. (2) temporarily silent 不说话的,沉默寡言的:  (2) temporarily silent 不说话的,沉默寡言的 e.g. The audience was struck dumb when the magician ate fire. The actors put on a dumb show. Slide23:  II. Language Points (Reference背景知识) 1. against prep. in contrast to or with 衬托;相映;对照:  1. against prep. in contrast to or with 衬托;相映;对照 e.g. She looked pale against the dim light in the room. The building is very beautiful against the glow of the sunset sky. 2. normal (n.) the usual state or level 正常的状态或水平:  2. normal (n.) the usual state or level 正常的状态或水平 e.g. Things in the house returned to normal after the guests had left. Sam was scolded because he got a score below normal in the math midterm. (a.) usual; regular 正常的,平常的;正规的,规范的:  (a.) usual; regular 正常的,平常的;正规的,规范的 e.g. His behaviors do not seem normal to me. Vegetables are cheap at normal times. But after the flood the price went up quickly. Note: norm n. 标准 abnormal a. (反义词) normally adv. 3. make a fuss over (about / of): show unnecessary nervous excitement (esp. about unimportant things )为…大惊小怪:  3. make a fuss over (about / of): show unnecessary nervous excitement (esp. about unimportant things )为…大惊小怪 e.g. This is only a small cut. Don’t make a fuss. He asked himself why he had made such a big fuss about so simple a matter. 4. highly ad. in or to a high degree; very 高度地,非常,极:  4. highly ad. in or to a high degree; very 高度地,非常,极 e.g. It is highly probable that he changed his name to avoid being tracked down by the police. The film was highly praised by critics. Note: speak highly of: 称赞某人 think highly of: 对… 评价很高 5. simply ad. (1) only; merely; just 仅仅;只不过:  5. simply ad. (1) only; merely; just 仅仅;只不过 e.g. I took that job simply because the office is near my home. Don’t worry. It is simply a scratch. (2) in a plain manner 简单地;朴素地:  (2) in a plain manner 简单地;朴素地 e.g. The old man lives simply and is dressed simply. (3) completely; absolutely 完全,简直:  (3) completely; absolutely 完全,简直 e.g. I simply can’t understand you. She looks simply wonderful. Note: simple a. 简单的;朴素的;简朴的simplify v. 使简单化simplicity n. 简单;朴素;简朴 6. worthy of: deserving 值得,配得上,相称:  6. worthy of: deserving 值得,配得上,相称 e.g. I don’t think this problem is worthy of serious consideration. It is an occasion well worthy of the most elaborate celebration. Slide33:  cf. be worth + money; be worth doing (worth: 值…的,相当于… 的价值的,用作表语,后跟宾语) worthy of 值得; worthy to do sth.: 值得做; worthy (有价值的,值得的,配得上的,相称的)和 worthwhile (值得花时间或精力的)可作定语,但常作表语 7. by one’s estimate: according to one’s judgment 据某人估计:  7. by one’s estimate: according to one’s judgment 据某人估计 estimate (n.) judgment or opinion about how much, how many, how good, etc. 估计,估量;评价,看法:  estimate (n.) judgment or opinion about how much, how many, how good, etc. 估计,估量;评价,看法 e.g. According to the official estimate, over 100 people were killed in the armed conflict. Can you give me a rough estimate of the cost? (v.) form a judgment about估计,估量;评价:  (v.) form a judgment about估计,估量;评价 e.g. The writer estimated that she would need three more months to finish her novel. An estimated 80,000 tons of grains are needed to relieve the refugees. She was highly estimated by her friends. 8. take sth. for granted: consider as true or already settled; accept as a matter of course 认为某事当然:  8. take sth. for granted: consider as true or already settled; accept as a matter of course 认为某事当然 e.g. The father often told his children not to take things for granted. A teacher cannot take (it) for granted that his students always do their homework as required. 9. hasten vi. move or act with speed 赶快;急忙:  9. hasten vi. move or act with speed 赶快;急忙 e.g. Upon learning the news of her son’s injury, she hastened to the hospital. Seeing that the Chairman was to end the discussion, the speaker hastened to his conclusion. 10. suppose: (used to make a suggestion or proposal) I suggest; if 假如,假定,假设:  10. suppose: (used to make a suggestion or proposal) I suggest; if 假如,假定,假设 e.g. Suppose (supposing) we put off the meeting till next week. Suppose (supposing) we are late, what will the teacher say? 11. devise v. think out; plan 想出;设计:  11. devise v. think out; plan 想出;设计 e.g. He devised a system to put Chinese characters into computers. She spent days devising how to make money but never did anything. 12. absolute a. not measured by comparison with other things 绝对的:  12. absolute a. not measured by comparison with other things 绝对的 e.g. The bill was passed by an absolute majority. There is no absolute truth in the world. 13. foist on: impose (someone or something unwanted) upon by coercion or trickery 把… 强加于:  13. foist on: impose (someone or something unwanted) upon by coercion or trickery 把… 强加于 e.g. Stores should not foist defective goods on customers. I’m sorry all this has been foisted on you. 14.  pick out: select; choose 挑选:  14.  pick out: select; choose 挑选 e.g. John had a lot of roses in the pot. I picked out a big red one just coming into bloom. It took Mary a long time to pick out a new dress at the store. 15. whereupon ad. after which; and then 因此,于是:  15. whereupon ad. after which; and then 因此,于是 e.g. The unsuspecting teacher pulled out the drawer; whereupon, a dozen frogs leaped out. 16. for sure: without doubt; surely or certainly 确切地,肯定:  16. for sure: without doubt; surely or certainly 确切地,肯定 e.g. From a distance he couldn’t tell for sure whether it was George or Tom. I did not know for sure which bus to take. 17. uneasy a. awkward; not easy in mind or body 局促的;不安的;不安适的:  17. uneasy a. awkward; not easy in mind or body 局促的;不安的;不安适的 e.g. He gave an uneasy smile when he met his mother-in-law for the first time. He passed an uneasy night and finally decided to surrender himself to the police. Note::  Note: feel uneasy about: 为某事感到不安/担忧

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