Published on December 28, 2007
Modern World HistoryLecture #15: Modern World History Lecture #15 Decolonization and the Early Cold War, 1945-75 Themes: Themes Nationalism continued in the developing world. This was superimposed on the Cold War. Sometimes it was difficult ofr the U.S. and U.S.S.R. to differentiate Nationalism from the Cold War. Western competition continued in the Cold War. The Western nations gave up their political domination, but continued to have economic domination. George F. Kennan and Containment: George F. Kennan and Containment Kennan was a member of the foreign service, stationed in the USSR since 1924. Sent the “long telegram” to Truman in 1946. He recommended that the U.S. should adopt a policy of “Containment” toward the Soviets. Every time the Soviets make an aggressive move, the U.S. should put a barrier to further aggression. Those barriers include sending money or troops, and improving the world image of the U.S. He based this conclusion on Marxist philosophy. Truman Doctrine: Truman Doctrine Anytime freedom loving people face a Communist threat, the United States will help defend those people. That help could include money, arms, or troops.