deepika travel project

Information about deepika travel project

Published on October 2, 2010

Author: aSGuest69863



Slide 1: TRAVEL Slide 2: Submitted By :Deepika Naidu, Subject :Air Travel Management, Batch : G4, Center : Frankfinn Institute Of Airhostess Training, Mysore. Assessor Name : Mrs.Debasri Submission date : Slide 3: TRAVEL AND TOURISM Slide 4: I am very thankful to my parents and God and I am thankful to our faculty. And I am thankful to teaching and non teaching staffs and specially my friends. Acknowledgement Slide 5: Travel is the movement of people between relatively distant geographical locations for any purpose and any duration, with or without any means of transport. Travel may be local, regional, national (domestic) or international. In some countries, non-local internal travel may require an internal passport, while international travel typically requires a passport and visa. Introduction Slide 6: P2a(A) Slide 7: The client Mr Jack D’Souza has informed that he would want to go out on the vacation:- therefore you are required to make a presentation on at least four countries. which should have some history and natural attractions. Note: You need to make a presentation with the help of PPt/slides or any other appropriate form except transparency on:- A)History of these countries. B)Natural tourist attraction and other if any. Slide 9: Sri Lanka Indonesia Australia New Zealand Slide 10: Sri Lanka Slide 11: History of Sri Lanka These people give the island the name by which it has been known throughout most of history: Sinhaladwipa, meaning 'island of the Sinhalese', which becomes Ceylon in English. The name of the country is changed to Sri Lanka ('beautiful island') when it becomes a republic in 1972. The large island off the southern tip of the Indian subcontinent is occupied by hunter-gatherers until the arrival, in the 6th century BC, of the Sinhalese - a tribal group of Indo-Europeans which has moved south through India. HISTORY OF SRI LANKA : HISTORY OF SRI LANKA Island of the SinhaleseThe large island off the southern tip of the Indian subcontinent is occupied by hunter-gatherers until the arrival, in the 6th century BC, of the Sinhalese - a tribal group of Indo-Europeans which has moved south through India. These people give the island the name by which it has been known throughout most of history: Sinhaladwipa, meaning 'island of the Sinhalese', which becomes Ceylon in English. The name of the country is changed to Sri Lanka ('beautiful island') when it becomes a republic in 1972 Slide 13: Sri Lanka is famous for its 1,600 km of unspoilt, golden beaches. It's a paradise Island shaped like a tear drop in the Indian Ocean. Formerly known as Ceylon and famous for its wonderful Tea, Sri Lanka is a vibrant country with an incredible history. It's a country of 18  million people; rich in its diversity of culture, race, language and  religion. Slide 14: Location – Indonesia is located between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean. Capital – Colombo Time Zone- GMT +5:30 hours Language –Sinhala Religions-Sri Lanka's population practices a variety of religions. 70% of Sri Lankans are Theravada Buddhists, 15% are Hindus, 7.5% are Muslims and 7.5% Christians. Currency-Sri Lankan rupee Slide 15: Sinhalese wear a sarong, (sarama in Sinhala). Slide 16:  Gastronomy Rice, Curry, Pittu Sri Lankan Food Sour fish curry (Malu Ambul thiyal) Special food in sri Lanka Slide 17: Places to visit in Sri lanka Sigiriya MahaThupa in Anuradhapura Kandy Elephant Orphange Slide 18: Sigiriya Sigiriya is a major archaeological site in North Central Sri Lanka. At Sigiriya we find the ruins of an ancient palace complex built during the reign of King Kasyapa. It has been ascribed by UNESCO as one of the seven World Heritage Sites in Sri Lanka. The most significant feature of the Rock would have been the Lion staircaseleading to the palace garden on the summit. Lion staircase leading to the palace garden on the summit of Sigiriya Rock. Slide 19: MahaThupa in Anuradhapura Anuradhapura is Sri Lanka's first capital, a potent symbol of sinhalese power, and the most extensive and important of Sri Lanka's ancient cities. Anuradhapura was established in 4th century BC. It was the first capital of Sri Lanka and remained so until 8th century AD. Anuradhapura is an archaeologist's delight and contains several monuments of historical importance. There is much to see at Anuradhapura, including the sacred Bodhi tree, eight major palaces, monasteries and monuments. Slide 20: Kandy - The Hill Capital  of Sri Lanka nestling among the misty hills in the central region of this paradise island  is undoubtedly one of the  most beautiful cities in the world. It was here once   the Sinhala kings ruled majestically. Next to Colombo, it is also the most visited city in Sri Lanka .  As the shrine holding the sacred tooth relic of the lord Buddha is placed in the heart of the city, it's also the most venerated city in Sri Lanka. Because of the history, pageantry and veneration associated with this exquisite city, Kandy is classed as a World Heritage City by UNESCO. Slide 21: The Pinnawela Elephant Orphanage was started in 1975 by the Department of Wildlife on a twenty five acre coconut property on the Maha Oya river at Rambukkana. The orphanage was primarily designed to afford care and protection to the many baby elephants found in the jungle without their mothers. In most of these cases the mother had either died or been killed. In some instances the baby had fallen into a pit and in others the mother had fallen in and died. Initially this orphanage was at the Wilpattu National Park, then shifted to the tourist complex at Bentota and then to the Dehiwala Zoo. Elephant Orphange Slide 22: Adam's Peak Kandy National Museum Buddhism in Sri Lanka Slide 23: Ruvanweli Seya Dagoba The mejesty of kandy Parks and satutaries Elephant Orphange Slide 25:  INDONESIA Slide 26: On 2 November 1949 Indonesian independence. HISTORY OF INDONESIA Slide 27: The first known hominid inhabitant of Indonesia was the so-called "Java Man", or Homo erectus, who lived here half a million years ago. Some 60,000 years ago, the ancestors of the present-day Papuans move eastward through these islands, eventually reaching New Guinea and Australia some 30-40,000 years ago. Much later, in about the fourth millennium B.C., they were followed by the ancestors of the modern-day Malays, Javanese and other Malayo-Polynesian groups who now make up the bulk of Indonesia's population. HISTORY OF INDONESIA Slide 28: MODERN INDONESIA ●At first independent Indonesia was a parliamentary democracy. ● However most Indonesians remained poor and in 1997 Indonesia was hit by a financial crisis. ●At the beginning of the 21st century the Indonesian economy began to recover and there is now every reason to be optimistic about its future. ●Today the population of Indonesia is 242 million. Slide 29: Indonesia is an archipelagic country of 17,508 islands (6,000 inhabited) stretching along the equator in South east Asia. The country's strategic sea-lane position fostered inter-island and international trade; trade has since fundamentally shaped Indonesian history. The area of Indonesia is populated by peoples of various migrations, creating a diversity of cultures, ethnicities, and languages. The archipelago's landforms and climate significantly influenced agriculture and trade, and the formation of states Slide 30: Location – Indonesia is located between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean. There are around 13,000 islands in Indonesia. Indonesian Islands experiences a hot and humid climate throughout the year. These islands are located along the equator between Asia and Australia. Due to its location, the weather is tropical in Indonesia. Time Zone – Sumatra, Java and West & Central Kalimantan are 7 hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT+7), Bali, Nusa Tenggara, South & East Kalimantan and Sulawesi are 8 hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT+8), Irian Jaya and Maluku are 9 hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT+9). Slide 31: Capital – Jakarta Language –Bahasa Religions -- approximately 86.1% were Muslims consisting of Sufis, Shias and Sunnis, 5.7% Protestant, 3% are Catholic, 1.8% Hindu, 3.4% Buddhist and other or unspecified Ethnic Groups(%) - 45% of the population was Javanese, 14% Sundanese, 7.5% Madurese, 7.5% coastal Malays, and 26% other. Currency – Rupiah Slide 32: Pendet dance Jakarta Wedding dress Culture of Indonesia Slide 33: Gudeg special food in indonesia Kaledo Avocado Juice Gudeg Yogyakarta Slide 34: Places to visit in Indonesia Kuta. Denpasar. Taman ayun tempal. Dance Of Bali Slide 35: Kuta, in Indonesia, is known all over the globe for its beautiful beach, resorts and dining. Located in the southern side of Bali, Kuta is a paradise for all sun, sea and sand lovers. With a population of not more than 100,000 inhabitants, the island is a true. Kuta, a former fishing village, is now a major Balinese tourist attraction bringing in visitors from all over the globe. Tourism and fishing are the main sources of economy in Kuta. Kuta Slide 36: In Indonesia, the capital of Bali Province is Denpasar. Bali is located 3.2 Kms towards the east of Java. From north to south, it is 112 Kms while from east to west it is 153 Kms. As per the 2002 census, the population of Denpasar was 0.491 million. Denpasar The culture of Denpasar is affected by Balinese, Hinduism, Islam, Christianity and Buddhism. Slide 37: Taman Ayun Tempal The Hindu temple of Taman Ayun is one of the six royal temples of Bali; this group of temples are second in importance only to the Mother temple at Besakih. The full name of the temple, in the Balinese language, is "Pura Taman Ayun", which translates as "Garden Temple in the Water". It is surrounded by a narrow and artificial moat, which is planted with the lotus flowers significant in several Eastern religions. It is also surrounded more distantly by a river, on an island within which it was built. Slide 38: Barong is a character in the mythology of Bali. He is the king of the spirits and symbolizes kindness. He is an enemy Rangda in Balinese mythology. Banas Pati Rajah is the spirit that accompany a child in her life. Banas Pati Rajah is believed to be the spirit that moves Barong. As a protective spirit, Barong is often presented as a lion. Traditional dances in Bali which describes the battle between the Barong and Rangda very popular and is often shown as a tourist attraction. Here lies Ubud, which is a famous tourist place. In Calonarong or Balinese dance, Barong uses his magical knowledge to beat Rangda. Dance Of Bali Place to visit in Indonesia : Place to visit in Indonesia Lulu pussy lake Bali Prambanan temple Sulawesi Slide 40: Taman Ayun Temple The National Monument Pura Besakih Pakerisan Valley Slide 41: AUSTRALIA Slide 42: History of Australia Modern Australia is an intriguing mix of Indigenous and European tradition. Australia is home to two indigenous peoples- the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders peoples, and there is evidence of their presence in Australia for at least the last 600,000 years. Interestingly, there were hundreds of different languages spoken by these native tribes, depending on which region of the continent they inhabited. The impact on indigenous peoples by the arrival of Europeans in 1788 was catastrophic. Slide 43: 1.Currency – Australian dollar (AUD) 2.Ethnic Groups(%) -Caucasian 92%, Asian 7%, aboriginal and other 1% . 3.Language –English, native languages( Europe, the Middle East and Asia.) 4.Religions - Anglican 26.1%, Roman Catholic 26%, otherChristian 24.3%, non-Christian 11%, other 12.6% . Slide 44: 5.Number of Airports – 6 Airports. (Adelaide,Brisbane,Cairns,Melbourne,Perth and Sydney. The defining feature of today’s Australia is not only the cultural diversity of its people, but the extent to which they are united by an overriding and unifying commitment to Australia. Slide 45: Culture and Tradition – Australia’s diverse culture and lifestyle reflect its liberal democratic traditions and values, geographic closeness to the Asia–Pacific region and the social and cultural influences of the millions of migrants who have settled in Australia. Australia has a vibrant arts scene, all forms of the visual and performing arts have strong followings, including film, art, theatre, dance and music. Popular sporting activities include Australian football, rugby, hockey, basketball, baseball, car racing, horse racing, sailing and snow skiing. Slide 46: Australians enjoy a huge range of food in restaurants and homes, reflecting the country’s cultural diversity. Southern Europe has combined with Asia and the Pacific for new flavors and tastes. Italian, Chinese, Indonesian, Japanese, Greek, Thai, Malay, French and Vietnamese restaurants are common, particularly in the capital cities. The Australian wine sector is recognized internationally as producing a full range of high-quality wine styles and varieties to match any dish, from full-bodied reds and deep fruity whites to sparkling, dessert and fortified wines. The types of clothing that people wear reflect the diversity in Australian society and the variations in climate. . Slide 47: Wine Sydney food Rugby Slide 48: Places to visit in Australia Kangaroo Island Great Barrier Reef Purnululu National Park Bondi Beach Opera House Slide 49: Kangaroo Island A small and serene beautiful place with a population, Kangaroo Island in one of the famed spots in Australia. The coastline of towering rock and sheltered beaches is edged with turquoise seas, while acres of forest and bush cover the interior's red earth. The island's real treat however, is the abundant glorious birds, animals and ocean-based creatures that inhabit the place. Slide 50: Home to colorful marine life the Great Barrier Reef, located in Cairns, Queensland's most northerly city is one of the natural wonders of the world and a popular boarding point. It contains the world's largest collection of coral reefs, with 400 types of coral, 1,500 species of fish and 4,000 types of mollusk. It also holds great scientific interest as the habitat of species such as the dugong ('sea cow') and the large green turtle, which are threatened with extinction. there are more than 2800-catalogued reefs in the area. Running parallel to the Queensland coast, the Reef has also been declared as a Marine Park by the Australian Government. Great Barrier Reef Slide 51: 1 hour's walk from the National Park car park, while for the adventurous lot the long 10 hour walk of the Piccaninny Gorge is very refreshing and thrilling. Other gorges within the northern section of the park are inaccessible on the ground, but offer a breath taking view from the air. Located in the East Kimberly region of Western Australia over an area of 239,723 hectares, the Purnululu National Park is an imposing and alluring attraction of the region. The Bungle Range, in Purnululu National Park, is one of the most fascinating geological landmarks and for this reason the Purnululu Naational Park is also known as the Bungle National Park. Slide 52: There are some fantastic gorges around the Bungle Bungle National Park, with Echidna Chasm in the northern section of the park, and Cathedral Gorge in the southern section of the park. Purnululu National Park Slide 53: Bondi Beach is probably the most popular and well known beach in Australia. It is a Mecca for surfers and swimmers and those you love the sun. Bondi Beach is one kilometer long and each part is as beautiful as the next. Lifeguards patrol the entire beach making sure that everyone is safe and enjoying themselves. Bondi Beach is not just for swimmers and surfers. The promenade is a great place for a stroll or for some roller lading. There are a lot of cafes, restaurants, and shops that cater to everyone who visits. Bondi Beach even has a small golf course. Bondi Beach Slide 54: The Sydney Opera House sits on the harbor of Sydney and has become a symbol for the city and for Australia's art and culture. Opened in the early 1970s the Sydney Opera House is a uniquely designed building that only recently achieved the status of UNESCO World Heritage Site. The architecture of the Sydney Opera House has certainly helped to set it apart from other buildings in Australia and the world. Opera House Slide 55: Opera Australia, Sydney Theatre Company, and Sydney Symphony are lucky enough to call the Opera House home. Several touring theater companies, operas, ballets, and others are able to perform at the Sydney Opera House as well. Visitors come to Bennelong Point for a chance to see the famed opera house which provides a spectacular view on the outside and a wonderful cultural experience on the inside. Slide 57: NEW ZEALAND Slide 59: New Zealand comes with a reputation as a unique land packed with magnificent, raw scenery: craggy coastlines, sweeping beaches, primeval forests, snowcapped glacier-fed lakes, and unparalleled wildlife, all beneath a brilliant blue sky. Even Kiwis – named after the endearing, if decidedly odd, flightless bird that has become the national emblem – are filled with astonishment at the stupendous vistas and variety of what they call "Godzone" Slide 60: New Zealand is the youngest country on earth - the last major landmass to be discovered. It has a rich and fascinating history, reflecting both our Maori and European heritage. Amazing Maori historic sites and taonga (treasures), some dating back almost a thousand years, are a contrast to many beautiful colonial buildings. A walk around any New Zealand city today shows what a culturally diverse and fascinating country it has become. History of New Zealand Slide 61: New Zealand Location – New Zealand is in the Southern Hemisphere, lying between 34 and 46 degrees of latitude south in the Pacific Ocean. This puts us at about the same distance from the equator as Spain or California. Capital – Wellington. Time Zone – GMT +12–13hr . Language – Maori and English. Slide 62: Religion – New Zealand is nominally Christian, and three-fifths of the population adhere to the Anglican, Presbyterian, Roman Catholic, and Methodist denominations. Minor Protestant sects, Eastern Orthodox, Jewish congregations and Maori adaptations of Christianity make up the rest. Ethnic Group(%) – About 74.5% of the population is classified as New Zealand European; 9.7% Maori; 4.6% are considered other European;3.8% Pacific Islander; and 7.4% Asian and others. Currency - New Zealand dollar (NZ$) Slide 63: Number of Airports – 38 Culture and Tradition - New Zealand has a unique and dynamic culture. The culture of its indigenous Māori people affects the language, the arts, and even the accents of all New Zealanders. Their place in the South Pacific, and their love of the outdoors, sport, and the arts make New Zealanders and their culture unique in the world. A range of wacky and weird objects helps define what it is to be a New Zealander, or 'Kiwi'. These wonderful things are known simply as - 'Kiwiana'. Slide 64: Places to visit in New Zealand Kelly Tarltons Underwater World Glow Worm Caves Sky Towers Ghost Tours Heli Sky Vacation Slide 65: Already the drive along the bays of Auckland Harbour is nice and relaxing, and Kelly Tarlton's Underwater World and Antarctic Encounter is well worth the visit although it is very touristy. Kelly Tarlton's features King and Gentoo Penguins. The big King Penguins - only the Emperors are bigger - look like inflated toy animals when they stand on the ice without motion. The Gentoos are similar, just a little smaller and not as colourful as the Kings with their yellow throats. A walk through a transparent acrylic tunnel, and sharks, giant stingrays, squids, piranhas and less scary fish and other marine creatures like sea horses and crayfish swim around you. Kelly Tarlton's Underwater World Slide 67: World renowned and a magnet for both local and overseas visitors, the Waitomo Glowworm Caves occupy a high placing in almost everyone's New Zealand vacation wish-list. The Waitomo glowworm, Arachnocampa luminosa, is unique to New Zealand. Thousands of these tiny creatures radiate their unmistakable luminescent light . its majestic and ornate cave decorations, the deep limestone shaft known as the Tomo . Glow Worm Caves Slide 68:  Sky Tower is one of New Zealand's most exhilarating and spectacular tourist attractions. A truly captivating experience awaits visitors to Auckland's Sky Tower. At 328 meters, it is the tallest man-made structure in New Zealand and offers breathtaking views for up to 80 kilometers in every direction. Leap off the famous Auckland Sky Tower on a bungy jump and fall 192 meters straight down. An unforgettable experience for true daredevils, base-jump by wire off the tallest man-made structure in New Zealand. SKYCITY Auckland Casino is open 24 hours a day, seven days a week for non-stop fun and excitement. The world's most popular casino games, fantastic live entertainment and great food and bar offerings are found here. Sky Tower Slide 69: Sky Tower Slide 70: Come and learn the Macabre Tales of Murders,Hauntings,Suicide,Hangings,Beheadings and Cannibalism as they occurred in Auckland City. This Walking Tour offers you a sightseeing visual of the city that only comes out at night.Ghosts come out at night....! Feel the Terror of the 1918 Influenza Pandemic in the City, discover the Gory details of the Suitcase Murder in an Auckland Hotel and Riots in Queen Street, Ghosts wandering the city. Slide 71: New Zealand ski vacations are all that you want them to be, and then some. There aren't many ski destinations in the world where you can enjoy every kind of skiing and snow boarding possible. A New Zealand heli ski vacation is a good way to enjoy some of the best skiing not only in New Zealand, but in the world. A helicopter takes you and a few other skiers to the otherwise unattainable slopes of a snow-capped mountain, where you can enjoy fresh powder runs and pretty much have the mountain all to yourself. There are so many possible things to do in New Zealand, and heli skiing is certainly an ideal choice for those who love winter sports. Heli Sky Vacation Slide 73: TASK 2 P3a(A) Slide 74: In this task I will be informing Mr.Jack’D’Souza about the travel documents. The travel documents required to visit the destination which I have selected for him. In-flight and other special services provided to him. A day to day Itinerary on the destinations. Import and Export regulations and restrictions. Information on International Travel organizations. Slide 75: The Travel documents required to travel to the countries are:- Pass port Visa Health Certificate Currency Tickets Slide 76: Passport A passport is a document, issued by a national government, which certifies, for the purpose of international travel, the identity and nationality of its holder. Slide 77: The terminology related to passports has become generally standardized around the world. The typical passports include: Ordinary passport, also called Tourist or Regular passport Issued to ordinary citizens. Official passport, also called Service passport Issued to government employees for work-related travel, and to accompanying dependents. Types of Passport Slide 78: Diplomatic passport Issued to diplomats and consuls for work-related travel, and to accompanying dependents. A grant of diplomatic status, a privilege of which is diplomatic immunity, has to come from the government of the country in relation to which diplomatic status is claimed. Emergency passport, also called Temporary passport Issued to persons whose passports were lost or stolen, and who do not have time to obtain replacement passports. Collective passport Issued to defined groups for travel together to particular destinations. Slide 79: Family passport Issued to family members—father, mother, son, daughter. There is one passport holder. The passport holder may travel alone or with one or more other family members. Laissez-passer Not a full passport, but a document which serves the function of a passport. Laissez-passer are issued by international organizations to their officers and employees for official travel. Certificate of identity, also called Alien's passport Not a full passport, but a document issued under certain circumstances, such as statelessness, to non-citizen residents. Slide 80: Refugee travel document Not a full passport, but a document issued to a refugee by the state in which she or he normally resides allowing him or her to travel outside that state and to return there. Internal passport Not a full passport, but an identity document which keeps track of migration within a country. Slide 81: Camouflage and Fantasy Passports A Camouflage passport is a document that appears to be a regular passport but is actually in the name of a country that no longer exists, never existed, or the previous name a country that has changed its name. A fantasy passport is likewise a document not issued by a recognized government and invalid for legitimate travel. Fantasy passports are distinguished from camouflage passports in that they are issued by an actual, existent group, organization, tribe. Slide 82: Certificate issued or a stamp marked (on the applicant's passport) by the immigration authorities of a country to indicate that the applicant's credentials have been verified and he or she has been granted permission to enter the country for a temporary stay within a specified period. This permission, however, is provisional and subject to the approval of the immigration officer at the entry point. Visa Slide 83: Single entry visa : valid only for one visit. Multiple entry visa : allows any number of visits within its validity period. Business visa : for a short visit to conduct discussions, negotiations, and/or presentations, but not to take up employment. Tourist visa : allows freedom to move around the country and briefly cross its frontiers to another country and return. Types of Visa Slide 84: Residence visa : allows an extended stay but does not grant permission to take up employment. Work visa : gives the permission to stay and take up employment, for a specific job and only for a limited period. called also work permit. Electronic visa : permission recorded in a computer instead of being issued as a certificate or stamp. Slide 85: Statement submitted to the Insurance Company to accompany a request for the Reinstatement of an Insurance Policy that has Lapsed. This statement certifies that the Insured's health has not materially changed during the lapsed period. Health Certificate Slide 86: Passengers arriving with an invalid passport or travel documents may be deported to their country of origin at the transporting carrier's expense. Sri Lanka Passport Slide 87: Citizens of India will be required to apply for a visa before entering Sri Lanka. Visas for a period of 30 days can he obtained from any Sri Lankan embassy or consulate overseas. Visa Slide 88: If arriving without a valid yellow fever vaccination certificate, passengers will be held in quarantine for a period of 6 days at port of entry. The following Health and Vaccinations precautions are recommended: Health Certificate SRI LANKA CURRENCY : SRI LANKA CURRENCY Exchange Rate Indicators Slide 90: Indonesia For arrival and departure of the Indians visas are required. No employment is allowed on these visas or on the visa-free entry facility. All visitors must have passports valid for at least six months and proof of onward passage. Passport Slide 91: Visa Citizens of India will be required to apply for a visa before entering Indonesia. Visas for a period of 30 days can he obtained from any Indonesian embassy or consulate overseas. Slide 92: Health Certificate Persons without valid yellow fever certification, if required, will be subject to a risk assessment upon arrival. If entry is denied, travelers will be denied, up to the discretion of the authorities. A yellow fever certification is only considered valid from 10 days after the date of vaccination. Slide 93: Indonesian CURRENCY Slide 94:  PASSPORT : Required. VISA : Required. Visa Issuance Prior to arrival: if required, visa can be issued by:a. Australian missions overseas;b. most travel agents; orc. on-line, under Online Services d. other types or electronic visas are available Note: Australia issues many visas electronically, including those for visitors, students, temporary business entrants and working holiday makers. There is no visa label contained in the passport, existence of an electronic visa, and therefore Australia Slide 95: authority for airlines to board passengers, is verified by airlines using Australia's Advance Passenger Processing (APP) system prior to boarding and by immigration officials on arrival in Australia. Travelers are responsible to ensure that they have a visa to enter Australia.Warning: screen prints of visa issue are not acceptable. Prior to arrival: Electronic Tourist Visa (e676): if such a visa is granted, the visa holder does not require a visa in his/her passport. This system is different from the ETA.The following passengers can apply for a tourist visa on the Internet prior to travel: nationals of India, provided booked through selected travel agents. Slide 96: The following should be taken into account even if holding a Visa: In connection with the outbreak of influenza A(H1N1), all incoming passengers and crew will be required to complete a Health Declaration Card, which will be distributed by the airline. Certain Visa regulations apply as follows : Non-compliance with entry regulations will result in a penalty of AUD 5,000.- for transporting airline. Slide 98: HEALTH This information is for guide purposes only. Other health organizations may recommend alternative precautions. Please beware: Passengers suspected of suffering from a quarantinable disease may be also subject to isolation in a quarantine station. Slide 99: Currency of Australia Australian Dollars Slide 100: New Zealand PASSPORT : Required. VISA : Required. Visa Issuance Prior to arrival: please contact the nearest representation of New Zealand. Slide 101: The following should be taken into account even if holding a Visa: All passengers (except residents of Tokelau) must obtain a permit to enter Tokelau from the Tokelau Apia Liason Office in Apia, 2 weeks (minimum) prior to travel. Tel: +685 20822 or +685 20822. Fax: +685 21761. There are no airports in Tokelau, so travel by boat from Samoa is required, therefore, a permit from the Samoan Immigration Authorities is also required to leave and re-enter Samoa. Visitors must hold valid documents permitting re-entry into country of origin or entry into the country to which they intend to proceed. Slide 102: On arrival, all visitors must be able to produce onward tickets to a country to which they can show they have a right of entry (with firm bookings if traveling on special rate air fares), unless special authority has been obtained. This authority may be obtained by contacting the International Border Operations Center on the day of travel, or may be included on a visa label with the annotation "Outward Passage Waived". Carriers have responsibility for repatriating inadequately ticketed passengers; Slide 103: On arrival, visitors will be expected to have the means to maintain themselves while in New Zealand and evidence of funds will be required. The amount of funds needed is usually NZD 1,000.- per person per month of stay or NZD 400.- if accommodation has been prepaid. Evidence of funds may be in the form of cash, traveler's cheques, bank drafts, letters of credit or the following credit cards: Diners Club, American Express, Bankcard, MasterCard and Visa. Certain Visa regulations apply as follows: Non-compliance with visa requirements will result in removal of passenger to country of origin at carrier's expense and could result in prosecution of carrier. Slide 104: HEALTH This information is for guide purposes only. Other health organizations may recommend alternative precautions. No vaccinations are required to enter New Zealand from any country. Slide 105: Currency of New Zealand New Zealand Dollars Slide 106: Any form of money that is in public circulation. Currency includes both hard money (coins) and soft money(paper money). Typically currency refers to money that is legally designated as such by the governing body, but in some cultures currency can refer to any object that has a perceived value and can be exchanged for other objects. Currency Slide 107: IN-FLIGHT SERVICES P2b(B) Slide 109: The goods or services provided during an airline flight, as in-flight magazines, in-flight duty-free shopping, and so forth is called In-flight Service. IN-FLIGHT SERVICES Slide 110: MEAL SERVICES Asian Vegeterian Meal (AVML ) Spicy Vegetarian combinations, with limited use of diary products. Slide 111: Child Meal (CHML ) Food items generally enjoyed by children, such as hamburgers, sausages and fish fingers, served in a specially designed meal box. Low Calorie Meal (LCML ) With lean meats, low fat diary products and high fibre food, this meal avoids fried food,gravy,sauces,rich desserts,added fats,oils and sugars. Slide 112: Fruit Platter Meal (FPML ) Prepared with fresh fruits, packaged unsweetened fruits or dry fruits. Slide 113: Other Services Bassinet Seat The device is a carrier suitable for carrying a baby or small child and is so constructed that the carrier may be readily secured to a vehicle or aircraft seat in one of two alternative positions. Wheelchair Assistance An indication of whether or not the wheelchair user requires assistance from another person at any stage, including  any transfers in and out of the chair. Slide 114: Justification of Itinerary I have planned a 20 day tour for my client Mr.Jack’D’Souza The destination chosen also has innumerable places of attraction. The destination has close proximity to each other with good accessibility to air routes. The client can learn more about the history,culture and varied attractions in the country. Slide 115: Consequences of not Adhering to the Itinerary Refusal of entry into a country. Return back to the country of origin. Detention or quarantine. Delays en route to obtain the correct documentation. Having to pay money to correct any omissions. Slide 116: FLIGHT SCHEDULE flight schedule for the passenger journey : flight schedule for the passenger journey Slide 118: TASK-2D Slide 119: Day to Day itinerary Day 1 – 05th March. Mr.Jack’D’Souza departs from Bengalooru to Madras at 17:30 hrs. Day 2 – 06th March. Mr.Jack departs from Madras to Kaula Lumpur at 00: 01 hrs and reaches there at 06:15 hrs.He checks into the hotel and later has his brunch and in the noon he visits The Petronas Twin Towers. In the evening he just has a look at the place near the towers and has an early dinner and goes to sleep. Day 3 – 07th March. He has his breakfast and goes to the Genting Highlands.He goes for a swim in the noon there and than has his lunch and gets back late evening.He freshens up and goes for dinner and gets back. Day 4 – 08th March. After his breakfast he goes to The Cosmos World Theme Park. He spends his whole day out there and once for all has his dinner and gets back. Slide 120: Day 5 – 09th March. Mr.Jack gets up late and goes to the spa and than has his lunch and goes out for shopping.Later he goes to 1 of the Disco theques and has an amazing time out there.He has his dinner and gets back late at night. Day 6 – 10th March. He gets up and goes to have a massage,later visits the butterfly park and does his last minute shopping and on his way back in the night he has his dinner .He goes to bed early as he has his flight to catch to Singapore next day early morning. Day 7 – 11th March. He has his flight to Singapore at 07:20hrs and reaches there in an hour.He checks into a hotel and freshens up.he has his lunch and later in the evening he goes to the Merlion Park.he than has his dinner and gets back early to bed. Day 8 – 12th March. He has his breakfast and goes for a movie.He later has his lunch and takes a nap.he relaxes in the room in the evening as he is going for the Night Safari in the night. Slide 121: For the 1st time in his life he goes for the Night safari and gets back in the midnight and goes to sleep. Day 9 – 13th March. He gets up late and has his brunch and goes for sight seeing. He has some snack in the evening and goes for shopping. He is in all mood to drink so he goes to one of the bars there and gets himself sloshed and returns in the midnight. Day 10 – 14th March. He gets up late and goes to the Spa and has his lunch and goes to The Kent Ridge Park.There he takes in some fresh air and goes for a stroll in the park.He gets back to the hotel and freshens up and goes out for dinner and than goes to have some ice cream. Day 11 – 15th March. He has his breakfast and goes to the Jurong Bird Park.There he has a lot of fun feeding the birds with grains and comes to know the different types of birds.He has his lunch and relaxes and later catches his flight at 22:30hrs to Australia. Slide 122: Day 12 – 16th March. Mr.Jack reaches Melbourne at 07:40 hrs.He has his breakfast and than catches his flight to Adelaide and reaches there by 11:00hrs.He Checks into the hotel and freshens up and has his lunch at that hotel itself.He quickly leaves to the kangaroo island and is tired after travelling the whole day so he has his dinner and goes to bed. Day 13 – 17th March. After his breakfast he visits the spectacular Great Barrier Reef.He has his lunch and gets back and takes a nap as he was out the whole day.he later gets up and orders dinner to his room only. Day 14 – 18th March. Mr.Jack has his breakfast and than visits the Purnululu National Park.He has his lunch and gets back and relaxes in the room for a while.Its his Birthday tomorrow so he wants to start it off by partying in one of the most happening disco theques in Australia.He gets back in the midnight. Slide 123: Day 15 – 19th March. HAPPY BIRTHDAY to Mr.Jack’D’Souza.He gets up with all the excitement and decides to go to the Bondi Beach as he is crazy for beaches.He has his breakfast on the way and than drinks and has loads of fun with the people in the beach.He gets friendly with a group of 4 members there who happened to be from India.He later in the night goes out for dinner with them and makes his Birthday special. Day 16 – 20th March. He gets up late after enjoying his birthday.He goes for a swim in the hotel and later has his lunch and goes for shopping.He than goes to the Opera house.He has his dinner and gets back. Day 17 - 21st March. He gets up late and directly has his brunch and leaves to the airport to catch his flight to New Zealand at 15:40 hrs.There’s no direct flight so he reaches Melbourne at 17:25hrs.He than leaves to New Zealand at 18:40 hrs .He has his dinner in the plane itself. Slide 124: Day 18 – 22nd March. He reaches New zealand at 00:10hrs.He checks in the hotel and goes to sleep.He gets up all fresh and ready to go to Kelly Tarltons Underwater World.He has his breakfast on the way.For the first time he sees the penguins.He spends time there and later in the evening has some snacks and has a look at the places near by.He later has dinner and ghoes to bed. Day 19 – 23rd March. He gets up late and just feels like relaxing in the hotel.He has his brunch and visits the glow Worm Caves.Later he goes for shopping and has a heavy dinner . Day 20 – 24th March. He has his breakfast and visits the Sky Towers.He than has his lunch and goes to a place called the Ghost Tours.He gets freaked by seeing the scary things there and gets back soon to the hotel eats and goes to sleep. Slide 125: Day 21 – 25th March. After he’s done with his breakfast he goes for skiing to Heli sky Vacation which is one of the best skiing places in the world.He has lunch and later in the night goes to have a drink in the child weather along with dinner. Day 22 – 26th March. He gets up and goes for sight seeing .On the way back he has his lunch ,he freshens up and than in the evening he does some window shopping and once for all has his dinner. Day 23 – 27th March. Early in the morning at 07:00hrs he takes a flight to Auckland and reaches there in an hour.He than has his breakfast and later at 14:15 hrs boards a flight to Kaula Lumpur and reaches there by 20:05 hrs.He than boards the Bengalooru plane at 22:00 hrs and is back to Bengalooru at 23:30 hrs. Slide 126: TASK 3 P3b Slide 127: IMPORT & EXPORT RESTRICTIONS: What should you do when you leave India? If you intend taking out with you articles of high value such as a camera, video camera, video cassette recorder or jeweler, be sure to ask the Customs Officer, at the time of your departure, for an Export Certificate for such articles. He will examine these and certify that they are being taken out of India by you. Keep this certificate safe with you and when you return to India, show the Certificate to the Customs Officer who will then be able to pass these free of duty. The advantage of having the Export Certificate is that the concessions you are entitled to, when you return, are not affected. Slide 128: Customs : There is no export duty. Export permits are required for firearms, ammunition, explosives, animals, gold in form, platinum, precious stones and jeweler (except reasonable personal effects), poisons and drugs. Currency restrictions: There is no restriction on the import and export of local or foreign currency. Restricted items: Chewing gum and tobacco productsmust be declared upon arrival. Slide 129: ITEMS ALLOWED DUTY-FREE Personal Effects All your personal effects like clothing and other articles new or used which you reasonably require, excluding merchandise for commercial purposes will be allowed free of duty. Personal effects which are not consumed during your stay in India are required to be taken back on leaving the country. Travel Souvenirs You can bring with you travel souvenirs up to a total value of Rs.2,000/- and these will be passed free of duty. Slide 130: Gifts A tourist of foreign origin visiting Indonesia for a stay of more than 24 hours, can bring articles except specified items. A up to a value of Rs.750/- (Rs.6,000/- for tourists of Indian origin) free of duty, which are intended as gifts, or even for his personal use. Cigarettes, Cigars, Tobacco, Alcoholic Liquors. Tourists, whether of foreign or Indian origin, are allowed the following items duty-free but within the free allowance: 200 cigarettes or 50 cigars or 250 gms, of tobacco; Alcoholic liquor & wine up to 1 liter each. Slide 131: 3. Australia Import regulations: Free import provided goods are carried by passenger: Group 1:  General goods not exceeding AUD 900 for passengers aged 18 years and over (AUD 450.- for persons under 18 years of age), including gifts, souvenirs, cameras, electronic equipment, leather goods, perfume concentrates, jewellery, watches and sporting equipment. Personal goods are free from duty and tax if they are:-owned and used by passenger overseas for 12 months or more.-imported temporarily (a security may be required by Customs). Slide 132: Group 2 – alcohol: 2.25 litres of alcoholic beverages per person aged 18 years or over. Group 3- tobacco:250 cigarettes or 250 grammes of tobacco products per person aged 18 years or over. One opened packet containing 25 cigarettes or less is also allowed. Note: There are penalties for not declaring prohibited and restricted goods and for making false declarations on you incoming or outgoing passenger card. Currency rules Currency Import regulations Same regulations as for export apply. Slide 133: Currency Export regulations Local currency (Australian Dollar-AUD) and foreign currencies: no restrictions up to AUD 10,000.- (or equivalent in freely convertible currency). Warning: Any amount of Australian or foreign currency in coins and bank notes exceeding AUD 10,000.-(or equivalent in freely convertible currency) has to be declared in a Cross Border Movement Report (CBMR) . Other than coins and bank notes: travellers entering/departing Australia must declare;if requested, one of the following bearer negotiable instrument(BNI):1. Bill of exchange. 2. Cheque.3. Promissory note.4. Bearer bond.5. Traveller’s cheque.6. Money order,postal order or similar order.7. Negotiable instrument not covered by any of the above paragraphs. Slide 134: 4. New Zealand Import regulations: FREE IMPORT: 1.tobacco products (to passengers of 17 years or older): 200 cigarettes or 50 cigars or 250 grams of tobacco or an assortment of these to a total weight of up to 250 grams; 2.alcoholic beverages (to passengers of 17 years or older): -three bottles (or other containers) each containing not more than 1125ml of spirit, liquor or other spirituous beverages;-4.5 liters of wine or 4.5 liters of beer; 3.wearing apparel (incl. fur apparel for overseas visitors). For nationals and alien residents of New Zealand: All clothing (other than fur apparel) for own use. Fur apparel: provided the customs are satisfied for own use and has been owned and used for 12 months; Slide 135: 4. personal effects: clothing, toiletries and personal jewellery (incl. watches) will be admitted free of duty and Goods and Service Tax, provided they are intended for personal use and not intended for any other person (s) or for a gift, sale or exchange. This also covers new or used articles which travelers may reasonably require for their personal use during a journey, or, which returning New Zealand resident have acquired in the course of an overseas trip. 5. All dutiable goods, provided the goods accompany the passenger and are not for sale or business use nor imported on behalf of another person except as unsolicited gifts: Not including wearing apparel, personal and household effects, tobacco and liquor up to the value of NZD 700.-. This NZD 700.- limit applies to a total combined value of all goods imported under this concession. Individuals traveling together cannot combine their individual allowance. Full duty and sales tax applicable on any excess over NZD 700.- worth. Slide 136: Export regulations: Prohibited: Greenstone, Maori antiquities, Paua shells (except articles manufactured from such shells). Currency rules Currency Import regulations: and Currency Export regulations: local currency (New Zealand Dollar-NZD) and foreign currencies: no restrictions. Slide 137: International flight coupon Class Economy Slide 138: International flight couponClass Economy Slide 139: International Travel Organizations P1a & b: Slide 140: IATA IATA (International Air Transport Association) was founded in Havana, Cuba, in April 1945. It is the prime vehicle for  inter-airline cooperation in promoting safe, reliable, secure and economical  air services - for the benefit of the world's consumers. The international  scheduled air transport industry is now more than 100 times larger than it was in 1945. At its founding, IATA had 57 members from 31 nations, mostly in Europe and North America. Today it has some 230 members from 126 nations in every part of the globe. The modern IATA is the successor to the International  Air Traffic Association founded in the Hague in 1919 - the year of the  world's first international scheduled services. Slide 141: AIMS:- To promote. To provide. To co-operate. ROLE ROLE-in-AIR TRNASPORT:- Controls the traffic. Controls the route. Co-ordinates the rate & fares. FINANCIAL ROLE:- Deals with all aspects of accounting and settlements between airlines. TRAFFIC SERVICES:- Passenger Services. Cargo Services. Airport Handling. Slide 142: UFTAA The United Federation of Travel Agents’ Associations (UFTAA) emanates from the Universal Federation of Travel Agents’ Associations created in Rome, Italy, on November 22nd, 1966. UFTAA was originally founded as a result of a merger of two large world organizations, FIAV and UOTAA, recognizing the need to unify travel agencies and tour-operators into one international federation. In 1989, coming from Brussels, UFTAA set up its General Secretariat in the Principality of Monaco. Slide 143: AIMS:- To unite and reinforce National Association and Organisation of Travel Agents. To act as a sole representative of the travel agency profession at international and world wide levels. To ensure the maximum possible cohesion, prestige, protection & development in the economic, juridical and social sphere for the tourist trade economy. ACTIVITIES:- UFTAA represents the interest of the travel agents on a permanent basic. UFTAA deals with all the problems related to the travel industry, developing and recommending. UFTAA actively co-operates with governmental and non-governmental bodies. Slide 144: PATA The Pacific Asia Travel Association UK Chapter (PATA UK Chapter), originally formed in 1951 with just 12 members, belongs to the PATA international network of 39 worldwide chapters. Formed over 50 years ago with headquarters in Bangkok, PATA is a global organization with over 2,500 members comprising 42 Member Destinations and their Airlines, Hotel Groups, Tour Operators and Travel Agents.  PATA is the leader, advocate and catalyst for developing Asia Pacific’s travel and tourism industry. Slide 145: To contribute to the conservation of the environment and cultural heritage of Asia Pacific, and to encourage travel and tourism industry stakeholders to reinvest in Asia Pacific destinations  To help people in Asia Pacific countries acquire the tools they need to become better stewards of their environment and cultural heritage, and to foster economic solutions to conservation problems AIMS:- ACTIVITIES:- The activities of PATA includes assisting small and up and coming destinations to develop their infrastructure, providing expertise, planning group travel schemes, destinations, hotel operations and discounts. It provides up to date information on the field of tourism and the practical & the, Theoretical experience in the field of tourism. Slide 146: ICAO The consequence of the studies initiated by the US and subsequent consultations between the Major Allies was that the US government extended an invitation to 55 States or authorities to attend, in November 1944, an International Civil Aviation Conference in Chicago. Fifty-four States attended this Conference end of which a Convention on International Civil Aviation was signed by 52 States set up the permanent International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) as a means to secure international co-operation an highest possible degree of uniformity in regulations and standards, procedures and organization regarding civil aviation matters. At the same time the International Services Transit Agreement and the International Air Transport Agreement were signed. Slide 147: AIMS:- Development of appropriate presentation of aeronautical information to the end user, including electronic AIPs and charts. Assurance of a uniform, global approach for the provision of aeronautical information through increased use of the Internet; Increased implementation of the world geodetic system - 1984 (WGS 84), quality management systems, and electronic terrain and obstacle data. ACTIVITIES:- Meet the needs of the people of the world for safe regular efficient, economical air transport. Promote safety of flight in international air navigation. Promote generally the development of all aspects of international civil aeronautics. Slide 148: Warsaw Conventions In 1929, the Warsaw Convention-an intergovernmental agreement concluded with several amendments and additions which includes the liability of airlines for death or injury to passengers and for loss, damage or delay to baggage and cargo in most international travel. In this convention a limit prescribes the amount for which the carrier is liable. Slide 149: AIMS:- The Convention on the International Recognition of Rights in Aircraft was prepared in order to promote the use of loans in financing the sale of aircraft by providing protection of the lender's rights in an aircraft whenever the aircraft is in the territory of another state that is party to the Geneva Convention. ACTIVITIES:- In particular, the Warsaw Convention: mandates carriers to issue passenger tickets; requires carriers to issue baggage checks for checked luggage; creates a limitation period of 2 years within which a claim must be brought (Article 29); and limits a carrier's liability to at most: 250,000 Francs or 16,600 Special Drawing Rights (SDR) for personal injury; 17 SDR per Kilogram for checked luggage and cargo, 5,000 Francs or 332 SDR for the hand luggage of a traveler. Slide 150: Chicago Convention The Convention on International Civil Aviation, also known as the Chicago Convention, established the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), a specialized agency of the United Nations charged with coordinating and regulating international air travel. The Convention establishes rules of airspace, aircraft registration and safety, and details the rights of the signatories in relation to air travel. The Convention also exempts air fuels from tax. The document was signed on December7, 1944 in Chicago, Illinois, by 52 signatory states. It received the requisite 26th ratification on March 5, 1947 and went into effect on April 4,1947, the same date that ICAO came into being. In October of the same year, ICAO became a specialized agency of the United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC). Slide 151: AIMS:- The Chicago Convention governs relations between states on technical as well as commercial subjects connecting International Air Transport such as:— Flying over territory of contracting states (air services). Customs. Nationality of aircraft. Facilitations (customs, accident investigation). Documents (Recognitions of certificates & license etc.). Statistics, Finance, Technical assistance etc. The Convention has since been revised eight times (in 1959, 1963, 1969, 1975, 1980, 1997, 2000 and 2006). Links to all versions of the document can be found in the external links section. The original signed document resides in the National Archives of United States. Slide 152: TASK -3 Slide 153: The Two organization that I have elaborated are:- IATA(International Air Transport Association) PATA(Pacific Asia travel Association) Slide 154: International Air Transport Association Slide 155: IATA (International Air Transport Association) was founded in Havana, Cuba, in April 1945. It is the prime vehicle for  inter-airline cooperation in promoting safe, reliable, secure and economical  air services - for the benefit of the world's consumers. The international  scheduled air transport industry is now more than 100 times larger than it was in 1945. Few industries can match the dynamism of that growth, which  would have been much less spectacular without the standards, practices and procedures developed within IATA. History Slide 156: At its founding, IATA had 57 members from 31 nations, mostly in Europe and North America. Today it has some 230 members from 126 nations in every part of the globe.The modern IATA is the successor to the International  Air Traffic Association founded in the Hague in 1919 - the year of the  world's first international scheduled services. Slide 157: IATA's Challenge ‘‘ IATA issued a challenge to governments to invest in efficient infrastructure, particularly air-traffic management and to establish fiscal and legal frameworks to promote the rapid development of bio fuels for aviation. ’’ Slide 158: IATA's Mission IATA ensures that people and goods can move around the global airline network as easily as if they were on a single airline in a single country. In addition, it provides essential professional support to all industry stakeholders with a wide range of products and expert services, such as publications, training and consulting. IATA’s financial systems also help carriers and the travel industry maximize revenues. Slide 159: For consumers, IATA simplifies the travel and shipping processes, while keeping costs down. Passengers can make one telephone call to reserve a ticket, pay in one currency and then use the ticket on several airlines in several countries. IATA allows airlines to operate safely, securely, efficiently and economically under clearly defined rules. Benefits Of IATA Slide 160: IATA serves as an intermediary between airlines and passenger as well as cargo agents via neutrally applied agency service standards and centralized financial systems. A large network of industry suppliers and service providers gathered by IATA provides solid expertise to airlines in a variety of industry solutions.  For governments, IATA seeks to ensure they are well informed about the complexities of the aviation industry to ensure better, long-term decisions. Slide 161: Pacific Asia Travel Association Slide 162: History The Pacific Asia Travel Association UK Chapter (PATA UK Chapter), originally formed in 1951 with just 12 members, belongs to the PATA international network of 39 worldwide chapters. Formed over 50 years ago with headquarters in Bangkok, PATA is a global organization with over 2,500 members comprising 42 Member Destinations and their Airlines, Hotel Groups, Tour Operators and Travel Agents.  PATA is the leader, advocate and catalyst for developing Asia Pacific’s travel and tourism industry. Slide 163: PATA's Challenge “ The challenge for the industry is to strike a balance between short-term gain and long-term viability. If it can rise to the challenge, Asia Pacific travel and tourism has a very bright long-term future.” Since its inception, PATA has been a champion of environmental and cultural heritage preservation as it relates to travel and tourism development. PATA recognizes the importance of the environment, cultural heritage and education on the long-term viability of destinations. Slide 164: PATA’ s Mission “ To contribute to the sustainable and responsible development of travel and tourism in Asia Pacific through the protection of the environment, the conservation of heritage and support for education. “ Slide 165: Benefits Of PATA A potential positive impact on tourism. Contribute to the betterment of lives and provide job creation in tourism for local communities. Financial support from the local PATA chapter or other sources. Protect the natural environment, including wildlife.  Conserve cultural heritage, including arts and crafts, heritage sites and historic buildings . Educate people on the importance of environmental and cultural heritage. Slide 166: How are the organizations helping the Industry ? The Organizations sets the standards and rules of U.S. domestic airlines, the International Air Transport Association (IATA) sets standards between nations. Its main function is the economic regulation of international air transportation, in particular international rates and fares that are subject to unanimous resolutions of the carriers, provided that the countries do not object. Organizations seeks to be a neutral, intermediary to develop standards which facilitate cooperation among travel industry. It helps in dealing with technical, legal, financial, traffic services in the industry. Slide 167: How are the Organizations helping the Public or tourists ? Organizations play a very important role by helping the public. They control the air flights which indirectly helps in promoting Tourism. It helps in maintaining the product of growth and increase the possibilities to help the public. The organizations reduce air trafficking which reduces the accidents in air travel. This keeps the public away from having accidents in the air. It makes Air travel more simpler and safer for the public .There are even flights with less fares so that the public don’t find the air fares high. Slide 168: TASK 4 Slide 170: BIBLIOGRAPHY (for the information) Faculty Guidance News papers

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