Published on August 4, 2014
Design and Technologies: Design and Technologies Curriculum Overview PowerPoint Presentation: Engineering principles and systems Food and Fibre production Food specialisations Materials and technologies specialisations Processes and production skills Explore how technologies use forces to create movement in products Explore how plants and animals are grown for food, clothing and shelter, and how… …food is selected and prepared for healthy eating Explore the characteristics and properties of materials and components that are used to produce designed solutions F - 2 Identify how people design and produce familiar products, services and environments and consider sustainability to meet personal and local community needs Knowledge and Understanding Achievement Standard PowerPoint Presentation: Engineering principles and systems Food and Fibre production Food specialisations Materials and technologies specialisations Processes and production skills Investigate how forces and the properties of materials affect the behaviour of a product or system Investigate food and fibre production and … …food technologies used in modern and traditional societies Investigate the suitability of materials, components, systems, tools and equipment for a range of purposes 3 - 4 Recognise the role of people in design and technologies occupations and explore factors, including sustainability that impact on the design of products, services and environments to meet community needs Knowledge and Understanding Achievement Standard PowerPoint Presentation: Engineering principles and systems Food and Fibre production Food specialisations Materials and technologies specialisations Processes and production skills Investigate how forces or electrical energy can control movement, sound, or light in a designed product or system Investigate how and why food and fibre are produced in managed environments Investigate the role of food preparation in maintaining good health and the importance of food safety and hygiene Investigate the characteristics and properties of a range of materials, systems, components, tools and equipment and evaluate the impact of their use 5 - 6 Investigate how people in design and technologies occupations address competing considerations including sustainability in the design of products, services and environments for current and future use Knowledge and Understanding Achievement Standard PowerPoint Presentation: Investigating Generating Producing Evaluating Explore needs or opportunities for designing and the technologies needed to realise designed solutions Visualise, generate, develop and communicate design ideas through describing, drawing and modelling Use materials, components, tools, equipment and techniques to safely make designed solutions Use personal preferences to evaluate the success of design ideas, processes and solutions including their care for environment Sequence steps for making designed solutions and working collaboratively F - 2 Process and Production Skills Achievement Standard Knowledge and Understanding PowerPoint Presentation: Investigating Generating Producing Evaluating Critique needs or opportunities for designing and explore and test a variety of materials, components, tools and equipment and the techniques needed to produce designed solutions Generate, develop and communicate design ideas and decisions using technical terms and graphical representation techniques Select and use materials, components, tools and equipment using safe work practices to make designed solutions Evaluate design ideas, processes and solutions based on criteria for success developed with guidance, and including care for the environment Plan a sequence of production steps when making designed solutions individually and collaboratively 3 - 4 Process and Production Skills Achievement Standard Knowledge and Understanding PowerPoint Presentation: Investigating Generating Producing Evaluating Critique needs or opportunities for designing and investigate materials, components, tools and equipment and the techniques needed to produce intended designed solutions Generate, develop and communicate design ideas and processes for audiences using appropriate technical terms and graphical representation techniques Apply safe procedures when using a variety of materials, components, tools, equipment and techniques to make designed solutions Negotiate criteria for success that include consideration of sustainability to evaluate design ideas, processes and solutions Develop project plans that include consideration of resources when making designed solutions individually and collaboratively 5 - 6 Process and Production Skills Achievement Standard Knowledge and Understanding K001: Elaborations: K001: Elaborations exploring how local products, services and environments are designed by people for a purpose and meet social needs, for example the range of shelters provided for the public in a local community; graphical displays to market school and community events asking questions about natural and managed environments and impacts on them when selecting materials, tools and equipment when designing and making products, for example harvesting products from the school garden and using recycled clothing making design decisions based on personal and family needs, for example downloading and comparing recipes to suit available cooking facilities such as cooking in the bush compared to cooking in a kitchen exploring and critiquing products, services and environments for their impact on sustainability, for example the environmental risks and benefits of a system for organically or hydroponically growing a vegetable crop from seed or seedling to harvest K002: Elaborations: K002: Elaborations exploring how the principles of push and pull are used in the design of toys, for example in a spinning toy such as an Aboriginal mammandur identifying, and playing and experimenting with, components such as wheels, balls, slides, springs and available local materials, tools and equipment to solve problems requiring movement selecting materials to demonstrate how material properties are appropriate for particular designed solutions, for example materials that enable sliding or floating exploring a system such as a marionette or Indonesian wayang kulit shadow puppet to see that by combining materials with forces movement can be created combining materials and using forces in design, for example designing the door on a cage or a simple conveyor belt to move materials short distances exploring how to manipulate materials using a range of tools, equipment and techniques to create movement, for example when constructing a toy boat that floats and moves K003: Elaborations: K003: Elaborations exploring which plants and animals can provide food or materials for clothing and shelter and what basic needs those plants and animals have identifying products that can be designed and produced from plants and animals, for example food products, paper and wood products, fabrics and yarns, and fertilisers considering the suitability of a range of tools when cultivating gardens, mulching and building garden structures and preparing and cooking food from recipes identifying and categorising a wide range of foods, including Aboriginal bush foods, into food groups and describing tools and equipment needed to prepare these for healthy eating exploring how people from different cultures including those of Asia design and produce different cuisines based on the plants and animals in their region and available tools and equipment exploring the tools, equipment and techniques used to prepare food safely and hygienically for healthy eating K004: Elaborations: K004: Elaborations exploring designed solutions to meet individual, family and community needs with a focus on materials, for example fabrics used for sports clothing, soft fall for play spaces developing new meanings for objects and action during play, for example exploring how household packaging can be used to represent other objects exploring systems used in the classroom or community for creatively dealing with problems and needs, for example storage systems for equipment, traffic system flow for drop and go zones, the use of hoists and ramps to facilitate access exploring facilities in local environments for accessibility and environmental impact, for example location of bike tracks and sporting fields using digital maps to view local area exploring materials, components, tools and equipment through play to discover potential uses when making products or modelling services and environments, for example when designing and making clothes, toys and shelters experimenting with techniques to combine or alter materials to satisfy a function PP005: Elaborations: PP005: Elaborations identifying, gathering and playing with materials, components, tools and equipment to generate personal design ideas, for example designing a greeting card for a friend exploring opportunities around the school for designing solutions, for example how school play areas could be improved; how the school removes classroom waste and identifying opportunities to reduce, recycle and re-use materials; reviewing the school canteen menu to identify healthy food options and suggesting changes to promote future good health discussing possible designed solutions based on experience and some research, for example asking adults for advice considering the importance of sustainability in designed solutions, for example comparing the durability of materials for a selected solution exploring which tools, equipment and techniques to use with selected materials P006: Elaborations: P006: Elaborations comparing and contrasting features of existing products to provide new ideas, for example exploring toys with several movable parts with the view to designing and making a simple puppet with one movable part communicating design ideas by modelling, and producing and labelling two-dimensional drawings using a range of technologies to show different views (top view and side view), for example a new environment such as a cubby house or animal shelter recording a judgment about design ideas with teacher guidance, for example expressing own likes and dislikes about a design idea identifying one common testing method, and recording results, for example taste-testing comparisons of a food product and recording results in a digital form describing how design ideas meet the needs of those who will use the solution P007: Elaborations: P007: Elaborations using and playing with everyday materials in new ways or re-using discarded materials, for example using discarded materials to design, make and model a constructed environment learning and safely practising a range of technical skills using tools and equipment, for example joining techniques when making products, watering and mulching gardens, preparing food, using software to design an environment assembling components of systems and checking they function as planned, for example when making a musical instrument P008: Elaborations: P008: Elaborations developing criteria for success with teacher guidance including consideration of impact on environment recording a judgment about design ideas with teacher guidance, for example expressing own likes and dislikes about a design idea reflecting on the processes and challenges of designing and producing a solution and sharing these reflections using digital technologies, for example when growing a food product, designing a structure to take a load or making a nutritious snack suggesting areas for design improvement P009: Elaborations: P009: Elaborations checking that planned features have been included in design plans and drawings by referring to identified criteria for success including care for the environment using lists or storyboarding when planning and making, for example when planning an electronic planting calendar recording the procedure for making a product, for example a recipe or instructions for making a container identifying roles for each member of a group when working collaboratively Achievement Standards: Achievement Standards By the end of Year 2, students describe the purpose of familiar products, services and environments and how they meet the needs of users and affect others and environments. They identify the features and uses of some technologies for each of the prescribed technologies contexts. With guidance students create designed solutions for each of the prescribed technologies contexts. They describe given needs or opportunities. Students create and evaluate their ideas and designed solutions based on personal preferences. They communicate design ideas for their designed products, services and environments using modelling and simple drawings. Following sequenced steps students demonstrate safe use of tools and equipment when producing designed solutions. K010: Elaborations: K010: Elaborations exploring, playing with and testing materials for their appropriateness, for example materials for a new sun-shade product examining the suitability of a service or everyday system and proposing improvements, for example a water saving system for a bathroom at home investigating materials, components, tools and equipment, including by using digital technologies, to discover their characteristics and properties, how they can be used more sustainably and their impact in the future considering the impact of environments on users, for example a school vegetable garden, a protected outdoor play area exploring and testing factors that impact on design decisions, for example considering the demographics of an area or the impact of natural disasters on design of constructed environments such as the structural design of buildings in Japan to withstand earthquakes critiquing designed products, services and environments to establish the factors that influence the design and use of common technologies, for example the characteristics that contribute to energy-efficient cooking such as wok cooking; the suitability and sustainable use of particular timbers K011: Elaborations: K011: Elaborations examining models to identify how forces and materials are used in the design of a toy exploring through play how movement can be initiated by combining materials and using forces, for example releasing a wound rubber band to propel a model boat conducting investigations to understand the characteristics and properties of materials and forces that may affect the behaviour and performance of a product or system, for example woomera design deconstructing a product or system to identify how motion and forces affect behaviour, for example in a puppet such as a Japanese bunraku puppet or a model windmill with moving sails identifying and exploring properties and construction relationships of an engineered product or system, for example a structure that floats; a bridge to carry a load experimenting with available local materials, tools and equipment to solve problems requiring forces including identifying inputs (what goes in to the system), processes (what happens within the system) and outputs (what comes out of the system), for example designing and testing a container or parachute that will keep an egg intact when dropped from a height K012: Elaborations: K012: Elaborations exploring tools, equipment and procedures to improve plant and animal production, for example when growing vegetables in the school garden and producing plant and animal environments such as a greenhouse, animal housing, safe bird shelters identifying the areas in Australia and Asia where major food or fibre plants and animals are grown or bred, for example the wheat and sheep belts, areas where sugar cane or rice are grown, northern Australia’s beef industry, plantation and native forest areas describing ideal conditions for successful plant and animal production including how climate and soils affect production and availability of foods, for example Aboriginal seasons and food availability recognising the benefits food technologies provide for health and food safety and ensuring that a wide variety of food is available and can be prepared for healthy eating investigating the labels on food products to determine how the information provided contributes to healthy eating, for example ingredients and nutrition panels K013: Elaborations: K013: Elaborations conducting experiments and tests to understand the properties of materials, for example strength, durability, warmth, elasticity investigating the mass production of products to ensure standardisation, for example students setting up a production line to produce a product for a school fete investigating the suitability of technologies − materials, systems, components, tools and equipment − when designing and making a product, service or environment, for example a toy for a young child, a composting system for household waste management, raised garden beds for improved access, weaving nets, bags or baskets comparing how different components interrelate and complement each other in a finished designed solution, for example investigating and playing with joining processes for a variety of materials in the production of common products investigating local constructed environments to compare how buildings were constructed in the past and in the present and noting innovations analysing products, services and constructed environments from a range of technologies contexts with consideration of possible innovative solutions and impacts on the local community and the sustainability of its environment P014: Elaborations: P 014: Elaborations exploring the different uses of materials in a range of products, including those from Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities and countries of Asia critiquing and selecting appropriate joining techniques for materials to produce working models exploring and testing a range of materials under different conditions for suitability including sustainability considerations and identifying appropriate tools, equipment and techniques examining the structure and production of everyday products, services and environments to enhance their own design ideas exploring the properties of materials to determine suitability, for example the absorbency of different fabrics or the strength of different resistant materials P015: Elaborations: P015: Elaborations exploring ways of joining, connecting and assembling components that ensure success generating a range of design ideas for intended products, services, environments identifying the properties of materials needed for the designed solution visualising and exploring innovative design ideas by producing thumbnail drawings, models and labelled drawings to explain features and modifications planning, sharing and documenting creative ideas and processes using digital tools such as a class blog or collaborative document P016: Elaborations: P016: Elaborations using appropriate technologies terms to confidently describe and share with others procedures and techniques for making, for example cutting and joining materials exploring ways of joining, connecting and assembling components that ensure success, and the impact digital technologies have had on these processes using tools and equipment accurately when measuring, marking and cutting; and explaining the importance of accuracy when designing and making, for example creating a template, measuring ingredients in a recipe, sowing seeds selecting and using materials, components, tools, equipment and processes with consideration of the environmental impact at each stage of the production process demonstrating safe, responsible and cooperative work practices when making designed solutions P017: Elaborations: P017: Elaborations negotiating criteria for success with class or group members evaluating, revising and selecting design ideas, based on criteria for success and including consideration of ethics, social values and sustainability evaluating the functional and aesthetic qualities of a designed solution reflecting on the sustainability implications of selected designed solutions comparing the amount of waste that would be produced from different design and development options and the potential for recycling waste reflecting on designed solutions to critique and assess suitability, sustainability and enterprise opportunities and determine how well they meet success criteria P018: Elaborations: P018: Elaborations determining planning processes as a class, for example recording a procedure or creating time plans managing time and resource allocation throughout production, for example materials, tools, equipment and people identifying the steps in a mass production process sequencing steps to collaboratively produce a designed solution Achievement Standard: Achievement Standard By the end of Year 4 students explain how products, services and environments are designed to best meet needs of communities and their environments. They describe contributions of people in design and technologies occupations. Students describe how the features of technologies can be used to produce designed solutions for each of the prescribed technologies contexts. Students create designed solutions for each of the prescribed technologies contexts. They explain needs or opportunities and evaluate ideas and designed solutions against identified criteria for success, including environmental sustainability considerations. They develop and expand design ideas and communicate these using models and drawings including annotations and symbols. Students plan and sequence major steps in design and production. They identify appropriate technologies and techniques and demonstrate safe work practices when producing designed solutions. K019: Elaborations: K019: Elaborations reflecting on the features of designed solutions that ensure safety and wellbeing of users, for example smoke alarms evaluating the sustainability implications of materials, systems, components, tools and equipment, for example materials can be recycled or re-used to reduce waste; systems may benefit some, but disadvantage others considering the impact designed products, services or environments have in relation to sustainability and also on local, regional and global communities, including Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities and countries in the Asia region reflecting on the importance of aesthetics, function and sustainability in product design, for example a textile product that gives protection and is appealing; a motor that moves a vehicle and uses a sustainable power source identifying the components of a service or system that contribute to its success and assessing potential risk or failure, for example, communication in the school or communication of a message to a wide audience; a system that manages an aspect of the environment; a campaign such as Clean Up Australia Day in different communities identifying the impact of the designed features of an environment , for example a modification to a home to reduce environmental impact; restoring a natural environment and retaining access for the public K020: Elaborations: K020: Elaborations deconstructing a product or system to discover how movement, sound or light can be controlled, for example deconstructing a torch or buzzer and exploring circuit design investigating the properties of materials to solve problems requiring the control of movement, sound or light, for example directing light through a maze using mirrors investigating how biomimicry can be used by engineers and designers, for example the ways plant and animal adaptations can be copied to solve human challenges, for example the Japanese building Sendai Mediatheque based on seaweed-like tubes recognising the need to carefully plan and select components for a system to perform a specific task producing models using materials, tools and equipment to show how to control movement, sound or light in structures, for example the design of a house with passive solar; the use of optical fibre in directing sunlight; acoustics of recording studios investigating the technologies in a control system for an identified need or opportunity and user, for example a system that allows safe passage at pedestrian crossings K021: Elaborations: K021: Elaborations investigating and experimenting with different tools, equipment and methods of preparing soil and the effect on soil quality and sustainability, for example when designing a garden for a community group identifying ways of applying, conserving and recycling nutrients in food and fibre production when designing a sustainable school vegetable garden or cropping area, for example composting and other forms of organic fertilisers considering how low-input sustainable agriculture (LISA) is used in a range of environments including Australia and the countries of Asia describing the relationship between plant types and animal breeds and their environmental suitability when selecting suitable plants or animals for an environment sequencing the process of converting ‘on-farm’ food or fibre products into a product suitable for retail sale, that is, the ‘paddock to plate’ supply chain, or when making yarn or fabric from fibre investigating the use of technologies including digital technologies in the production of food and fibre exploring and comparing the efficiency of different irrigation methods in plant production systems including the use of digital technologies to improve the effectiveness, for example when designing a sustainable irrigation system to be used in a garden K022: Elaborations: K022: Elaborations using current food guides and government-endorsed food policies to plan food choices describing and using safety guidelines for food storage and preparation at home and school, for example use and care of chopping boards; methods of preparing and storing fruits and vegetables to ensure optimum quality and nutrient content experimenting with tools, equipment, combining ingredients and techniques to design and make food products or meals for selected groups for healthy eating taking into consideration environmental impacts and nutritional benefits considering traditional and contemporary methods of food preparation used in a variety of cultures, including Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander methods identifying work practices that show an understanding of nutrition, environmental considerations, hygiene and food safety when designing and making a food product, for example washing fruit and vegetables carefully to remove residues, safe disposal of cooking oils to avoid environmental damage, refrigerated storage of highly perishable foods K023: Elaborations: K023: Elaborations identifying the properties of materials for the design and construction of a sustainable household item, for example a product for storing harvested water evaluating the functional properties of a specific-purpose household system, for example a security system examining the materials and systems used in a public use system that affect the way people live, for example a community exercise environment or arts facility, water treatment, garbage collection comparing tools, equipment and techniques to select those most appropriate for a given purpose evaluating the use of computer-aided manufacturing in terms of cost and impacts on local and regional designers, producers and enterprises comparing the design and production of products, services and environments in Australia and a country in the Asia region P024: Elaborations: P024: Elaborations exploring the steps involved in the process to satisfy a design brief, need or opportunity investigating designed solutions from around the world to make suitable, quality decisions that meet the design brief, challenge or scenario identifying the importance of complementary parts of working, everyday systems by deconstructing the components, structure and purpose of products, services or environments testing a range of materials, components, tools and equipment to determine the appropriate technologies needed to make products, services or environments, for example a moving vehicle investigating how to minimise material use and manage waste by critiquing the environmental and social impacts of materials, components, tools and equipment P025: Elaborations: P025: Elaborations generating a range of design ideas for products, services or environments using prior knowledge, skills and research developing alternative design ideas and considering implications for the future to broaden the appeal and acceptance of design ideas analysing and modifying design ideas to enhance and improve the sustainability of the product, service, environment or system representing and communicating design ideas using modelling and drawing standards including the use of digital technologies, for example scale; symbols and codes in diagrams; pictorial maps and aerial views using web mapping service applications experimenting with materials, tools and equipment to refine design ideas, for example considering the selection of materials and joining techniques to suit the purpose of a product P026: Elaborations: P026: Elaborations matching material and joining techniques to the design intention, for example accurately cutting and sewing the fabric pieces to make a community banner or joining components to produce an electric circuit working safely, responsibly and cooperatively to ensure safe work areas, for example the safe use of equipment when making a water-resistant, floating craft or a model of an environmentally sensitive outdoor shelter using appropriate personal protective equipment required for the use of some tools and equipment, for example protective eyewear manipulating materials with appropriate tools, equipment and techniques, for example when preparing food, cultivating garden beds, constructing products P027: Elaborations: P027: Elaborations independently and collaboratively identifying criteria for success, processes and planning, for example using visual representations such as a flowchart evaluating the suitability of materials, tools and equipment for specific purposes reflecting on how well their designed solutions ensure safety and wellbeing of users and consumers and meet the needs of communities and different cultures considering the criteria for success in relation to the benefits and costs of production processes, the environmental impact, future use and application, and social values and ethics of clients evaluating products, services and environments from a range of technologies contexts with consideration of ethics and sustainability P028: Elaborations: P028: Elaborations examining the essential features of existing processes to inform project planning including safe work practices that minimise risk setting milestones for production processes and allocating roles to team members identifying when materials, tools and equipment are required for making the solution outlining the planning and production steps needed to produce a product, service or environment using digital technologies reflecting on planned steps to see if improvements can be made Achievement Standard: Achievement Standard By the end of Year 6 students describe some competing considerations in the design of products, services and environments taking into account sustainability. They describe how design and technologies contribute to meeting present and future needs. Students explain how the features of technologies impact on designed solutions for each of the prescribed technologies contexts. Students create designed solutions for each of the prescribed technologies contexts suitable for identified needs or opportunities. They suggest criteria for success, including sustainability considerations and use these to evaluate their ideas and designed solutions. They combine design ideas and communicate these to audiences using graphical representation techniques and technical terms. Students record project plans including production processes. They select and use appropriate technologies and techniques correctly and safely to produce designed solutions.