diaper dermatitis

Information about diaper dermatitis

Published on July 24, 2014

Author: sujatharajkumar3

Source: authorstream.com


PowerPoint Presentation: Diaper dermatitis Presentation by: Mrs. Sujatha Rajkumar M.Sc(N),PGDHM Bangalore PowerPoint Presentation: TREATMENT   Treatment of diaper rash includes a combination of measures, which are most effective when used together. The letters ABCDE are a useful way to remember all of these measures : A = air out the skin by allowing the child to go diaper-free B = barrier; use a paste or ointment to protect the skin C = clean; keep the skin clean D = disposable diapers; during an episode of diaper rash, consider using disposable rather than cloth diapers E = educate; parents about how to prevent a recurrence of diaper rash Diaper-free PowerPoint Presentation: Skin barrier ointments or pastes    Skin ointments or pastes also can help to treat or prevent irritant diaper rash. The ointment or paste should be applied thickly at every diaper change, and can be covered with petroleum jelly to prevent sticking to the diaper. The ointment or paste should be long-lasting and should stick to irritated or broken areas of skin. It is not necessary to completely clean the ointment or paste off the skin at diaper changes PowerPoint Presentation: Powders    Powders that contain talc or corn starch can reduce friction and moisture, but are not generally recommended as a treatment for diaper rash due to the concern that the infant or child could accidentally inhale them. Antifungal treatments  — An antifungal treatment may be prescribed if the child is diagnosed with a yeast infection. This type of treatment is not recommended without consulting the child's provider first. Antifungal treatments may include nystatin, clotrimazole, miconazole, or ketoconazole ; these are available as a cream, ointment, or powder . The treatment is usually applied two or three times per day, beneath a skin ointment or paste, until the rash is gone. PowerPoint Presentation: Steroid ointment   If the child's skin becomes severely inflamed, the healthcare provider may recommend a mild, over-the-counter steroid ointment such as 1% hydrocortisone . This can be applied in a thin layer to the irritated skin twice per day for no more than one week. More potent or adult-strength steroid ointments are not recommended for children without the advice of a clinician. Steroid creams are not recommended because ingredients in the cream can be irritating. PowerPoint Presentation: Antibiotics   If the child develops signs or symptoms of a skin infection, a healthcare provider should evaluate the child. If needed, he or she may prescribe an antibiotic ointment or oral antibiotic. Over-the-counter antibiotic creams or ointments (eg, Neosporin®, Bacitracin ®) are not recommended because they contain ingredients such as neomycin and bacitracin, to which many children are allergic. PowerPoint Presentation: Diaper-free periods  —  The most effective way to treat irritant diaper rash is to reduce skin contact with urine and feces (ie, by discontinuing or limiting the use of diapers). One way to do this is to allow the child to periodically go without a diaper, allowing the skin to be exposed directly to the air. Using a waterproof barrier under the child can minimize soiling. When the child wears a diaper, frequent diaper changes are recommended; a suggested interval might be every two to three hours and immediately after every bowel movement. PowerPoint Presentation: Thank you

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