Different types of commands Used in Linux Network Management- Quontra

Information about Different types of commands Used in Linux Network Management- Quontra

Published on October 7, 2014

Author: quontra123

Source: authorstream.com

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Linux Commands - Filesystem Management: Linux Commands - Filesystem Management Linux Filesystem Management: Linux Filesystem Management badblocks Used to search a disk or partition for badblocks. ( badblocks device ) (badblocks hda) df Shows the disk free space on one or more filesystems. ( df –k, df -h ) du Shows how much disk space a directory and all its files contain. ( du <directory>, du –sk <directory>, du –sh <directory> ) fsck Filesystem check. Must not be run on a mounted file system. ( fsck <filesystem> ) Linux Commands Linux Filesystem Management: Linux Filesystem Management sync Synchronize data on disk with memory. `sync' writes any data buffered in memory out to disk. mount Used to mount a filesystem. Complement is umount. (mount <filesystem>, mount –a) umount Unmounts a filesystem. Complement is mount. (umount <filesystem>) Linux Commands Network Management Commands: Network Management Commands dnsdomainname Show the systems DNS domain name hostname Used to show or set the name of your machine for networking nisdomainname Show or set systems NIS/YP domain name ypdomainname Show or set the system's NIS/YP domain name Linux Commands Network Management Commands: Network Management Commands arp This program lets the user read or modify their arp cache. dig Send domain name query packets to name servers for debugging or testing. finger Display information about the system users. Ex: finger Deepak ftp File transfer program. (ftp <remote system name/ip) ifconfig Configure a network interface. Ex: ifconfig eth0 address 172.31.2.2 netmask 255.255.0.0 ifdown Shutdown a network interface. Ex: ifdown eth0 ifup Brings a network interface up. Ex: ifup eth0 Linux Commands Network Management Commands: Network Management Commands netconf A GUI interactive program to let you configure a network on Redhat systems. netconfig Another GUI step by step network configuration program. netstat Displays information about the systems network connections, including port connections, routing tables, and more. The command "netstar -r" will display the routing table. (netsat –rn) nslookup Used to query DNS servers for information about hosts. Linux Commands Network Management Commands: Network Management Commands ping Send ICMP ECHO_REQUEST packets to network hosts. (ping <remote-host-name/ip) route Show or manipulate the IP routing table. (route, route add, route del) showmount Show mount information for an NFS server. ssh Secure Login (ssh <remote system name/ip>) Linux Commands Network Management Commands: Network Management Commands tcpdump Dump traffic on a network. Prints out headers of packets that match the boolean expression. (tcpdump eth0) telnet User interface to the TELNET protocol, setting up a remote console session. (telnet <remote system name/ip>) traceroute Print the route that packets take to the specified network host. (traceroute <remote system name/ip>) Linux Commands Network Management Commands: Network Management Commands Communications commands (includes mail) elm Electronic mail. pine Program for internet news and e-mail, Can send documents, graphics, local & remote messages. talk Lets two parties talk simultaneously. mail To send a mail Linux Commands System Management Commands: System Management Commands Runtime level management exit Terminates the shell. halt Stop the system. init Process control initialization. (init 3) logout Log the user off the system. poweroff Brings the system down. reboot Reboot the system. runlevel List the current and previous runlevel. Linux Commands System Management Commands: System Management Commands shutdown If your system has many users, use the command shutdown -h +time ‘<message>`, where time is the time in minutes until the system is halted, and message is a short explanation of why the system is shutting down. Ex: # shutdown -h +10 'We will install a new disk. System should be back on-line in three hours.‘ Linux Commands System Management Commands: System Management Commands passwd Set a user's pass word. (passwd, passwd <username>) quota Display users' limits and current disk usage. (quota, quota <username>) quotaoff Turns filesystem quotas off. quotaon Turns filesystem quotas on. quotacheck Used to check a filesystem for usage, and update the quota.user file. edquota Used to edit user or group quotas. (edquota <username>) Linux Commands System Management Commands: System Management Commands su Single user login. ( su -) useradd Create a new user or update default new user information. ( useradd –g <group> -s <shell> -c <comment> –d <home directory> <username> userdel Delete a user account and related files. ( userdel <user name>) usermod Modify a user account. users Print the user names of users currently logged in. wall Send a message to everybody's terminal. (wall “text message”) who Display the users logged in. whoami Print effective user id. Linux Commands System Management Commands: System Management Commands System Time cal Calendar. (cal, cal 2005) date Print or set the system date and time. (date, date MMDDhhmm[[CC]YY][.ss]) hwclock Set or read the hardware CMOS clock. uptime Reports how long the system has been running. Linux Commands Linux Job & Process Management: Linux Job & Process Management Linux Process Management ps Get the status of one or more processes. PPID-parent process ID ; PID-process ID Eg: ps ax |more to see all processes including daemons Eg : ps –ef | grep <process> pstree Display the tree of running processes. pgrep looks through the currently running processes and lists the process IDs which matches the selection criteria to stdout.All the criteria have to match. top The top program provides a dynamic real-time view of a running system. It can display system summary information as well as a list of tasks currently being managed by the Linux kernel Linux Commands Linux Job & Process Management: Linux Job & Process Management Linux Process Management bg Starts a suspended process in the background fg Starts a suspended process in the foreground kill Ex: "kill 34" - Effect: Kill or stop the process with the process ID number 34. killall Kill processes by name. Can check for and restart processes. pid Find the process ID of a running program Linux Commands

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