Dr. James A. Roth - Evolution of Biosecurity – Recommendations for the Secure Food Supply Plans

Information about Dr. James A. Roth - Evolution of Biosecurity – Recommendations for the...

Published on April 22, 2016

Author: trufflemedia

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1. Evolution of Biosecurity Recommendations for the Secure Food Supply Plans James A. Roth, DVM, PhD Center for Food Security and Public Health College of Veterinary Medicine Iowa State University

2. Secure Food Supply Plans During an FAD Outbreak • Overall goals include: – Detect, control, and contain FAD as quickly as possible; – Avoid interruptions in animal/animal product movement to commercial processing from farms with no evidence of infection during a foreign animal disease outbreak; – Provide a continuous supply of safe and wholesome food to consumers; and – Maintain business continuity for producers, transporters, and food processors through response planning. • www.aphis.usda.gov/ Select Emergency Response • www.cfsph.iastate.edu/Secure-Food-Supply/index.php 2

3. HPAI • Secure Egg Supply • Secure Turkey Supply • Secure Broiler Supply FMD • Secure Milk Supply • Secure Beef Supply FMD, CSF & ASF • Secure Pork Supply Secure Food Supply Plans Movement from Premises with No Evidence of Infection 3

4. USDA-APHIS FAD PReP Movement Guidelines • Establish Control Area – Infected and Buffer Zone – Federal quarantine – Movement by permit, risk assessment only – Movement controls in place until FAD eradicated

5. Control Area Established Around Each Infected Premises Secure Food Supply Plans work toward enabling movement of animals or products from flocks/herds with no evidence of infection in a Control Area

6. Plan Development • Industry-State-Federal-Academia Partnership • Academic partners draft documents – Iowa State University – University of Minnesota – Kansas State University – University of California at Davis • Circulate to WG members – Review, suggest improvements • Revise, pilot test, lessons learned

7. Common Components of Secure Food Supply Plans • Voluntary pre-outbreak preparedness • Biosecurity • Surveillance • Epidemiology questionnaires • Movement permit guidance • Risk assessments – Completed and in process • Pre and Post-outbreak training

8. Reduced Confidence in Biosecurity • Recent experience with Swine Enteric Corona Virus Disease (SECVD) and Seneca Valley Virus in the swine industry • Experience with HPAI in commercial egg layers and turkeys • Very difficult to have effective biosecurity to prevent FMD infection in animals not totally confined indoors (beef and dairy) • New approach to biosecurity is needed

9. Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea Virus (PEDV) Positive Biological Accessions Source: AASV website www.aasv.org First case April, 2013 4,458 Positive Biological Accessions by March 12, 2014

10. Where have we seen SVA at the ISU VDL? Information provided by Dr. Chris Rademacher

11. Highly Pathogenic H5N2 Avian Influenza in Iowa Total Poultry Affected (6/8/2015) 31,502,052 Layers 24,725,086 Pullets 5,624,336 Turkeys 1,128,729 Hatchery 18,791 Backyard Flocks 5,110 April 13 to June 16, 2015 77 infected sites – 6 “Backyard” sites – 71 Commercial sites http://www.iowaagriculture.gov/AvianInfluenza.asp

12. Biosecurity to Control Introduction of Novel Diseases Biosecurity is expensive and inconvenient • Livestock and poultry producers implement level of biosecurity needed to protect from endemic diseases – There is herd or flock immunity to most endemic diseases – Low levels of pathogen shedding and high levels of resistance • Routine level of biosecurity is not sufficient to protect from a newly introduced highly contagious disease (e.g., SECVD, HPAI, FMD, CSF, ASF) – No herd or flock immunity – High levels of pathogen shedding and low levels of resistance

13. Consequence of Delayed Stamping Out • Delayed stamping out of HPAI infected flocks allowed amount of virus in environment to become very high – Challenged biosecurity and made it less effective • USDA, State and Industry agree that stamping out HPAI should be accomplished within 24 hours of diagnosis to prevent high virus loads • In a large FMD outbreak, stamping out in 24 to 48 hours will become impossible – Herds will be allowed to recover – Virus loads will be very high

14. Biosecurity Lessons Learned • Original SES Plan had a prescriptive, detailed, universal biosecurity checklist which was based on current industry best practices – Did not account for the increased biosecurity needed for a new highly contagious disease – Did not account for premises specific variables – Did not sufficiently emphasize the need for continuous on-site monitoring of compliance with the biosecurity practices

15. Importance of Being Earnest with Biosecurity Biosecurity only works if everyone on the production site understands the importance of biosecurity and follows the biosecurity protocols all of the time

16. USDA Recommended Enhanced Biosecurity for Poultry Producers New biosecurity recommendations emphasize three concepts that may be new to existing biosecurity plans and should be strongly considered for implementation in all commercial operations: 1. Biosecurity Officer 2. Line of Separation for each building 3. Perimeter Buffer Area

17. Principles of Biosecurity for Secure Food Supply Plans • It is the producer’s responsibility to keep their animals from becoming infected (this has always been true) • A site specific biosecurity plan is needed and must be adhered to by everyone all of the time • A biosecurity officer with expertise in infectious diseases and production animal agriculture and familiar with the facility, should develop the plan and monitor to ensure that it is continuously followed

18. Principles of Biosecurity for Secure Food Supply Plans • Animals housed indoors, walls of the building should be the Line of Separation (LOS), separating animals from all possible sources of infection • Animals housed indoors, area around the building(s) is the Perimeter Buffer Area (PBA) where human and vehicle traffic have taken steps to mitigate the potential for contamination • Animals with access to outdoors are more difficult to protect from infection, but the LOS concept can help: – LOS around area of premises where animals are located – Nothing should cross the LOS that can introduce infection

19. Perimeter Buffer Area • Perimeter Buffer Area (PBA) concept is aimed at reducing virus entering and contaminating production site • Complete exclusion is not possible but reducing virus load in the outside environment will reduce risk

20. Line of Separation (LOS) Perimeter Buffer Area (PBA) Center for Food Security and Public Health, Iowa State University, 2016

21. Personnel Must use a Biosecure Entry Procedure to Cross the LOS All equipment and supplies that cross the LOS must be cleaned and disinfected or be from a known clean source “Danish entry system”

22. Create a Site-Specific Biosecurity Plan Center for Food Security and Public Health, Iowa State University, 2016

23. Enhanced Biosecurity for Poultry Producers Source http://www.uspoultry.org/animal_husbandry/intro.cfm

24. Biosecurity Self-Assessment Checklist • Biosecurity Officer • Training of Employees and Other Personnel • Line of Separation • Perimeter Buffer Area • Personnel • Wild Birds, Rodents and Insects • Equipment • Dead Bird Disposal • Manure and Litter Management • Replacement Poultry • Water Supplies • Feed and Replacement Litter In place In progress Not In place

25. www.poultrybiosecurity.org

26. Poultry Biosecurity Officer Information Manual

27. Pre-Movement Isolation Period (PMIP) • Enhanced biosecurity for a period of days prior to movement is being discussed for Secure Turkey and Secure Broiler Supply plans – Led by University of Minnesota

28. Animal Health Emergency Management Council Additional info on Secure Food Supply Plans • 3:25pm Overview of Secure Food Supply Projects – Dr. Danelle Bickett-Weddle • 3:45pm Secure Pork Supply Plan: A Work in Progress – Dr. Pam Zaabel • 4:10pm Secure Milk Supply: Training and Implementation of Biosecurity and the Line of Separation Concept – Dr. Molly Lee

29. Comments and Questions: [email protected] 515-294-8459

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