Published on April 22, 2016
1. Wisconsin Responds to Avian Influenza (H5N2) – Benefits of Mandatory Premises Registration Paul J. McGraw, DVM, Wisconsin State Veterinarian Wisconsin Department of Agriculture, Trade and Consumer Protection (DATCP)—Division of Animal Health
2. Our Premises Registration Law • Became law in early 2004 • Maintained by the Wisconsin Livestock Identification Consortium • All premises required to be registered by January 2, 2006 • Renewal every three years • Changes in livestock at a premises location require an update • Exemption for those with a strongly held religious belief • No cost • Easy, convenient online registration system
3. Benefits of Premises Registration 3 primary areas of benefit: • Data quality • Workload during a real emergency • Economic impact
4. Data Quality • Higher quality data than from other sources • Quicker turnaround and more reliable • Saves time
5. Workload With Premises Reg • Known list of livestock premises within 10-km radius • One office associate spends one hour calling owners/managers Cost: $20* *includes salary and benefits Without Premises Reg • Unknown number of livestock premises within 10-km radius • 4 teams of two inspectors over 2 days traveling door- to-door Cost: $6,560* *Bureau of Labor Statistics
6. Economic Impact • In 2014, Wisconsin’s total cash receipt value for all livestock was more than $9 billion. • Animals moving to and from the state could contract and carry any number of diseases before they show symptoms. • Stop movement could cause great economic damage.
7. 2015 AVIAN INFLUENZA OUTBREAK
8. AI Timeline Date County Number Species April 13 Jefferson 185,000 Chickens April 16 Juneau 33 Mixed April 16 Barron 126,000 Turkeys April 22 Chippewa 87,000 Turkeys April 22 Jefferson 800,000 Chickens April 23 Barron 90,000 Turkeys April 28 Barron 108,000 Turkeys May 3 Barron 58,000 Turkeys/Hatching Eggs May 4 Barron 182,368 Turkeys May 4 Jefferson 127,970 Chickens
9. Response Actions • Immediate quarantine of premises • Surrounding premises with poultry notified • Indemnification assessment completed • Resource identification • Depopulation • Composting • Compost monitoring • Cleaning and disinfection • Quarantine release
10. How PR data was used • WLIC generated a list of registered premises with poultry. • DATCP’s GIS team plotted the data on a map enabling responders to know how many properties were located within the 10 km radius of the infected premises • Letters were immediately sent and calls were made to registered owners to see if they still had poultry on their farm and that veterinarians would be visiting their farm to test their birds. • Roughly 50 to 100 premises in the 10 km zone around most infected premises.
11. This is what it looked like…
12. A Little Perspective This disease was devastating to poultry and the poultry industry because of lost production, international trade restrictions and the personal impact it has on Wisconsin workers. That said… • Wisconsin has 19,173 registered premises with poultry • We have 10 cases • .052% of registered premises • 1.7 million birds • Nationally • 231 cases • 48 million birds