drying

Information about drying

Published on December 7, 2007

Author: Kestrel

Source: authorstream.com

Content

Drying Flowers:  Drying Flowers Dried Flowers:  Dried Flowers often sold to customers desiring a permanent arrangement Methods:  Methods several have been developed almost any flower can be preserved wide variety of materials available Dried Flowers:  Dried Flowers few florists elect to preserve their own materials widely available from commercial sources Hanging Method:  Hanging Method flowers should be picked for drying just before they reach their prime overly mature flowers do not dry well Hanging Method:  Hanging Method strip off all leaves and tie flowers in small bunches suspend flowers upside down in a warm dry place without light Hanging Method:  Hanging Method darkness preserves the color drying time varies according to the type of flower and the conditions of the drying location Hanging Method:  Hanging Method most flowers dry in one to three weeks leave bunches hanging until they are needed for arrangements Desiccant Drying:  Desiccant Drying consists of burying flowers in a substance that will extract moisture from the flowers by absorption Desiccant Drying:  Desiccant Drying most flowers can be dried without a loss of color or shape when the petals are supported by the drying agent Desiccant Drying:  Desiccant Drying support medium should provide even drying throughout the flower and keep petals from curling Desiccant Drying:  Desiccant Drying all spaces between petals should be completely filled remove stems from the flowers about one half inch below the calyx Desiccant Drying :  Desiccant Drying place one to two inches of the drying agent in the bottom of a container place the flowers face up on the bed of desiccant Desiccant Drying:  Desiccant Drying cover the flowers completely with more of the desiccant Desiccant Drying:  Desiccant Drying gently support the petals while working the substance into and between the folds or the flowers Desiccant Drying:  Desiccant Drying seal container to prevent the drying agent from absorbing moisture from the air Desiccant Drying:  Desiccant Drying cardboard boxes work well holes can be punched in the bottom to remove the desiccant without damaging the flowers Desiccant Drying:  Desiccant Drying length of drying time varies from two to four weeks when flowers have dried completely, gently remove them from the desiccant Desiccant Drying:  Desiccant Drying brush remaining agent off of flowers. Desiccant Drying:  Desiccant Drying use a small paintbrush flowers dries with a desiccant are extremely fragile Desiccant Drying:  Desiccant Drying spray flowers with a dried flower preservative to protect and strengthen them Desiccant Drying:  Desiccant Drying attach floral wires to the flowers for stems original stems may be dried and reattached with hot glue Desiccant Drying:  Desiccant Drying if wires are attached, use floral tape to secure the flower to the wire and to give the stem a more natural look. Sand and Borax:  Sand and Borax fine washed beach sand is best sand should be sifted before use Sand and Borax:  Sand and Borax damp sand can be oven dried in a shallow pan at 250 degrees for thirty minutes mix two parts sand with one part borax Sand and Borax:  Sand and Borax borax can be purchased in the laundry section of any grocery store drying time is one to two weeks Cornmeal & Borax:  Cornmeal & Borax white cornmeal and borax mixture is light and works well with delicate flowers mix ten parts white cornmeal with three parts borax Cornmeal & Borax:  Cornmeal & Borax sift to mix thoroughly borax is used to protect the petals from mold and weevils during drying Cornmeal & Borax:  Cornmeal & Borax this method takes three to seven days Kitty Litter:  Kitty Litter is made of ground clay can be used over and over sift of screen litter to discard larger pieces Kitty Litter:  Kitty Litter select a brand that has small particles coarse particles are not suitable for drying flowers Silica Gel:  Silica Gel industrial compound that can be purchased for drying more expensive than other drying agents Silica Gel:  Silica Gel can be reused almost indefinitely best drying agent for preserving flowers Silica Gel:  Silica Gel dries quickly and flowers retain more of their natural colors may be purchased at a hobby or discount store that carries crafts Silica Gel:  Silica Gel Tell-Tale, the most common brand name for drying flowers has blue crystals Silica Gel:  Silica Gel the blue color is an indicator when flowers are dry the color changes to pink Silica Gel:  Silica Gel after drying, sift silica gel to remove flower debris dry in an oven at 250 degrees for 30 minutes Silica Gel:  Silica Gel the Tell-Tale crystals will return to their blue color when dry Microwave drying:  Microwave drying quick method superior quality colors are brighter Microwave:  Microwave flowers are not as dry and perishable as conventionally dried flowers trim stems half to 3/4 inch in length Microwave:  Microwave spread silica gel one to two inches deep in small glass or paper bowl prepare one container for each flower Microwave:  Microwave arrange one flower blossom face up in each bowl of silica gel Microwave:  Microwave sprinkle additional silica gel between petals until the flowers are completely covered use a toothpick or small brush to separate petals Microwave:  Microwave place one or two flowers in the microwave oven at a time place a cup of water in the corner of the microwave to provide moisture Microwave:  Microwave this will prevent the flower from completely drying up microwave for one to four minutes according to the drying guide in the text Microwave:  Microwave after drying, leave flowers in the silica gel for 1 to 24 hours remove flowers carefully from the bowl Microwave:  Microwave shake gently to remove silica gel use a small paintbrush to remove any remaining gel Microwave:  Microwave spray with preservative spray and attach a 16 or 18 gauge wire to the stem with floral tape Glycerin:  Glycerin colorless liquid made from fats and oils which can be used to preserve foliage Glycerin:  Glycerin preserves foliage in a pliable, more natural state frequently used for eucalyptus, magnolia dna maple leaves Glycerin:  Glycerin also used for drying baby’s breath can be purchased at any drug store mix one part glycerin with two parts water Glycerin:  Glycerin pour mixture into a container at the depth of 4 to 5 inches stems of fresh foliage should be given a fresh slanting cut at the base Glycerin:  Glycerin place stems of foliages in the glycerin solution for four days to two weeks replenish solution as needed during preservation process Glycerin:  Glycerin foliage will darken to an olive or bronze color as the leaves absorb the solution Glycerin:  Glycerin to prevent darkening of leaves, add absorption dye to the solution dye will be absorbed into the stem and deposited in the foliage Glycerin:  Glycerin when the process is complete, hang foliages upside down to dry individual leaves are best preserved by submerging them in the solution Glycerin:  Glycerin place weights on the leaves to keep them below the surface ivy leaves and stems may be preserved by this method Glycerin:  Glycerin leave ivy submerged for four days rinse glycerin off with cool water when foliage is removed from the solution Bleaching &Drying:  Bleaching &Drying items to be bleached must first be dried place dried plant material in a solution of one cup bleach and two gallons water Bleaching &Drying:  Bleaching &Drying use plastic, glass or enamel containers do not use metal Bleaching &Drying:  Bleaching &Drying weight materials down so that it will be submerged at all times leave material in solution for 5-6 days, longer if necessary Bleaching &Drying:  Bleaching &Drying remove after bleaching has occurred and rinse thoroughly leave material in a water bath for a day or two Bleaching &Drying:  Bleaching &Drying hang outside to dry and whiten to dye bleached materials, dip for 5 minutes ina boiling Rit solution Bleaching &Drying:  Bleaching &Drying mix dye according to package directions

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