Published on November 5, 2007
U.S. Commercial Shipyard Capacities and CapabilitiesVessel Construction & Repair: U.S. Commercial Shipyard Capacities and Capabilities Vessel Construction & Repair Presented to the MTS NAC Thursday, May 5, 2005 Sacramento, CA Vessel Construction: Vessel Construction Roughly 40 US shipyards are engaged in vessel construction activity, building vessels 140 feet long or greater. These yards are located along all US coasts, Alaska, and on the inland river system. Vessel Types Under Construction at US Shipyards: Vessel Types Under Construction at US Shipyards Large Ocean Going Ships Work Boats Blue Water Brown Water Barges Blue Water Brown Water Ferries Large Ocean Going Ships: Large Ocean Going Ships There are currently eight US shipyards with the facilities and capability to build large ocean going ships. Six of these shipyards are located on the US Gulf Coast, one on the US East Coast, one on the US West Coast. They are in Mobile; Brownsville; Tampa; Lockport; Philadelphia; Pascagoula; San Diego; New Orleans. Ships presently under construction include crude carriers, containerships and product tankers. US yards have recently delivered a pure car carrier, Ro/Ro ships and additional containerships. Workboats: Workboats Approximately 25 US shipyards are currently building a variety of workboats to service the coastal and inland market place. Seventeen of these companies are located on the US Gulf Coast, two on the US East Coast, three on the US West Coast, one on the Great Lakes and one on the Inland Waterways. These companies are building ocean going tugboats, platform supply vessels, crew boats, lift boats, inland towboats, dredges and other specialty boats. Blue Water Barges: Blue Water Barges 11 US shipbuilding companies are currently building or have recently delivered large ocean going barges. Seven of these companies are located on the US Gulf Coast, one on the US East Coast, two on the US West Coast and one on the Great Lakes. They are in Mobile; Brownsville; Tampa; Lockport, LA; Morgan City, LA; Anacortes, WA; Jennings, LA; Marinette, WI; North Kingstown, RI; Pascagoula; Portland; Sturgeon Bay. Varieties include tank barges ranging in size from 55,000 to 180,000 barrel capacity (many of these are used in an articulated tug barge (ATB) configuration) and large deck barges used to move containers along the US Coasts as well as to Alaska and Puerto Rico. Brown Water Barges: Brown Water Barges Five US shipyards are building tank and hopper barges that service the inland river system. Two of these companies are located on the US Gulf Coast, two on the Inland Waterways and one on US West Coast. It is common for orders of inland barges to be placed in multiples. For tank barges, the orders can range anywhere from single digits to two dozen or more. For hopper barges, orders can range from 10 to 100 or more. Ferries – Aluminum & Steel: Ferries – Aluminum & Steel 13 US shipyards are either building or recently built aluminum & steel ferries. Six of these companies are located on the US Gulf Coast, four on the US East Coast, three on the US West Coast (including Alaska). US shipyards are building a variety of ferry types ranging from fast ferries built with cutting edge technology that move people, vehicles and cargo, to traditional passenger and car ferries for state and local ferry systems. Ship Repair: Ship Repair Large Ship Repair Workboat/Small Vessel Repair Ship Repair Capabilities: Ship Repair Capabilities There are ship repair facilities in 28 states, including Alaska and Hawaii, capable of maintaining and repairing every ship type that calls on US ports. The primary determinant of what a ship repairer can service is the size of its drydocks. There are a limited number of US shipyards capable of docking Panamax size ships. Panamax Capabilities(max 106’ beam): Panamax Capabilities (max 106’ beam) 21 shipyards in the US can drydock Panamax ships or larger. These shipyards are located in New York, Philadelphia, Norfolk, Charleston, Tampa, Mobile, New Orleans, Seattle, Portland, San Francisco and San Diego. Small Vessel Repair: Small Vessel Repair There are dozens of smaller shipyards along the US Coasts that drydock, maintain and repair the US fleet of workboats, barges and other smaller vessels. Blue Water Ship Repair: Blue Water Ship Repair East Coast Ten facilities with drydocks capable of docking Panamax ships Five primarily engaged in ship repair and conversion located in New York; Philadelphia; Norfolk; Charleston Four primarily engaged in vessel construction One recently closed Blue Water Ship Repair: Blue Water Ship Repair Gulf Coast Seven facilities with docks capable of docking Panamax ships Four primarily engaged in ship repair and conversion located in Tampa; Mobile; New Orleans Two primarily engaged in rig construction and repair One primarily engaged in vessel construction Blue Water Ship Repair: Blue Water Ship Repair West Coast Four facilities with drydocks capable of docking Panamax ships located in – Seattle; Portland; San Francisco; San Diego Three primarily engaged in ship repair and conversion One yard performs vessel construction, ship repair and conversions Slide17: Can US shipyards build and maintain the vessels needed for a vibrant coast-wise maritime transportation system? Yes.: Yes. Slide19: US shipyards are partnering with the most advanced shipyards in the world to access vessel designs and building expertise. Examples of this are Austal USA, Bollinger-Incat and Nichols Brothers/Gladding-Hearn/Incat Design licensing agreements, Kvaerner, all of which are furthering US shipyards ability to build world-class vessels. In other areas, US shipyards are reaching out to Asian and European shipyards to purchase vessel designs and material packages to help them build larger traditional ships more efficiently. Yes, but…: Yes, but… Years of declining orders and repair availabilities have put the US shipyard industrial base’s ability to build and repair commercial ships and to provide for the national defense in jeopardy. Without adequate construction order books and a steady workload for repair yards, the industry will continue the decline that began 20 years ago. The US government has failed to develop comprehensive ship construction and ship repair policies in contrast to other nations that not only promote but provide subsidies to their shipbuilders. Yes, but...: Yes, but... Reinvigorated and coordinated US government support of shipyards is vital to prevent the industrial base from shrinking to dangerously low levels. NSRP must be funded at reasonable levels so that US yards can continue to modernize and make use of innovative technologies that advance ship design and construction. Title XI funding is needed for the modernization of the commercial fleet because of the difficulty owners/operators have in obtaining competitive financing from commercial sources. Yes, but...: Yes, but... US shipyards must be kept in the discourse on Short Sea Shipping, Seabasing and other maritime transportation initiatives. US shipyards enjoy strong Congressional support due to their location and the size of their employment base around the country – Atlantic, Pacific and Gulf Coasts, Inland Waterways and Great Lakes. Slide23: Thank you.