Published on November 21, 2007
ANALYSIS OF MAN-ANIMAL CONFLICT AND FEASIBILITY STUDIES OF THEIR COEXISTENCE: ANALYSIS OF MAN-ANIMAL CONFLICT AND FEASIBILITY STUDIES OF THEIR COEXISTENCE Under the supervision of Shri Dhirendra Bhargava, Associate Professor Indira Gandhi National Forest Academy Man animal conflict: Man animal conflict Is coexistence feasible? Rationale for the study : Rationale for the study Man animal conflict is emerging as a major concern area in the recent years. Every year there are numerous incidents of loss of life and property, worldwide. Increasing human settlements and declining forest areas : coexistence has to be aimed at. Objectives of the study: Objectives of the study To analyze the underlying causes behind man-animal conflict. To review the mitigatory mechanisms. To evolve strategy to minimize man-animal conflict Methodology: Methodology Study area: Data was collected from Rajaji NP, Uttarakhand, regarding man elephant conflict and information on man animal conflict from different countries of the world and India. Analysis: Data was analyzed in detail to derive a generalized model on man animal conflict and its management. Such results were supplemented with suggestions for the future course of action. Causes of the conflict: Causes of the conflict A. natural / biological causes: Sex related behavior Biology of animals Social structure Learned behavior Adverse climate Slide7: B. Anthropogenic / man made causes: Habitat loss Agricultural practices Entry into forests Insufficient prey base Poverty Population pollution Exploitation of forests Culture and society Tribal values and life style Effect of conservation regime The approach of other countries: The approach of other countries Situation in India: Situation in India Gujarat: leopard kills in Vadodara Year livestock human 1998 244 92 1999 207 84 2000 253 121 2001 375 122 2002 269 105 Tamil Nadu: Tamil Nadu From 2001 to 2006:- 100 people lost their lives 781 ha of crop has been damaged 61.5 lakh Rs. Has been spent on compensation West Bengal: West Bengal Year crop loss houses humans ha. Numbers numbers 2002-03 3903 1508 30 2003-04 4211 1071 43 2004-05 4201 1674 41 2005-06 4697 1194 33 Madhya Pradesh: Madhya Pradesh Average values per year( reported):- 30-35 human deaths 700-800 injuries 250- 300 livestock deaths Uttarakhand: Uttarakhand Past 7 years:- case number Amount paid(Rs.) human deaths 217 1.07 crore Cattle kill 5429 1.66 crore Crop loss 57.16 lakhs Man –elephant conflict: Man –elephant conflict In and around Rajaji NP: Habitat fragmentation and blockage of ancient corridors Biotic pressure by herdsmen locally called ‘Gujjars’ who live in 57 villages in and around the park. Crop raiding: single elephant can eat upto 250 kg of crop in one go. Rail line and irrigation canal on either side of the Ganges running through the park which the elephants frequent in summer for water pose seroius problems. Decline in bamboo forests in Lansdown and Kalagarh. These two divisions form the crucial and the only possible corridor between the Corbett National Park in the north and Rajaji National Park . Mitigation strategy in Practise: Mitigation strategy in Practise Legal methods Creation of protected area network Habitat management Deterrence Capacity building of the villagers and forest dwellers Mechanical and physical devices Monitoring and information dissemination Policing Culling of animals Relocation of people Awareness generation Compensation Better management: Better management Landscape level management. Traditional knowledge and local innovations Sharing responsibility and higher involvement of local people Reinforcing cultural values and sensitization Better care of front line staff System of incentives Alternative IGAs in sensitive areas. Slide17: COEXISTENCE IS DIFFICULT BUT HAS TO BE ACIEVED.