Published on August 7, 2014
The Elements and Principles of Art Design: The Elements and Principles of Art Design What Are They?: What Are They? Elements of design are the parts. They structure and carry the work. Principles of design are concepts. They affect content and message. Elements of Design: Elements of Design Line Form Space Texture Shape Color Value Line: Line Strokes that show motion and connect two points. May be vertical, horizontal or diagonal, curved, straight, zigzag, or show emotion. Form: Form Shows an object in space, the mass or positive space it occupies. The term usually used when describing 3-D objects. Space: Space What is between objects, also known as negative space. Texture: Texture The feel, real or implied, on an object or its surface. Shape: Shape Area enclosed when both sides of a line meet. Shapes can be geometric or organic. Color: Color Hue. May be complimentary, analogous, primary, secondary, tertiary, or part of a color wheel. Value: Value The lightness of darkness of an object or color. Often used with drawings. Principles of Design: Principles of Design Emphasis Movement Unity Rhythm Contrast Variety Emphasis: Emphasis When one area in a work of art stands out more than another. The part that catches your attention first. Movement: Movement The motion created in a work of art. Often uses the principle of rhythm to achieve this. Unity: Unity The feeling of wholeness or the parts belonging together. Rhythm: Rhythm The repetition of lines, shapes, or colors to create a feeling of movement. Contrast: Contrast A difference created when elements are placed next to each other in a work of art. Variety: Variety The use of different lines, shapes, and colors in a piece of work.