Emergency Planning

Information about Emergency Planning

Published on October 3, 2007

Author: Lassie

Source: authorstream.com

Content

CPP Exam Preparation Emergency Management:  CPP Exam Preparation Emergency Management Exam Overview::  Exam Overview: 6% of exam is based on the “emergency management” subject area. Tests knowledge of implementation, plan development, and types of emergencies. Exam reference publications: Emergency Planning Handbook Handbook of Loss Prevention & Crime Prevention Protection of Assets Manual ( Chap. 10, 13, 18, 22, 26) Introduction to Security Plan Development:  Plan Development Primary Considerations Why Emergency Planning ?:  Why Emergency Planning ? 3 Primary Goals : Protection Of Lives Protection Of Property Restoration Of Operations “Be Prepared” -- Consider probabilities of each type of disaster occurring. Government & industry must share burden of protecting public. Threat Scenarios:  Threat Scenarios Most serious industrial hazards : Fire Explosion Most common emergencies : Fire Bomb threat Labor dispute Stages of Emergency Planning:  Stages of Emergency Planning Anticipate Emergency Provide for Responsive Action Return to Normal Operations Planning Basics:  Planning Basics Emergency plans should be in writing Follow KISS principle -- provide specific & precise actions No new organizations created! Identify who can declare emergency Identify the Emergency Coordinator Ensure continuity of leadership Planning Basics:  Planning Basics Basic plan has 3 essential elements: Authority Types of emergencies Execution Outline plant shutdown procedures Evacuation routes must remain consistent for all threats Test plan annually -- brief every employee! Advanced Planning:  Advanced Planning Mutual Aid Association Cooperative organization of industrial, business and local government emergency services, united by a voluntary agreement to assist each other during an emergency. Identifies pooled community resources Provides for standardized equipment & training Requires substantial funding Advanced Planning:  Advanced Planning Create an Emergency Command Center : Maps/Procedure charts/Call-up lists/MAA’s Back-up power and communications gear Disaster response and medical gear Identify PR person to coordinate media EDP backup sites-- hot, warm, cold Preserve vital records (2%) -- bylaws, board minutes, stock transactions, financial data Types of Emergencies:  Types of Emergencies Natural and Man-Made Natural Disasters:  Natural Disasters Tornadoes 5 classifications based on wind speeds (F1-F5) of 200-400 mph. Ground speeds of 30-70 mph. Width up to a mile. Travel up to 30 miles. “ Tornado Watch” : tornado expected “ Tornado Warning” : tornado sighted in area Thunderstorms “Severe” : heavy rain, hail, & winds > 50 mph “Severe watch” : projected winds > 75 mph Natural Disasters :  Natural Disasters Floods “Flash flood watch” : flooding is possible “Flash flood warning” : flooding is about to occur Hurricanes (heavy rains w/ winds >74 mph) 5 categories based on wind speeds “Watch” : expected within 36 hours “Warning” expected within 24 hours Natural Disasters:  Natural Disasters Snow storm “Heavy snow warning” : 4”/12 hrs or 6”/24 hrs “Severe blizzard warning” : >45mph winds & <10 F temperature (blizzard is >35 mph winds) Earthquakes Unpredictable. Can last as long as 5 minutes. If inside -- stay there. Seek cover under heavy furniture in the center of the building . “TSUNAMI” are tidal waves caused by underwater earthquakes. Man-Made Disasters:  Man-Made Disasters Plant fires Bomb threats Labor unrest Terrorism Sabotage Chemical/radiological accidents Transportation accidents Public demonstrations & civil disturbances Man-Made Disasters : Plant Fire:  Man-Made Disasters : Plant Fire Causes are preventable: Carelessness Ignorance Most are electrical in origin Most fatalities are a result of toxic gas inhalation, followed by death from smoke inhalation and high temperatures. Man-Made Disasters : Plant Fire:  Man-Made Disasters : Plant Fire The Fire Triangle : heat, fuel, oxygen, & a chemical reaction Fire Classifications: Class A: ash-producing fire (paper, rags, wood) Class B : volatile fluid fire (gas, oil, grease) Class C : electrical fire Class D :combustible metals (magnesium) Man-Made Disasters : Plant Fire:  Man-Made Disasters : Plant Fire Extinguishing agents : Class A : Water or water fog Class B : Foam agents in water or “range guard” Class C : CO2 extinguisher Class D : Sand or PKP Sprinkler systems Type : Wet pipe & Dry pipe Operate at temperatures between 130-160 F Man-Made Disasters : Plant Fire:  Man-Made Disasters : Plant Fire Fire sensor systems : 4 basic fire stages Ionization detector : no-smoke incipient stage Photoelectric smoke detector : smoldering stage Infrared flame detector : visible flame stage Thermal detector : significant heat stage Develop MAA’s to cope with major fires Key to effective fire fighting is quick response and rapid containment Man-Made Disasters : Bomb Threats:  Man-Made Disasters : Bomb Threats Security nightmare vs. a 98% hoax Create a “Bomb Threat Checklist” (ATF) Who? What? Where? When ? Why? Get description of voice & background noises Security options (Who decides ?): Ignore Search, then decide on evacuation Partial search and evacuation Complete evacuation and then search Man-Made Disasters : Bomb Threats:  Man-Made Disasters : Bomb Threats A search must be made after every call ! Evacuation decision based on : Whether bomb actually found. Other compelling evidence bomb threat is real. Bomb threat notification : Search and evacuation parties Local authorities FBI and other federal agencies Medical facilities, neighbors, utilities Man-Made Disasters : Bomb Threats:  Man-Made Disasters : Bomb Threats Access control over the entry of personnel and material is the key countermeasure C3 very important during a search If suspicious object found : Only EOD personnel touch or use bomb blanket to isolate IED. Establish 300’ clear zone including the floors above and below. Leave doors and windows open to vent blast Man-Made Disasters :Strike:  Man-Made Disasters :Strike NLRA/Wagner Act governs strikes : Strike: concerted refusal by employees to work in an attempt to force an employer to meet certain demands. “Economic strike” requires 60 day notice. “Unfair labor practice” : Allegations employer violated fair labor practices. Striking employees must be allowed to return to work (often occurs suddenly). Man-Made Disasters : Strike:  Man-Made Disasters : Strike Key management decision : Shut down or continue business operations ? Strike preparation (TIPS approach) Know direct/indirect costs Know NRLB rulings requirements Early preparation/intervention is best Security’s role must be carefully defined. Work with local police to avoid violence. Man-Made Disasters : Terrorism:  Man-Made Disasters : Terrorism Letter bombing & kidnapping are common forms. Create mail room procedure for handling suspicious objects. If kidnapping occurs : Use pre-established duress code to signal. Victims should cooperate & remember all. Contact local law enforcement agency. Ransom payment needs corporate approval. FEMA: Federal Planners:  FEMA: Federal Planners Federal Emergency Management Agency Ensures continuity of government actions and directs the mobilizing of resources in response to national emergencies National Warning System (NAWAS) 3 Command Centers (24X7) in located Colorado Springs; Denton, TX; Olney, MD. Loudspeaker/radio signals : Alert/Attention signal--steady sound Attack warning--short wavering blasts. Why We Prepare for Disaster:  Why We Prepare for Disaster “… a day that will live infamy.” Terrorism in the 21st Century :  September 11, 2001 -- 8:45 a.m. EDT American Airlines Flight 11, hijacked from Boston, slams into the World Trade Center's north tower in Manhattan. Terrorism in the 21st Century Terrorism in the 21st Century:  Terrorism in the 21st Century September 11, 2001 -- 9:03 a.m. EDT A second plane, United Airlines Flight 175, crashes into the World Trade Center's south tower, causing another massive explosion. Terrorism in the 21st Century:  Terrorism in the 21st Century . September 11, 2001 -- 9:40 a.m. EDT A third plane, American Airlines Flight 77, crashes into the “E” Ring of the Pentagon, destroying the new Naval Operations Center. Terrorism in the 21st Century:  Terrorism in the 21st Century President Bush : "We will do whatever necessary to protect America and Americans ... The United States will hunt down and punish those responsible for these cowardly acts." Any Questions ?:  Any Questions ? Turn over notes for closed book exam

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