Published on October 13, 2011
Unit 9: A first-aid course: Unit 9: A first-aid course E8-U9.flv Slide 7: ambulance wheelchair crutches eye chart scale strecher 1. F 2. B 3. A 4. D 5. E 6. C Slide 8: READ Slide 10: W R I T E Slide 12: I always keep the window open in order to / so as to let fresh air in. f c b e a d to inf. / in order to / so as to để mà so that / in order that (chỉ mục đích): to inf. / in order to / so as to để mà so that / in order that (chỉ mục đích) 1) Mệnh đề + IN ORDER TO/SO AS TO/TO + Inf. Lưu ý: Nếu có NOT thì để NOT trước TO, tuy nhiên mẫu TO không áp dụng được trường hợp có NOT. I study hard. I want to pass the exam. -> I study hard in order to / so as to /to pass the exam. I study hard. I don't want to fail the exam. -> I study hard in order not to pass the exam. đúng -> I study hard so as not to / to pass the exam.đúng -> I study hard not to pass the exam. sai 2) Mệnh đề + SO THAT / IN ORDER THAT + S can/could/will/would + V ... Lưu ý: Thông thường nếu không có NOT thì dùng can /could còn có NOT thì dùng won't / wouldn't ,trừ những trường hợp có ý ngăn cấm thì mới dùng can't/couldn't. I study hard so that I can pass the exam. I study hard so that I won't fail the exam. I hide the toy so that my mother can't see it. ( Tôi giấu món đồ chơi để mẹ tôi không thể thấy nó -> ngăn không cho thấy ) Cách nối câu : 1) Dùng SO THAT/IN ORDER THAT : Trong câu thứ hai nếu có các động từ : want, like, hope. .. thì phải bỏ đi rồi thêm can/could/will/would vào - Nếu sau các chữ want, like, hope ..có túc từ thì lấy túc từ đó ra làm chủ từ. I give you the book .I want you to read it. -> I give you the book so that you can read it. 2) Dùng IN ORDER TO/SO AS TO/TO : - Chỉ áp dụng được khi 2 chủ từ 2 câu giống nhau - Bỏ chủ từ câu sau, bỏ các chữ want, like, hope. ..giữ lại từ động từ sau nó. I study hard .I want to pass the exam. I study hard .I want to pass the exam. -> I study hard in order to pass the exam. Đối với câu hỏi cho cấu trúc này, các em dùng : what.......for? ( để làm gì ?) Ví dụ: What do you study English for ? bạn học tiếng Anh để làm gì ? Slide 19: Future - Will/Shall Will is a modal verb used to indicate future time. For example: - It will be sunny tomorrow. - The new restaurant will open next week. Will comes after the subject and before the main verb, and in questions the subject and will invert. Will often contracts to 'll , for example he'll , they'll , and in negatives will not often contracts to won't . Affirmative He will / He'll stay at home tomorrow. They will / They'll be very busy. Negative I will not / won't stay at home tomorrow. They will not / won't be very busy. Question Will he stay at home tomorrwo? Will they be busy? Signal words: tonight, tomorrow, soon, someday, next week/… Usage Will is used for future predictions and facts. For example: - We'll finish it by tonight. - We have a lot of time. We won't be late. - Where will you go next year? - I'll go to America. Will is also used to make a spontaneous response. For example: Offer: - "The telephone's ringing." - "I'll answer it." Promise: - "I'll never leave you“ - "I'll give it to you tomorrow morning." Request: - "Will you wait for me this evening?" Will for requests is quite strong and often used when the expected answer is "Yes". Otherwise can is more polite: "Can you wait for me this evening?" Threat: - "You'll be sorry!" “Don’t move or I’ll shoot!” Order: - "You will not eat my chocolate-chip cookies!" Shall Shall is used with only I and we to make questions. For example: “ Shall I open the window?" It can also be used to make statements, but this is formal and old-fashioned. "We shall arrive at 6.00." Trung Tâm Gia Sư Hoa Thọ Web: hoatho.notlong.com Slide 20: USE 1 - "Will" to Express a Voluntary Action "Will" often suggests that a speaker will do something voluntarily. A voluntary action is one the speaker offers to do for someone else. Often, we use "will" to respond to someone else's complaint or request for help. We also use "will" when we request that someone help us or volunteer to do something for us. Similarly, we use "will not" or "won't" when we refuse to voluntarily do something. Examples: * Will you help me move this heavy table? * Will you make dinner? * I will not do your homework for you. * I won't do all the housework myself! A: I'm really hungry. A: The phone is ringing B: I 'll make some sandwiches. B: I 'll get it. USE 2 - "Will" to Express a Promise "Will" is usually used in promises. Examples: I will call you when I arrive. I promise I will not tell him about the surprise party. Don't worry, I 'll be careful. I won't tell anyone your secret. USE 3 - "Will" or "Be Going to" to Express a Prediction Both "will" and "be going to" can express the idea of a general prediction about the future. Predictions are guesses about what might happen in the future. In "prediction" sentences, the subject usually has little control over the future and therefore USES 1-3 do not apply. In the following examples, there is no difference in meaning. Examples: The year 2222 will be a very interesting year. The year 2222 is going to be a very interesting year. John Smith will be the next President. John Smith is going to be the next President. Slide 21: Volunteering to do something: ( The phone is ringing ) . I'll answer it. Promising to do something: ( A friend is leaving ) I'll visit you in the summer. Deciding to do something : ( Your car won't start ) I'll buy a new car. Ordering someone to do something: ( Your child won't do their homework ) You'll do your homework now! Predicting something will happen ( Winter is coming ) I think it will be a cold winter.