Eradicating Systemic Poverty

Information about Eradicating Systemic Poverty

Published on November 29, 2007

Author: Mahugani

Source: authorstream.com

Content

Eradicating Systemic Poverty: Brief for a Global Resources Dividend :  Eradicating Systemic Poverty: Brief for a Global Resources Dividend Thomas Pogge Poverty:  Poverty Of the six billion people on earth, 790 million don’t have adequate nutrition, a billion lack safe water, 2.4 billion don’t have adequate sanitation… (604) If the U.S. had its proportionate share of deaths from poverty more people would die each month than died in Vietnam. Duties:  Duties We have positive duties to help and negative duties to avoid upholding and profiting from unjust regimes. Positive :  Positive The positive case is made easily – if we could help those that are in bad straights we should. The cost of this approach is that some think this we must only do this when it is cheap or when people are close to us. Negative:  Negative Pogge argues that we have a negative duty to stop supporting an unjust institutional system that keeps the poor down. Inequality:  Inequality There is radical inequality: The worse off are very badly off It is hard for them to improve their lot and most of the better off will never know what its like Inequality effects almost all aspects of our lives It is avoidable. Venus:  Venus Suppose we find out that there is radical inequality between us and Venetians. Would we have an obligation to help them? Are we contributing to injustice, to their misery, if we don’t help? The Argument:  The Argument He argues that when 1) shared institutions negatively impact individuals, when 2) the poor are excluded (without compensation) from using natural resources, and when 3) their poverty is a result of a shared violent history there is injustice. Violations:  Violations If we coercively maintain unjust inequality we are violating our negative duty not to benefit or contribute to injustice. If so, we’re required to alter the current institutional system. The First Approach:  The First Approach Shared institutions negatively impact individuals’ lives. The institutional system is “shaped by the better off and imposed on the worse-off.” (605) It produces radical inequality to which there is an alternative. This inequality doesn’t result from extra-social factors. Imposition:  Imposition The institutional system is “shaped by the better off and imposed on the worse-off.” (605) Through the rules of trade, loans, bribes, aid, sex tourism, exports etc. Through our consumption and production choices. Alternatives:  Alternatives It produces radical inequality to which there is an alternative. If there were a different institutional structure fewer people might be poor. Compare different national regimes to see this. Endogenous:  Endogenous This inequality doesn’t result from extra-social factors. Extra-social factors are things like genetic handicaps or typhoons. It is the structure of international rules that contributes to a lot of suffering. Some people are born in poor families and countries with much worse life prospects than others. Causes:  Causes People might resist the idea that they are implicated in causing poverty because they are use to thinking about local factors are causes (not remote ones). Corruption:  Corruption Sure corruption is a problem in developing countries but it is exacerbated by foreign firms bribing developing country officials. War:  War Sure wars are a problem for developing countries but the sale of arms to bad governments and rebel groups does not help. Trends:  Trends Sure poverty is declining in some places but the larger pattern is disturbingly stable, inequality is increasing and poverty is devastating. Rules:  Rules He thinks that we needn’t undo interdependence but rework the rules structuring international interaction. The Second Approach:  The Second Approach The poor are excluded (without compensation) from using natural resources. Compensation:  Compensation The rich consume a lot without compensating the poor. The affluent pay the affluent to do so. Rich Saudis own the oil, not poor ones. Locke:  Locke This might be O.K. if all were better off with because of the current economic set up. If the Lockean proviso were satisfied appropriation might be O.K. If it were lifted with universal consent that might be O.K. too. Even if all could rationally consent to this that might be O.K. …:  … But none of these conditions hold! 18 million annual die of easily preventable poverty-related causes. They surely wouldn’t be able to rationally consent to this. Many are born in very bad conditions because others own all of the goods already. …:  … “citizens and governments of the affluent states are therefore violating a negative duty of justice when they, in collaboration with the ruling elites of the poor countries, coercively exclude the poor from a proportional resource share.” (608) The Third Approach:  The Third Approach Poverty is a result of a shared violent history there is injustice. Massive wrongs have led to the current distribution of wealth Even if one rejects the first two approaches this one may hold. History:  History Colonization, slavery, and genocide destroyed native institutions and cultures on four continents. Sure those of us who have benefited may owe extra restitution to those who have suffered, but all of us uphold the inequalities and are responsible for that. Non-identity:  Non-identity With different institutions different people might be starving in Africa now, but those that are starving now are starving because our institutions were (and are) in place. Resources:  Resources The second approach is the most demanding the others would allow almost any better alternative. It says those who use more resources should compensate those who use less. He suggests a global resource dividend (GRD) tax on used natural resources. Taxes:  Taxes Once the inequalities are eliminated the tax may be small. He suggests one percent of global product to start. We currently give $52 billion, he suggests $300 billion. This is less than the U.S. alone spends on the military. We could easily raise the money by taxing oil alone. It would have good environmental consequences. Dignity:  Dignity The money should help people live dignified autonomous lives. It should be given in a transparent efficient way that creates good incentives. It should meet need. Only 8.3% of current development assistance goes to basic needs, only 21% to least developed countries (611). World Government?:  World Government? This wouldn’t require a world government but sanctions would be necessary. Burden of Proof:  Burden of Proof He thinks he has done enough to shift the burden of proof to those who want to show that the current institutional order is just. Doing Our Part:  Doing Our Part Even if we can’t expect the injustice to be addressed soon we must do our part in trying to bring about change. It is important to realize our role in contributing to global poverty. Besides it may be dangerous not to help. Optimism:  Optimism We’ve walked on the moon, brought down the Berlin wall, ended slavery, who knows? Change is possible. We only need to come to one shared political decision to implement a GRD.

Related presentations


Other presentations created by Mahugani

Exploring the Deep Web
12. 03. 2008
0 views

Exploring the Deep Web

Moving Mountains
02. 10. 2007
0 views

Moving Mountains

dustbowl
10. 10. 2007
0 views

dustbowl

The Internet China
12. 10. 2007
0 views

The Internet China

shen 1
12. 10. 2007
0 views

shen 1

Triumph of Bolshevism
12. 10. 2007
0 views

Triumph of Bolshevism

Kukovecz
15. 10. 2007
0 views

Kukovecz

09 Panama s ppt
22. 10. 2007
0 views

09 Panama s ppt

Common By Product Feeds
04. 10. 2007
0 views

Common By Product Feeds

Dissertation Writing comms ug
27. 11. 2007
0 views

Dissertation Writing comms ug

TT
27. 11. 2007
0 views

TT

black holes v2
28. 11. 2007
0 views

black holes v2

Production of Calla Lily
07. 12. 2007
0 views

Production of Calla Lily

Water Track 8 7 15 051
07. 11. 2007
0 views

Water Track 8 7 15 051

PVC Toronto talk
16. 11. 2007
0 views

PVC Toronto talk

2022lecture2
19. 11. 2007
0 views

2022lecture2

Robertson
03. 10. 2007
0 views

Robertson

20050922 Crafoord Symposium
29. 08. 2007
0 views

20050922 Crafoord Symposium

field mmr naga
31. 12. 2007
0 views

field mmr naga

Anthony Kelly International
02. 01. 2008
0 views

Anthony Kelly International

fy2004 mfc construction
04. 01. 2008
0 views

fy2004 mfc construction

NASC PresentHanson
08. 08. 2007
0 views

NASC PresentHanson

Nicosia Raymond Pawson
08. 08. 2007
0 views

Nicosia Raymond Pawson

Methamphetamine final10 05
08. 08. 2007
0 views

Methamphetamine final10 05

ppt43
16. 10. 2007
0 views

ppt43

McCarthy Mitchell
29. 08. 2007
0 views

McCarthy Mitchell

Update FutureDirection LRago
22. 10. 2007
0 views

Update FutureDirection LRago

gef 160306
23. 10. 2007
0 views

gef 160306

IT Trends 2005 2010
14. 11. 2007
0 views

IT Trends 2005 2010

rec pond mgnt compressed
07. 01. 2008
0 views

rec pond mgnt compressed

Sci Case II
29. 08. 2007
0 views

Sci Case II

markenklima index q1 2005
05. 01. 2008
0 views

markenklima index q1 2005

yalenov2006
29. 08. 2007
0 views

yalenov2006

media 4917
08. 08. 2007
0 views

media 4917

gatorsncrocs
12. 10. 2007
0 views

gatorsncrocs

Kennedy obesity 0904
08. 08. 2007
0 views

Kennedy obesity 0904

jsimon santacruz
29. 08. 2007
0 views

jsimon santacruz

9 0568 rusack r
20. 11. 2007
0 views

9 0568 rusack r

soc100ch10Corepwrpt
19. 02. 2008
0 views

soc100ch10Corepwrpt

Edward Albee
24. 02. 2008
0 views

Edward Albee

AFCEA NOVA Breakfast7Sept07v1
06. 03. 2008
0 views

AFCEA NOVA Breakfast7Sept07v1

Lakeside2
26. 03. 2008
0 views

Lakeside2

sHansen
29. 08. 2007
0 views

sHansen

Tectonics Terrestrial Planets2
07. 04. 2008
0 views

Tectonics Terrestrial Planets2

Sept SECC
02. 11. 2007
0 views

Sept SECC

Hercules
28. 03. 2008
0 views

Hercules

deprez presentation 12 1 05
30. 03. 2008
0 views

deprez presentation 12 1 05

HARIPARSAD Ishwarie 2
09. 04. 2008
0 views

HARIPARSAD Ishwarie 2

Beaulieu
10. 04. 2008
0 views

Beaulieu

sings2mw
29. 08. 2007
0 views

sings2mw

molgas twong
29. 08. 2007
0 views

molgas twong

newman1
14. 04. 2008
0 views

newman1

session 25 V2
17. 04. 2008
0 views

session 25 V2

Citel
22. 04. 2008
0 views

Citel

icra02
19. 06. 2007
0 views

icra02

ICHEP 04 Barr Higgs
19. 06. 2007
0 views

ICHEP 04 Barr Higgs

IBERs and e Theses
19. 06. 2007
0 views

IBERs and e Theses

HS P2P Liao
19. 06. 2007
0 views

HS P2P Liao

he b
19. 06. 2007
0 views

he b

HB2004
19. 06. 2007
0 views

HB2004

Hartenstein Oerebro03 pt1
19. 06. 2007
0 views

Hartenstein Oerebro03 pt1

Grid InteropSupport
19. 06. 2007
0 views

Grid InteropSupport

Grid Interop
19. 06. 2007
0 views

Grid Interop

grid 06talk
19. 06. 2007
0 views

grid 06talk

wednesday
29. 08. 2007
0 views

wednesday

comer5e ch08 HO
15. 11. 2007
0 views

comer5e ch08 HO

SAG YinG 9 Jan New
03. 01. 2008
0 views

SAG YinG 9 Jan New

02 Cattle2
26. 11. 2007
0 views

02 Cattle2

Grid Shib uk april05
19. 06. 2007
0 views

Grid Shib uk april05

J Acar
14. 03. 2008
0 views

J Acar

20061130 woodling
30. 12. 2007
0 views

20061130 woodling

ch02exoh
07. 01. 2008
0 views

ch02exoh

Choose your way carefully
03. 10. 2007
0 views

Choose your way carefully

4 vista
16. 06. 2007
0 views

4 vista

33233 11162218 S
16. 06. 2007
0 views

33233 11162218 S

23
16. 06. 2007
0 views

23

2007 tips tricks
16. 06. 2007
0 views

2007 tips tricks

19b
16. 06. 2007
0 views

19b

EPL Membership
16. 06. 2007
0 views

EPL Membership

Entire Gra duation Slideshow
16. 06. 2007
0 views

Entire Gra duation Slideshow

elley web graphics
16. 06. 2007
0 views

elley web graphics

A Loose Confederation
14. 12. 2007
0 views

A Loose Confederation

employee 2004
16. 06. 2007
0 views

employee 2004

Obesity 1
08. 08. 2007
0 views

Obesity 1

Active Kill Disk
19. 06. 2007
0 views

Active Kill Disk

teall cost 3 ch16
24. 02. 2008
0 views

teall cost 3 ch16

CFA05
29. 08. 2007
0 views

CFA05

gemini sab
29. 08. 2007
0 views

gemini sab

NINDS Audience Report
08. 08. 2007
0 views

NINDS Audience Report

mm1
29. 08. 2007
0 views

mm1

ENGD POWERPOINT
16. 06. 2007
0 views

ENGD POWERPOINT

I3C BSML July2002
19. 06. 2007
0 views

I3C BSML July2002

igt 3
04. 03. 2008
0 views

igt 3

MassesofGalaxies
29. 08. 2007
0 views

MassesofGalaxies