Published on March 18, 2008
Keep Europe Moving: Keep Europe Moving Sustainable mobility for our continent Mid-term review of the European Commission’s 2001 White Paper on Transport Hearing Standing Committee for Infrastructure, Transport and Energy Flemish Parliament Vicenç Pedret Cuscó – Deputy Head of Unit DG-TREN-A-2: Economic Analysis, Impact Assessment, Climate Change 23-1-2007 A changing transport context: Expected growth in freight transport activity by mode (2000=100) : A changing transport context: Expected growth in freight transport activity by mode (2000=100) Directorate-General for Energy and Transport COMMON TRANSPORT POLICY OBJECTIVES: COMMON TRANSPORT POLICY OBJECTIVES INTERNAL MARKET: FREE PROVISION OF TRANSPORT SERVICES NON DISTORTED COMPETITION (SUBSIDIES, WORKING CONDITIONS) TRANS-EUROPEAN NETWORKS SAFETY MODAL INTEGRATION INTEGRATION OF ENVIRONMENT EMPLOYMENT Directorate-General for Energy and Transport THE 2001 WHITE PAPER: A PROGRAMME OF 60 MEASURES TO RE-ORIENTATE THE COMMON TRANSPORT POLICY: THE 2001 WHITE PAPER: A PROGRAMME OF 60 MEASURES TO RE-ORIENTATE THE COMMON TRANSPORT POLICY To fight congestion, accidents and CO2 emissions without hampering economic growth. Objective: gradual decoupling of transport and GDP by re-balancing modal split and improving quality and safety. Directorate-General for Energy and Transport 2001-2006 Transport policy: success stories: 2001-2006 Transport policy: success stories Opening up of rail freight transport to competition Upgraded social conditions of road transport Definition of 30 TEN priority projects Creation of the Single European Sky Strengthening of air passenger rights New road charging directive Promotion of intermodal transport via Marco Polo Reinforcement of legal framework in maritime safety Directorate-General for Energy and Transport A changing transport context: A changing transport context Changed international context: terrorism, globalisation Dependency on expensive foreign oil Environmental commitments (Kyoto) Low economic growth Enlargement: EU has continental dimension, transport environment is more diverse Evolving transport industry: consolidation, internal market Innovation, new solutions Directorate-General for Energy and Transport Slide7: A changing transport context: Evolution of transport demand and GDP EU-25 (1995=100) Directorate-General for Energy and Transport Slide8: A changing transport context: Conventional air pollutants and Greenhouse gases EU-25 (1990=100) Directorate-General for Energy and Transport Slide9: A changing transport context: Energy consumption by mode Directorate-General for Energy and Transport Slide10: A changing transport context: road safety Directorate-General for Energy and Transport A changing transport context: Expected growth in passenger transport activity by mode (2000=100) : A changing transport context: Expected growth in passenger transport activity by mode (2000=100) Directorate-General for Energy and Transport A changing transport context: Expected growth in passenger transport activity by mode (2000=100) : A changing transport context: Expected growth in passenger transport activity by mode (2000=100) Directorate-General for Energy and Transport Most likely 2000-2020 growth in demand: Most likely 2000-2020 growth in demand Overall Freight: +50% Passengers: +35% GDP: +52% Freight Road: +55% Rail: +13% Short sea shipping: +59% Inland Waterways: +28% Passenger Private car: +36% Rail: +19% Aviation: +108% Directorate-General for Energy and Transport European transport The 2006 White Paper mid-term review: The 2006 White Paper mid-term review Policy lines to continue along the lines set by the 1992 and 2001 White Papers A broader and more flexible toolbox to meet new challenges Directorate-General for Energy and Transport The 2006 White Paper mid-term review: priorities: The 2006 White Paper mid-term review: priorities Mobility: The EU must offer the necessary level of mobility to people and business Protection: protect the environment, ensure energy security, promote minimum labour standards, protect the passenger and the citizen. Innovation: increase the efficiency & sustainability of the growing transport sector, develop & bring to the market new innovative solutions International dimension: the EU must be a united, leading player in the international transport stage Directorate-General for Energy and Transport The 2006 White Paper mid-term review: priorities: The 2006 White Paper mid-term review: priorities To optimise transport modes separately and in conjunction: "co-modality". Co-modality exploits the assets of each mode of transport (road for the flexibility, rail for the storage capacity; maritime and inland waterways for tonnage capacity, aviation for the speed over the very long distance). To develop logistics and to foster modal shift to less polluting modes where appropriate, especially on long distances, in urban areas and on congested corridors. Directorate-General for Energy and Transport Sustainable Mobility: Sustainable Mobility Europe needs all modes of transportation: road, rail, air and waterborne. Transport modes should be efficient, well integrated, ensure seamless transport routes Problems related to congestion and accessibility Well functioning, integrated transport infrastructure Investments from all possible resources are imperative Transport White Paper - Innovation: Transport White Paper - Innovation New technologies for pressing issues: congestion, reduction of emissions, improved transport efficiency & logistics throughout the supply chain EU is world leader and important exporter of many transport technologies and systems: we must continue to maintain this lead! Ultimate goal: efficient mobility without negative side effects! 1. Sustainable Mobility: action: 1. Sustainable Mobility: action Road transport: internal market review (2006), review of legislation on working conditions (2007) Rail transport: remove technical barriers to interoperability (2006), promote rail freight corridors (2006), rail market monitoring (2007) Aviation: review air transport liberalisation measures (2006), review & complete Single European Sky (2007), SESAR (2007), emissions policy Waterborne transport: Common European Maritime Space White Paper (2008), European ports policy (2007), deploy e-maritime systems (2009), promote inland waterways transport Infrastructure: Smart charging (2008), identify multi annual investment programme up to 2013 for TEN (2007) Directorate-General for Energy and Transport Slide20: Action on infrastructure: Trans – European networks Action on infrastructure:smart charging 1: Action on infrastructure: smart charging 1 Legal framework in the road sector: the Eurovignette Directive as amended by Dir 2006/38/EC Heavy goods vehicles above 3.5 tons and to all TENs road network Road charging allowed on other roads Toll levels related to infrastructure costs but may vary (congestion, pollution) Specific conditions in mountains areas Report for the assessment of external costs for all modes by June 2008 Action on infrastructure:smart charging 2: Action on infrastructure: smart charging 2 Toll calculation: Costs of construction (capital costs) Costs of maintaining and developing Costs of operating Member States may vary the toll rates according to : a) EURO emission class - up 100 % variation (as from 2010 variation is obligatory for new toll systems) b) Time of day and level of congestion - up to 100 % variation Possibility to apply mark-ups to tolls in the case of roads in sensitive areas, in particular in mountainous regions Maximum mark-up = 25 % of the average toll. The mark-up must be authorized by the Commission 2. Protection: action: 2. Protection: action Energy & environment: Urban transport Green Paper (2007); action plan for energy efficiency and road map for renewables (2006); strategic technology plan for energy (2007); launch of major programme for green propulsion (2009) Passenger rights: minimum standards for coach travel and people with reduced mobility (2007) Safety: European Road Safety Day (2007); consolidate European transport safety agencies and develop their tasks; integrated approach in road safety Security: strategy for land & public transport and protection of critical infrastructure (2007) Employment: promote social dialogue, transport professions and training Directorate-General for Energy and Transport Slide24: Protection 1: Green Paper on urban transport: objective and possible issues Foster the development of sustainable urban transport policies while respecting subsidiarity Clean urban transport: natural gas, bio-fuels, hydrogen Attractiveness and performance of public transport Role of the private car, powered two wheelers Non motorised transport: walking and cycling Traffic management instruments: pricing, information systems (Galileo) Slide25: Protection 2 Action on road safety : Recent initiatives from the Commission Proposal for a Directive on retrofitting blind-spot mirrors on existing trucks adopted on 5/10/2006 Proposal for a Directive on infrastructure safety management adopted on 5/10/2006 Proposal for a Directive on cross-border enforcement for traffic offences scheduled for March 2007 Daytime running lights: public consultation ended on 17/11/2006 First European Road Safety Day scheduled on 27/04/2007 Recent signing of the European Road Safety Charter by ACEA (4 November 2006) 3. Innovation: action: 3. Innovation: action Directorate-General for Energy and Transport Freight transport logistics strategy & broad debate on possible EU action (2006), definition of action plan for logistics (2007) Galileo: identification of possible future applications (2006), start of concession in 2009 Launch of major programme to bring intelligent road transport systems to the market (2008) Implementation of ERTMS in certain corridors in 2009 Launch first call of 7th RTD Framework Programme (2007) RTD and support to dissemination, exploitation and market penetration of new technologies Action plan on logistics 1: Action plan on logistics 1 Action plan scheduled in 2007 to: to remove administrative, operational and functional obstacles to co-modality to stimulate training and the exchange of best practice to promote standardisation across modes and to develop a clear vision of the added value that information and communications technologies, such as intelligent traffic management, can offer. Action plan on logistics 2: Areas of action for consideration: Action plan on logistics 2: Areas of action for consideration Identification and elimination of bottlenecks: Freight Logistics Focal Points Information and communications technologies (ICT) Interoperability, coordination: Smart technologies, intelligent transport systems Training and certification of logisticians Indicators to measure logistics performance (including statistical ones) Benchmarking and labelling logistics excellence Promotion of multimodal solutions Improving efficiency of logistics terminals Standards (vehicle dimensions and loading units vs. modern logistics) Liability and transport documentation Optimising infrastructure use 3. Innovation: action: 3. Innovation: action Directorate-General for Energy and Transport Current projects under the 6th RTD Framework Programme include: Optimal infrastructure pricing methodologies; Research into funding mechanisms for the financing of infrastructure projects, such as the TENs; Objectives included in the 7th RTD Framework Programme :develop integrated, safer, “greener” and “smarter” pan-European transport systems… respecting the environment and natural resources, and securing and developing competitiveness Slide30: Innovation : Action on intelligent transport Galileo: a strategic infrastructure global navigation satellite system constellation of 30 satellites positioning and timing services ideal support for the development of ITS systems Innovation: demonstration projects: Innovation: demonstration projects The HyFLEET:CUTE project will comprise the continued operation on the FC-fleet from the former CUTE and ECTOS projects, the development and demonstration of a new FC hybrid pre-prototype and the development, construction and demonstration of a fleet of 14 hydrogen powered internal combustion engine (ICE) buses in regular service in Berlin including the required hydrogen infrastructure. It will be a part of the European Hydrogen & Fuel Cell platform. Project Cost: 43.162.677 € Project Funding: 18.986.145 € Duration: 44 months Directorate-General for Energy and Transport InnovationITS: Intelligent Transport Systems Working strategy: Innovation ITS: Intelligent Transport Systems Working strategy Integrated travel information services for a door-to-door trip chain including all modes (pre-trip, on-trip, real-time, personalised) (Cross-border) traffic management (data exchange) In-vehicle: driver assistance; fleet management; tracking of freight including dangerous goods and livestock; digital tachograph; e-call; electronic fee collection. Universal On-Board Unit open and 'horizontal' platform on the vehicle with primary functions such as 'time', 'position' and 'identification' as basis for 'plug-in-and-play' ancillary services >> focus is on interoperable or Europe-wide services Directorate-General for Energy and Transport 4. International dimension: action: 4. International dimension: action Better representation of EU interests in international organisations – IMO, ICAO (2006) Possible membership in relevant international organisations (2009) Strategy for integrating the EU’s neighbouring countries into the internal transport market (2007) Develop external relations through bilateral agreements and in multilateral fora; deploy a common aviation area in Europe Directorate-General for Energy and Transport Working strategy: Working strategy Deployment of all policy measures Co-operation across policy sectors Continued consultation with stakeholders and industries Stronger economic analysis and impact assessment Legislation suited to the needs of the European economy Rolling agenda addressing priorities Directorate-General for Energy and Transport Slide35: Conclusions The objective of the EU policy is to ensure mobility and protection through innovation measures and good governance while fostering competitiveness and prosperity.