Published on July 17, 2014
Chunking The Text: Chunking The Text Francisca Osborn 7-16-14 Objective: Objective Students will be able to critically read complex text by “chunking” and summarizing sections of the text. Students will be able to cite and refer to sections of the text by numbering the paragraphs. Introduce the Strategy: Introduce the Strategy Close Reading strategies are specific strategies used to help readers critically read complex texts. This mini lesson will introduce one simple Close Reading strategy known as “chunking” the text. Chunking the text also enables students to more easily cite and refer to sections of the text, a skill that is identified in the Common Core State Standards. Demonstrate the Strategy on the Overhead: Demonstrate the Strategy on the Overhead Using a page of text on the overhead as an example, demonstrate the chunking strategy to the class: 1. Number the paragraphs: Common Core asks students to be able to cite and refer to the text. One simple way is to number the paragraphs in the left hand margin. Demonstrate this step. 2. Chunk the text: Breaking up a full page of text into smaller sections (chunks) makes the page more manageable to read. Draw horizontal lines between paragraphs to divide the page into smaller sections. 3. Summarize: Underline key words/phrases in each section. In the left margin, write a summary of each section in 10 words or less. Guided Practice: Guided Practice Provide each student with a consumable page of text for guided practice. Also project the page on the overhead. Guide students in a whole class activity in numbering the paragraphs by asking students to identify where each paragraph begins and ends. Next, lead students towards identifying natural groupings of paragraphs in order to chunk them. There is no wrong way to group, as long as the groupings can be justified. Then, ask students to identify key words/phrases in each section and underline them on the overhead. Lastly, ask students to look at the key words/phrases in each chunk, and summarize each aloud. Write their answers in the left margin on the overhead. Demonstrate how to write their summaries in 10 words or less. Apply the Strategy: Apply the Strategy Provide students with a new consumable full page (or more) of text, and provide in-class time to critically read the text, and apply the chunking and summarizing strategy. This can be done in pairs or small groups. However, each student must fill out their own worksheet to turn in later. Read the text aloud as a class. Ask students to identify their “chunks” of text, and why. Students should also read their summaries aloud, and identify the key words/phrases they underlined. Ask students to cite and refer to specific text via paragraph number. Assessment & Reflection: Assessment & Reflection After the group activity, provide students with time to reflect on their sections and summaries. In the right margin, students can choose one additional activity to complete for each section: Use a power-verb phrase to describe what the author is doing (ie: “Comparing the character of Peter to Captain Hook”) Represent the information in a picture. Write a question they have about the section Collect worksheets to assess students’ progress.