Fertilizer management in sugarcane

Information about Fertilizer management in sugarcane

Published on July 17, 2014

Author: msibsri4313

Source: authorstream.com

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PowerPoint Presentation: K…wl cwi‡ek A‡ji wfwˇZ Bÿz I mv_x dm‡j ‰Re I A‰Re mvi cÖ‡qvM: cwigvb, cÖ‡qv‡Mi mgq, c×wZ PowerPoint Presentation: mvit Dw™¢‡`i e„w× I Dbœqb wbwðZ Kivi Rb¨ GK ev GKvwaK cywó Dcv`vb mieiv‡ni Rb¨ gvwU‡Z †h mKj cÖvK…wZK ev Kj-KviLvbvq cÖ¯‘ZK…Z ˆRe I A‰Re `ªe¨ cÖ‡qvM Kiv nq Zv‡K mvi e‡j| ivmvqwbK mvit ivmvqwbK ev K…wÎg c×wZ‡Z Kj-KviLvbvq cÖ¯‘Z †h mKj A‰Re c`v_© gvwU‡Z cÖ‡qvM Ki‡j Dw™¢` Zvi cÖ‡qvRbxq cywó Dcv`vb jvf Ki‡Z cv‡i Zv‡K ivmvqwbK mvi e‡j| PowerPoint Presentation: ˆRe mvit cÖvK…wZK fv‡e cÖvß Dw™¢` I cÖvYxR `ªe¨ msi¶Y K‡i Ges cwP‡q ev cÖwK&ªqvK…Z K‡i dm‡ji Rwg‡Z Drcv`b e„w×i j‡¶¨ cÖ‡qvM Kiv n‡j Zv‡K ˆRe mvi e‡j| RxeRš‘i gj g~Î ev RxeRš‘ I e„¶vw`i aŸskve‡kl †_‡K ˆRemvi cvIqv hvq| RxevYy mvit RxevYy wfwËK mvi, hvnv evZv‡mi bvB‡Uªv‡Rb mseÜb ev gvwUi A`ªeYxq dmdivm I Ab¨vb¨ cywó Dcv`vb `ªexf~ZKiY c~e©K Dw™¢‡` cywó Dcv`vb mieiv‡ni gva¨‡g dm‡ji Drcv`b e„wׇZ mnvqZv K‡i| PowerPoint Presentation: Av‡Li djb e„w×i †¶‡Î mv‡ii cÖfve me‡P‡q †ekx| AvL Rwg‡Z GK eQ‡ii AwaK (12-14 gvm) mgqe¨vwc _v‡K| Av‡Li †gvU Drcv`b Ab¨vb¨ dm‡ji Zzjbvq A‡bK †ekx| Bnvi Lv`¨ Pvwn`v Ab¨vb¨ dm‡ji Zzjbvq †ekx| GK Ub AvL Drcv`b Ki‡Z AvL MvQ gvwU †_‡K 0.68 ‡KwR bvB‡Uªv‡Rb, 0.56 †KwR dmdivm, 2.55 †KwR cUvwkqvg Ges 0.35 †KwR mvjdvi MÖnY Kiv QvovI Av‡iv A‡bK Lv`¨ Dcv`vb MÖnY K†i| evsjv‡`‡k K…lK ch©v‡q mvi cÖ‡qvM cÖ‡qvR‡bi Zzjbvq Kg| d‡j Av‡Li djb Drcv`b ¶gZvi †P‡q A‡bK Kg| Kv‡RB Av‡Li DPP djb cÖvwßi Rb¨ Rwg‡Z mwVK c×wZ‡Z cÖ‡qvRbxq gvÎvq mvi cÖ‡qvM Kiv Riyix| PowerPoint Presentation: wUGmwc mvi GgIwc mvi wRcmvg BDwiqv mvi PowerPoint Presentation: mjy‡evi †eviY g¨vM‡bwmqvg A·vBW mvi wR¼ mvj‡dU mvi PowerPoint Presentation: ivmvqwbK mvi e ¨ env‡ii ¸iæZ¡t 1. gvwU‡Z cywó Dcv`v‡bi NvUwZ c~iY K‡i| 2. gvwUi ‡fŠZ Ae¯’vi Dbœqb K‡i| 3. gvwUi ivmvqwbK Ae¯’vi Dbœqb K‡i| 4. nviv‡bv De©iZv cybiæ × vi K‡i| 5. dm‡ji djb I ¸bMZ gv‡bi Dbœqb K‡i| 6. cywó Dcv`v‡bi fvÛvi wn‡m‡e KvR K‡i| 7. gvwUi Drcv`b ÿgZv e„w × K‡i| 8. ¯^í †gqv`x dm‡ji e„w × Z¡ivwš^Z K‡i| PowerPoint Presentation: Rwg‡Z ivmvqwbK mvi e ¨ env‡ii we‡eP ¨ welqt 1. ¯^í †gqv`x dm‡ji Rwg n‡j| 2. D”P djbkxj RvZ Pvl Kiv n‡j| 3. Rwg‡Z ˆRe c`v_© _vK‡j| 4. Rwg‡Z cvwb wbqš¿‡Yi e ¨ e¯’v| 5. wbw`©ó cywó Dcv`v‡bi Afve †`Lv w`‡j| PowerPoint Presentation: Av‡Li AZ ¨ vek ¨ Kxq †gŠwjK cywó Dcv`vb: Dw™¢‡`i †`‡n 90wU ev Zvnvi AwaK †gŠwjK cywó Dcv`vb we` ¨ gvb Av‡Q| Zb¥‡a ¨ 16wU Dcv`vb Mv‡ Qi cywói Rb¨ Acwinvh©| AvL Mv‡Qi Rxeb P‡µ 16wU cywó Dcv`v‡bi cÖwZwUi Dcw¯’wZ cÖ‡qvRb I mgfv‡e ¸iZ¡c~b©| D³ †h †Kvb GKwU Dcv`v‡bi Abycw¯’wZ wKsev Afve NU‡j Mv‡Qi ¯^vfvweK e„w× euvavMÖ¯’ n‡e| MvQ Zvi Rxeb Pµ cwic~Y© Kwi‡Z cvi‡e bv| GBRb¨ 16 wU cywó Dcv`vb‡K Mv‡Qi AZ¨vek¨Kxq cywó Dcv`vb ejv nq| G¸‡jv n‡jvt 1| Kve©b, 2| nvB‡Wªv‡Rb 3| Aw·‡Rb 4| bvB‡Uªv‡Rb 5| dmdivm 6| cUvwkqvg 7| mvjdvi 8| K¨vjwmqvg 9| g¨vM‡bwkqvg 10| †jŠn 11| †evib 12| g¨v½vwbR 13| Zvgv 14| `¯vÍ 15| gwje‡Wbvg Ges 16| †K¬vwib PowerPoint Presentation: D‡jøwLZ 16 wU cywó Dcv`v‡bi g‡a¨ MvQ 3 wU Dcv`vb Kve©b I Aw·‡Rb evZvm n‡Z Ges nvB‡Wªv‡Rb cvwb n‡Z Abvqv‡m msMÖn K‡i| evKx 13 wU Dcv`vb gvwU nB‡Z msMÖn K‡i| G‡`i g‡a¨ 9 wU Dcv`vb (µwgK 1 nB‡Z 9 ch©šÍ) †ekx cwigv‡b cÖ‡qvRb nq ZvB G‡`i‡K g~L¨ cywó Dcv`vb Ges Aewkó 7wU Dcv`vb (µwgK 10 nB‡Z 16 ch©šÍ) Kg cwigv‡b cÖ‡qvRb nq ZvB G‡`i‡K †MŠY cywó Dcv`vb ejv nq| gvwU n‡Z mieivn‡hvM¨ 6 wU g~L¨ Dcv`v‡bi g‡a¨ bvB‡Uªv‡Rb, dmdivm I cUvwkqvg MvQ †ekx cwigv‡b MÖnY K‡i| PowerPoint Presentation: Mv‡Qi AZ¨vek¨Kxq cywó Dcv`vb¸wji MÖn‡bvc‡hvMx AvKvi I Drm t cywó Dcv`v‡bi bvg MÖn‡bvc‡hvMx AvKvi Drm Kve©b CO 2 evqygÛj nvB‡Wªv‡Rb H 2 O, H + g„wËKv cvwb Aw·‡Rb H 2 O, O 2, CO 2 g„wËKv cvwb, evqygÛj bvB‡Uªv‡Rb NO 3 - , NH 4 + g„wËKv ‰Re c`v_©, mvi dmdivm H 2 PO 4 - , HPO 4 2- , PO 4 3- g„wËKv ‰Re c`v_©, mvi, LwbR cUvwkqvg K + mvi, LwbR mvjdvi SO 4 2- g„wËKv ‰Re c`v_©, mvi, LwbR K ¨ vjwmqvg Ca 2+ mvi, LwbR g ¨ vM‡bwkqvg Mg 2 + mvi, LwbR †jŠn Fe 2+ , Fe 3+ mvi, LwbR †evib H 3 BO 3 , H 2 BO 3 - HBO 3 2- mvi, LwbR g ¨ v½vwbR Mn 2+ , Mn 4+ mvi, LwbR Zvgv Cu + , Cu 2+ mvi, LwbR `¯Ív Zn +2 mvi, LwbR gwje‡Wbvm MoO 4 2- mvi, LwbR †K¬vwib Cl - mvi, LwbR PowerPoint Presentation: Av‡Li Rb ¨ we` ¨ gvb cywó Dcv`vb mg~‡ni me©wb¤œ Avewk ¨ K cwigvbt Dcv`vb gvwU‡Z Av‡Li cvZvq Dcv`vb gvwU‡Z Av‡Li cvZvq ‡gvU bvB‡Uªv‡Rb (N) 0.12 (%) 1.20 (%) Zvgv ( Cu) 0.2 (wcwcGg) 3.0 (wcwcGg) dmdivm ( P ) 10.0 (wcwcGg) 0.19 (%) †jŠn ( Fe ) 4.0 (wcwcGg) 50.0 (wcwcGg) cUvwkqvg ( K ) 0.12 (wgwjBKz‡ft /100MÖvg) 0.90 (%) g ¨ v½vwbR ( Mn ) 1.0 (wcwcGg) 10.0 (wcwcGg) mvjdvi ( S) 10.0 (wcwcGg) 0.13 (%) †evib ( B) 0.2 (wcwcGg) 4.0 (wcwcGg) K ¨ vjwmqvg ( Ca ) 2.0 (wgwjBKz‡ft) /100MÖvg 0.20 (%) gwje‡Wbvg ( Mo) 0.1 (wcwcGg) 0.05 (wcwcGg) g ¨ vM‡bwkqvg ( Mg ) 0.5 (wgwjBKz‡ft) /100MÖvg 0.12 (%) †K¬vwib ( Cl ) - 0.068 (%) `¯Zv ( Zn) 0.6 (wcwcGg) 15.0 (wcwcGg) - - - PowerPoint Presentation: KwZcq mvavibfv‡e e ¨ eüZ ivmvqwbK mv‡i we` ¨ gvb cywó Dcv`vb t mv‡ii bvg Dcv`v‡bi kZKiv cwigvb N P K S Zn Mn Ca Mg B Mo BDwiqv 46 - - - - - - - - - G‡gvwbqvg mvj‡dU 21 - - 24 - - - - - - wU Gm wc - 20 - 13 - - 14 - - - Gm Gm wc - 8 - 12 - - 20 - - - WvB G ¨ v‡gvwbqvg dm‡dU 18-21 20 - 1 - - - - - - Ggwc - - 50 - - - - - - - cUvwkqvg mvj‡dU - - 42 18 - - - - - - g ¨ vM‡bwkqvg mvj‡dU - - - 13 - - - 9.5 - - g ¨ vM‡bwkqvg A·vBW - - - - - - - 60 - - wRsK mvj‡dU - - - 18 23-36 - - - - - g ¨ v½vwbR mvj‡dU - - - 21 - 36 - - - - wRcmvg - - - 18 -& - 33 - - - G ¨ v‡gvwbqvg gwje‡WU 6.8 - - - - - - - - 54 ‡eviv· - - - - - - - - 10.5 - PowerPoint Presentation: K…wl cwi‡ek AÂj wfwËK Av‡Li Rwg‡Z mvi e ¨ env‡ii cwigvbt Bÿzi D”P djb cªvwßi †ÿ‡Î mv‡ii cÖfve me‡P‡q †ekx| mwVK mg‡q Ges wbq‡g mvi cÖ‡qvM Kivi gva¨‡g GKw`‡K †hgb Av‡Li djb e„w× cvq Ab¨ w`‡K †Zgwb Av‡Li g‡a¨ wPwb I ¸‡oi cwigvYI e„w× cvq| weGAviwm KZ©„K cÖKvwkZ ÕdvwU©jvBRvi wiK‡g‡Ûkb MvBW-2012Õ Gi wfwˇZ wewfbœ K…wl cwi‡ek A‡ji Rb¨ Aby‡gvw`Z mv‡ii gvÎv D‡jøL Kiv n‡jvt PowerPoint Presentation: K…wl cwi‡ek AÂj wPwbKj AÂj mv‡ii gvÎv (†KwR/†n±i ) BDwiqv wUGmwc Ggwc wRcmvg g ¨ vM. A·vBW wRsK mvj‡dU 1. wngvj‡qi cyivZb cv`f~wg (cÂMo, VvKziMvuI I w`bvRcyi †Rjvmg~n) †mZveMÄ,cÂMoVvKziMvuI wPwbKj 358 275 240 166 33 7 3. wZ¯—v mwc©j cøveb f~wg (iscyi, e¸ov, RqcyinvU, bIMuv, cÂMo I w`bvRcyi †Rjvmgyn) iscyi, k ¨ vgcyi I RqcyinvU wPwbKj 358 275 240 165 33 7 8. eªþcyÎ I hgybvi bZzb cøveb f~wg (†kicyi, Rvgvjcyi, Uv½vBj, gvwbKMÄ, XvKv, gywÝMÄ, bvivqbMÄ, MvRxcyi, gqgbwmsn, wK‡kviMÄ,Ges biwms`x †Rjvmgyn) wRjevsjv wPwbKj 358 275 240 250 33 7 9. eªþcyÎ cyivZb cøveb f~wg (†kicyi, Rvgvjcyi, Uv½vBj, gvwbKMÄ, XvKv, gywÝMÄ, bvivqbMÄ, MvRxcyi, gqgbwmsn,wK‡kviMÄ,Ges biwms`x †Rjvmgyn) H 358 275 300 250 17 7 11. M½v b`x we‡aŠZ E”P mgf~wg (ivRkvnx, cvebv , beveMÄ, bIMuv, Kzwóqv, †g‡nicyi, PzqvWv½v, wSbvB`n, gv¸ov, h‡kvi, mvZw¶iv, Lyjbv I bovBj †Rjvmgyn) bv‡Uvi, cvebv, ivRkvnx, RqcyinvU, Kzwóqv,‡Kiæ GÛ ‡Kvs †gveviKMÄ I dwi`cyi wPwbKj 358 275 240 166 17 7 PowerPoint Presentation: 12. M½v b`x we‡aŠZ wbgœ mgf~wg (cvebv , bv‡Uvi, †Mvqvj›`, dwi`cyi, gv`vixcyi, †MvcvjMÄ, Kzwóqv, kwiqZcyi, Lyjbv, bovBj, ev‡MinvU, ewikvj, gvwbKMÄ I XvKv †Rjvmgyn) Kzwóqv, ‡gveviKMÄ, dwi`cyi I cvebv wPwbKj 358 275 120 250 17 7 25. mgZj e‡i›`ª AÂj (e¸ov, RqcyinvU, bIMuv, bv‡Uvi, wmivRMÄ, MvBevÜv I w`bvRcyi †Rjvmgyn) †mZveMÄ I RqcyinvU wPwbKj 358 275 240 165 33 7 26. DPzu e‡i›`ª AÂj (ivRkvnx, bIMuv, beveMÄ, I w`bvRcyi †Rjvmgyn) ivRkvnx I RqcyinvU wPwbKj 358 275 360 165 33 7 27. DËi c~e© e‡i›`ª AÂj (e¸ov, RqcyinvU, MvBevÜv, iscyi I w`bvRcyi †Rjvmgyn) RqcyinvU, iscyi I †mZveMÄ wPwbKj 358 275 240 250 33 7 28. gaycyi Mo (Uv½vBj, XvKv, bvivqbMÄ, MvRxcyi, gqgbwmsn, wK‡kviMÄ,Ges biwms`x †Rjvmgyn) - 358 275 240 165 33 7 29. DËi c~e© cvnvox AÂj (LvMovQwo , PUªMÖvg, cve©Z ¨ PUªMÖvg, ev›`ieb, K·evRvi, nweMÄ, ‡gŠjfxevRvi, †kicyi I gqgbwmsn †Rjvmgyn) - 358 275 240 165 33 7 30, AvLvDov †mvcvb (eªvþYevoxqv I nweMÄ †Rjvmgyn) - 358 320 300 222 41 7 PowerPoint Presentation: Av‡Li Rwg‡Z mvi cÖ‡qv‡Mi mgq I c × wZt ‡e‡j gvwUi Rb ¨ t Bÿz †ivc‡bi c~‡e© m¤ú~Y© dm‡dU, wRcmvg, wRsK, g ¨ vM‡bwmqvg Ges GK Z…Zxqvsk BDwiqv I cUvk mvi bvjvq cÖ‡qvM K‡i †Kv`vj Øviv Kzwc‡q gvwUi mv‡_ fvjfv‡e wgwk‡q w`‡Z n‡e| GK Z…Zxqvsk BDwiqv I cUvk mvi Bÿzi Kzwk Drcv`b mg‡q (120-150 w`‡bi g‡a ¨ ) Dcwi cÖ‡qvM Ki‡Z n‡e| evKx GK Z…Zxqvsk BDwiqv I cUvk mvi cÖ_g Dcwi cÖ‡qv‡Mi GK gvm c‡iB wØZxq `dvq Dcwi cÖ‡qvM Ki‡Z n‡e| PowerPoint Presentation: G‡Uj gvwUi Rb¨t Bÿz †ivc‡bi c~‡e© m¤ú~Y© dm‡dU, wRcmvg, wRsK, g¨vM‡bwmqvg Ges A‡a©K BDwiqv I A‡a©K cUvk mvi bvjvq cÖ‡qvM K‡i †Kv`vj Øviv Kzwc‡q gvwUi mv‡_ fvjfv‡e wgwk‡q w`‡Z n‡e| evKx A‡a©K BDwiqv I cUvk mvi Bÿzi Kzwk Drcv`b mg‡q (120-150 w`‡bi g‡a ¨ ) Dcwi cÖ‡qvM Ki‡Z n‡e| ‡ivcv Bÿz †ÿ‡Zi Rb ¨ t Bÿz †ivc‡bi c~‡e© m¤ú~Y© dm‡dU, wRcmvg, wRsK, g ¨ vM‡bwmqvg mvi bvjvq cÖ‡qvM K‡i †Kv`vj Øviv nvjKvfv‡e Kzwc‡q gvwUi mv‡_ fvjfv‡e wgwk‡q w`‡Z n‡e| BDwiqv I cUvk mvi Pviv †ivc‡bi c~‡e© cÖ‡qvM bv K‡i †ivc‡bi 20-30 w`b ci A‡a©K BDwiqv I cUvk mvi Pviv †Mvovq cÖ‡qvM K‡i gvwUi mv‡_ fv‡jvfv‡e wgwk‡q w`‡Z n‡e| evKx A‡a©K BDwiqv I cUvk mvi Bÿzi Kzwk Drcv`b mg‡q (120-150 w`‡bi g‡a ¨ ) Dcwi cÖ‡qvM Ki‡Z n‡e| PowerPoint Presentation: gywo Bÿzi Rb ¨ t gywo Av‡Li Rb ¨ cÖwZ †n ± ‡i 40-50 †KwR bvB‡Uªv‡Rb mvi ev 87-105 †KwR BDwiqv mvi AwZwi³ wn‡m‡e cÖ‡qvM Ki‡Z n‡e Ges Ab ¨ vb ¨ mv‡ii cwigvb AcwiewZ©Z _vK‡e| G‡ÿ‡Î m¤ú~Y© dm‡dU, wRcmvg, wRsK, g ¨ vM‡bwmqvg Ges GK Z…Zxqvsk BDwiqv I A‡a©K cUvk mvi bvjvq cÖ‡qvM K‡i †Kv`vj Øviv Kzwc‡q gvwUi mv‡_ fvjfv‡e wgwk‡q w`‡Z n‡e| GK Z…Zxqvsk BDwiqv I A‡a©K cUvk mvi Bÿzi Kzwk Drcv`b mg‡q (120-150 w`‡bi g‡a ¨ ) Dcwi cÖ‡qvM Ki‡Z n‡e| GK Z…Zxqvsk BDwiqv cÖ_g Dcwi cÖ‡qv‡Mi GK gvm c‡iB wØZxq `dvq Dcwi cÖ‡qvM Ki‡Z n‡e| PowerPoint Presentation: mvi cÖ‡qvM wPÎ: Av‡L mv‡ii Dcwi cÖ‡qvM (Uc †Wªwms) : wPÎ: Av‡L mv‡ii Dcwi cÖ‡qvM (Uc †Wªwms) wPÎ: mv‡ii Dcwi cÖ‡qv‡Mi ci wgkv‡bv : wPÎ: mv‡ii Dcwi cÖ‡qv‡Mi ci wgkv‡bv PowerPoint Presentation: Reaction of N-Fertilizer in Soil PowerPoint Presentation: Reaction of P-Fertilizer in Soil PowerPoint Presentation: mvi cÖ‡qvMK…Z cøU K‡›Uªvj (mvi wenxb) cøU PowerPoint Presentation: ¸o Drcv`‡b bvB‡Uªv‡Rb mvi cÖ‡qv‡Mi mycvwik mv‡ii gvÎv †KwR/‡n.) AÂj BDwiqv wUGmwc Ggwc wRcmvg g ¨ vM‡bwkqvg A·vBW wR¼ mvj‡dU M½v we‡aŠZ D”P mgf~wg 325 250 180 190 - 10 gaycyi AÂj 270 220 200 165 33 7 PowerPoint Presentation: mvi cÖ‡qvM c × wZ t gaycyi A‡ji (kªxcyi Dc‡Rjv ) Rb ¨ : B¶y †ivc‡bi c~‡e© m¤ú~Y© dm‡dU, wRcmvg, wR¼, g ¨ vM‡bwmqvg mvi bvjvq cÖ‡qvM K‡i †Kv`vj Øviv nvjKvfv‡e Kzwc‡q gvwUi mv‡_ fvjfv‡e wgwk‡q w`‡Z n‡e| Av‡Li D”P djb I DbœZ gv‡bi ¸o Drcv`‡bi Rb ¨ bvB‡Uªv‡Rb I cUvk mvi wZb av‡c cÖ‡qvM Kiv cÖ‡qvRb ( GK Z…Zxqvsk ‡ivc‡Yi mgq , GK Z…Zxqvsk ‡ivc‡Yi 90 w`b ci Ges evKx Ask ‡ivc‡Yi 150 w`b ci ) cÖ‡qvM Ki‡Z n‡e| M½v we‡aŠZ D”P mgf~wg GjvKvi Rb ¨ : B¶y †ivc‡bi c~‡e© m¤ú~Y© dm‡dU, wRcmvg, wR¼, g ¨ vM‡bwmqvg mvi bvjvq cÖ‡qvM K‡i †Kv`vj Øviv nvjKvfv‡e Kzwc‡q gvwUi mv‡_ fvjfv‡e wgwk‡q w`‡Z n‡e| Ck¦i`x I PuvcvB beveMÄ GjvKvq bvB‡Uªv‡Rb mvi `yB av‡c cÖ‡qvM Ki‡j (1/2 Ask †ivc‡Yi mgq Ges Aewkóvsk †ivc‡Yi 120 w`b ci ) Av‡Li fvj djb I DbœZ gv‡bi ¸o cvIqv hvq| PowerPoint Presentation: Pi GjvKvi Dc‡hvMx wewfbœ mv‡ii gvÎv wba©viY BDwiqv wUGmwc Ggwc wRcmvg 210 381 160 226 mv‡ii cwigvY (†KwR/‡n.)t mvi cÖ‡qvM c × wZ t B¶y †ivc‡bi c~‡e© m¤ú~Y© dm‡dU, wRcmvg Ges GK Z…Zxqvsk BDwiqv I cUvk mvi bvjvq cÖ‡qvM K‡i †Kv`vj Øviv nvjKvfv‡e Kzwc‡q gvwUi mv‡_ wgwk‡q w`‡Z n‡e| GK Z…Zxqvsk BDwiqv I cUvk mvi B¶zi Kzwk Drcv`b mg‡q (120-150 w`‡bi g‡a ¨ ) Dcwi cÖ‡qvM Ki‡Z n‡e| evKx GK Z…Zxqvsk BDwiqv I cUvk mvi cÖ_g Dcwi cÖ‡qv‡Mi GK gvm c‡iB wØZxq `dvq Dcwi cÖ‡qvM Ki‡Z n‡e | PowerPoint Presentation: AvL Drcv`‡b mgwš^Z c × wZ‡Z ˆRe I A‰Re mv‡ii e ¨ envi BDwiqv wUGmwc Ggwc wRcmvg g ¨ vM‡bwkqvg A·vBW wR¼ mvj‡dU ‡eviv· ˆRe mvi 203 131 150 105 38 5 15 15 mvi cÖ‡qvM c × wZ t B¶y †ivc‡bi c~‡e© m¤ú~Y© dm‡dU, wRcmvg, wR¼, GK Z…Zxqvsk BDwiqv I cUvk Ges m¤ú~Y© ˆRe mvi mvi bvjvq cÖ‡qvM K‡i †Kv`vj Øviv nvjKvfv‡e Kzwc‡q gvwUi mv‡_ wgwk‡q w`‡Z n‡e| GK Z…Zxqvsk BDwiqv I cUvk mvi B¶zi Kzwk Drcv`b mg‡q (120-150 w`‡bi g‡a ¨ ) Dcwi cÖ‡qvM Ki‡Z n‡e| evKx GK Z…Zxqvsk BDwiqv I cUvk mvi cÖ_g Dcwi cÖ‡qv‡Mi GK gvm c‡iB wØZxq `dvq Dcwi cÖ‡qvM Ki‡Z n‡e | mv‡ii cwigvYt PowerPoint Presentation: `xN© †gqv`x gywo AvL we‡kl K‡i GKwU cÖavb dmjmn `yÕwU gywo AvL Pv‡li Rb¨ Aby‡gvw`Z mv‡ii gvÎv wba©viY mv‡ii cwigvY (†KwR/‡n.)t †n±i cÖwZ 15 Ub Lvgvi RvZ mvi A_ev †cÖmgv‡Wi mv‡_ Aby‡gvw`Z gvÎvi 25% Kg ivmvqwbK mvi cÖ‡qvRb nq| gywo Av‡L ïaygvÎ 50% AwZwi³ BDwiqv mvi cÖavb dm‡ji †P‡q †ekx cÖ‡qvM Ki‡Z n‡e| dmj BDwiqv wUGmwc Ggwc wRcmvg wR¼ mvj‡dU ˆRe mvi gyj AvL 245 190 135 142 7.5 15 gywo AvL 368 190 135 142 7.5 15 PowerPoint Presentation: gyj Av‡Li Rb ¨ : B¶y †ivc‡bi c~‡e© m¤ú~Y© dm‡dU, wRcmvg, wR¼, GK Z…Zxqvsk BDwiqv I cUvk Ges m¤ú~Y© ˆRe mvi mvi bvjvq cÖ‡qvM K‡i †Kv`vj Øviv nvjKvfv‡e Kzwc‡q gvwUi mv‡_ wgwk‡q w`‡Z n‡e| GK Z…Zxqvsk BDwiqv I cUvk mvi B¶zi Kzwk Drcv`b mg‡q (120-150 w`‡bi g‡a ¨ ) Dcwi cÖ‡qvM Ki‡Z n‡e| evKx GK Z…Zxqvsk BDwiqv I cUvk mvi cÖ_g Dcwi cÖ‡qv‡Mi GK gvm c‡iB wØZxq `dvq Dcwi cÖ‡qvM Ki‡Z n‡e | gywo Av‡Li Rb ¨ : óvej †mwfs Gi 25-30 w`b ci m¤ú~Y© dm‡dU, wRcmvg, wR¼, GK Z…Zxqvsk BDwiqv I cUvk Ges m¤ú~Y© ˆRe mvi cÖ‡qvM K‡i †Kv`vj Øviv nvjKvfv‡e Kzwc‡q gvwUi mv‡_ wgwk‡q w`‡Z n‡e| GK Z…Zxqvsk BDwiqv I cUvk mvi B¶zi Kzwk Drcv`b mg‡q (120-150 w`‡bi g‡a ¨ ) Dcwi cÖ‡qvM Ki‡Z n‡e| evKx GK Z…Zxqvsk BDwiqv I cUvk mvi cÖ_g Dcwi cÖ‡qv‡Mi GK gvm c‡iB wØZxq `dvq Dcwi cÖ‡qvM Ki‡Z n‡e | GLv‡b D‡jøL ¨ †h gywo AvL Pv‡l gyj Av‡Li †P‡q 50% BDwiqv †ekx cÖ‡qvM Ki‡Z nq| PowerPoint Presentation: A¤­agx© gvwU‡Z AvL Drcv`‡b W†jvPzb [Dolomitic lime-Ca Mg (CO 3 ) 2 ] mv‡ii e ¨ envi BDwiqv wUGmwc Ggwc wRcmvg W†jvPzb wR¼ mvj‡dU ‡eviv· ˆRe mvi 270 175 200 140 360 7 20 15 mv‡ii cwigvY †KwR/‡n.)t mvi cÖ‡qvM c × wZ t B¶y †ivc‡bi c~‡e© m¤ú~Y© dm‡dU, wRcmvg, wR¼, W†jvPzb , ‡eviv· , GK Z…Zxqvsk BDwiqv I cUvk Ges m¤ú~Y© ˆRe mvi mvi bvjvq cÖ‡qvM K‡i †Kv`vj Øviv nvjKvfv‡e Kzwc‡q gvwUi mv‡_ wgwk‡q w`‡Z n‡e| GK Z…Zxqvsk BDwiqv I cUvk mvi B¶zi Kzwk Drcv`b mg‡q (120-150 w`‡bi g‡a ¨ ) Dcwi cÖ‡qvM Ki‡Z n‡e| evKx GK Z…Zxqvsk BDwiqv I cUvk mvi cÖ_g Dcwi cÖ‡qv‡Mi GK gvm c‡iB wØZxq `dvq Dcwi cÖ‡qvM Ki‡Z n‡e | PowerPoint Presentation: ‡e‡j I A¤ø­agx© gvwU‡Z AvL Drcv`‡b mjy‡evi (20% †evib) mvi cÖ‡qvM BDwiqv wUGmwc Ggwc wRcmvg g ¨ vM‡bwkqvg A·vBW wR¼ mvj‡dU mjy‡evi ˆRe mvi 270 175 200 140 50 7 20 15 mv‡ii cwigvYt mvi cÖ‡qvM c × wZ t B¶y †ivc‡bi c~‡e© m¤ú~Y© dm‡dU, wRcmvg, wR¼, g ¨ vM‡bwkqvg A·vBW, mjy‡evi, GK Z…Zxqvsk BDwiqv I cUvk Ges m¤ú~Y© ˆRe mvi mvi bvjvq cÖ‡qvM K‡i †Kv`vj Øviv nvjKvfv‡e Kzwc‡q gvwUi mv‡_ wgwk‡q w`‡Z n‡e| GK Z…Zxqvsk BDwiqv I cUvk mvi B¶zi Kzwk Drcv`b mg‡q (120-150 w`‡bi g‡a ¨ ) Dcwi cÖ‡qvM Ki‡Z n‡e| evKx GK Z…Zxqvsk BDwiqv I cUvk mvi cÖ_g Dcwi cÖ‡qv‡Mi GK gvm c‡iB wØZxq `dvq Dcwi cÖ‡qvM Ki‡Z n‡e | PowerPoint Presentation: AvL Drcv`‡b mylg gvÎvq wgkªmv‡ii e ¨ envi M½v we‡aŠZ D”P mgf~wg GjvKvq Bÿz Pv‡l NPKS Gi AbycvZ 10:22:15:6 hy³ wgkÖmvi †n: cÖwZ 500 †KwR Gi mv‡_ 3.5 †KwR `¯Ív mvi Rwg ˆZixi mgq cÖ‡qvM Ki‡Z n‡e Ges 215 †KwR BDwiqv `yB `dvq (1g `dv AvL †ivc‡bi 120-150 w`b Ges 2q `dv 150-180 w`b ci) Dcwi cÖ‡qvM Ki‡Z n‡e | Rwgi De©iZv I B¶yi Drcv`b ÿgZv msiÿ‡Yi Rb ¨ †n: cÖwZ 15 Ub †Mvei / †cÖmgvW ˆRe mvi wn‡m‡e B¶y †ivc‡bi c~‡e©B bvjvq cÖ‡qvM K‡i gvwUi mv‡_ fvjfv‡e wgwk‡q w`‡Z n‡e| PowerPoint Presentation: mv_x dm‡ji Rb¨ cª‡qvRbxq mv‡ii gvÎvt dmj mvi mycvwik †KwR/‡n. BDwiqv wUGmwc GgIwc wRcmvg g ¨ vM‡bwmqvg A·vBW wR¼ mvj‡dU Avjy 120-150 60-75 100-120 45-55 - - ‡cqvR/imyb 90-110 75-90 110-130 50-60 - 6 Wvj dmj 20-25 50-60 20-25 50-60 - 7-10 mwilv 76-87 48 30-50 56 - - njy` euvavKwc 108 190 72 75 80 100 57 50 - 6 2 PowerPoint Presentation: mvi cÖ‡qvM c×wZ I mgq Avjyt m¤ú~Y© †Mvei, ˆLj, wUGmwc, GgIwc wRcmvg I A‡a©K BDwiqv Rwg ˆZixi PzivšÍ ch©v‡q cÖ‡qvM K‡i gvwUi mv‡_ fvjfv‡e wgwk‡q w`‡Z n‡e| BDwiqv mv‡ii evKx A‡a©K AvjyexR †ivc‡bi 30-40 w`b c‡i Avjyi mvwii GKUz `~i w`‡q `yÕcv‡k cÖ‡qvM K‡i Mv‡Qi †Mvovq gvwU Zz‡j †fjx ˆZix K‡i w`‡Z n‡e| ‡cqvR/imybt GK Z…Zxqvsk BDwiqv, m¤ú~Y© †Mvei, wUGmwc, GgIwc wRcmvg I wR¼ mvj‡dU Rwg ˆZixi mgq cÖ‡qvM Ki‡Z n‡e| evKx BDwiqv `yÕfvM K‡i exR/K›` †ivc‡Yi ci 3-6 mßv‡ni g‡a¨ `yÕevi Dcwi cÖ‡qvM Ki‡Z n‡e| PowerPoint Presentation: euvavKwct m¤ú~Y© †Mvei, ˆLj, wUGmwc, wRcmvg, wR¼ mvj‡dU I A‡a©K GgIwc Pviv jvMv‡bvi c~‡e© wc‡U cÖ‡qvM K‡i fvjfv‡e gvwUi mv‡_ wgwk‡q w`‡Z n‡e | evKx GgIwc I m¤ú~©Y BDwiqv `ÕywKw¯Í‡Z Pviv jvMv‡bvi 15-20 w`b ci GKevi Ges 35-45 w`b ci Avi GKevi Mv‡Qi †Mvovi Pvi w`‡K cÖ‡qvM Ki‡Z n‡e| PowerPoint Presentation: mvi Dcwi cÖ‡qvM (Uc †Wªwms) Kivi mgq wb†¤œ ewY©Z welq¸‡jv j¶ ¨ ivL‡Z n‡e t 1| mvi Dcwi cÖ‡qv‡Mi mgq gvwU‡Z †hb chv©ß im _v‡K| 2| †¶‡Z AvMvQv gy³ _vKv Avek¨K Ges gvwU †hb big _v‡K| 3| mvi cÖ‡qv‡Mi ci ciB gvwUi mv‡_ fvjfv‡e wgwk‡q w`‡Z n‡e| PowerPoint Presentation: †fRvj mvi wbav©i‡Yi c × wZt †fRvj mvi †Pbvi GKgvÎ Dcvq n‡”Q evRvi †_‡K mvi †Kbvi Av‡M Zv cix¶v K‡i †bqv| Z‡e mvi †Kbvi mgq j¶¨ ivL‡Z n‡e- mv‡ii e¯Ívi †mjvB I wmj wUK Av‡Q wK-bv| cÖ¯‘‡Zi ZvwiL I e¨env‡ii †kl ZvwiL ‡`Iqv Av‡Q wK-bv| e¯Ívi †fZ‡i mvi `jv cvwK‡q ev M‡j †M‡Q wK-bv e¯Ívi IRb wVK Av‡Q wK-bv I mv‡ii AvKvi mgvb wK-bv GMy‡jv mvi †Pbvi cÖv_wgK †KŠkj| G Qvov AviI K‡qKwU we‡kl †KŠkj nj- PowerPoint Presentation: BDwiqvt GKwU †QvU Pvg‡P BDwiqv mvi wb‡q Zvc w`‡j GK wgwb‡Ui g‡a¨ SuvSv‡jv MÜ n‡q Zv M‡j hv‡e| hw` SuvSv‡jv MÜmn bv M‡j hvq Z‡e eyS‡Z n‡j mv‡i †fRvj Av‡Q| GB mv‡ii cÖ‡Z¨KwU `vbv mgvb n‡e| hw` mgvb bv nq Zvn‡j eyS‡Z n‡e GUv †fRvj mvi| PowerPoint Presentation: wUGmwct cvwb‡Z wgkv‡j wUGmwc m¤ú~b© `ªexf~Z n‡q cwi¯‹vi `ªeY ˆZix Ki‡e| Avi GmGmwc mvi cvwb‡Z `ªexf~Z n‡e wVKB, wKš‘ `ªeYwU n‡e †Nvjv‡U| cUvkt Avav Møvm cvwb wb‡q Zvi m‡½ GK PvgP mvi †gkv‡j cvwb‡Z wg‡k hv‡e Avi G‡Z †fRvj †gkv‡bv _vK‡j Zv wb‡P c‡o hv‡e| PowerPoint Presentation: wRsK mv j†dUt mvgvb¨ cwigvb wRsK mvj‡dU nv‡Zi Zvjy‡Z wb‡q Gi m‡½ mg cwigvb cvwb wb‡q Nl‡j nv‡Zi Zvjy Mig g‡b n‡e Ges M‡j hv‡e| Gi e¨wZµg n‡j eyS‡Z n‡e G‡Z †fRvj Av‡Q| ‡evibt Avav Møvm cvwb‡Z GK PvgP ewiK GwmW ev mjyei wgkv‡j mvi m¤ú~Y©fv‡e M‡j hv‡e Ges †Kvb Zjvbx co‡e bv| PowerPoint Presentation: ‰Re mvit cÖvK…wZK fv‡e cÖvß Dw™¢` I cÖvYxR `ªe ¨ msi¶Y K‡i Ges cwP‡q ev cÖwKªqvK…Z K‡i dm‡ji Rwg‡Z Drcv`b e„w × i j‡¶ ¨ cÖ‡qvM Kiv n‡j Zv‡K ˆRe mvi e‡j| Rxe Rš‘i gj g~Î ev Rxe Rš‘ I e„¶vw`i aŸsmve‡kl †_‡K ˆRe mvi cvIqv hvq| ˆRe mv‡i GKK Lv` ¨ Dcv`v‡bi gvÎv Kg _vK‡jI Dw™¢‡`i Rb ¨ AZ ¨ vek ¨ Kxq cÖvq me ¸wj cywó Dcv`vb we` ¨ gvb _v‡K| PowerPoint Presentation: K…wl Rwg‡Z Kvh©Kix ˆRe mvi cÖ‡qv‡Mi we‡eP ¨ welq t gvwU‡Z ˆRe c`v‡_©i cwigvb 2% bx‡P n‡j gvwU LyeB nvjKv ev fvix eybU m¤úbœ n‡j dm‡ji wbweoZv †ekx A_©vr evwl©K M‡o wZbwU dmj Pvl Ki‡j Rwg exRZjv wn‡m‡e e ¨ eüZ n‡j Rwg‡Z mwâ RvZxq dm‡ji Pvl Ki‡j PowerPoint Presentation: wewfbœ cÖKv‡ii ‰Re mvit ‰Re mvi‡K wewfbœ fv‡e fvM Kiv hvq- K) Drm Abymv‡i 1. †Mvei mvi: Mevw` cïi gj 2. K‡¤úv ÷ mvi: cÖvYxR I Dw™¢`vsk 3. meyR mvi: ˆab&Pv I kbcvU 4. cÖwKªqvK…Z mvi: nv‡oi ¸ov 5. Dc`ªe ¨ mvi: ˆLj I wkíRvZ `ªe ¨ PowerPoint Presentation: L) Lv‡` ¨ vcv`vb Abymv‡i 1. bvB‡Uªv‡Rb mg„ × mvi: ïK‡bv i³, ˆLj 2. dmdivm mg„ × mvi: nv‡oi ¸ov 3. cUvk mg„ × mvi: QvB, cïg~Î 4. mvaviY D‡Ïk ¨ e ¨ eüZ mvi: LvgviRvZ mvi, K‡¤úv ÷ PowerPoint Presentation: M) AvqZb Abymv‡i AvqZbx ‰Re mvi: LvgviRvZmvi, K‡¤úv ÷ (mvi Dcv`vb <2%) 2. NYxf~Z ˆRe mvi: ïK‡bv i³, grm ¨ eR© ¨ (mvi Dcv`vb >9%) 3. ga ¨ g NYxf~Z ˆRe mvi: nuvm gyiMxi weôv, †fovi gj (mvi Dcv`vb 4-7%) PowerPoint Presentation: N ) cÖvc ¨ Zv Abymv‡i 1. cÖvK…wZK ˆRe mvi: cïgj, cÖvYxR eR© ¨ 2. K…wÎg ˆRe mvi: nv‡oi ¸ov, ˆLj I wkí eR© ¨ 3. mvaviY cÖwKªqvK…Z ˆRe mvi: K‡¤úv ÷ , ïK‡bv i³ 4. g„wËKv e ¨ e¯’vcbvq cÖm~Z ˆRe mvi: meyR mvi, dm‡ji bvov PowerPoint Presentation: ‰Re mvi e ¨ env‡ii ¸iæZ¡t ‰Re mvi gvwUi Lv` ¨ fvÛvi ‰Re c`v‡_©i †hvMvb †`q gvwUi g~L ¨ I †MŠY cywó Dcv`v‡bi mieivn evovq gvwU‡Z Ae¯’vbKvix AbyRx‡ei kw³ mievn K‡i gvwUi cvwb avib ¶gZv evovq gvwUi Av`ª©Zv AcPq Kgvq I cvwb AbycÖ‡e‡ki nvi evovq gvwU‡Z evqy PjvPj e„w × K‡i PowerPoint Presentation: gvwUi ZvcgvÎv wbqš¿b K‡i gvwUi AvqZbx NbZ¡ Kgvq f~wg Kl©Y mnR K‡i f~wg ¶q †ivaK‡i gvwUi MVb DbœZ K‡i gvwUi Avqb wewbgq ¶gZv evovq gvwUi evdvi ¶gZv e„w × K‡i gvwUi welv³Zv Kwg‡q †`q PowerPoint Presentation: ‰Re mvi cÖ‡qvMt Rwgi De©iZv I Av‡Li djbkxjZv msi¶‡Yi Rb ¨ †n ± i cÖwZ 12.5-15.0 Ub †Mvei / †cÖmgvW, 10 Ub †cvjwUª wjUvi A_ev 500 †KwR ˆLj ˆRe mvi wnmv‡e AvL †ivc‡bi 5-7 w`b cy‡e© bvjvq cÖ‡qvM K‡i gvwUi mv‡_ fvjfv‡e wgwk‡q w`‡Z n‡e A_ev ˆRe mvi Rwg‡Z †kl Pv‡li Av‡M cÖ‡qvM Kiv †h‡Z cv‡i| PowerPoint Presentation: ‰Re mvi msi¶Y I e ¨ envit ‡Mvei mvi: †Mvei ˆZixi Rb ¨ Avjv`vfv‡e †Mvei ev †Mvg~Î msi¶Y Ki‡Z nq bv| Z‡e ‡Mvei mvi ˆZixi Rb ¨ Miæ I gwn‡li weôv‡K we‡kl cÖwKªqvi gva ¨ ‡g (Pvj ˆZix, MZ© K‡i †i‡L †X‡K †`Iqv) †iv` e„wó †_‡K i¶v K‡i 3-4 gvm cwP‡q mvi cÖ¯‘Z Kiv nq| UvUKv †Mvei e ¨ envi Kiv DwPZ bq| GB cPv ‡Mvei mvi Rwg‡Z dmj †ivc‡bi GK gvm Av‡M cÖ‡qvM K‡i fvjfv‡e gvwUi m‡½ wgwk‡q w`‡Z n‡e| PowerPoint Presentation: ‡Mvei mvi PowerPoint Presentation: ‡cvjwUª wjUvi PowerPoint Presentation: LvgviRvZ mvit M„ncvwjZ cï cvwLi gjg~Î I G‡`i weQvbv iæ‡c e ¨ eüZ `ªe ¨ vw`, LoKz‡Uv cwP‡q †h mvi ‰Zix Kiv nq Zv‡K LvgviRvZ mvi e‡j| GwU msiÿ†Yi Rb ¨ MZ© K‡i, M‡Z©i Zjvq BU I Dc‡i Pvjvi e ¨ e¯’v Ki‡Z n‡e| mvi ˆZixi Rb ¨ Mevw` cïi gjg~Î GKB M‡Z© Rgv Kiv wVK bq| G‡Z bx‡Pi w`‡K cPb †ekx nq| G Rb ¨ GKB mv‡_ wZbwU M‡Z©i e ¨ e¯’v Kiv cÖ‡qvRb| Rwg‡Z GB mv‡ii e ¨ envi †Mvei mv‡ii Abyiƒc| PowerPoint Presentation: Lvgvi RvZ mvi ( FYM) PowerPoint Presentation: meyR mvi: †Kvb we‡kl dmj‡K wbw`©ó eq‡m Pvl Øviv gvwUi mv‡_ wgwk‡q w`‡q cP‡bi e ¨ e¯’v Ki‡j Zv‡K meyR mvi e‡j| meyR mvi dm‡ji dzj Avmvi Av‡MB A_ev †gvUvgywU A‡a©K msL ¨ K Mv‡Q dzj Avm†jB Zv 4-5 wU Pvl I gB w`‡q DËgfv‡e gvwUi mv‡_ wgwk‡q w`‡Z nq| meyR mvi cP‡bi Rb ¨ †mP w`‡j fvj nq Ges cieZ©x dm†j g~j mvi mn wKQy cwigvb AwZwi³ BDwiqv cÖ‡qvM Ki‡j cPb KvR Zivwš^Z nq| gvwUi mv‡_ wgkv‡bvi 20-25 w`‡bi g‡a¨ cybivq Pvl/gB w`‡q dmj jvMv‡bv nq| PowerPoint Presentation: ‰aÂv kYcvU PowerPoint Presentation: K‡¤úv ÷ : Dw™¢` I cÖvYxRvZ Ave©Rbv cwP‡q †h mvi ‰Zix Kiv nq Zv‡K K‡¤úv ÷ e‡j| GwU GKwU DrK…ô ˆRe mvi| G mvi ˆZixi Rb ¨ KPzixcvbv, dm†ji Aewkóvsk, LoKz‡Uv, AvMvQv, M„n¯’vjxi Ave©Rbv, Siv cvZv, ZwiZiKvwii †Lvmv Gme e ¨ envi Kiv nq| PowerPoint Presentation: K‡¤úv ÷ cÖ¯‘Z cÖYvjxt ¯’vb wbe©vPb: K‡¤úv ÷ ‰Zixi Rb ¨ †Mvkvjv A_ev cyKz‡ii wbKUeZ©x nvjKv Qvqvhy³ ¯’vb wbe©vPb Ki‡j fvj nq| c × wZ: K‡¤úv ÷ `yB cØwZ‡Z cÖ¯‘Z Kiv nq| †hgb: cwiLv ev MZ© c × wZ ¯‘c ev f~-c„ô c × wZ PowerPoint Presentation: K‡¤úv ÷ ‰Zixi `ªe¨vw` PowerPoint Presentation: ¯‘‡ci Av‡jvob: myôzfv‡e cP‡bi Rb¨ K‡¤úv ÷ ¯‘c 2-3 evi Av‡jvob Ki‡Z nq| cÖ_gevi ¯‘c mvRv‡bvi GK - †`o gvm ci ¯‘‡ci D”PZv cÖvq GK Z…Zxqvsk K‡g †M‡j cÖ_gevi Av‡jvob Ki‡Z nq | Av‡jvo‡bi mgq Dc‡ii ¯Íi bx‡P hvq Ges cv‡k¦©i `ªe¨ gvSLv‡b w`‡Z nq| ¯‘c mvRv‡bvi mg‡q cÖ‡qvMK…Z †Mvei I Kv`v cPv mKj `ª‡e¨i mv‡_ †gvUvgywU wgwkªZ n‡q hvq e‡j wØZxqevi ¯Íi mvRv‡bvi mgq †Mvei, Kv`v cPv gvwU I ivmvqwbK mvi cÖ‡qvM Ki‡Z n‡e| wØZxqevi ¯Íi mvRv‡bvi mgq ¯Í‡ii D”PZv n‡e 40-45 †m.wg. Ges cÖ¯’ GKUz Kg n‡Z cv‡i| GKB c×wZ†Z Z…Zxqevi ¯‘c mvRv‡Z n‡e| PowerPoint Presentation: ˆRe mv‡i cywó Dcv`v‡bi cwigvb t ˆRe mvi bvB‡Uªv‡Rb (%) dmdivm (%) cUvwkqvg (%) mvjdvi (%) †Mvei (ZvRv) 0.5 ±0.05 0.15 ± 0.02 0.5 ± 0.5 - †Mvei (cPv‡bv) 1.20 ± .12 1.0 ± 0.1 1.6 ± 0.16 0.13 ± .01 LvgviRvZ mvi 1.6 ± 0.16 0.83 ± 0.08 1.7 ± 0.17 0.56 ± 0.06 K‡¤úv ÷ 0.75 ± 0.07 0.6 ± 0.06 1.0 ± 0.1 - mwilvi ‰Lj 5.0 ± 0.5 1.8 ± 0.18 1.2 ± 0.12 - ‡cÖmgvW 1.85 ± 0.18 0.13 ± 0.02 0.54 ± 0.05 0.56 ± 0.06 nv‡oi M–ov (cÖ‡mmW) 1.5 ± 0.15 10 ± 1.0 - - ïK‡bv i³ 11 ± 1.1 1.1 ± 0.11 0.7 ± 0.07 - wdmwgj 7 ± 0.70 3.5 ± 0.35 1.0 ± 0.10 - PowerPoint Presentation: Standard of a quality organic fertilizer (MoA, 2008) Parameter Characteristics Physical parameters: Color Dark brown to black Physical condition Non-granular form (should pass through a 1 inch screen) Odour Soil like or musty odour Moisture 10-20% Contaminants Free from contaminants such as glass, metal and plastic Maturity and stability Maturity and stability related to the biological activity in compost. Stable compost consume almost no nitrogen or oxygen and generates little CO 2 or heat. Weed and disease Should be weed seed and disease free PowerPoint Presentation: Chemical parameters: pH 5.5-8.5 Organic carbon 10-25% Total N 1.5-4% C:N ratio Max. 20:1 P 0.5-3.0% K 1.5-3.0% S Max. 1% Zn Max.0.1% Cu Max. 0.05% As Max .20 ppm Cr Max. 50 ppm Cd Max. 3 ppm Pb Max. 30 ppm Hg Max. 0.1 ppm Ni Max. 30 ppm Inert material Max.2% PowerPoint Presentation: AvL dm‡j mylg mvi cÖ‡qv‡M KiYxqt Av‡Li mv‡_ meyRmvi dmj Pvl K‡i gvwU‡Z 12-15 Ub/ †n ± i meyR ˆRe e¯‘ †hvM Kiv †M‡j †mLv‡b PvlK…Z cieZ©x dm‡j bvB‡Uªv‡R‡bi cwigvb 25-30 †KwR/†n ± i Kg †`Iqv †h‡Z cv‡i| 2. hw` dm‡ji Rwg‡Z 2-4 Ub/†n ± i dm‡ji dm‡ji Aewkóvsk †hvM Kiv hvq Z‡e cUvwkqvg mv‡ii cwigvb 20-40% Kg cÖ‡qvM Ki‡jI Pj‡e| PowerPoint Presentation: dm‡j cywó Dcv`v‡bi Afve: dm‡ji djb ev ¸bMZ gvb Mv‡Qi Rb¨ mnRjf¨ †gvU cywó Dcv`v‡bi cwigv‡bi Dci wbf©i K‡i bv GwU wbf©i K‡i †h cywó Dcv`vbwUi mieivn Kg ev mxwgZ| A simple ‘law of the minimum’ is illustrated here by Liebigs Barrel. PowerPoint Presentation: Uniform Yellowing Nitrogen Sulfur Molybdenium Stunted Greening Phosphorus Leaf Scorch Potassium Magnesium Growing-Point Damage Calcium Boron Yellowing with green veining Zinc Maganese Iron Chlorine Copper PowerPoint Presentation: Av‡Li cywó Dcv`vb mg~‡ni Afve RwbZ j¶Yt bvB‡Uªv‡Rb 1| bvB‡Uªv‡R‡bi AfveRwbZ j¶Y cyivZb cvZvq cÖKvk cvq| mvwe©Kfv‡e m¤M~Y© Mv‡Q j¶Y †`Lv hvq Ges cyivZb cvZv AMÖfvM giv ïiy K‡i| 2| cyivZb cvZv mgvbfv‡e nvjKv meyR nB‡Z µgkt njy` eY© avib K‡i| 3| Av‡Li KvÛ c~e© (wMU) †QvU Ges wPKb nB‡Z _v‡K; e„w× e¨vnZ nq| 4| cyivZb cvZvi AMÖfvM I wKbvivq AKv‡j cPb ïiy nq| PowerPoint Presentation: dmdivm 1 | Av‡L dmdiv‡mi Afve RwbZ j¶Y cyivZb/eq¯‹ cvZvq cÖKvk cvq| m¤c~Y© Mv‡Q j¶Y cÖKvk cvB‡Z cv‡i| cyivZb cvZvi AMÖfvM nB‡Z giv ïiy nq| 2| cvZv Mvp meyR nB‡Z bxjvf meyR is avib K‡i| we‡klZ t mivmwi †iŠ`ª cxwoZ cvZvi AMÖfvM I wKbvivq jvj/Mvp jvj is †`Lv †`q| 3| cvZv ¯^vfvweK AvKv‡ii Zzjbvq wPKb I j¤^vq †QvU nq| 4| cyivZb cvZv cÖ_‡g njy` nBqv, µgk t AMÖfvM nB‡Z gwi‡Z ïiy K‡i| 5| Kv‡Ûi e„w× e¨vnZ nIqvq Dnv Lev©K…wZ Ges wPKb nq| 6| mvwe©Kfv‡e Kzwki msL¨v Kg nq| PowerPoint Presentation: cUvwkqvg 1| Av‡L cUvwkqv‡gi AfveRwbZ j¶Y cyivZb /eq¯‹ cvZvq cÖKvk cvq| eq¯‹ cvZvq ¯’vb we‡k‡l j¶j mxgve× _v‡K hv †K¬v‡ivwmm m„wó K‡i| cvZvi meyR is bó nBqv hvIqv‡K †K¬v‡ivwmm ejv nq| 2| cvZvi AMÖfvM I wKbvivq njy` -Kgjv i‡Oi †K¬v‡ivwmm †`Lv †`q Ges G ¯’v‡bi Dcwkivi ga¨eZx© RvqMvq ¶‡Zi m„wó n‡Z cv‡i| 3| eq¯‹ cvZv cyivcywi ev`vgx is avib K‡i, hv †cvov wP‡ýi gZ g‡b nq| 4| cvZvi ga¨wkivi Dc‡i j¤^vjw¤^ jvj‡P `vM †`Lv hvq| 5| A‡c¶vK…Z Kg eq¯‹ cvZv Mvp meyR eY© avib K‡i| 6| cUvwkqv‡gi Afve `xN©¯’vqx nB‡j Kv‡Ûi fvRK Kjvi ¯^vfvweK e„w× e¨vnZ nq d‡j Ò¸PQ AvMvÒ ev cvLvi gZ AvK…wZ avib K‡i| PowerPoint Presentation: mvjdvi 1| Av‡L mvjdv‡ii AfveRwbZ j¶Y KwP cvZvq cÖKvk cvq| KwP cvZv njy`vf is avib K‡i| 2| GK mgq m¤cyY© MvQB nvjKv meyR is avib K‡i Ges KuzK‡o hvq| 3| cvZv ¯^vfvweK AvKv‡ii Zzjbvq wPKb I Le©vK…wZi nq| 4| µgkt m¯c~Y© MvQwU wPKb I ïKvBqv hvq| PowerPoint Presentation: g ¨ vM‡bwkqvg 1| Av‡L g¨vM‡bwkqv‡gi AfveRwbZ j¶Y cyivZb /eq¯‹ cvZvq cÖKvk cvq| g¨vM‡bwkqv‡gi Afv‡e cvZvq A¨vb‡_vmvqvwbb iÄK c`v‡_©i Dcw¯’wZ Ges cPb wPý GKKfv‡e †`Lv †`q| 2| cvZvi AMÖfvM I wKbviv nB‡Z jvj‡P cPb wPý µgkt wb¤œMvgx nBqv m¤c~Y© cvZvq gi‡P cov ai‡bi j¶Y †`Lv †`q| 3| Kv‡Ûi Af¨šZ‡i ev`vgx is cÖKvk cvB‡Z cv‡i| PowerPoint Presentation: `¯Zv 1| Av‡L `¯Zvi AfveRwbZ j¶Y KwP cvZvq cwijw¶Z nq| Kv‡Ûi kxl©fvRK Kjv RxešZ _v‡K,KwP cvZv Õnjy`vfÕ ( Chlorosis )n‡Z †`Lv hvq Z‡e ïwK‡q hvq bv| 2| `¯Zvi Afv‡e KwP cvZvi ga¨fvM Õnjy`vfÕ n‡Z †`Lv hvq Z‡e cvZvi wKbviv I ga¨ wkiv cÖv_wgK Ae¯’vq meyR _v‡K| cieZ©x‡Z m¤c~Y© cvZv Õnjy`vfÕ| 3| cvZvi †ek Le©vK…wZi nq,ga¨wkiv PIov nq Ges cvZvi AvK…wZ Amg nq| gvivZ¡K Ae¯’vq cvZvi AMÖfv‡M cPb †`Lv w`‡Z cv‡i| 4| Av‡Li KvÛ - ce© (wMU)†QvU nq Ges Kzwki msL¨v K‡g hvq| PowerPoint Presentation: ‡evib 1| Av‡L †evi‡bi AfveRwbZ j¶Y cÖKvk cvq KwP cvZvq| mvavibfv‡e AcwibZ cvZv weeY© nq Ges cvZvi AMÖfvM KwzÂZ nq| 2| Kv‡Ûi kxl©¯’ fvRK Kjv ( Apical meristem ) gviv hvq| 3| KwP Av‡Li cvZv fs¸i n‡Z cv‡i Ges GwU we‡klZ:cvZvi wKbviv eivei N‡U| 4| KwP Mv‡Qi Kzwki msL¨v A¯^vfvweK n‡q ¸PQ iƒc avib K‡i| 5| cvZv weK…Z nq Ges cvZvi wKbvivi KvQvKvwQ RvqMvq ¯^PQ ¶Z ev Õcvwbi _wjÕ ( water sacks ) j¶¨ Kiv hvq| PowerPoint Presentation: RxevYy mvit bvB‡Uªv‡Rb mseÜbKvix e¨vK‡Uwiqv : AvL dm‡j Acetobacter, Harbespirillum Ges Klebsiella e¨vK‡Uwiqv¸‡jv evqygÛj †_‡K mwµqfv‡e dm‡ji cÖ‡qvR‡bi cÖvq 60% bvB‡Uªv‡Rb wd· Ki‡Z cv‡i| dm‡dU mjywejvBwRs e¨vK‡Uwiqv: Pseudomonas, Burkholderia, Rhizobium Ges Azotobacter e¨vK‡Uwiqv¸‡jv gvwU‡Z wd· dm‡dU†K mnRjf¨ AvKv‡i Avb‡Z cv‡i| PowerPoint Presentation: Mv‡Qi g~‡j bvB‡Uªv‡Rb wdw·s e¨vK‡Uwiqvi K‡jvwb PowerPoint Presentation: ab¨ev`

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