Figurative Language

Information about Figurative Language

Published on April 8, 2009

Author: LuwannaAdkisson

Source: authorstream.com

Content

Now Showing: : Now Showing: Figurative Language Practice Directions: : Directions: Each slide will have an example of one of the following: -simile -personification -metaphor -alliteration -idiom -onomatopoeia -hyperbole Before we begin, let’s review each term… Simile : Simile A SIMILE uses the words like or as to make a comparison. Examples: The girl ran like the wind. My brother is as hungry as a hippo. Metaphor : Metaphor A METAPHOR makes comparisons by saying an item or idea IS or WAS something else. It makes a comparison, but doe NOT use like or as. Often, similes could be metaphors if you remove the words like or as. Examples: My truck is a workhorse. The paper was an evil witch casting a spell on me. Idiom : Idiom An idiom is a phrase or group of words that have a meaning OTHER than the literal translation of the words. They are sayings that have meaning which are familiar to a group of people, but don’t LITEARLLY mean what the words say. Examples: -A fish out of water -In a nutshell -Hanging by a thread -Caught my eye -Kicked the bucket -Stick out your neck Hyperbole : Hyperbole A hyperbole is an intentional exaggeration used to make a point or sound impressive. Examples: - I nearly died laughing. - I went over it a thousand times. - I’m so hungry I could eat a horse. - I ate a ton at the buffet. - She is a million years old. - They are light years ahead of us. Personification : Personification Personification is a figure of speech in which an inanimate object or idea is given human qualities or abilities. Examples: - My computer hates me. - The camera loves me. - The TV sprang to life. - The garden was crying for my attention. - The lightening lashed out with anger. - Trees dance in the springtime sun. Alliteration : Alliteration Alliteration is the repetition of the beginning consonant sounds in words. Examples: - Chunky chickens like chewing chocolate. - Careful kittens cuddle on the couch. - Harry helps heavy hearts get happy. - Thinking Theo thought how to get through the thick thicket. Onomatopoeia : Onomatopoeia Onomatopoeia is a word that imitates the sound it represents. Examples: swish, swoop, honk, squeak, mumble, hush, bam, boo, moo, tweak, twitter, buzz, clang, crash, pop Now let’s practice… : Now let’s practice… Directions: You have on your desk a card with each type of figurative language device we have learned about. When a sentence is shown, hold up the card that you think best describes the figurative language device being used. Slide 11: -The note unlocked the truth. Answer: personification -Susie sells sundaes in summer. Answer: alliteration -The book made a thud as it hit the floor. Answer: onomatopoeia -Dad’s mind was as clear as mud. Answer: simile -The clouds looked like cotton candy. Answer: simile Slide 12: -Stars wink in the night sky. Answer: personification -These kids are louder than the clap of thunder. Answer: hyperbole -My teacher is so old, she gets a senior discount at the nursing home. Answer: Hyperbole -That kid is a lightening bolt on the field. Answer: Metaphor Slide 13: -Ducks dive in December. Answer: alliteration -My aunt is as nutty as a fruitcake. Answer: simile -Words are bullets that should be used sparingly and aimed carefully. Answer: metaphor -I heard buzzing as the phone lines crossed. Answer: onomatopoeia Slide 14: -It’s raining cats and dogs outside. Answer: idiom -Zebras zip through zoo zones. Answer: alliteration. -The old wooden floor shrieked as I stepped onto the porch. Answer: personification The walls were talking as I toured the plantation home and slaves quarters. Answer: personification -I don’t have a dog in that race. Answer: idiom

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