Published on June 15, 2007
Forest Biome: Forest Biome Forest Climate Forest Plants Forest Animals Forest Climate: Forest Climate During the summer, it gets hot! During the winter, it gets cold. Until . . . . . . Elevation comes into effect !: As you go down the mountain: you start to feel warmer, your breathing becomes easier, and you enjoy the sight of beautiful plants and animals! . . . Elevation comes into effect ! Forest Biome: Forest Biome Forest Climate Forest Plants Forest Animals Forest Plants: Forest Plants The 3 main levels are: forest floor, understory, and canopy. The forest floor is the soil, dead plants and animals waiting to rot away. But also as part of the forest floor is a layer known as the herb layer. This is where the grasses and wildflowers grow . Other plants, bushes and small trees make up the understory (also known as the shrub layer). The last layer is where the trees are and it is known as the canopy layer. In a forest biome, you will find three main layers! . . . Or maybe more! Effects on Plant Life: Effects on Plant Life * The soil, water, sunshine, temperature, rainfall, and fire influence what plants and trees grow in an area. * But, each plant is different. Thus, all the elements effect each plant in different ways. For example: Trees are classified into two types of trees. Coniferous Trees: Coniferous Trees Temperature: -40°C to 20°C, average summer temperature is 10°C Precipitation: 300 to 900 millimeters of rain per year. The amount of precipitation depends on the forest location. In the north, the winters are long, cold and dry, while the short summers are moderately warm and moist. In the south, precipitation is more evenly distributed throughout the year. Utah has a little of both types of precipitation combined! Coniferous trees are trees that grow needles instead of leaves, and cones instead of flowers. Conifers tend to be evergreen, that is, they bear needles and stay green all year long. These adaptations help conifers survive in areas that are very cold or dry. Some of the more common conifers are spruces, pines, and firs. Deciduous Trees: Deciduous Trees Temperature: -30°C to 30°C, yearly average is 10°C. The temperature varies widely from season to season with cold winters and hot, wet summers. Precipitation: 750 to 1,500 mm of rain per year Utah has both characteristics of a deciduous and coniferous forest, meaning you can find both deciduous trees and coniferous trees there. Deciduous Trees are notable for going through four seasons. During the fall, their leaves change color, then they begin to lose them. This is in preparation for the winter season. Because it gets so cold, the trees have adapted to the winter by going into a period of dormancy or sleep. This is how the trees survive. They also have thick bark to protect them from the cold weather. Deciduous trees’ flowers begin to grow again during spring and continue throughout the summer. Some common deciduous tress, also known as Broadleaf trees, are oaks, maples, beeches, hickory, and chestnut. Forest Biome: Forest Biome Forest Climate Forest Plants Forest Animals Forest Animals: Forest Animals Here are various types of animals that live in a forest! In the End,: In the End, Every animal and plant is part of an ecosystem. An ecosystem is a community of plants and animals interacting with their environment. Every living thing depends on each other to survive! For example:: For example: Trees and plants provide food, oxygen and shelter for animals. The animals in return eventually die, rot and fertilize the soil so that trees and plants get their food. They also help with starting new tree and plant growth. Both plants and animals help control the land’s climate.