Formulation and Manufacturing Process of Alkyd Resin, Amino Resin, Phenolic Resin, Polyurethane Epoxy Resin, Silicone Resin, Acrylic Resin, Paints, Varnishes, Pigments & Additives (Surface Coating Products with Formulae)

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Published on August 9, 2016

Author: ei1234

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1. Formulation and Manufacturing Process of Alkyd Resin, Amino Resin, Phenolic Resin, Polyurethane Epoxy Resin, Silicone Resin, Acrylic Resin Paints, Varnishes, Pigments & Additives (Surface Coating Products with Formulae)

2. Introduction In polymer chemistry and materials science, resin is a "solid or highly viscous substance," which are typically convertible into polymers. Such viscous substances can be plant-derived or synthetic in origin. They are often mixtures of organic compounds. Many plants, particularly woody plants produce resin in response to injury. The resin acts as a bandage protecting the plant from invading insects and pathogens.

3. www.entrepreneurindia.co Surface coating is the application of decorative or protective materials in liquid or powder form to substrates. These coatings normally include general solvent type paints, varnishes, lacquers, and water thinned paints. Surface coating involves different types of products for example paints, varnishes, resins, polyesters, pigments etc. Alkyd resin is complex oil modified polyester that serves as the film coating agent in some paints and clear coatings. Varnish is one of the important parts of surface coating industry.

4. www.entrepreneurindia.co They are used as clear, transparent coatings or as vehicles for a wide variety of pigmented, opaque coatings for architectural and industrial purposes. India’s strong economic growth has propelled the paint industry to double digit growth over the past few years and has made it Asia Pacific fastest growing paint market. The spurt in the economic growth over the past few years has caused a tremendous increase in the size of the industry. The field of surface coatings is now so extensive, and is developing rapidly.

5. www.entrepreneurindia.co This handbook covers all aspects of coating technology including composition, preparation, application, manufacturing process and photographs of plant & machinery with supplier’s contact details. The major contents of the book are oleoresinous media, varnishes: composition, manufacture & use, alkyd resin technology, manufacture of alkyd resins, polyesters, amino resins, phenolic resins, polyurethane resins, epoxy resins, silicone resins, acrylic solution resins, emulsion polymerization theory, emulsion polymers, water reducible resins, water soluble polymers,

6. www.entrepreneurindia.co solvents, inorganic pigments, titanium dioxide pigments, organic pigments, paint driers and architectural paints etc. It will be a standard reference book for professionals, entrepreneurs, food technologists, those studying and researching in this important area and others interested in the field of resins, paints, varnishes, pigments & additive industry.

7. www.entrepreneurindia.co Table of Contents 1. THE PAST, PRESENT AND FUTURE OF THE SURFACE COATINGS INDUSTRY 2. OLEORESINOUS MEDIA Industry Terminology Ram Materials Used in Leoresinous Production Finished Products Based on Oleoresinous Media Manufacturing Equipment Process Control Testing 3. VARNISHES: COMPOSITION, MANUFACTURE AND USE Composition Oils Used in varnishes Gasproofing Water and Alkali Resistance

8. www.entrepreneurindia.co 4. ALKYD RESIN TECHNOLOGY Raw Materials Formulation of Alkyd Resins Calculation of Alkyd Formulations Calculation of Raw Materials for an Alkyd Prepared by the Monoglyceride Process Typical Formulations (all quantities by mass) 5. MANUFACTURE OF ALKYD RESINS Alcoholysis Catalysts Control of Alcoholysis Fatty and Process Comparison of Fusion and Azeotrope Processes Raw Materials Handling Alkyd Manufacturing Plant

9. www.entrepreneurindia.co 6. POLYESTERS Main Components of Unsaturated Polyesters Functions of Initiators, Accelerators, Inhibitors Effect of Structure on Properties of Cured Products Polyester Coating Compositions 7. APPLICATIONS OF ALKYD RESINS Very Long Oil Alkyds: 75 per cent and above Long Oil Alkyds: 60 to 75 per cent 8 AMINO RESINS Formation of Amino Resins Urea Formaldehyde Resins Melamine Formaldehyde Resins Uses of Amino Resins Water Based Coatings

10. www.entrepreneurindia.co 9. PHENOLIC RESINS Phenol-Formaldehyde Reactions Oil Soluble 100 per cent Phenolic Resins Baking Phenolics 10. POLYURETHANE RESINS Tolylene Diisocyanate (TDI) 4, 4 Diphenylmethane Diisocyanate (MDI) Other Diisocyanates Used in Coating Systems Hydroxy Component Hazards of Isocyanates Classification of Polyurethanes Moisture-cured Urethanes Blocked Isocyanate Systems Two-component Catalyst-cure Polyurethanes

11. www.entrepreneurindia.co 11. EPOXY RESINS Epoxide Group Content (ECG) Curing Agents for Epoxy Resins Principles in Formulating with Epoxy Resins Solvent-based Coatings Single-pack Thermoplastic Epoxy Systems 12. WATER DISPERSIBLE EPOXY COATINGS Epoxy/Polyamide Emulsions Water-dispersible Epoxy Resin Coatings for Electrodeposition 13. SILICONE RESINS Preparation of Silicones Polymerization Methyl-and Phenyl-content Blending Resins178 Preparation and Formulation of Silicone-Resin based Coatings Application Guides Applying the Coating

12. www.entrepreneurindia.co 14. ACRYLIC SOLUTION RESINS Backbone Monomers Addition Polymerization Copolymerization Thermoplastic Acrylics Thermosetting Acrylics Acid Copolymers 15. EMULSION POLYMERIZATION THEORY Polymerization in Emulsion Systems 16. EMULSION POLYMERS: MANUFACTURE AND TESTING Process Variables Delayed Addition Process Alternative Processes Surfactant Addition Techniques Agitation

13. www.entrepreneurindia.co Surfactant Addition Techniques Emulsion Testing Ultracentrifugation 17. APPLICATIONS OF EMULSION POLYMERS Architectural Applications Examples of Decorative Paints Industrial Applications Adhesives Industry Pressure Sensitive Uses 18. WATER-REDUCIBLE RESINS Water-soluble Polymers Acrylic-modified Water-soluble Alkyds Silicone-modified Alkyds and Polyesters Keeping the Epoxide Ring Available for Subsequent Cross-linking

14. www.entrepreneurindia.co Thermoplastic Polymers Thermosetting Polymers Melamine Formaldehydes Other Water-soluble Polymers Variation of Amine Levels Drying Properties Coupling Efficiency Driers for Air Dry and Force Dry Systems Cross-linking of Water-soluble Coatings Trouble Shooting with Water-Soluble Polymers 19. WATER-SOLUBLE POLYMERS Cellulose and its Derivatives Flow Characteristics of Water Soluble Polymer Solutions Thixotropy Rheology

15. www.entrepreneurindia.co 20. SOLVENTS Evaporation Rate Liquid/Liquid Boiling Equilibrium Applications Technology Evaporation from Polymer Film Chemical Solvents Nitrocellulose and Other Lacquers Latex Paints Solvent Control Gas Chromatography 21. INORGANIC PIGMENTS The Functions of a Pigment Properties of Pigments The Classification of Pigments Properties of Inorganic Pigments Lead Chromate

16. www.entrepreneurindia.co Chrome Oxide Pigments Zinc Oxide Zinc Sulfide Lithopone Calcium Plumbate Mixed Phase Pigments 22. TITANIUM DIOXIDE PIGMENTS The Chloride Process Applications of Titanium Pigments Dispersion of Titanium Pigments Gloss Development 23. ORGANIC PIGMENTS Colour and Chemical Constitution Azo-Condensation Pigments Pigment Conditioning Dyestuffs Colour Index Classification

17. www.entrepreneurindia.co 24. EXTENDER PIGMENTS Particle Size and Shape Particle Size Distribution Types of Extender Pigment China Clay (Kaolin) 25. PAINT DRIERS Drier Recommendations Stability of Drying Performance on Storage Driers for Use in Water based Systems 26. PAINT ADDITIVES Wetting and Dispersing Agents Aluminium Soaps Hydrogenated Castor Oil (Triglyceride of 12-hydroxy Stearic Acid) Anti-skinning Agents Anti-flood and Anti-float Additives Recognizing Flooding and Floating

18. www.entrepreneurindia.co Identification of Mildew Latex Paint Additives Stabilizing Surfactants (Non-ionics) Latex Thickening Agents Coalescing Aids 27. MANUFACTURE OF PAINTS 28. ARCHITECTURAL PAINTS Formulating Exterior Paints for Wood Interior Paints for Plaster and Wallboard Exterior Emulsion Paints for Masonry Exterior Solution Type Paints for Masonry Interior and Exterior Enamels Enamels for Wood and Concrete Floors 29. PHOTOGRAPHS OF PLANT & MACHINERY WITH SUPPLIER’S CONTACT DETAILS

19. www.entrepreneurindia.co Niir Project Consultancy Services (NPCS) can provide Startup Book on Resins (Alkyd, Amino, Phenolic, Polyurethane Epoxy, Silicone, Acrylic), Paints, Varnishes, Pigments & Additives (Surface Coating Products with Formulae) See more http://goo.gl/nL87v7 http://goo.gl/XsPcRR http://goo.gl/KmQ0DN

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22. Locate us on Google Maps https://goo.gl/maps/BKkUtq9gevT2 www.entrepreneurindia.co

23. Contact us Niir Project Consultancy Services 106-E, Kamla Nagar, New Delhi-110007, India. Email: [email protected] , [email protected] Tel: +91-11-23843955, 23845654, 23845886 Mobile: +91-9811043595 Fax: +91-11-23841561 Website : www.niir.org www.entrepreneurindia.co Take a look at NIIR PROJECT CONSULTANCY SERVICES on #StreetView https://goo.gl/VstWkd www.niir.org www.entrepreneurindia.co

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25. o One of the leading reliable names in industrial world for providing the most comprehensive technical consulting services o We adopt a systematic approach to provide the strong fundamental support needed for the effective delivery of services to our Clients’ in India & abroad Who are we? www.entrepreneurindia.co

26. o Project Identification o Detailed Project Reports/Pre-feasibility Reports o Business Plan o Industry Trends o Market Research Reports o Technology Books and Directory o Databases on CD-ROM o Laboratory Testing Services o Turnkey Project Consultancy/Solutions o Entrepreneur India (An Industrial Monthly Journal) What do we offer? www.entrepreneurindia.co

27. o We have two decades long experience in project consultancy and market research field o We empower our customers with the prerequisite know-how to take sound business decisions o We help catalyze business growth by providing distinctive and profound market analysis o We serve a wide array of customers , from individual entrepreneurs to Corporations and Foreign Investors o We use authentic & reliable sources to ensure business precision How are we different ? www.entrepreneurindia.co

28. Our Approach Requirement collection Thorough analysis of the project Economic feasibility study of the Project Market potential survey/research Report Compilation www.entrepreneurindia.co

29. Who do we serve? o Public-sector Companies o Corporates o Government Undertakings o Individual Entrepreneurs o NRI’s o Foreign Investors o Non-profit Organizations, NBFC’s o Educational Institutions o Embassies & Consulates o Consultancies o Industry / trade associations www.entrepreneurindia.co

30. Sectors We Cover o Ayurvedic And Herbal Medicines, Herbal Cosmetics o Alcoholic And Non Alcoholic Beverages, Drinks o Adhesives, Industrial Adhesive, Sealants, Glues, Gum & Resin o Activated Carbon & Activated Charcoal o Aluminium And Aluminium Extrusion Profiles & Sections, o Bio-fertilizers And Biotechnology o Breakfast Snacks And Cereal Food o Bicycle Tyres & Tubes, Bicycle Parts, Bicycle Assembling www.entrepreneurindia.co

31. Sectors We Cover Cont… o Bamboo And Cane Based Projects o Building Materials And Construction Projects o Biodegradable & Bioplastic Based Projects o Chemicals (Organic And Inorganic) o Confectionery, Bakery/Baking And Other Food o Cereal Processing o Coconut And Coconut Based Products o Cold Storage For Fruits & Vegetables o Coal & Coal Byproduct www.entrepreneurindia.co

32. Sectors We Cover Cont… o Copper & Copper Based Projects o Dairy/Milk Processing o Disinfectants, Pesticides, Insecticides, Mosquito Repellents, o Electrical, Electronic And Computer based Projects o Essential Oils, Oils & Fats And Allied o Engineering Goods o Fibre Glass & Float Glass o Fast Moving Consumer Goods o Food, Bakery, Agro Processing www.entrepreneurindia.co

33. Sectors We Cover Cont… o Fruits & Vegetables Processing o Ferro Alloys Based Projects o Fertilizers & Biofertilizers o Ginger & Ginger Based Projects o Herbs And Medicinal Cultivation And Jatropha (Biofuel) o Hotel & Hospitability Projects o Hospital Based Projects o Herbal Based Projects o Inks, Stationery And Export Industries www.entrepreneurindia.co

34. Sectors We Cover Cont… o Infrastructure Projects o Jute & Jute Based Products o Leather And Leather Based Projects o Leisure & Entertainment Based Projects o Livestock Farming Of Birds & Animals o Minerals And Minerals o Maize Processing(Wet Milling) & Maize Based Projects o Medical Plastics, Disposables Plastic Syringe, Blood Bags o Organic Farming, Neem Products Etc. www.entrepreneurindia.co

35. Sectors We Cover Cont… o Paints, Pigments, Varnish & Lacquer o Paper And Paper Board, Paper Recycling Projects o Printing Inks o Packaging Based Projects o Perfumes, Cosmetics And Flavours o Power Generation Based Projects & Renewable Energy Based Projects o Pharmaceuticals And Drugs o Plantations, Farming And Cultivations o Plastic Film, Plastic Waste And Plastic Compounds o Plastic, PVC, PET, HDPE, LDPE Etc. www.entrepreneurindia.co

36. Sectors We Cover Cont… o Potato And Potato Based Projects o Printing And Packaging o Real Estate, Leisure And Hospitality o Rubber And Rubber Products o Soaps And Detergents o Stationary Products o Spices And Snacks Food o Steel & Steel Products o Textile Auxiliary And Chemicals www.entrepreneurindia.co

37. Sectors We Cover Cont… o Township & Residential Complex o Textiles And Readymade Garments o Waste Management & Recycling o Wood & Wood Products o Water Industry(Packaged Drinking Water & Mineral Water) o Wire & Cable www.entrepreneurindia.co

38. Contact us Niir Project Consultancy Services 106-E, Kamla Nagar, New Delhi-110007, India. Email: [email protected] , [email protected] Tel: +91-11-23843955, 23845654, 23845886 Mobile: +91-9811043595 Fax: +91-11-23841561 Website : www.niir.org www.entrepreneurindia.co Take a look at NIIR PROJECT CONSULTANCY SERVICES on #StreetView https://goo.gl/VstWkd www.niir.org www.entrepreneurindia.co

39. www.niir.org Follow Us www.entrepreneurindia.co

40. For more information, visit us at: www.entrepreneurindia.co

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