Published on January 7, 2008
Needs for technologies for adaptation as expressed in TNAs, National Communications and other national reports: Needs for technologies for adaptation as expressed in TNAs, National Communications and other national reports Iulian Florin Vladu Technology Sub-programme Sustainable Development Programme UNFCCC Tobago, Trinidad and Tobago SOURCES OF INFORMATION: SOURCES OF INFORMATION Information on needs for technologies for adaptation to climate change is provided by Parties in several reports: National communications of Annex I and non-Annex I Parties Technology needs assessments (TNAs) National adaptation programme of actions (NAPAs) Needs are expressed also indirectly through multilateral and bilateral assistance THIRD NATIONAL COMMUNICATIONS OF ANNEX I PARTIES: THIRD NATIONAL COMMUNICATIONS OF ANNEX I PARTIES NC3 provided strategic adaptation priorities over the next decades. However, potential adaptive measures identified have been very limited and sector specific Most Parties presented a set of strategies for vulnerable sectors and areas where planning horizons are 30–50 years, such as coastal and river flood defence, coordinated approach to infrastructure planning, water resources, forestry and agriculture An increasing focus on integrated assessments to include economic and cross-sectional analysis of adaptation options Planning for climate change and implementing adaptation strategies is regionally based, such as State, provincial or local governments Access to information, guidelines and policy advice is essential (briefings, seminars, written material, and web-based information) NC3 - WATER RESOURCES: NC3 - WATER RESOURCES Various initiatives are under consideration such as Water conservation, controlled management of surface water and groundwater Greater emphasis on planning and preparedness for droughts and severe floods Establishment of national monitoring systems for water quality and quantity The United Kingdom reported that climate change projections are taken into account in strategies and plans for water resources management Catchment abstraction management and maintenance of water supplies in drought conditions Incentives and penalties to encourage more efficient use of water NC3 - FORESTRY: NC3 - FORESTRY Many Parties reported on adaptation options for forestry and indicated various forestry management projects including: Changing harvest schedules and adjusting replanting and species including conservation of the genetic resources of forests Introducing measures to prevent and combat pests and parasites Putting other measures in place to improve the stability and autonomous adjustment of forest stand to changing natural conditions NC3 - AGRICULTURE AND FOOD SECURITY: NC3 - AGRICULTURE AND FOOD SECURITY A large range of potential adaptation options that will vary depending on the climatic changes involved and on non-climactic factors such as the economy, policies, environment and technological development. Options highlighted include: More efficient irrigation systems Development of new crop varieties that are temperature and moisture tolerant Land-use changes and different farming systems Changes in the regulation of soil water regimes Changes in plant nutrition Protection of livestock from high temperatures Application of livestock breeding systems which will allow reduction of the influence of extreme climatic conditions on production and health of livestock Modifying subsidy, support and incentive programmes to influence farm-level production and management practices Adaptation policies for agriculture should encourage flexibility of land use, crop production and farming systems NC3 - HUMAN HEALTH: NC3 - HUMAN HEALTH Potential adaptation measures reported in the NC3 include: Strengthening public health programmes (education and vaccination programmes), Supporting methods for early detection of climate-change-related health impacts Developing surveillance systems to detect changes in the occurrence of infectious diseases The Russian Federation indicated the need to establish a federal database of historical statistics and data on the health of its population and the environmental factors affecting it NC3 - FLOOD AND COASTAL DEFENCE: NC3 - FLOOD AND COASTAL DEFENCE The United Kingdom reported that guidance provided by government to flood defence authorities in England and Wales includes allowances for sea-level rise and higher river flows as a result of climate change Climate change and sea-level rise projections are being used in land-use planning, for preparing long-term shoreline management plans, and river and catchment flood management plans. Several Parties (Canada, Germany, France, Liechtenstein, Netherlands, Norway, United Kingdom, United States) reported on the allocation of additional financial resources for improvements to flood warning dissemination, flood prevention and coastal protection infrastructure NC3 - FISHERIES: NC3 - FISHERIES Possible adaptation options for this sector: Modifying and strengthening fishery operations and fish monitoring programmes to prevent overfishing and ensure sustainable harvesting Enhancing fish breeding to preserve the genetic diversity of fish populations; restocking areas with robust species Taking into consideration fish habitat needs in planning and coastal development NC3 - INFRASTRUCTURE AND SERVICE SECTORS: NC3 - INFRASTRUCTURE AND SERVICE SECTORS Several countries reported that greater emphasis has been placed on the protection of infrastructure (e.g. Liechtenstein, United Kingdom, United States) Some Parties cited the revision of building codes and regulations to reflect new climate change conditions as being an important adaptation option in the short term The United Kingdom reported that climate change projections are now used in reviewing building and infrastructure regulations, including technical revisions that may be required to address climate change impacts Some Parties mentioned other adaptation measures such as incorporating climate change into land use, community and transportation planning NC3 - BILLATERAL ASSITANCE: NC3 - BILLATERAL ASSITANCE Projects in the forestry sector seek to improve forest management, create protected areas and increase afforestation. Aid in the agriculture sector is directed to facilitating sustainable land-use, soil management, and protection against desertification. Integrated coastal zone management, protection against sea-level rise and capacity-building, receive most of the support targeted to adaptation. Examples are the French Fund for the Global Environment (FFEM), the Netherlands Climate Change Studies Assistance Programme (NCCSAP), the German initiative “Protecting the future through climate protection”, Canada’s Climate Change Action Fund. The United States described three major bilateral initiatives: the U.S. Initiative on Joint Implementation, the U.S. Country Studies Program and the Climate Change Initiative. The European Community indicated its numerous programmes of bilateral cooperation in a wide range of sectors relevant to climate change to support Accession countries. NC3 - BILLATERAL ASSITANCE: NC3 - BILLATERAL ASSITANCE Described projects aimed at Assessments of vulnerability, disaster preparedness, and response and risk management Integrated water management, Prevention of desertification, Support of meteorological networks and monitoring of extreme weather events Much of the bilateral assistance was directed toward sustainable forestry management and agriculture and would also facilitate adaptation to climate change The ongoing effort of OECD countries to develop a set of “markers” to distinguish between climate-related funding and other environment-related funding in the OECD/DAC statistics, could provide additional relevant information on bilateral aid targeted to adaptation NATIONAL COMMUNICATIONS OF NON-ANNEX I PARTIES - C&S OF 99 NCs: NATIONAL COMMUNICATIONS OF NON-ANNEX I PARTIES - C&S OF 99 NCs Work is on-going for preparation of C&S 6 for COP 11 MAIN VULNERABILITY SECTORS C&S OF 99 NCs: MAIN VULNERABILITY SECTORS C&S OF 99 NCs V&A UNDER THE UNFCCC – C&S OF 99 NCs: V&A UNDER THE UNFCCC – C&S OF 99 NCs INFORMATION ON COOPERATION PROJECTS: INFORMATION ON COOPERATION PROJECTS TECHNOLOGY NEEDS ASESSMENTS - TNAs: TECHNOLOGY NEEDS ASESSMENTS - TNAs Provided support to non-Annex I Parties to conduct technology needs assessments (TNAs) Some 80 TNAs conducted with support from UNDP Some 15 TNAs conducted with support from UNEP UNDP prepared a guidebook on Conducting technology needs assessments for climate change Started to work on summarizing the results of the TNAs completed so far TNA – EXAMPLES - ALBANIA: TNA – EXAMPLES - ALBANIA TNA – EXAMPLES - ALBANIA: TNA – EXAMPLES - ALBANIA TNA – EXAMPLES - ALBANIA: TNA – EXAMPLES - ALBANIA TNA – EXAMPLES - MAURITIUS: TNA – EXAMPLES - MAURITIUS INFORMATION ON COOPERATION PROJECTSFROM NAPAs: INFORMATION ON COOPERATION PROJECTS FROM NAPAs Slide23: Thank you!