gabidimeworkshop

Information about gabidimeworkshop

Published on January 22, 2008

Author: Marco1

Source: authorstream.com

Content

Volterra DIME-SIAF Workshop June 23, 2007:  Volterra DIME-SIAF Workshop June 23, 2007 The recent transformation of the Prato industrial district by Gabi Dei Ottati University of Florence Polo Universitario Città di Prato [email protected] Slide2:  PRATO PROVINCE 7 Municipalities – 365 km2 20 km from Florence Population: 227,886 (2001) 245,033 (2006) Foreigners: 26,118 (2006) The interpretative model of Prato development after the II world war:  The interpretative model of Prato development after the II world war The Industrial District concept: ID is a socio-economic entity characterised by the interaction of a community of people and a population of firms mainly belonging to a localised industry (economic nation) ID main components: A community of people with its informal (values, attitutes implicit norms of behaviour…) and formal institutions (trade associations, local government, technical and vocational schools…) A cluster of firms which are specialised in different activities of a localised industry: individual firms are of moderate size, but they are many in the same locality and strongly inter-related (mainly through local inputs markets), hence the Local Production System is large Reasons of the ID competitive advantage:  Reasons of the ID competitive advantage The advantages of the ID model derive from econmies that are external to the individual firm but internat to the local system It is useful to distinguish between: Semi-automatic external economies, resulting from the regular working of the main district processes Deliberate external econmies, resulting from conscious collective action: material infrastructure, social services… Typical ID external economies are: Economies of specialisation: deriving from the divion of labour among firms and the overall size of the LPS Economies of flexible integration: deriving from the normal functioning of the local markets (competition & cooperation) Economies of learning:deriving from the “industrial atmosphere” 1951-1981 PRATO DISTRICT DEVELOPMENT:  1951-1981 PRATO DISTRICT DEVELOPMENT Years 1951 1961 1971 1981 Textile Firms 830 7.601 10.695 14.689 % Italy 2.1% 17.1% 21.7% 24.5% Text. Workers 21,572 41,590 49,969 61,119 % Italy 3.3% 6.9% 9.2% 12.3% Population 172,470 212,119 264,237 303,539 RESTRUCTURING IN RESPONSE TO THE WOOLLEN CRISIS OF THE 80s:  RESTRUCTURING IN RESPONSE TO THE WOOLLEN CRISIS OF THE 80s Changes in products: Product diversification and quality upgrading in textiles Growth of subsidiary industries Changes in the division of labour inside/outside the district: Reduction of the number of local subcontractors in some textile stages (weavers, spinners, carbonizers…) Outsourcing (imports & subcontracting) outside the district of standard components and new (for Prato) inputs: silk, cotton yarn and fabric… Growth of specialised producer services (computer services, business consulting, marketing…) Changes in inter-firms relations: Formation of teams and groups of enterprises From semi-automatic (competition & cooperation) integration to a more conscious coordination RECOVERY AND CHANGES IN THE ‘90s:  RECOVERY AND CHANGES IN THE ‘90s Some figures: Total employment increased by +10.6% (‘81-91: -2%) Even manufacturing employment increased (+0.3%; 81-91: -21%), but the increase concerned particularly producer services employment (+ 80%) In spite of the drop of manufacturing firms (- 11%) the total number of establishments incresed by +10% Also textile exports started to increase again in 1991 and continued to grow until 2001when it reached 2,412 million Euro Employment in the main activities and in total in the Prato district (12 Municipalities) 1991-2001.:  Employment in the main activities and in total in the Prato district (12 Municipalities) 1991-2001. Slide9:  Establishments in the main activities and in total in the Prato Province:Changes 1991-2001 and 2001-2005 Source: ISTAT, Cesus 1991-2001; Prato Chamber of Commerce 2001-2005 Changes in the ’90s:  Changes in the ’90s Further reduction of the local textile subcontractors (spinners, weavers, knitters…) Textile diversification and quality upgrading went on Textile imports of components and subcontracting outside the district (in Italy and abroad) continued (1995-2000 imports +63%) Establishments and employment in producer services also continued to increase A clothing production system arose in the 90s: the number of firms in the Prato Province passed from 893 in 1991 to 1,593 in 2001 (Census data) Employment in textile (by tpe of production) and in clothing in the Prato district (12 municipalities) 1991, 2001 and change:  Employment in textile (by tpe of production) and in clothing in the Prato district (12 municipalities) 1991, 2001 and change Source: ISTAT, Census 1991, 2001 in 2001 Textile empl. is 58% of manuf. employment THE RECENT YEARS: 2001-2006:  THE RECENT YEARS: 2001-2006 External changes in the new Millennium: Drop in consumer (textile) demand in developed countries and especially in Europe (Germany) Appreciation of the Euro against the USDollar Rise of new aggressive competitors in particular from China The new textile crisis: Sharp reduction in exports -which dropped by 31.5% from 2001 to 2006 – from about 2,400 to 1,600 million Euro Many textile firms closed down: mainly subcontractors but also come final firms Prato exports of textiles and clothing (left axis) and rate of exchange $/Euro (right axis): 19991-205:  Prato exports of textiles and clothing (left axis) and rate of exchange $/Euro (right axis): 19991-205 Signs of vitality of the Prato economy and society::  Signs of vitality of the Prato economy and society: The intangible (technical, stylistic, symbolic…) contents of Prato textiles in many cases is increasing In other cases production relocation is occurring Employment and firms in producer services continue to increase The local clothing system continues to grow (about 2,500 firms in 2005) Prato cultural life flourishes: in addition to the famous Metastasio Theatre, and the Pecci Contemporary Art Centre, the recently establishe Polo Universitario of Prato offers 10 different courses (4 in Engineering, 2 each in Economics, Political sciences, Arts and entertainments) and hosts 15 Research Labs. Prato continues to attract migrant people from all over the world Slide17:  Prato municipality: % of registered immigrants over total population 1991: 1% 1995: 1.8% 2000: 5.3% 2005: 10.8% The Chinese community in the Prato district:  The Chinese community in the Prato district Chinese regular immigrants are about 15,000 The enterprises of Chinese people registered at the Prato Chamber of Comerce in 2006 are about 2,800, 2,000 of which are clothing firms Most of them are small subcontractors, but recently some have become final producers of “pronto moda” and others are wholesale traders and importers Number of Chinese operating enterprises registered at the Prato Camber of Commerce: 1998: 862; 2001: 1,499; 2004: 1,997; and 2005: 2,414 corresponding to 8.1% of the total stock of firms in the Prato Province OPEN QUESTIONS:  OPEN QUESTIONS Is the prolonged shrinking of the textile system (the engine of the past development) damaging the reproduction of the local external economies (of psecialisation, flexible integraton and learning) ? Or, will Prato be able to save itself also from the present storms, being able to adapt its economy & to seize the new opporutnities of globalisation? For sure, the Prato district preservation will depend from The creativity of its entrepreneurs, but also from The capability of its institutions to produce new deliberate external economies and to maintain social integration with the inclusion of the new immigrants

Related presentations


Other presentations created by Marco1

Introduction to Graph Rewriting
10. 01. 2008
0 views

Introduction to Graph Rewriting

shoretel6 1
08. 01. 2008
0 views

shoretel6 1

0907
09. 01. 2008
0 views

0907

indi food
10. 01. 2008
0 views

indi food

barclays
11. 01. 2008
0 views

barclays

EVERYONES BUSINESS
12. 01. 2008
0 views

EVERYONES BUSINESS

newbrnresus
15. 01. 2008
0 views

newbrnresus

Information Campaign Salvi
15. 01. 2008
0 views

Information Campaign Salvi

24346
15. 01. 2008
0 views

24346

Wildlife  And  Conservation
15. 01. 2008
0 views

Wildlife And Conservation

Baxter
16. 01. 2008
0 views

Baxter

tyner purdue
23. 01. 2008
0 views

tyner purdue

italian renaissance
05. 02. 2008
0 views

italian renaissance

The Tudors
11. 02. 2008
0 views

The Tudors

Attitudes 2
17. 01. 2008
0 views

Attitudes 2

Textiles
25. 01. 2008
0 views

Textiles

Bristol MurderXNtMvFSZ
28. 01. 2008
0 views

Bristol MurderXNtMvFSZ

McCarthy
30. 01. 2008
0 views

McCarthy

2 Saving Money Time HEEP Area 1
07. 02. 2008
0 views

2 Saving Money Time HEEP Area 1

5WR N Africa SW Asia
13. 02. 2008
0 views

5WR N Africa SW Asia

Fundraising
15. 02. 2008
0 views

Fundraising

Hmong American Elders
29. 01. 2008
0 views

Hmong American Elders

R2 Solutions
20. 02. 2008
0 views

R2 Solutions

Festivals around the world
22. 02. 2008
0 views

Festivals around the world

Mercury Mars Venus
24. 01. 2008
0 views

Mercury Mars Venus

BookofMormonChapter7 8and9
12. 02. 2008
0 views

BookofMormonChapter7 8and9

CNE354HellGreece4
25. 02. 2008
0 views

CNE354HellGreece4

Lessons from Bees
25. 02. 2008
0 views

Lessons from Bees

PS 280 13 mood disorders
27. 02. 2008
0 views

PS 280 13 mood disorders

ASEE Annual Conf 2005 OFI
14. 01. 2008
0 views

ASEE Annual Conf 2005 OFI

fitness
29. 02. 2008
0 views

fitness

PrimalSeasCvt
11. 02. 2008
0 views

PrimalSeasCvt

WETICE2004 Albrechtsen
03. 03. 2008
0 views

WETICE2004 Albrechtsen

Gregory Thomas PPT
14. 03. 2008
0 views

Gregory Thomas PPT

Poster Template FOR VOLUNTEERS
27. 03. 2008
0 views

Poster Template FOR VOLUNTEERS

Respirators
22. 01. 2008
0 views

Respirators

All about me
14. 04. 2008
0 views

All about me

The Popcorn Process
07. 02. 2008
0 views

The Popcorn Process

79989
18. 04. 2008
0 views

79989

ASFP
21. 04. 2008
0 views

ASFP

Forest3 302
22. 04. 2008
0 views

Forest3 302

auxFundamentals
24. 04. 2008
0 views

auxFundamentals

ShowalterPPT
11. 01. 2008
0 views

ShowalterPPT

umist
04. 02. 2008
0 views

umist

L7 global
08. 05. 2008
0 views

L7 global

unit 1 2
19. 03. 2008
0 views

unit 1 2

2005121133941157
30. 04. 2008
0 views

2005121133941157

sykianaki1 10d04
02. 05. 2008
0 views

sykianaki1 10d04

fraseri
02. 05. 2008
0 views

fraseri

ORNISBGCore2007
05. 02. 2008
0 views

ORNISBGCore2007

agriscience basic ag awarness
24. 01. 2008
0 views

agriscience basic ag awarness

Community Greening Training
10. 03. 2008
0 views

Community Greening Training

introToIR
17. 01. 2008
0 views

introToIR

ingels 160305
24. 01. 2008
0 views

ingels 160305

Delhot
10. 01. 2008
0 views

Delhot

olimpic games
14. 04. 2008
0 views

olimpic games

mmo 32
05. 03. 2008
0 views

mmo 32

11 04
04. 02. 2008
0 views

11 04

cccarlos
28. 02. 2008
0 views

cccarlos

funding Opps and guidance
21. 01. 2008
0 views

funding Opps and guidance

session 29 a Karen Donnet Jones
17. 01. 2008
0 views

session 29 a Karen Donnet Jones

XueJishan Boulder 2006 11
16. 04. 2008
0 views

XueJishan Boulder 2006 11

Covenant Counseling Presentation
28. 01. 2008
0 views

Covenant Counseling Presentation

LV PERF
20. 02. 2008
0 views

LV PERF

1866 07 E Dalen Geog
17. 01. 2008
0 views

1866 07 E Dalen Geog