Published on October 30, 2007
GLOBAL BASELINE INFORMATION ON CURRENT STATUS OF GOLDEN APPLE SNAIL DAMAGE AND MANAGEMENT PRACTICES IN FARMERS’ FIELDS : GLOBAL BASELINE INFORMATION ON CURRENT STATUS OF GOLDEN APPLE SNAIL DAMAGE AND MANAGEMENT PRACTICES IN FARMERS’ FIELDS R.C. Joshi and T. Wada Acknowledgement: Acknowledgement The following individuals and institutions provided information on the golden apple snail and links with snail researchers. We are grateful to them for their contributions and assistance. G. Jahn, IRRI, Philippines Geoff Baker, CSIRO, Australia Grant Singleton, CSIRO, Australia Hae-Chune Choi, RDA, Korea Harry Ako, Hawaii Hector Srenath, FAO, SriLanka Hendarsih Suharto,Indonesia Ho Van Chien, VietNam Horacio Heras, Argentina Huynh Kim Ngoc, VietNam I. D. Bowen, UK J. Breithaupt, FAO, Rome J. Coupland, LONZA, Switzerland A. Hardy, USA B. M. Rejesus, UPLB, Philippines Banpot Napompeth, Thailand Bede Evans, FAO, VietNam Bounneuang Douang Booptha, NARC, Lao PDR C. Austria, IRRI Library, Philippines Cesar Moquete, Republic of Dominica Chompoonut Chayapate, Thailand Clyde Tamaru, Hawaii Cyrill Rogger, InfoAgrar, Switzerland Dam Quoc Tru, VietNam Duong Ngoc Cuong, VietNam Edwin Javier, IRRI, Philippines Acknowledgement: Acknowledgement J. W. Smith, USA Jerry R. Tjoe-Awie, Suriname Jesus Rosario, Republic of Dominica Jianming Chen, China Jimin Lee, USA Jorge Luis Alonso Gonzales, Columbia K. Gallagher, FAO, Rome Karl Goeppert, Lao-IRRR Khamouane Khamphoukeo, NARC, Lao PDR L. Estebenet, Argentina L.T. Wilson, USA Lionel Nugaliyade, SriLanka Luike Pieterse, Canada Luis R. Sanint, FLAR/CIAT, Columbia M. Austria, SEARCA-IPM, Philippines M. Halwart, FAO, Rome M. Ketelaar, FAO, Lao PDR M. Matsuda JICA, Japan M. Way, UK Mahithon Putiso, Thailand Mario Corado, FAO, Lao PDR Mark Bell, IRRI, Philippines Mel Jackson, Hawaii Men Sarom, CARDI, Cambodia Mu Mu Kyaw, Lao PDR N. Cazzaniga, Argentina Nguyen Huu Huan, VietNam O. Mochida, Japan Othman Omar, MARDI, Malaysia P. C. Matteson, FAO, VietNam Acknowledgement: Acknowledgement P. Kenmore, FAO, Rome P. A. C. Ooi, FAO, Thailand Patcharee Menakanit, Thailand Pol Chanty, CARDI, Cambodia R. C. Saxena, India R. Cowie, USA R. G. Howells, USA R. Yamakawa, Hawaii Robinson, USA Rodney Haraguchi, Hawaii Roy Masamdu, PNG S. R. Obien, BAR, Philippines Sakda Sinives, Thailand Sang-Beom Lee, RDA, Korea Sim Sar, PNG Stijn Ghesquiere, Belgium Tagliati Elisabetta, FAO, Rome Teo Su Sin, Malaysia Terunobu Hidaka, Japan Than Aye, Mynmar Tran Tan Viet, VietNam U Myo Myint, Mynmar Xiaoping Yu, China Questionnaire:: Questionnaire: Area under rice production (ha and %): seasons and rice culture (transplanted and direct-seeded) Extent of damage by golden apple snail (ha) List of various methods adopted by rice farmers List of pesticides used to control golden apple snail (most popular to least preferred) Questionnaire:: Questionnaire: Farmers’ criteria for the choice of a chemical: Efficacy Immediate kill Cost Ease of application Any other reasons (Availability, biodegradable etc.). Utilization of golden apple snail by rice farmers Liquid bio-compost fertilizer/ Bio-control of weeds in rice fields Farm animal feed Any other use (baits for rice bugs/rat baits/ fish baits) Food GAS Background: GAS Background Utilization of GAS in S.E Asia: Utilization of GAS in S.E Asia Control Tactics: Control Tactics Control Tactics: Control Tactics Control Tactics: Control Tactics Control Tactics: Control Tactics Current Studies Done on GAS: Current Studies Done on GAS Common Difficulties/ Constraints in GAS Management: Common Difficulties/ Constraints in GAS Management Taxonomic confusion of Pomacea spp. complex need to be resolved by molecular approaches. The information exchange on GAS needs to be strengthened on applesnail.net internet website through cooperative efforts. Timely community actions are rarely practiced to reduce GAS build-up. Thus there is a need to demonstrate the integrated approach to GAS management. Lack of viable technologies to manage GAS in flood-prone areas and direct-seeded rice. Very few information on the effect of botanical molluscicides on non-target organisms. Choice of non-specific pesticides still preferred by farmers because of immediate kill, followed by ease of application then cost and last efficacy. Slide15: Thank you ! ! ! Let’s continue to cooperate, collaborate & network! Yeah, let’s do it together!!!