Greek Accents - the basics

Information about Greek Accents - the basics

Published on September 19, 2009

Author: Arquennes

Source: authorstream.com

Content

Greek Accents : 1 Greek Accents Lesson 4: New Testament Greek: A Whole Language Approach by R. D. Kunjummen Laura J. Hunt, B.R.E., M.T.S. SYLLABLE POSITIONS : 2 SYLLABLE POSITIONS ULTIMA : 3 ULTIMA ἔσχατος ἀγαθός PENULT : 4 PENULT ἔσχατος ἀγαθός ANTEPENULT : 5 ANTEPENULT ἔσχατος παντοκράτωρ γινωσκέτωσαν Short and Long Vowel Review : 6 Short and Long Vowel Review Short vowels ALWAYS: ε ο final -οι -αι Sometimes: α , ι, υ Long vowels ALWAYS: η ω diphthongs Sometimes: α , ι, υ ULTIMA LENGTH EFFECTS : 7 ULTIMA LENGTH EFFECTS Even in English, accent can change with word length : Even in English, accent can change with word length ánalog análogy analógical analógically 8 SHORT ULTIMA & the ACUTE : 9 SHORT ULTIMA & the ACUTE μακάριος λόγος εὐλογητός SHORT ULTIMA & the CIRCUMFLEX : 10 SHORT ULTIMA & the CIRCUMFLEX δίκαιος πρῶτος Βαβυλῶνος LONG ULTIMA & the ACUTE : 11 LONG ULTIMA & the ACUTE ἄνθρωπος ἀνθρώπων γινωσκέτω LONG ULTIMA & the CIRCUMFLEX : 12 LONG ULTIMA & the CIRCUMFLEX δικαίους θεοῖς ἀγαθοποιῶν ULTIMA LENGTH EFFECT—illus. : 13 ULTIMA LENGTH EFFECT—illus. ἔσχατος ἐσχάτη ULTIMA LENGTH EFFECT—illus. : 14 ULTIMA LENGTH EFFECT—illus. δίκαιοι δίκαιαι δικαίοις VERB ACCENT: recessive : 15 VERB ACCENT: recessive γίνωσκε γινώσκεις γινωσκέτω VERB ACCENT : 16 VERB ACCENT λῦε λύετε λυέτωσαν NOMINAL ACCENT: persistent : 17 NOMINAL ACCENT: persistent κύριος κύριε κυρίοις NOMINAL ACCENT: persistent : 18 NOMINAL ACCENT: persistent θεός θεέ θεοῖς θεῷ Accent Rules : 19 Accent Rules First, determine what syllable gets the accent, then which accent it gets. Verb accents are recessive; noun accents are persistent. The acute accent is the default. Long ultima – circumflex can’t be elsewhere; short ultima – long accented penult gets circumflex. In chart form: : 20 In chart form: Short Ultima Long Ultima Acute on ultima  Grave : 21 Acute on ultima  Grave Τί με λέγεις ἀγαθόν; Οὐδεὶς ἀγαθὸς εἰ μὴ εἷς, ὁ θεός. Explain the accent marks: : 22 Explain the accent marks: πιστὸς ὁ λόγος. πιστὸς ὁ θεός. ὁ νόμος ἅγιος καὶ ἡ ἐντολὴ ἁγία καὶ δικαία καὶ ἀγαθή. ἅγιον τὸ ὄνομα.

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