Published on March 5, 2008
From Paris to Accra The Road to More Effective Aid: From Paris to Accra The Road to More Effective Aid Regional Workshop, Advisory Group on Civil Society and Aid Effectiveness Ha Noi, Viet Nam 11 October 2007 Felix Zimmermann OECD Development Centre Overview: Overview The Paris Declaration: Brief introduction Results from the 2006 Baseline Survey To Accra and beyond: opportunities and risks Governments agree on:: Governments agree on: New objectives (MDGs) New instruments (PRSPs) More aid (Monterrey & Gleneagles) But what about effectiveness?: But what about effectiveness? To meet the MDGs, developing countries need: Operational development strategies Stronger public financial management systems Space to choose own priorities Reduced transaction costs Slide5: Aid comes at a high cost New donor projects and activities per year Features of the 2005 Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness: Features of the 2005 Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness Broad participation 56 partner countries; 35 donor countries; 26 multilateral donor agencies [14 civil society organisations] 5 core principles 56 specific commitments 12 measurable indicators for 2010 Targets & monitoring The Aid Effectiveness Pyramid: The Aid Effectiveness Pyramid 4. Development Results Timeline: to Accra and beyond: Timeline: to Accra and beyond 2005 2010 2007 2008 Accra HLF-III 2011 HLF-IV 2005 Paris HLF-II Second survey Who’s who on the road to Accra?: Who’s who on the road to Accra? Working Party on Aid Effectiveness Bilateral and multilateral donors Partner countries Steering Committee for Accra HLF-III Other initiatives include: Advisory Group on Civil Society and Aid Effectiveness OECD Global Forum on Development Overview: Overview The Paris Declaration Results from the 2006 Baseline Survey To Accra and beyond: opportunities and risks The 2006 Survey on Monitoring: The 2006 Survey on Monitoring 34 countries (self-selected), including: Viet Nam; Mongolia; Cambodia Mostly where Paris Declaration is already discussed Not enough fragile states to draw conclusions Method Country surveys with government coordinators WB indicators (2005 CDF Progress Report; Aid Effectiveness Review; CPIA) Results on Ownership: Results on Ownership Target for 2010: 75% of countries have operational development strategies Baseline survey results: 17% (5 out of 34 countries) Insufficient use of national budgets to support priorities Insufficient engagement of citizens and parliaments Very slow progress in taking the lead in aid-funded activities (e.g. by co-chairing Consultative Groups) Ownership in the region: Ownership in the region Results on Alignment #1: Results on Alignment #1 Target for 2010: Halving the % of aid to governments that remains unreported in budgets Baseline survey result: Half of surveyed countries show budget realism of 70% or less This suggests that: Donors don’t get information to authorities on time Donors are not always realistic about their ability to disburse Authorities are not equipped to capture information Alignment in the region: Alignment in the region Results on Alignment #2: Results on Alignment #2 Target for 2010: Halve the % of aid not disbursed within scheduled fiscal year: improve aid predictability Baseline survey result: Of $19,933 million, only $14,861 million are recorded in national budgets Budget support is more predictable as part of multi-year plans, but less so when there are performance-based tranches Aid predictability in 2005: Aid predictability in 2005 41% of aid was disbursed on schedule in 2005 EGYPT AID SCHEDULED AID RECEIVED $ 1 420 m $ 998 m AFGHANISTAN $ 1 061 m $ 1 262 m ZAMBIA $ 930 m $ 696 m Results on Alignment #3: Results on Alignment #3 Target for 2010: Reduce parallel project implementation units by 2/3 Baseline survey result: 4 countries have more than 100 parallel units Total = 1832 units in 34 countries Alignment in the region: Alignment in the region Results on Harmonisation #1: Results on Harmonisation #1 Target for 2010: Provide 66% of aid flows using programme-based approaches Baseline survey result: 43% (but definitional questions remain) Results on Harmonisation #2: Results on Harmonisation #2 Target for 2010: Conduct 40% of field missions jointly Baseline survey result: 18% Good practice example: “quiet” periods Too many missions?: Too many missions? 800 750 700 650 600 550 450 10 453 missions in 34 countries in 2005 Number of donor missions in 2005 A multilateral muddle: A multilateral muddle Source: National Audit Office (2005), DFID – Engaging with Multilaterals Overview: Overview The Paris Declaration Results from the 2006 Baseline Survey To Accra and beyond: opportunities and risks The Accra Agenda for Action: an opportunity: The Accra Agenda for Action: an opportunity Accra may lead to: Accelerated progress on the existing indicators Deepened understanding of the 5 principles e.g. democratic ownership & the role of civil society A broadened, more legitimate, monitoring exercise Wider consensus with new public and private actors Accra and three related risks: Accra and three related risks Are our expectations too high? Can and should Accra solve all of aid’s ills? Can it deal with a complex international aid architecture? Are we overloading the agenda? New indicators? Are we undermining other processes? e.g. UN follow-ups to the MDGs or Monterrey Thank you for your attention!www.oecd.org/development/globalforumwww.oecd.org/dac/effectiveness/monitoring[email protected]: Thank you for your attention! www.oecd.org/development/globalforum www.oecd.org/dac/effectiveness/monitoring [email protected] Q&A: Q&A The survey should be used before assessing! We need more basic data. None of governments don’t want to accept. The need of technical supports. 2.The number of surveyed nations is not representative. The scale of survey is not good result but the government should take part in these ones. Other donors have different indicators The result could be accessed again. 3. AG should remember these issues. We use the priority for languages to translate these documents, so it is difficult in reality. 4. Other right to women. 5. The nations that is not representative, is selected 6. The survey in Viet Nam: ownership is strong but PD is the first time to be seen. The development strategy is clear about the steps, processes. The good coordination between Viet Nam with donors. 7. The set of relations should be clear? The representative people? The South-south relationship is already. 8. In Viet Nam have many of donors why is it? there is inequality of donors in Philippine? 9. The nation miss the agreement, which is punish to it? - Q&A: Q&A 10. Timor have $ 2 billions=> more for small population (about 1 million). Co-donors 11. OECD didn’t take care the people who will have the result of projects. 12. Viet Nam have a good coordination.