HIDF AmericanHousingStyle sPartOne

Information about HIDF AmericanHousingStyle sPartOne

Published on January 10, 2008

Author: Sever

Source: authorstream.com

Content

American Housing Styles:  American Housing Styles Home Environment Division 7 Decatur County Smyrna Guys & Gals Aaron Mang Links From The Past:  Links From The Past Aaron Mang, Greensburg High School, 1000 E. Central, Greensburg, IN 47240 ([email protected] Native American Homes:  Native American Homes Influences Environment Culture Characteristics Simple structures, dirt floors No windows or chimneys Dark and crowded Little furniture Possessions stored on shelves hung from walls Aaron Mang, Greensburg High School, 1000 E. Central, Greensburg, IN 47240 ([email protected] Native American Homes:  Native American Homes Hunting/gathering Easily constructed Easily carried Aaron Mang, Greensburg High School, 1000 E. Central, Greensburg, IN 47240 ([email protected] Native American Homes:  Native American Homes Permanent homes Aaron Mang, Greensburg High School, 1000 E. Central, Greensburg, IN 47240 ([email protected] The First Colonists:  The First Colonists No shelter upon landing Had few tools and materials Followed native people examples Most were temporary Huts of bark and branches Shed like roofed house built into the side of a hill Aaron Mang, Greensburg High School, 1000 E. Central, Greensburg, IN 47240 ([email protected] Early American Period: 1640-1720:  Early American Period: 1640-1720 Permanent homes patterned after ones left behind Modifications made to suit weather conditions/terrain More people meant workforce became more specialized Local material used Wood in New England Local stone Brick making clay Aaron Mang, Greensburg High School, 1000 E. Central, Greensburg, IN 47240 ([email protected] English Settlements:  English Settlements Half-timbered houses Wood frame of the house formed part of outside wall Spaces between beams filled in with brick or plaster Thatch roofs (bundles of reeds or straw) Huge chimney served one or more fireplaces Windows small: reduced heat loss and glass was expensive Aaron Mang, Greensburg High School, 1000 E. Central, Greensburg, IN 47240 ([email protected] English Settlements:  English Settlements Northeastern Colonies: Cape Cod Houses Aaron Mang, Greensburg High School, 1000 E. Central, Greensburg, IN 47240 ([email protected] Salt-box:  Salt-box Began as a two-story pitched roof house Need for extra space-added additional set of rooms along the back Roof line down to cover the addition Long slope similar to sloping cover on the wooden saltboxes used in colonial kitchens Aaron Mang, Greensburg High School, 1000 E. Central, Greensburg, IN 47240 ([email protected] Garrison House:  Garrison House Second story that overhangs the first story First used on forts or garrisons to prevent attackers from scaling the walls Aaron Mang, Greensburg High School, 1000 E. Central, Greensburg, IN 47240 ([email protected] German Settlements:  German Settlements German Mostly settled in Southeastern PA Large, durable houses of wood and quarry stone Entry into first-floor kitchen Some had an abbreviated roof or “hood” between 1st and 2nd stories Aaron Mang, Greensburg High School, 1000 E. Central, Greensburg, IN 47240 ([email protected] Dutch Settlements:  Dutch Settlements Dutch First settlements in New Amsterdam (NY) Stone and brick/ houses large by colonial standards Known for decorative brickwork and intricate stepped gables Distinctive roof: Gambrel Metal gutters, small windows with sliding shutters Dutch door-door divided in half horizontally Aaron Mang, Greensburg High School, 1000 E. Central, Greensburg, IN 47240 ([email protected] Spanish Settlements:  Spanish Settlements Florida and southwest Early homes built from coquina, a soft porous limestone composed of shell & coral Rectangular with balconies that faced the street Kitchens often separate Interior simple and whitewashed plaster walls, beamed ceilings, earthen floors Tile on roof Aaron Mang, Greensburg High School, 1000 E. Central, Greensburg, IN 47240 ([email protected] Spanish Settlements:  Spanish Settlements Aaron Mang, Greensburg High School, 1000 E. Central, Greensburg, IN 47240 ([email protected] Swedish Settlements:  Swedish Settlements American log cabin has Swedish origins Primitive, small building Sometimes divided into 2 rooms with an attic above Originally roof was of bark or thatch Wood shingles used later Modified from one-room to two-rooms connected with breezeway Known as a dog-trot Aaron Mang, Greensburg High School, 1000 E. Central, Greensburg, IN 47240 ([email protected] Swedish Settlements:  Swedish Settlements Dog-trot log cabins Aaron Mang, Greensburg High School, 1000 E. Central, Greensburg, IN 47240 ([email protected] French Settlements:  French Settlements St. Lawrence River Stone or wood with high, steep roofs common in French country Small closed windows with heavy wooden shutters Closed to protect the occupants from cold weather Mississippi Valley Adaptations made for hot and humid weather Porch added covered by a broad roof extending around the house Improved air circulation Usually white Rooms had many doors and windows for air flow Aaron Mang, Greensburg High School, 1000 E. Central, Greensburg, IN 47240 ([email protected] French Settlements:  French Settlements Pictures Aaron Mang, Greensburg High School, 1000 E. Central, Greensburg, IN 47240 ([email protected]

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