hinduism

Information about hinduism

Published on December 4, 2007

Author: Christian

Source: authorstream.com

Content

What is Hinduism? :  What is Hinduism? One of the oldest religions of humanity The religion of the Indian people Gave birth to Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism Tolerance and diversity: "Truth is one, paths are many" Many deities but a single, impersonal Ultimate Reality A philosophy and a way of life – focused both on this world and beyond How did Hinduism begin?:  How did Hinduism begin? No particular founder Indus River Valley Civilization >5000 years ago Aryans enter 4000 - 3500 years ago Vedic Tradition 3500 – 2500 years ago: rituals and many gods (polytheism) sacred texts (Vedas) social stratification (caste system) Upanishads (metaphysical philosophy) 2800 – 2400 years ago Vedic Tradition develops into Hinduism What are the Sacred Texts?:  What are the Sacred Texts? Shruti (“heard”) – oldest, most authoritative: Four Vedas (“truth”) – myths, rituals, chants Upanishads - metaphysical speculation Plus other texts Smriti (“remembered”) – the Great Indian Epics: Ramayana Mahabharata (includes Bhagavad-Gita) Plus others What do Hindus believe?:  What do Hindus believe? One impersonal Ultimate Reality – Brahman Manifest as many personal deities True essence of life – Atman, the soul, is Brahman trapped in matter (“That art thou”) Reincarnation – atman is continually born into this world lifetime after lifetime (Samsara) Karma – spiritual impurity due to actions keeps us bound to this world (good and bad) Ultimate goal of life – to release Atman and reunite with the divine, becoming as one with Brahman (Moksha) How does Hinduism direct life in this world?:  How does Hinduism direct life in this world? Respect for all life – vegetarian Human life as supreme: Four “stations” of life (Caste) - priests & teachers, nobles & warriors, merchant class, servant class Four stages of life – student, householder, retired, renunciant Four duties of life – pleasure, success, social responsibilities, religious responsibilities (moksha) What are the spiritual practices of Hinduism?:  What are the spiritual practices of Hinduism? The Four Yogas - seeking union with the divine: Karma Yoga – the path of action through selfless service (releases built up karma without building up new karma) Jnana Yoga – the path of knowledge (understanding the true nature of reality and the self) Raja Yoga – the path of meditation Bhakti Yoga – the path of devotion Guru – a spiritual teacher, especially helpful for Jnana and Raja yoga How do Hindus worship?:  How do Hindus worship? Bhakti Yoga is seeking union with the divine through loving devotion to manifest deities In the home (household shrines) In the Temples (priests officiate) Puja – making offerings to and decorating the deity images Darsan – “seeing” the deity (not idol worship) Prasad – taking the divine within your own being through eating of food shared with the deity Who do Hindus worship? – the major gods of the Hindu Pantheon:  Who do Hindus worship? – the major gods of the Hindu Pantheon Brahma, the creator god Who do Hindus worship? – the major gods of the Hindu Pantheon:  Who do Hindus worship? – the major gods of the Hindu Pantheon Vishnu, the preserver god Incarnates as ten avatars (descents) including: Rama (featured in the Ramayana) Krishna (featured in the Mahabharata) (Each shown with his consort, Sita and Radha, respectively) Who do Hindus worship? – the major gods of the Hindu Pantheon:  Who do Hindus worship? – the major gods of the Hindu Pantheon Shiva, god of constructive destruction (the transformer) Appears as Shiva Nataraj, lord of the dance of creation… and with his wife, Parvati, and son Ganesha (the elephant headed remover of obstacles) What about the goddesses? Devi – the feminine divine:  What about the goddesses? Devi – the feminine divine Saraswati, goddess of wisdom, consort of Brahma What about the goddesses? Devi – the feminine divine:  What about the goddesses? Devi – the feminine divine Lakshmi, goddess of good fortune, consort of Vishnu What about the goddesses? Devi – the feminine divine:  What about the goddesses? Devi – the feminine divine Parvati, divine mother, wife of Shiva What about the goddesses? Devi – the feminine divine:  What about the goddesses? Devi – the feminine divine Durga, protectress Kali, destroyer of demons Plus about 330 million other deities Slide15:  All these deities are but Manifest forms (attributes and functions) of the impersonal Brahman And we too are manifest forms of God!:  And we too are manifest forms of God! “We are not human beings having spiritual experiences; We are spiritual beings having a human experience!” “That art Thou” Hinduism is about recognizing the all pervasiveness of the divine Explore Hinduism on the Web::  Explore Hinduism on the Web: The Hindu Universe: Lots of information on Hinduism and the Hindu community on-line and around the world. Includes chat rooms and message board forums - www.hindunet.org The Virtual Hindu Temple: Contains some interesting and useful pages including: Discover Hindu Gods & Goddesses and FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS ABOUT HINDUISM. Also contains a gallery of deity images and a collection of links to Hindu sacred texts online and other sites related to Hinduism - www.rajdeepa.com/vmandir/vmandirindex.htm Hinduism for Schools provides basic, introductory info to teach primary and secondary level students about Hinduism - www.btinternet.com/~vivekananda/schools1.htm Created by Laura Ellen Shulman

Related presentations


Other presentations created by Christian

Email Security
07. 10. 2007
0 views

Email Security

adobe satyam customer preso v5
29. 09. 2007
0 views

adobe satyam customer preso v5

Marui
09. 10. 2007
0 views

Marui

qw6p15500g20r7m
10. 10. 2007
0 views

qw6p15500g20r7m

Russia Country Presentation
11. 10. 2007
0 views

Russia Country Presentation

Lequeux
12. 10. 2007
0 views

Lequeux

Daisuke Hiratsuka
12. 10. 2007
0 views

Daisuke Hiratsuka

Introduction 1
15. 10. 2007
0 views

Introduction 1

vollhardt
15. 10. 2007
0 views

vollhardt

Vodovatov
27. 09. 2007
0 views

Vodovatov

sample lecture
16. 10. 2007
0 views

sample lecture

WNV and equines slides
21. 10. 2007
0 views

WNV and equines slides

addis Abeba
23. 10. 2007
0 views

addis Abeba

mexico 2006 Kadri
24. 10. 2007
0 views

mexico 2006 Kadri

Google AdWords Intro
16. 11. 2007
0 views

Google AdWords Intro

Graft Healing and Return to Play
19. 11. 2007
0 views

Graft Healing and Return to Play

Drama Methods And Education
23. 11. 2007
0 views

Drama Methods And Education

M Kar S Taban CMTEA2005
26. 11. 2007
0 views

M Kar S Taban CMTEA2005

fertility
03. 01. 2008
0 views

fertility

Ch26
13. 10. 2007
0 views

Ch26

BNJ UAI 20030808
29. 10. 2007
0 views

BNJ UAI 20030808

MVA
02. 11. 2007
0 views

MVA

ftl
12. 10. 2007
0 views

ftl

Cause Effect
20. 02. 2008
0 views

Cause Effect

functfam
24. 02. 2008
0 views

functfam

RegionalHazeConsulta tion081407
03. 10. 2007
0 views

RegionalHazeConsulta tion081407

78097 55
02. 10. 2007
0 views

78097 55

vitamin and mineral
04. 03. 2008
0 views

vitamin and mineral

Garfield Engaging At Risk
10. 03. 2008
0 views

Garfield Engaging At Risk

ESA DAvanzo NEON Education1
03. 01. 2008
0 views

ESA DAvanzo NEON Education1

metaphor creativity
18. 03. 2008
0 views

metaphor creativity

The USA
10. 04. 2008
0 views

The USA

551 CH15Lecture
13. 04. 2008
0 views

551 CH15Lecture

235 Reallocation
14. 04. 2008
0 views

235 Reallocation

FuturePriceProposal
16. 04. 2008
0 views

FuturePriceProposal

HBPM presentation QCC
17. 04. 2008
0 views

HBPM presentation QCC

Keynes
18. 04. 2008
0 views

Keynes

71170 pp7
22. 04. 2008
0 views

71170 pp7

VisitBelgium
16. 03. 2008
0 views

VisitBelgium

nts present 2007 english
01. 10. 2007
0 views

nts present 2007 english

SanjivShah
28. 04. 2008
0 views

SanjivShah

hou
24. 02. 2008
0 views

hou

harris 43
07. 05. 2008
0 views

harris 43

Gosbeelides
02. 05. 2008
0 views

Gosbeelides

Hellen Gill
02. 05. 2008
0 views

Hellen Gill

keys
10. 10. 2007
0 views

keys

slac tour 2006
15. 10. 2007
0 views

slac tour 2006

Reg8reportAtlanta
17. 10. 2007
0 views

Reg8reportAtlanta

ppp estrategia fundacion arias
22. 10. 2007
0 views

ppp estrategia fundacion arias

IHY Turkey poster
23. 11. 2007
0 views

IHY Turkey poster

BTW2007 web
15. 10. 2007
0 views

BTW2007 web

castro situacion CR
22. 10. 2007
0 views

castro situacion CR

17th Lecture
10. 10. 2007
0 views

17th Lecture

Guy
23. 10. 2007
0 views

Guy

17661
25. 10. 2007
0 views

17661

D301 Patel
29. 10. 2007
0 views

D301 Patel

Insolvency Presentation
19. 10. 2007
0 views

Insolvency Presentation

ARIntro
23. 10. 2007
0 views

ARIntro

tillman
12. 03. 2008
0 views

tillman

RTV 350 Ch5
08. 10. 2007
0 views

RTV 350 Ch5

Franco cavallo
15. 10. 2007
0 views

Franco cavallo

12 1 5
24. 03. 2008
0 views

12 1 5