History of biotechnology

Information about History of biotechnology

Published on October 7, 2014

Author: raniashok

Source: authorstream.com

Content

History of Biotechnology: History of Biotechnology Mrs. Rani Ashok Associate Professor of Zoology Lady Doak College, Madurai – 2 Email: [email protected] PowerPoint Presentation: 500 B.C.: In China, the first antibiotic, moldy soybean curds, is put to use to treat boils PowerPoint Presentation: The source of pyrethrum is the flowers of Chrysanthemum cinerariaefolium , also called the Dalmation flower. PowerPoint Presentation: 1761: English surgeon Edward Jenner pioneers vaccination, inoculating a child with a viral smallpox vaccine PowerPoint Presentation: 1870: Breeders crossbreed cotton, developing hundreds of varieties with superior qualities PowerPoint Presentation: 1870: The first experimental corn hybrid is produced in a laboratory PowerPoint Presentation: 1911: American pathologist Peyton Rous discovers the first cancer-causing virus PowerPoint Presentation: 1928: Scottish scientist Alexander Fleming discovers penicillin PowerPoint Presentation: 1942: Penicillin is mass-produced in microbes for the first time PowerPoint Presentation: 1950s: The first synthetic antibiotic is created PowerPoint Presentation: 1951: Artificial insemination of livestock is accomplished using frozen semen PowerPoint Presentation: 1958: DNA is made in a test tube for the first time PowerPoint Presentation: 1978: Recombinant human insulin is produced for the first time PowerPoint Presentation: 1979: Human growth hormone is synthesized for the first time PowerPoint Presentation: 1980: Smallpox is globally eradicated following 20-year mass vaccination effort PowerPoint Presentation: 1980: The U.S. Supreme Court approves the principle of patenting organisms, which allows the Exxon oil company to patent an oil-eating microorganism PowerPoint Presentation: 1981: Scientists at Ohio University produce the first transgenic animals by transferring genes from other animals into mice PowerPoint Presentation: 1982: The first recombinant DNA vaccine for livestock is developed PowerPoint Presentation: 1982: The first biotech drug, human insulin produced in genetically modified bacteria, is approved by FDA. Genentech and Eli Lilly developed the product PowerPoint Presentation: 1985: Genetic markers are found for kidney disease and cystic fibrosis PowerPoint Presentation: 1986: The first recombinant vaccine for humans, a vaccine for hepatitis B, is approved PowerPoint Presentation: 1986: Interferon becomes the first anticancer drug produced through biotech PowerPoint Presentation: 1989: The first pest-resistant Bt cotton, is approved PowerPoint Presentation: 1990: The first successful gene therapy is performed on a 4-year-old girl suffering from an immune disorder PowerPoint Presentation: 1992: FDA approves bovine somatotropin (BST) for increased milk production in dairy cows PowerPoint Presentation: 1993: FDA approves Betaseron ®, the first of several biotech products that have had a major impact on multiple sclerosis treatment PowerPoint Presentation: 1994: The first breast cancer gene is discovered PowerPoint Presentation: 1994: The Americas are certified polio-free by the International Commission for the Certification of Polio Eradication PowerPoint Presentation: 1996 - : A gene associated with Parkinson’s disease is discovered PowerPoint Presentation: 1997: A sheep named Dolly in Scotland becomes the first animal cloned from an adult cell PowerPoint Presentation: 1998: FDA approves Herceptin ®, a pharmacogenomic breast cancer drug for patients whose cancer overexpresses the HER2 receptor PowerPoint Presentation: 1999: A diagnostic test allows quick identification of Bovine Spongicorm Encephalopathy (BSE, also known as “mad cow” disease) and Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease (CJD) PowerPoint Presentation: 1999: Golden rice produced PowerPoint Presentation: 2000: Kenya field-tests its first biotech crop, virus-resistant sweet potato PowerPoint Presentation: 2000 - First complete map of a plant genome developed:  Arabidopsis thaliana PowerPoint Presentation: 2001: Crown gall disease producing Agrobacerium tumifaciens genome sequence deciphered PowerPoint Presentation: 2003: Human genome sequence deciphered Thank You: Thank You

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