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How to Start Organic Farming Business (Cultivation of Mushroom, Crop, Cotton, Wheat, Sugarcane, Production of Biofertilizers, Agriculture Waste, Dairy & Poultry Farming, etc.)

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Information about How to Start Organic Farming Business (Cultivation of Mushroom, Crop,...

Published on June 18, 2016

Author: ei1234

Source: slideshare.net

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1. How to Start Organic Farming Business (Cultivation of Mushroom, Crop, Cotton, Wheat, Sugarcane, Production of Biofertilizers, Agriculture Waste, Dairy & Poultry Farming, etc.)

2. www.entrepreneurindia.co Introduction India is an agro based country. So organic farming plays an important role in agro field. The popularity of organic farming is gradually increasing and now organic agriculture is practiced in almost all countries of the world, and its share of agricultural land and farms is growing. As the organic food market continues to expand, so do the opportunities for small farmers.

3. www.entrepreneurindia.co Organic farming has emerged as the only answer to bring sustainability to agriculture and environment. This handbook is a comprehensive guide to growing, certifying, and marketing organic produce. Organic farming is not only a philosophy, but also a well- researched science that combines soil fertility, plant pathology and other biological and environmental sciences.

4. www.entrepreneurindia.co The major contents of this book are Sustainable Agriculture, National Programme on organic farming, Integration with organics and biofertilizers, Bulky organic manures and crop residues, Manuring on sight, Manuring potentials, Green Manuring, Production and promotion of organic fertilizers, Vermi composting, Response of crops to organic fertilizers, Phosphate solubilizing, Bacillus thuringiensis, Crop residue management, Integrated nutrient management towards sustainable agriculture, Integrated farming system, Mechanism of nitrogen fixation, Economics and marketing of organic farming.

5. www.entrepreneurindia.co As we have seen, the booming development taking place in organic farming and marketing offers many opportunities. We will be able to go on contributing to the establishment of organic production systems and this could lead to changes in life style and consumption patterns that will reach far beyond food and nutrition. This book will be very helpful to soil scientists, microbiologists, biologists, students, new entrepreneurs, fertilizer industries, training centers and to all those interested in efficient use and sustainable farming.

6. www.entrepreneurindia.co Table of Contents 1. SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE Evolution of Sustainable Agriculture Sustainable Livelihood 2. NATIONAL PROGRAMME ON ORGANIC FARMING National Programme for Organic Production Operational Structure of NPOP Accreditation Agencies Evaluating Agency Accredited Inspection and Certification Agencies Inspectors

7. www.entrepreneurindia.co Accreditation Regulation 2001 Committee for Accreditation Application for Accreditation Updating and Renewal of Accreditation Power to Issue Guidelines Logo Suspension/Termination of Accreditation Categories for Accreditation Reciprocity The National Standards for Organic Products Guidelines for Organic Production and Processing Package of Practices

8. www.entrepreneurindia.co 3. INTEGRATION WITH ORGANICS AND BIOFERTILIZERS Fertilizers Nutrient Uptake and Removal by Crops Fertility Status of Soils Crop Responses to Fertilizer Application Optimum Application Rates Integration of Diverse Sources of Plant Nutrients Some Basic Issues Farmyard Manure Green Manures Rhizobium Blue Green Algae Azolla Conclusions

9. www.entrepreneurindia.co 4. BULKY ORGANIC MANURES AND CROP RESIDUES Organic Manures and Their Composition Potential and Available Supplies Technologies for Quicker and Better Compost Production Competing Uses of Resources Fate of Organic Materials in Soil Effect on Soil Properties Effect on Crop Yields Long-term Effects of Organic Manures Management Aspects Constraints in Adoption Future Research Needs

10. www.entrepreneurindia.co 5. MANURING ON SIGHT In-situ Manuring by Animal The System Advantages Limitations Verification of Farmers Experiences Sustainability Prospects In-situ Manuring with Plants (Green Manures) Benefits of Using Green Manures Enhance Soil Fertility Supplement for Nutrients Improved Soil Structure Prevention of Soil Erosion Weed Control

11. www.entrepreneurindia.co Method of Use Green Manuring in Situ Green Leaf Manuring Place in Farming System Green Manures in Rotation Green Manures and Undersowing Long Term Green Manures Green Manures as Mulch Green Manures in Agroforestry Management of Green Manuring Time of Sowing and Seed Rate Seed Treatment Stem Cuttings Mixed Cropping Inter Cropping

12. www.entrepreneurindia.co Border Planting Phosphorus Response Digging in Green Manures The Choice of Green Manure Other Important Considerations Achieving Sustainability in the Use of Green Manures Sustainability Experiences Worldwide Conclusions 6. MANURING POTENTIALS Available Potential of Organic Materials for Ex-Stu Manuring Organic Resources and Potential Livestock and Human Wastes

13. www.entrepreneurindia.co Crop Residues, Tree Wastes and Aquatic Weeds Urban and Rural Wastes Agro-Industries Byproducts Marine Wastes Agricultural Waste Crop Residues Agro-industrial Wastes Rice Husk Bagasse Pressmud Tea Wastes Coir Waste Characteristics of Agricultural Wastes Nitrogen Phosphorus

14. www.entrepreneurindia.co pH Bio Plant Growth Promoters Livestock Wastes Type of Production Unit Species and Age of Animal Other Factors Beef Cattle Slotted Floors Dairy Cattle Utilization of Agricultural Organic Waste Recycling of Organic Materials for Fertilization Organic Mulch Concentrated Organic Manures Aquatic Weeds Aquatic Weeds as Source of Energy

15. Aquatic Weeds as Organic Manures Oilcakes How to Use Oilcakes Cattle, Pig, and Poultry Manures Poultry Litter Grown Cage Grown Meat-meal Bloodmeal Fishmeal Horn-and-hoofmeal Collection and Storage of Organic Waste Economic Value of Organic Waste Availability of Organic Waste in India www.entrepreneurindia.co

16. Processing of Agriculture Waste Conclusion Economic Considerations Public Policy 7. GREEN MANURING : NUTRIENT POTENTIALS AND MANAGEMENT Green Manures Role of Green Manuring in Cropping Systems Fate of Green Manures on Application to Soils Availability of Essential Nutrients Crop Responses and Residual Effects Green Manure Management Residual and Long-term Effects Economics of Green Manuring www.entrepreneurindia.co

17. Constraints of Green Manuring Future Research Needs Conclusions 8. PRODUCTION, DISTRIBUTION AND PROMOTION OF ORGANIC FERTILIZERS Definition and Classification Practical Significance of Biofertilizers Requirement of Biofertilizers Production Technology of Biofertilizers Production of Biofertilizers Standards and Quality Control Government Support and Programmes Constraints www.entrepreneurindia.co

18. Areas for Future Development Conclusions 9. VERMI COMPOSTING Earthworms as Indicators of Soil Fertility Earthworms and Plant Growth Interaction of Vermicompost-Earthworm-Mulch-Plantroot Vermicompost Recycling of Wastes Through Verm-composting Minimizing Pollution Hazard Advantages of Vermi-Compost Adverse Effects on Crops Economic Viability Vermiculture Process Selection of Suitable Species www.entrepreneurindia.co

19. Epiges Endoges Aneciques Basic Characteristics of Suitable Species Fixing Earthworms for Identification Transport of Fixed Worms to Laboratory Description of Suitable Species Family: Lumbricidae Eisenia foetida (Sav.) Family: Eudrilidae Eudrilus eugeniae (Kinb.) Family: Megascolecidae Lampito mauritii (Kinb.) Metaphire anomala Mich. (= Pheretima anomala) Metaphire posthuma (= Pheretima posthuma) www.entrepreneurindia.co

20. Perionyx excavatus E. Perr. Perionyx Sansbaricus Michaelson Maintenance of Base Culture Vermicomposting Materials Animal Dung Agricultural Waste Forestry Wastes City Leaf Litter Waste Paper and Cotton Cloth etc. City Refuge Biogas Slurry Industrial Wastes Preliminary Treatment of Composting Material Pre-Treatment of Leaf Litter and Agricultural Waste www.entrepreneurindia.co

21. Small Scale or Indoor Vermicomposting Large Scale or Outdoor Vermicomposting Requirements for Vermicomposting Container Bedding Material Moisture Content Temperature Initiation of Vermiculture in India 10. RESPONSE OF CROPS TO ORGANIC FERTILIZERS IN SALT AFFECTED SOILS Response of Crops in Salt-Affected Soils of Punjab and Haryana www.entrepreneurindia.co

22. 11. PHOSPHATE SOLUBILIZING SOIL ACTINOMYCETES AS BIOFERTILIZERS Material and Methods Results and Discussion Summary 12. VERMICOMPOSTING OF KITCHEN WASTE Material and Methods Results and Discussion Conclusion 13. BACILLUS THURINGIENSIS : AN EFFECTIVE BIOINSECTICIDE Criteria for Microbial Insecticide Material and Methods www.entrepreneurindia.co

23. Results Discussion Summary 14. COMPOSTING OF AGRICULTURAL AND INDUSTRIAL WASTES Definition Principles of Composting Agricultural Wastes Methods for Composting of Agricultural Wastes Indore Method Activated Compost Banglore Method NADEP Compost Coimbatore Method www.entrepreneurindia.co

24. Synthetic Compost Windrow Composting (Leaf Compost) Accelerated Composting and Enrichment Vermi-composting Animal Waste Composting Oil Palm Waste Composting Phospho-Compost Reinforced Compost from Sugarcane Trash and Pressmud Enriched FYM (EFYM) Weed Composting Composting of Parthenium Hints for Composting Agricultural Wastes Industrial Wastes Composting of Coir Pith Composting of Pressmud www.entrepreneurindia.co

25. Using Distillery Effluent Using Microbial Inoculum Using Pressmud and Distillery Effluent Conclusion Future Needs 15. CROP RESIDUE MANAGEMENT Residue Management Crop Residue Potential Crop Residue Components Crop Residue Uses Effect on Soil Management Residues with Fertilizer Effect of Residues on N Fertilization Future Research Needs www.entrepreneurindia.co

26. 16. INTEGRATED NUTRIENT MANAGEMENT TOWARDS SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE Need for INM Concepts and Approaches Components of Integrated Nutrient Management Strategies Reduction of Losses from Applied Inorganic Fertilizers Application to synchronize with the demands of Crops Timing, Placement and Choice of Fertilizers Controlled Release of Nutrients Crop Choice Retention of Native Soil Nutrients Alternate or Supplementary Sources of Nutrients Biofertilizers in INM Blue Green Algae www.entrepreneurindia.co

27. Azolla Azospirillum spp. (A. Lipoferum and A. brasilense) Rhizobium Phospobacteria VAM Organic Manures Municipal and Sewage Wastes Composting of Organic Wastes Crop Residue Management Green Manuring Non-conventional Green Manures Oil Cakes Legumes in INM Legumes Grown in System Legumes as Intercrops www.entrepreneurindia.co

28. INM Cropping System Rice-based Cropping System Cotton-based Cropping System Wheat-based Cropping Systems Sugarcane-based Cropping System INM and Long Term Studies Future Strategies 17. MECHANISM OF NITROGEN FIXATION 18. INTEGRATED FARMING SYSTEM Definitions Advantages of IFS 1. Productivity 2. Profitability www.entrepreneurindia.co

29. 3. Potentiality/Sustainability 4. Balanced Food 5. Environmental Safety 6. Recycling 7. Income Round the Year 8. Adoption of New Technology 9. Saving Energy 10. Meeting Fodder Crisis 11. Solving Fuel and Timber Crisis 12. Employment Generation 13. Agro-industries 14. Increasing Input Efficiency 15. Increasing the Standard of Living of the Farmer www.entrepreneurindia.co

30. Integration of Subsystem in Farming System Aquaculture Paddy-cum-fish Culture Duck-cum-Fish Culture Fish-cum-Poultry Farming Fish-cum-Pig Farming Sericulture and Fish Farming Biogas Plants Mushroom Cultivation Mushroom Cultivation Spawn Running Room Cropping Room Approximate Size of the Rack of Cropping Room Materials Required www.entrepreneurindia.co

31. Preparation of Cylindrical Beds Making Ready the Substrate Making Ready the Polythene Bags Making Ready the Spawn Spawning the Bed Spawn Running and Opening of Beds Cropping Harvesting Mushroom Packing and Storage Animal Husbandry Dairy Farming Sheep and Goat Piggery Rabbit Poultry Farming www.entrepreneurindia.co

32. Japanese Quail Ducks Pigeons Disease Agroforestry (i) Agri-silviculture System (ii) Silvipasture System (iii) Silvi-horti-pastural System I. Coastal Alluvium II. Riverine Alluvium III. Red Gravelly Soil IV. Lateritic Soil V. Black Soil (clay loam soil) VI. Sandy Red Loam www.entrepreneurindia.co

33. VII. Calcareous Soil VIII. Problem Soils (a) Saline and Alkaline Soils (b) Mined Areas (c) Theri Soils Sericulture Manuring Season Planting Quantity of Cuttings Varieties Pruning Leaf Harvest www.entrepreneurindia.co

34. Leaf Yield Silkworm Rearing Life Cycle IFS under lowland Condition IFS Under Garden Land Conditions IFS Under Rainfed Conditions Coconut based Integrated Farming System Crop Components Future Needs 19. RECOMMENDATIONS 20. ECONOMICS AND MARKETING OF ORGANIC FARMING Economic Viability www.entrepreneurindia.co

35. The Challenge of Going Organic Farm Production and Profit Microeconomic Aspects Output Mix Output Value Input Mix Input Value Labor Costs Benefits for Farmers Employment Generation Total Concept Approach Rural and Community Development Quality of Organic Product Product Prices The Organic Market www.entrepreneurindia.co

36. Growth Constraints and Opportunities Unfair Trends in the Market Fair Trade Fair Trade and Trade Development Small Farmers Disadvantaged Dilemma Fair Trade Labeling Promoters of Fair Trade Action for Fair Trade Progress in Fair Trade Marketing Protectionism Priority to Local Economics Strengthening Local Economics www.entrepreneurindia.co

37. Critical Factors Challenges Trade Opportunities New Opportunities in a Growing Market Alternative Markets Role of the Trader Quality Guarantee The Consumer Retailing Arrangements Dilemma of the Farmer Processing Marketing of Perishables organic Produce-study in Bangalore, India www.entrepreneurindia.co

38. Fruits and Coconuts Milk Potatoes Exclusive Outlets for Organic Products Lessons Learnt Certification of Organic Produce The Standards Trading Serious Barriers Meaning of Certified Organic Partnerships are Needed Organic Farmers and Export Markets: The Role of Co- operative - Case Study form India www.entrepreneurindia.co

39. IFOAM and Certification IFOAM and Accreditation Organic Foods Certification in India Introduction of Certification in India for Organic Agri Exports Suggestion India Needs Conclusion www.entrepreneurindia.co

40. www.entrepreneurindia.co Niir Project Consultancy Services (NPCS) can provide Process Technology Book on Organic Farming and Processing See more http://goo.gl/KWQRlu http://goo.gl/AKUdpd

41. https://goo.gl/VstWkd www.entrepreneurindia.cowww.niir.org

42. Locate us on Google Maps https://goo.gl/maps/BKkUtq9gevT2 www.entrepreneurindia.co

43. www.entrepreneurindia.co

44. o One of the leading reliable names in industrial world for providing the most comprehensive technical consulting services o We adopt a systematic approach to provide the strong fundamental support needed for the effective delivery of services to our Clients’ in India & abroad Who are we? www.entrepreneurindia.co

45. o Project Identification o Detailed Project Reports/Pre-feasibility Reports o Business Plan o Industry Trends o Market Research Reports o Technology Books and Directory o Databases on CD-ROM o Laboratory Testing Services o Turnkey Project Consultancy/Solutions o Entrepreneur India (An Industrial Monthly Journal) What do we offer? www.entrepreneurindia.co

46. o We have two decades long experience in project consultancy and market research field o We empower our customers with the prerequisite know-how to take sound business decisions o We help catalyze business growth by providing distinctive and profound market analysis o We serve a wide array of customers , from individual entrepreneurs to Corporations and Foreign Investors o We use authentic & reliable sources to ensure business precision How are we different ? www.entrepreneurindia.co

47. Our Approach Requirement collection Thorough analysis of the project Economic feasibility study of the Project Market potential survey/research Report Compilation www.entrepreneurindia.co

48. Who do we serve? o Public-sector Companies o Corporates o Government Undertakings o Individual Entrepreneurs o NRI’s o Foreign Investors o Non-profit Organizations, NBFC’s o Educational Institutions o Embassies & Consulates o Consultancies o Industry / trade associations www.entrepreneurindia.co

49. Sectors We Cover o Ayurvedic And Herbal Medicines, Herbal Cosmetics o Alcoholic And Non Alcoholic Beverages, Drinks o Adhesives, Industrial Adhesive, Sealants, Glues, Gum & Resin o Activated Carbon & Activated Charcoal o Aluminium And Aluminium Extrusion Profiles & Sections, o Bio-fertilizers And Biotechnology o Breakfast Snacks And Cereal Food o Bicycle Tyres & Tubes, Bicycle Parts, Bicycle Assembling www.entrepreneurindia.co

50. Sectors We Cover Cont… o Bamboo And Cane Based Projects o Building Materials And Construction Projects o Biodegradable & Bioplastic Based Projects o Chemicals (Organic And Inorganic) o Confectionery, Bakery/Baking And Other Food o Cereal Processing o Coconut And Coconut Based Products o Cold Storage For Fruits & Vegetables o Coal & Coal Byproduct www.entrepreneurindia.co

51. Sectors We Cover Cont… o Copper & Copper Based Projects o Dairy/Milk Processing o Disinfectants, Pesticides, Insecticides, Mosquito Repellents, o Electrical, Electronic And Computer based Projects o Essential Oils, Oils & Fats And Allied o Engineering Goods o Fibre Glass & Float Glass o Fast Moving Consumer Goods o Food, Bakery, Agro Processing www.entrepreneurindia.co

52. Sectors We Cover Cont… o Fruits & Vegetables Processing o Ferro Alloys Based Projects o Fertilizers & Biofertilizers o Ginger & Ginger Based Projects o Herbs And Medicinal Cultivation And Jatropha (Biofuel) o Hotel & Hospitability Projects o Hospital Based Projects o Herbal Based Projects o Inks, Stationery And Export Industries www.entrepreneurindia.co

53. Sectors We Cover Cont… o Infrastructure Projects o Jute & Jute Based Products o Leather And Leather Based Projects o Leisure & Entertainment Based Projects o Livestock Farming Of Birds & Animals o Minerals And Minerals o Maize Processing(Wet Milling) & Maize Based Projects o Medical Plastics, Disposables Plastic Syringe, Blood Bags o Organic Farming, Neem Products Etc. www.entrepreneurindia.co

54. Sectors We Cover Cont… o Paints, Pigments, Varnish & Lacquer o Paper And Paper Board, Paper Recycling Projects o Printing Inks o Packaging Based Projects o Perfumes, Cosmetics And Flavours o Power Generation Based Projects & Renewable Energy Based Projects o Pharmaceuticals And Drugs o Plantations, Farming And Cultivations o Plastic Film, Plastic Waste And Plastic Compounds o Plastic, PVC, PET, HDPE, LDPE Etc. www.entrepreneurindia.co

55. Sectors We Cover Cont… o Potato And Potato Based Projects o Printing And Packaging o Real Estate, Leisure And Hospitality o Rubber And Rubber Products o Soaps And Detergents o Stationary Products o Spices And Snacks Food o Steel & Steel Products o Textile Auxiliary And Chemicals www.entrepreneurindia.co

56. Sectors We Cover Cont… o Township & Residential Complex o Textiles And Readymade Garments o Waste Management & Recycling o Wood & Wood Products o Water Industry(Packaged Drinking Water & Mineral Water) o Wire & Cable www.entrepreneurindia.co

57. Niir Project Consultancy Services 106-E, Kamla Nagar, New Delhi-110007, India. Email: [email protected] , [email protected] Tel: +91-11-23843955, 23845654, 23845886 Mobile: +91-9811043595 Fax: +91-11-23841561 Website : www.niir.org www.entrepreneurindia.co Take a look at NIIR PROJECT CONSULTANCY SERVICES on #StreetView https://goo.gl/VstWkd www.niir.org www.entrepreneurindia.co

58. www.niir.org Follow Us www.entrepreneurindia.co

59. For more information, visit us at: www.entrepreneurindia.co

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