humanities Music final na ito

Information about humanities Music final na ito

Published on July 23, 2014

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PowerPoint Presentation: M U S I C PowerPoint Presentation: Music is sound that is pleasing to the ear. Music is sound and silence organized in time. Music is sound that you want to hear as music. Music is composed of tones and silences organized in such a manner as to convey the emotions and ideas conceived by the composer. Nature of Music: Nature of Music The nature of music can be examined according to its (1) acoustical characteristics and (2) artistic qualities, that is, power to communicate feelings and images and our capacity to respond to them and to the music itself. Physical Characteristics: Physical Characteristics The physical characteristics of music involve principles of acoustic, physics, mathematics, and engineering. PowerPoint Presentation: Music is a Science. Acoustics is the science of sound and the physical basis of music. Music is Sound and Silence. Music is an aural phenomenon; we listen and respond to its sound. Music moves through Time. Music moves from one moment to the next as do motion picture.. Cultural, Artistic and Functional Qualities: Cultural, Artistic and Functional Qualities PowerPoint Presentation: Music is an Art . Great music, as with the works of art, can have universal appeal, may be remembered for hundreds of years, and has degree of substance that challenges the listener and the performer. Music is a Universal Phenomenon . Music exists in all nations and among all people and has existed as far back in time as we know about people and their cultures. the musical languages, styles, and functions have differed considerably. PowerPoint Presentation: Music is a means of Expression . Music can communicate feelings and images and can generate aesthetic responses, responses that may be universal and transcend cultural boundaries or may be culture-specific ( nonuniversal ). Music is a Psychological Phenomenon . Music has the ability to affect and change people’s feelings and attitudes. Music is used therapeutically to help physically and mentally challenged people. PowerPoint Presentation: Music Changes . Music changes as the society it serves changes and because people’s needs and tastes change. Music as a process . People of all ages are involved in the process of music as creators , performers , or listeners . Without these three functions, music does not exist. MUSIC AS A PROCESS: MUSIC AS A PROCESS Creative Process: The Creative Process : the process is choosing the elements of sound and organizing them in some way to achieve a desired result—the creator’s own piece of music. Creative Process Performance Process: Performance Process It is interpretative with the goal of adhering as closely as possible to the intentions of the creator. A performer will interpret a piece of music based at times on deliberate choices and other times on his or her musical instincts. Listening Process: Listening Process It can be passive as with background music, or active as with going to a concert or listening attentively to a favourite CD. Music Appreciation: Music Appreciation It is the acquired ability to listen to music intelligently. It implies two important facts: that the ability to appreciate music is not inborn, and ( 2) that it may be acquired by anyone who makes up his mind to do so. MEDIUM OF MUSIC: MEDIUM OF MUSIC PowerPoint Presentation: INSTRUMENTAL MEDIUM VOCAL MEDIUM MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS: MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS Most musical instruments have three things in common: a part which vibrates, a part which amplifies the sound by bouncing off the vibrations away from the instrument, and a system for producing and regulating fixed pitches GROUPS OF MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS: GROUPS OF MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS Stringed Instruments Wind Instruments: Woodwinds - originally made up of wood Brasses - usually made of brass or some other metal Percussion choir: Those that produce musical tones and have definite pitch, and The noisemakers, which do not have definite pitch Keyboard instruments Stringed Instruments: Stringed Instruments E.g. Violin, viola, violoncello(cello), double bass, harp, and guitar Woodwind Instruments They are found behind the orchestra which consist of tubes, usually made of wood, which have holes on the side. E.g. flute, piccolo. Other do have reeds at the mouthpiece. E.g. clarinet, oboe, bassoon, English horn, double bassoon, saxophone, etc. Brass Instruments: Brass Instruments All brass instruments consist of cylindrical bass tube of varying length. This tube is either doubled on itself or coiled and expands into a bell-shaped end. Other brass instruments are played in military and outdoor bands. E.g. trumpet, French horn, trombone, tuba. Percussion Instruments: Percussion Instruments Include almost any instrument that is sounded by striking, shaking and scratching with the hands or with another object. They are used to emphasize the rhythm, generate excitement, and enliven the orchestral sound. E.g. kettledrums/tympani, chimes, glockenspiel, xylophone, vibraphone, gong, cymbals, bass & snare drums, tambourine, etc. Keyboard Instruments: Keyboard Instruments They are equipped with keyboards occasionally play with the symphony orchestra. The piano is the most familiar example. Others are harpsichord, celesta, and organ(king of the instruments). String Instruments: String Instruments Wind Instruments: Wind Instruments Brass Instruments: Brass Instruments Percussion Instruments: Percussion Instruments Keyboard Instruments: Keyboard Instruments INSTRUMENTAL GROUPS: INSTRUMENTAL GROUPS A big gathering of instrumentalists having the string section as its nucleus is called ORCHESTRA . It is generally composed of four choirs: strings, woodwinds, brasses, and percussion. A BAND is composed mostly of wind and percussion instruments with only few strings or none at all. Smaller groups are those which play chamber music. E.g. woodwind quintet, string quartet, and piano quartet. CONDUCTOR: CONDUCTOR The one who is in charge to keep the members playing together harmoniously. He/She selects the program for each concert, rehearses the orchestra, and conducts the orchestra. HUMAN VOICE: HUMAN VOICE It is rather like a wind instrument. Human voices are classified according to range and tone quality: Soprano —high-pitched female Alto —low-pitched female Tenor —high-pitched male Bass —low-pitched male Mezzoprano – combining the soprano and alto Baritone – lying between tenor and bass SOUND: SOUND In music, what confronts the audience is tones. this is the physical property—sound. All sound is produced by vibrations. When the vibrations are regular, tones or musical sounds are produced. When the vibrations are irregular, noise results Sounds in general—both tones and noise—has four qualities: timbre , pitch , intensity , and duration. 4 Qualities of Sound: 4 Qualities of Sound Timbre Pitch Duration Intensity TIMBRE: TIMBRE Timbre, tone color , or tone quality, refers to the quality which enables us to distinguish one sound from another, an instrument from another, a friend’s voice or singer’s voice from that of another . PITCH: PITCH Pitch refers to the relative highness or lowness of a tone. It is the result of the frequency of vibrations: the faster the vibrations(the higher the frequency), the higher the pitch . DURATION: DURATION Duration, third quality of sound, refers to the length of time which a sound occupies—how long is sound heard. The duration of sound depends on how long the vibrating object continues to vibrate . INTENSITY: INTENSITY Intensity refers to the loudness or softness of a sound. This results from the pressure or force which is used to cause the vibrations that produce sound. PowerPoint Presentation: Musical notation consists of symbols by means of which the composer tells those who will play his composition the pitch, the duration (time value), and the intensity of the tones he has in mind. His choice of instrument/s or voices which will play or sing his compositions shows his use of timbre. Elements of Music: Elements of Music rhythm , melody , harmony , tone color , texture , and form . Rhythm : Rhythm Music is composed of tones and silences of varying durations, moving through time. It is the most basic element of music, the only one which can exist independently of the others. It refers to the distribution of notes in time . The appeal of rhythm is physical. MELODY: MELODY Melody is pitch added to rhythm. The terms tune, air, theme, motif, and melodic line all mean the same thing as melody . The appeal of melody is emotional. Melody has four characteristics or properties: dimension , progression , direction , and register . 4 CHARACTERISTICS OF MELODY: 4 CHARACTERISTICS OF MELODY Dimension Progression Direction Register PowerPoint Presentation: Dimension . A melody may be long or short. The length of a melody is relative to the number of measures which compose it. Generally speaking, popular songs consist of one, two, or more melodies which are repeated several times. The second dimension of melody is range . Range refers to the distance between the highest and lowest notes in the melody. Progression . As the melody moves from one note to note, we hear it going higher or lower, or perhaps we hear the same pitch. When melody moves within a narrow range, we hear it as movement within a small space; if it moves throughout a wide range, we hear it as moving within a large or wide space. PowerPoint Presentation: Direction . Direction considers the general upward or downward trend of the series of notes that compose the melody. Register . Register refers to the location of most of the notes of a melody, whether they are mostly high-, medium-, or low-pitched. This could be described as wide or narrow. Register considers the pitch of most of the notes. HARMONY: HARMONY Harmony is the simultaneous sounding of tones. Melody is the horizontal aspect of music; harmony is its vertical aspect. An interval is the difference in pitch between two tones. PowerPoint Presentation: Tonality is another quality of music which is closely related to harmony. Tonality results when a single key is used, thus providing a tonal center . When music is composed using two or more keys, it is called polytonal . PowerPoint Presentation: Multitonal or displaced tonality refers to music in which the composer shifts from one key center to another so rapidly that the key feeling is destroyed or disturbed. Atonal music is music in which the composer avoids any feeling of key at all times. Atonality and polytonality are characteristics of modern music, a great contrast to the tonal music composed in previous centuries. TONE COLOR: TONE COLOR Tone color is the result of tempo, dynamics, and the timbre of the medium/media. Dynamics refers to the changes from loud to soft in a musical composition. Tempo refers to the speed at which music may move . PowerPoint Presentation: The tempo and dynamics of a musical competition contribute to the tension and excitement that is generated in the listener. TEXTURE: TEXTURE It then refers to the characteristic disposition and relationship between melody and harmony . There are three distinct types of texture: monophonic , homophonic , and polyphonic textures. A fourth, non-melodic texture, is not found in many compositions and occurs mainly in contemporary and modern music. FORM: FORM Musical structure or musical form is the over-all plan or design of a musical piece. The composer starts with an idea—theme. We recognize a piece or a song by its theme. A musical composition may have sectional form or may follow variation form or the sonata-allegro form ; or it may be a compound structure in which two or more of the types of plans are used. PowerPoint Presentation: The binary form consists of two main sections. It may present only one musical idea. The important thing is the repetition of these ideas. The ternary form has three main sections, the middle contrasting with the first and the third . PowerPoint Presentation: Contrapuntal forms are based on the presence of two or more melodies which point up a tune and its harmonic elements by similarity or contrast rather than on sectional divisions. the easiest contrapuntal form to comprehend is the canon. The contrapuntal form is used in some choral compositions, like the motet and the madrigal . PowerPoint Presentation: The motet is a religious composition; its text is usually in Latin and taken from the Bible. The words The madrigal is a kind of secular counterpart of the motet. Music and poetry are combined. and the melody are not original. PowerPoint Presentation: Compound structures consist of more than one movement. A movement is a composition which may be heard as a complete and independent work by itself, even if it forms a part of a larger composition. PowerPoint Presentation: A sonata is a composition in three or four movements. the first movement is fast and consists of three sections: exposition , development , and recapitulation . Concerto: Concerto A concerto is a composition in sonata form. It differs from the sonata in that one movement—the third—is omitted. It gives the performer the chance to display his technique and artistry for the composition. Opera & Oratorio: Opera & Oratorio The opera and oratorio are compound structures for voices. The opera is dram set to music which encompasses poetry, scenery, costumes, and acting, as well as dancing. Oratoria is a dramatic, religious work, but it is performed without staging, costumes, or scenery. PowerPoint Presentation: Free forms refer to compositions which are neither sectional or polyphonic. There is no strict adherence to any of the traditional forms. Some of the familiar free forms are the prelude, the fantasia and capriccio, and the symphonic poem. Free forms PowerPoint Presentation: The prelude started out as short composition which was intended as an introduction to a larger compositions. The fantasia and capriccio are fanciful and unrestricted compositions. Symphonic poems are also known as tone poems. These are for orchestra. FORM: FORM GENERIC FORMS : Forms that are common in many musical styles which include two-part or binary and three-part forms. SPECIFIC FORMS : thirty-two-bar song form is found in nearly all styles derived from Western European musical traditions: art songs, religious music, folk songs, and both old and current jazz and popular tunes; and twelve-bar blues . Genre of Music: Genre of Music It is the type of classification of music Music can be divided into many genres in many different ways:: Music can be divided into many genres in many different ways: Classical music and art music Electronic Music Traditional Music Popular Music Folk Music Classical & Art Music: Classical & Art Music Classical music and art music are terms that have been used to refer to music of different cultural origins and traditions. Such traditions often date to a period regarded as the "golden age" of music for a particular culture. E.g. Afghan classical music ( Klasik ), Azerbaijani Mugham , Cambodian ceremonial music ( Pinpeat ), Chinese traditional music, Indonesian art music (Gamelan), Indian classical music, Korean court music, Mandé  art music ( Griot ), European classical music, and Persian classical music Electronic music: Electronic music It is music that employs electronic instruments and electronic music technology in its production. In general a distinction can be made between sound produced using electromechanical means and that produced using electronic technology. Traditional Music: Traditional Music They are songs and tunes which have been performed, by custom, over a long period (usually several generations). They are most often folk songs, country dance or similar types of folk music but they can also be pieces from known early composers and may have been the "pop music " of their time. Traditional Music: It was transmitted through an oral tradition. The music was often related to national culture. They commemorate historical and personal events. Lack of copyright on songs Fusion of cultures Non-commercial Traditional Music Popular Music: Popular Music Popular music belongs to any of a number of musical genres "having wide appeal" and is typically distributed to large audiences through the music industry. Popular music is a generic term for music of all ages that appeals to popular tastes, whereas pop music usually refers to a specific musical genre. Folk Music: Folk Music Folk Music is generally associated with what one might call the common people, laborers whose songs reflect their lives. Organizations of Music: Organizations of Music Passage Piece Cycle Passage: Passage The smallest level of construction concerns the way musical phrases are organized into musical "sentences" and "paragraphs" such as the verse of a song. Verse-form or meter of words PowerPoint Presentation: Verse Twinkle, twinkle, little star, How I wonder what you are. Up above the world so high, Like the diamond in the sky measurement PowerPoint Presentation: Rhyming words at the end of each line It can be AABB which is called as binary or AABA or also known as ternary Piece: Piece The next level that concerns the entire structure of any single more or less self-contained musical piece. PowerPoint Presentation: Types Strophic - repeats the same musical material indefinitely Theme and Variations- repeats with distinct, sustained changes each time (setting, ornamentation or instrumentation) Binary Form- two distinctly different themes are alternated indefinitely Ternary Form- theme is played (perhaps twice), then a new theme is introduced, the piece then closing with a return to the first theme Cycle: Cycle The grandest level of organization is sometimes called "cyclical form" : it concerns the arrangement of several more or less self-contained pieces into a large-scale composition . Philippine music: Philippine music Philippine music (pre-spanish period): Philippine music (pre-spanish period) Filipinos are said to be Musical Peoples. In most cases, singing is accompanied by dancing. They used Bamboo canes, Palm leaves and bark of trees to write their songs and a piece of sharp stick or iron for their pen. Even their instruments were made of Bamboo and wood which indicated their primitiveness. PowerPoint Presentation: Functions of their music: Religious Social life Characteristics of their Music: Recitative Mostly simple two note music Example of these are: Dal-lot – a song sung by farmers during wedding, baptismal and others parties accompanied by Kutibeng (guitar). Pamulinawen – is a love song Dung-aw – is a song requesting a dead person to be good in his next life. Origin of their music: Early Filipinos music was influenced by trade relations other races like: Malays Indonesians Arabs Chinese Indo-Chinese Japanese and Hindus Origin of their music Music according to their category:: Ordinary songs ( diyuna , talindaw ) Street songs ( indulamin , suliranin ) Sorrow ( dalit , umbay ) Wedding ( ihiman ) Rowing ( tigpasin , kalusan ) Lullaby ( hele-hele , hili , oyayi , iyaya ) Success (baling- kungkong , dapayanin , hiliran , sambotani , tagumpay ) House ( tingad ) General merry making ( kalipay ) Counting ( urukay ) Music according to their category: Musical airs from different regions: Bontoc Province: Ayegkha Pagpag Bontoc Annaoy Davao Toddonan Igorot Milling Ayoweng Agusan Tub-ob Zambales Whistle Sulu Tungungo Musical airs from different regions PowerPoint Presentation: Negros Kalooye Nueva Icija Kadumang Abra Diwdiw -as Bunkaka Batanes Kalusan Benguet Igorot Bukidnon Dilay -on PowerPoint Presentation: Forms Their songs were more of recitative but the melody exudes customs, traditions and aspirations. Origins Most of the songs were adapted to other countries who traded with them, like: Malays Indonesians others Philippine music (spanish period): Philippine music (spanish period) More conservative style of sacred music. Minor key at the beginning shifts to a major key in the 2 nd -half Kundiman. Canto Ilocano, monophonic unmeasured style notated utilizing note shapes diferrent from the neumes of Gregorian chant (composition of the Kirial). Canto de Oregano, simple polyphonic settings in to two or more vocal portraying. Religiosity and Musicality – salvation of self-expression Vocal forms: Lullabies ( owiwi, dagdagay, oppia , lagan bata-bata, bua, and kawayanna) didactic/figurative Occupational dinaweg (boar), the kellangan (shark-fishing), and the didayu (wine-making) Occasional appros, nan-sob-oy, sarongkawit, dikir War Love ading, sindil Vocal forms Partners and characteristics: Improvisation Low and limited range of notes Melodic ornamentations Greater variety of voice quality Chant-like monotone singing in most groups Rhythmic freedom large number of reiterated and marked accents on one vowel Partners and characteristics Spanish-european influenced: Spanish-european influenced Liturgical music Gregorian chant Pasyon Secular music Harana Kundiman Rondalla harana: Traditional form of courtship music in which a man woos a woman by singing underneath her window at night. Structure based on the plosa . Pananapatan, pasasalamat, pagtumbok, paghilig, pamamaalam . harana kundiman: A lyrical song made popular in the Philippines in the early 19th century. Almost all traditional Filipino love songs in this genre are heavy with poetic emotion. kundiman rondalla: Patterned after estudiantina and comparasa . Plucked string ensemble . Bandurria, Laud, Octavina, Guitar, and Bajo de Uñas rondalla American influenced: Neo-classicism Conservatory of Music popularity of American rock’n’roll, pop music, dance, and disco “tunog-lata” American influenced Philippine songs: Philippine songs Tagulaylay: counterpart of “lamentation”. Palimos: song for begging. Kumintang: originated in Balyan, Batangas a. Kumintang of the conquest b. Kumintang of the Balayan c. Kumintang with which the Awits are accompanied PowerPoint Presentation: Examples “La Tagala” --Jose Estella “Amihan” --Antonio Molina “Auras de Terruno” --Juan S. Hernandez “Pagdilidli” --Lucino Sacramento Awit Examples: “Awit” --F. Santiago “Ang Ulila” --Antonio Molina “Batingaw na Pilak” --Antonio Molina PowerPoint Presentation: Balitaw Balitaw Mayor Visayan Balitaw Tagalog Balitaw Dansa Menor Examples: “Hating-gabi” --Antonio Molina “Sampaguita” --Dalores Paterno “Ay, Ay, Kalisud” --Visayan Folksong Philippine modern music: Philippine modern music PowerPoint Presentation: Original Pilipino Music, now more commonly termed Original Pinoy Music or Original Philippine Music, (frequently abbreviated to OPM) originally referred only to Philippine pop songs, especially those in the ballad form. Having successfully created a subgenre of Philippine Rock they called Bisrock , the Visayans by far have the biggest collection of modern music in their native language PowerPoint Presentation: Inspired by what the locals call " Kapampangan cultural renaissance," Angeles City-born balladeer Ronnie Liang rendered Kapampangan translations of some of his popular songs such as " Ayli " ( Kapampangan version of " Ngiti "), and " Ika " ( Kapampangan version of " Ikaw ") for his repackaged album.. Best-Selling Albums: Best-Selling Albums Christmas in Our Hearts 1990 Jose Mari Chan (20x Platinum) Constant Change 1989 Jose Mari Chan (10x Platinum) Cutterpillow 1995 Eraserheads (10x Platinum) Nina Live! 2005 Nina (8x Platinum) Forevermore EP 1995 Side A (8x Platinum) Paraiso 1991 Smokey Mountain (8x Platinum) Smokey Mountain 1989 Smokey Mountain (8x Platinum) Halik 2000 Aegis (7x Platinum) Ten Years Together 1980 APO Hiking Society (7x Platinum) 10 Habang May Buhay 1995 Donna Cruz (7x Platinum) Philippine rock music: Philippine rock music Grandfathers of pinoy rock: Grandfathers of pinoy rock Pepe Smith Mike Hanopol Wally Gonzales PowerPoint Presentation: Filipino Rock “Killer Joe” by Rocky Fellers Manila Sound Folk rock Original Pinoy Music Filipino Hip Hop and RnB Characteristics: Characteristics Philippine rock musicians added folk music, and other influences Pop-rock groups became more popular among teens The Neo-Traditional genre in Philippine music is also gaining popularity Vocal music is more important than instrumental music An aim of appealing to a general audience, rather than to a particular sub-culture or ideology An emphasis on recording, production, and technology, over live performance PowerPoint Presentation: 1970’s Tagalog and English lyrics were both used ( Ang Miss Universe Ng Buhay Ko ). Sharon Cuneta’s first hit, " Mr DJ“. 1978 breakthrough success of Freddie Aguilar’s “ Anak ”, the most commercially successful Filipino recording in history, and was popular throughout Asia and Europe, and has been translated into numerous language by singers worldwide. Asin  also broke into the music scene at the same time and were very popular. PowerPoint Presentation: 1980’s Rock music became the music of Filipino protesters. Aguilar's " Bayan Ko " became popular during the 1986 revolution. Punk Rock scene developed, led by bands like Betrayed, The Jerks and Urban Bandits. New Wave was spearheaded by The Dawn. Filipino hip-hop music or  Pinoy Rap  was born with songs by Dyords Javier ("Na Onseng Delight") and Vincent Dafalong (" Nunal "). Freddie aguilar: Freddie aguilar Freddie Aguilar, popular Filipino folk musician whose music came to symbolise the People Power struggles of the 1980's PowerPoint Presentation: 1990’s Emergence of a superstar pop-rock group, the Eraserheads , considered by many Philippine nationals as the number one group in the Philippine recording scene. Joey Ayala, popular Filipino Neo-Traditional Artist, rediscoverred the indigenous genres in modern Filipino music. Filipino rock has also developed hard rock and heavy metal bands such as Wolfgang, Razorback, Greyhounds,Queso and Fusebox . PowerPoint Presentation: "Golden Age" of Pinoy rap with Francis M.'s second album released in 1992  Rap is Francis M.  which is considered to be one of the greatest Pinoy rap albums. Hip-hop artist Andrew E found his own record label, Dongalo Wreckords as well as the successful rap group  Salbakuta . PowerPoint Presentation: Today… Home spawned bands formed such as Aegis, Bamboo, Urbandub,Imago , Kitchie Nadal , Moonstar 88, MYMP, and Sponge Cola. The millennium saw Pinoy rap's popularity transform from being considered a fad or novelty into a fully blown musical enterprise. Rap artists such as Salbakuta , Knife, Krook and J.O.L.O., Mike aka Jempot , Rap2 along with his brother Gloc-9 continue to top music charts. Opm music: Opm music Paano - Apo  Paris -  chicosci   Taralets - Imago  Define -  Hilera   Pasan -  Callalily   Ulan -  Cueshe   Sulat -  Gloc 9  Sorry -  Aiza   Jealous - Nina  Sakay - MYMP  Philippine instruments: Philippine instruments Indigenous music: Indigenous music Largely functional Expressed either instrumentally, vocally, or a combination of both iIndigenous musical instruments: Aerophones Chordophones Idiophones Membranophones i Indigenous musical instruments Aerophones: Aerophones Any musical instrument which produces sound primarily by causing a body of air to vibrate, without the use of strings or membranes, and without the vibration of the instrument itself adding considerably to the sound  Best represented by the many types of bamboo flutes that are found all over the country PowerPoint Presentation: Two by two fingerholes . Protruding mouthpiece with a hole. The instrument is decorated with carvings blackened by burning. Lip Valley Flute NoseFlute: NoseFlute The northern tribes call this  kalleleng  ( Bontoc and Kankanai ),  tongali  ( Ifugao and Kalinga) and  baliing  ( Isneg ). In the Central Philippines, it is known as  lantuy  among the Cuyunin ,  babarek among the Tagbanua and plawta among the Mangyan . PowerPoint Presentation: Long bamboo tube, closed at one end by the node in which the blowing hole is burnt. The flute has three finger holes. The blowing hole is placed under an angle against the nose and the player gently blows into the tube. Ring Flute: Ring Flute Suling of Maguindanao so called because the blowing end is encircled with a rattan ring to create mouthpiece Pipe with reed: Pipe with reed Sahunay of the Taosug. Tube with six fingerholes; mouth piece of bamboo with cut out reed; mouth shield made of coconut shell; bell made of leaf (probably bamboo) and blue plastic ribbon. chordophones: Any musical instrument which makes sound by way of a vibrating string or strings stretched between two points. Include bamboo zithers, guitars, violins, and lutes chordophones zither: A stringed instrument made from a single bamboo section, around three to four inches in diameter, with a node at each end. Serving as strings are raised narrow strips of the outer skin fibers of the bamboo itself, with the ends still attached to the body of the instrument. zither Kolitong: Kolitong Kudlung (central mindanao): Kudlung (central mindanao) Kudyapi (bukidnon): Kudyapi (bukidnon) Kudyapi/kudlung: Two stringed lute made of wood, one string for the melody, one for the drone. Eight frets originally held in place placed on the neck of the lute by a sticky rubbery substance .  The lute is decorated with floral motives; the tail is carved to represent a stylised crocodile head. Kudyapi/kudlung idiophones: Any musical instrument which creates sound primarily by way of the instrument vibrating itself, without the use of strings or membranes Include bamboo buzzers, percussion sticks and gongs idiophones Jaw harp: kubing of Maranao kolibauTingguian, ArudingTagbanua, kolibau Tingguian. a very thin slit of bamboo or brass with a narrow vibrating tongue in the middle longitudinal section considered a “speaking intrument” Jaw harp Bamboo buzzer: balingbing, or bunkaka Kalinga; batiwtiw (Central Philippines) a bamboo tube which is open or split at one end This instrument is played alone or in groups as a form and diversion or to drive away evil spirits along a forest trail. Bamboo buzzer Agung (bagobo): Agung (bagobo) bangibang: bangibang membranophones: Any musical instrument which produces sound primarily by way of a vibrating stretched membrane membranophones Dadabuan (maranao): Dadabuan (maranao) PowerPoint Presentation: Philippine Music Music of the Philippines are performance arts composed in various genre and styles. : Music of the Philippines are performance arts composed in various genre and styles . PowerPoint Presentation: The music of the Philippines is a mixture of indigenous, other Asian, European, Latin American ,and American influences. PowerPoint Presentation: TIME PERIOD A. PRE-SPANISH PERIOD Filipinos are said to be Musical peoples. In most cases, singing is accompanied by dancing. They used Bamboo canes, Palm leaves and bark of trees to write their songs and a piece of sharp stick or iron for their pen. he PowerPoint Presentation: Even their instruments were made of Bamboo and wood which indicated their primitiveness . Functions of their music: Religious Social life Characteristics of their Music: Recitative Mostly simple two note music PowerPoint Presentation: Example of these are: Dal -lot – a song sung by farmers during wedding, baptismal and others parties accompanied by Kutibeng (guitar). Pamulinawen – is a love song Dung-aw – is a song requesting a dead person to be good in his next life. PowerPoint Presentation: Music According To Category PowerPoint Presentation: Ordinary songs ( diyuna , talindaw ) Street songs ( indulamin , suliranin ) Sorrow ( dalit , umbay ) Wedding ( ihiman ) Rowing ( tigpasin , kalusan ) Lullaby ( hele-hele , hili , oyayi , iyaya ) Success (baling- kungkong , dapayanin , hiliran , sambotani , tagumpay ) House ( tingad ) General merry making ( kalipay ) Counting ( urukay ) PowerPoint Presentation: Music in Different Regions PowerPoint Presentation: Bontoc Province: Ayegkha Pagpag Bontoc Annaoy Davao Toddonan Igorot Milling Ayoweng Agusan Tub-ob Zambales Whistle Sulu Tungungo Negros Kalooye Nueva Icija Kadumang Abra Diwdiw -as Bunkaka Batanes Kalusan Benguet Igorot Bukidnon Dilay -on PowerPoint Presentation: Tae music Philippine gong music: Flat gong (commonly known as gangsa ) and played by indigenous groups in the Cordillera region of Northern Philippines Bossed gongs -played among the Islam and animist groups in the Southern Philippines PowerPoint Presentation: Kulintang refers to a racked gong chime instrument played in the southern islands of the Philippines, along with its varied accompanying ensembles Flat Gong Kulintang PowerPoint Presentation: B. SPANISH PERIOD More conservative style of sacred music. Minor key at the beginning shifts to a major key in the 2nd-half Kundiman . Canto Ilocano, monophonic unmeasured style notated utilizing note shapes diferrent from the neumes of Gregorian chant (composition of the Kirial ). Canto de Oregano, simple polyphonic settings in to two or more vocal portraying. Religiosity and Musicality – salvation of self-expression PowerPoint Presentation: a. CHARACTERISTICS Improvisation Low and limited range of notes Melodic ornamentations Greater variety of voice quality Chant-like monotone singing in most groups Rhythmic freedom large number of reiterated and marked accents on one vowel PowerPoint Presentation: b. VOCAL FORMS Lullabies ( owiwi , dagdagay , oppia , lagan bata-bata , bua , and kawayanna ) didactic/figurative Occupational dinaweg (boar), the kellangan (shark-fishing), and the didayu (wine-making) Occasional appros , nan -sob- oy , sarongkawit , dikir War Love ading , sindil PowerPoint Presentation: C. SPANISH-EUROPEAN INFLUENCED HARANA Traditional form of courtship music in which a man woos a woman by singing underneath her window at night. Example: Duwangin mo Hirang by Santaigo S. Suarez KUNDIMAN lyrical song made popular in the Philippines in the early 19th century. Almost all traditional Filipino love songs in this genre are heavy with poetic emotion. PowerPoint Presentation: RONDALLA The Rondalla is performed on ensembles comprising mandolin instruments of various sizes called banduria . Other instruments including guitars, is also performed. PowerPoint Presentation: AMERICAN INFLUENCED -Neo-classicism -Conservatory of Music popularity of American -rock’n’roll, - pop music -disco -“ tunog-lata ” PowerPoint Presentation: D. PHILIPPINE CHORAL MUSIC Philippine Madrigal Singers has form itsranks produced more than 200 choral arrangers and composers who have contributed to the Philippine choral literature. OTHER CHORAL GROUPS UST Choral Singers UP Singer Ambassadors TSU Chorale PowerPoint Presentation: E. OPM ( Original Pilipino Music) Original Pilipino Music, now more commonly termed Original Pinoy Music or Original Philippine Music, (frequently abbreviated to OPM) originally referred only to Philippine pop songs, especially those in the ballad form performed by major commercial meeting Philippine Pop music artist . PowerPoint Presentation: 1980’S AND 1990’S -OPM was led by artists such as Eraserheads , Regine Velasquez, Ogie Alcasid , Lea Salonga , Francis Magalona , Gary Valenciano . -Sample popular singles include Urong Sulong , Babaero , Di bale na lang. -July 25,1987, President Corazon Aquino enacted a law E.O. No. 255 that requires FM radio stations to play locally-produced songs (OPM) on an hourly basis. -Post- People power revolt songs such as Bayan Ko and Magkaisa were also played to immortalize the events brought after revolution. PowerPoint Presentation: PHILIPPINE POP MUSIC ARTIST APO HIKING SOCIETY SHARON CUNETA PowerPoint Presentation: Rico Puno Jose Marie Chan Regine and Ogie PowerPoint Presentation: -OPM POP Bands became popular such as SIDE A, NEOCOLORS, FREESTYLE that clearly reflect the sentimantal character of OPM Music. -Other ethnolinguistic groups such as the Visayan, Bikol and Kapampangan , despite making music in their native languages have not been recognized as OPM, except unusual cases like the BISROCK (Visayan rock music) song such as “ Charing ” by Davao band 1017,”Rockapampangan”( an album of folk kapampangan songs) such as “ Ayli .” PowerPoint Presentation: Rivermaya Siakol PowerPoint Presentation: The local Philippine music Industry is unforthcoming in venturing investments to other locations. Some of their major reasons include: The language barrier Small market Size Socio-cultural emphasis away from regionalism in the Philippines. PowerPoint Presentation: BEST SELLING ALBUMS Christmas in Our Hearts 1990 Jose Mari Chan (20x Platinum) Constant Change 1989 Jose Mari Chan (10x Platinum) Cutterpillow 1995 Eraserheads (10x Platinum) Nina Live! 2005 Nina (8x Platinum) Forevermore EP 1995 Side A (8x Platinum) Paraiso 1991 Smokey Mountain (8x Platinum) Smokey Mountain 1989 Smokey Mountain (8x Platinum) Halik 2000 Aegis (7x Platinum) Ten Years Together 1980 APO Hiking Society (7x Platinum) 10 Habang May Buhay 1995 Donna Cruz (7x Platinum) PowerPoint Presentation: Christmas in Our Hearts 1990 Jose Mari Chan (20x Platinum) Cutterpillow 1995 Eraserheads (10x Platinum) Nina Live! 2005 Nina (8x Platinum) PowerPoint Presentation: Philippine Rock Music PowerPoint Presentation: CHARACTERISTICS Philippine rock musicians added folk music, and other influences Pop-rock groups became more popular among teens The Neo-Traditional genre in Philippine music is also gaining popularity Vocal music is more important than instrumental music An aim of appealing to a general audience, rather than to a particular sub-culture or ideology An emphasis on recording, production, and technology, over live performance PowerPoint Presentation: 1970’s Tagalog and English lyrics were both used ( Ang Miss Universe Ng Buhay Ko ). Sharon Cuneta’s first hit, "Mr DJ“. 1978 breakthrough success of Freddie Aguilar’s “ Anak ”, the most commercially successful Filipino recording in history, and was popular throughout Asia and Europe, and has been translated into numerous language by singers worldwide. Asin  also broke into the music scene at the same time and were very popular. PowerPoint Presentation: 1980’s Rock music became the music of Filipino protesters. Aguilar's " Bayan Ko " became popular during the 1986 revolution. Punk Rock scene developed, led by bands like Betrayed, The Jerks and Urban Bandits. New Wave was spearheaded by The Dawn. Filipino hip-hop music or  Pinoy Rap was born with songs by Dyords Javier ("Na Onseng Delight") and Vincent Dafalong (" Nunal "). PowerPoint Presentation: 1990’s Emergence of a superstar pop-rock group, the Eraserheads , considered by many Philippine nationals as the number one group in the Philippine recording scene. Joey Ayala, popular Filipino Neo-Traditional Artist, rediscoverred the indigenous genres in modern Filipino music. Filipino rock has also developed hard rock and heavy metal bands such as Wolfgang, Razorback, Greyhounds,Queso and Fusebox . PowerPoint Presentation: "Golden Age" of Pinoy rap with Francis M.'s second album released in 1992 Rap is Francis M. which is considered to be one of the greatest Pinoy rap albums. Hip-hop artist Andrew E found his own record label, Dongalo Wreckords as well as the successful rap group  Salbakuta . Home spawned bands formed such as Aegis, Bamboo, Urbandub,Imago , Kitchie Nadal , Moonstar 88, MYMP, and Sponge Cola. The millennium saw Pinoy rap's popularity transform from being considered a fad or novelty into a fully blown musical enterprise. Rap artists such as Salbakuta , Knife, Krook and J.O.L.O., Mike aka Jempot , Rap2 along with his brother Gloc-9 continue to top music charts. PowerPoint Presentation: Grandfathers of Pinoy Rock Pepe Smith Mike Hanopol Wally Gonzales PowerPoint Presentation: PINOY HIPHOP Filipino hip-hop is hip hop music performed by musicians of Filipino descent, both in the Philippines, and overseas, especially by Filipino-Americans. Rap music released in the Philippines has appeared in different languages such as Tagalog , Chavacano , Cebuano, Ilocano and English. In the Philippines, Francis M and Andrew E. are cited as the most influential rappers in the country, being the first to release mainstream rap albums. PowerPoint Presentation: OTER GENRES J azz Music J azz has experienced a resurgence in popularity. Initial impetus was provided by W.D.O.U.J.I.(Witch Doctors of Underground Jazz Improvisation)with their award winning independent release "Ground Zero.“   PowerPoint Presentation: Bossa nova and Latino music Bossa nova and Latino music has been popular since the 1970s. Performers like Annie Brazil were active in the 1970s, while more recently, Sitti has been earning rave reviews for her bossa nova covers of popular songs. PowerPoint Presentation: Reggae and ska scene Underground reggae and ska scene, particularly in Baguio City and Bulacan , it is only recently that the genres have been accepted in the mainstream. Acts like Brownman Revival, Put3Ska Roots Revival of Cebu and Skabeche of Baliuag , Bulacan have been instrumental in popularizing what is called "Island Riddims ". There is also a burgeoning mod revival, spearheaded by Juan Pablo Dream and a large indiepop scene. PowerPoint Presentation: Music videos From the 1990s to the present, the quality, and diversity of Philippine music video has greatly improved. Notable directors such as Raymond Red, Robert Quebral , Cholo Laurel, Louie Ignacio, Avid Liongoren , Marie Jamora , J. Pacena , and Pancho Esguerra have made excellent videos for both mainstream, and alternative artists . The main television outlets for music videos in the Philippines are the music- centered networks MTV Philippines, Channel V Philippines, and MYX. PowerPoint Presentation: Philippine Musical Instruments PowerPoint Presentation: INDIGENOUS MUSIC Largely functional Expressed either instrumentally, vocally, or a combination of both PowerPoint Presentation: Indigenous Musical Instruments Aerophones Chordophones Idiophones Membranophones PowerPoint Presentation: A. Aerophones Any musical instrument which produces sound primarily by causing a body of air to vibrate, without the use of strings or membranes, and without the vibration of the instrument itself adding considerably to the sound   Best represented by the many types of bamboo flutes that are found all over the country PowerPoint Presentation: Two by two fingerholes. Protruding mouthpiece with a hole. The instrument is decorated with carvings blackened by burning. Lip Valley Flute PowerPoint Presentation: Noseflute The northern tribes call this  kalleleng  ( Bontoc and Kankanai ),  tongali  ( Ifugao and Kalinga ) and  baliing  ( Isneg ). In the Central Philippines, it is known as  lantuy  among the Cuyunin ,  babarek among the Tagbanua and plawta among the Mangyan . PowerPoint Presentation: Long bamboo tube, closed at one end by the node in which the blowing hole is burnt. The flute has three finger holes. The blowing hole is placed under an angle against the nose and the player gently blows into the tube. PowerPoint Presentation: Ring Flute Ring FluteSuling of Maguindanao so called because the blowing end is encircled with a rattan ring to create mouthpiece PowerPoint Presentation: Pipe with Reed Sahunay of the Taosug . Tube with six fingerholes; mouth piece of bamboo with cut out reed; mouth shield made of coconut shell; bell made of leaf (probably bamboo) and blue plastic ribbon. PowerPoint Presentation: B. Chordophones Any musical instrument which makes sound by way of a vibrating string or strings stretched between two points. Include bamboo zithers, guitars, violins, and lutes PowerPoint Presentation: Zither A stringed instrument made from a single bamboo section, around three to four inches in diameter, with a node at each end. Serving as strings are raised narrow strips of the outer skin fibers of the bamboo itself, with the ends still attached to the body of the instrument. PowerPoint Presentation: Kudyapi ( Kudlung ) Two stringed lute made of wood, one string for the melody, one for the drone. Eight frets originally held in place placed on the neck of the lute by a sticky rubbery substance. The lute is decorated with floral motives; the tail is carved to represent a stylised crocodile head. PowerPoint Presentation: C. Idiophones Any musical instrument which creates sound primarily by way of the instrument vibrating itself, without the use of strings or membranes Include bamboo buzzers, percussion sticks and gongs PowerPoint Presentation: Jaw Harp Kubing of Maranao - a very thin slit of bamboo or brass with a narrow vibrating tongue in the middle longitudinal section considered a “speaking intrument ” PowerPoint Presentation: Bamboo Buzzer balingbing , or bunkaka Kalinga ; batiwtiw  (Central Philippines) a bamboo tube which is open or split at one end This instrument is played alone or in groups as a form and diversion or to drive away evil spirits along a forest trail. PowerPoint Presentation: Agung ( bagobo ) PowerPoint Presentation: Bangibang PowerPoint Presentation: D. Membranophones Dadabuan ( maranao ) Any musical instrument which produces sound primarily by way of a vibrating stretched membrane.

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