Published on January 9, 2008
IndianaYesterday, Today & Tomorrow: Indiana Yesterday, Today & Tomorrow Presented by: Jennifer Jamison Holly Propes Suzanne Walther Slide2: State Flag State Symbols: State Symbols Yellow Poplar Peony Cardinal Indiana State Songwritten in 1899by Paul Dresser adapted as the official state song in 1913: Indiana State Song written in 1899 by Paul Dresser adapted as the official state song in 1913 ON THE BANKS OF THE WABASH The Ice Age: The Ice Age 14,000 years ago Indiana was covered in glaciers. These glaciers moved about 1 foot a day carving the hills and digging deep holes. As the ice melted, it formed lakes and rivers. Paleo-Indian is the name of the first human culture in Indiana. This time period was about 14,000 to 12,000 years ago. This culture was a band of nomadic hunters. Indiana’s Natural Regions: Indiana’s Natural Regions Central Till Plain Southern Hills and Lowlands Great Lake Plain The MoundBuilders: The Mound Builders The Woodland Culture developed about 3,000 years ago. The people of this culture are commonly known as Mound Builders. A hallmark of the Woodland Culture was the development of pottery. Bows and arrows were introduced to the Midwest during the later part of the Woodland Period. During the Middle Woodland Period, the Hopewell Culture participated in trading. Examples are shells from the Gulf Coast and copper from Lake Superior. Around 400 A.D. Mound Builders mysteriously disappeared. Archeologists do not know why. Slide8: The Miami Indians of Indiana The Miami Indians occupied Indiana beginning in the 1600s. The Miami had a structured government, The Council, that had both elected and appointed leaders. Both men and women were on the council. The Miami Indians moved into the Indiana area because of the European settlements on the eastern coast. The Miami Indians began a trade with the French explorers. European Settlements: European Settlements *Robert Cavelier and his men were the first known Europeans to enter Indiana. *The first trading post in Indiana was Fort Ouiatenon, present day Lafayette, IN. *French traders were very respectful of Native American culture. *The first British in Indiana settled in Vincennes. The British wanted to take the fur trade business from the French. *The struggle between the British and the French Eventually led to the French and Indian War (1756-63). Fort Ouiatenon – First French trading post in Indiana Robert Cavelier Sieur de La Salle The Fur Trade Revolutionary War: Revolutionary War Against King George III’s wishes, colonist began to move beyond the Appalachian Mountains. This western movement forced Native Americans to move west once more. Britain passed the Quebec Act in 1774. This relocated the southern border of Quebec to reach the Ohio River. George Rogers Clark With the signing of the Declaration of Independence in 1776, the mood of the war changed from fighting against taxes to fighting for independence. George Rogers Clark led the fight against the British in the Ohio Valley. British commander Henry Hamilton surrendered to Clark on Feb. 25, 1779 at Vincennes, IN. The American Revolution ended in 1783 after the Treaty of Paris was signed. Slide11: William Henry Harrison – Governor of the Indiana Territory The Road to Statehood The Battle of Tippecanoe – Fought in Prophetstown against the orders of Thomas Jefferson, Harrison defected the Native Americans in just 2 hours. Vincennes – The Territorial Capital of the Indiana Territory The Northwest Territory was created in 1787 by the Northwest Ordinance. Native Americans agreed to leave parts of Indiana with the signing of the Treaty of Greenville. The War of 1812 was the last struggle of the Northwest. It ended conflicts between Britain and the United States. The war ended in 1814. Slide12: Indiana Becomes A State Jonathan Jennings elected to Congress as the Indiana territorial representative. Jennings became the first governor of Indiana in 1816. Corydon The first state capital of Indiana. Was territorial capital from 1813 until 1816. The Constitutional Elm July 1816, The delegates met outside under the elm tree because of the summer heat. The census of 1814 revealed that Indiana had 63,000 free adults – enough for statehood. Jennings requested the Congress pass an enabling act that would allow Indiana to become a state. Indiana was awarded statehood on December 11, 1816 becoming the 19th state. The Civil War: The Civil War Oliver P. Morton Governor of Indiana during the Civil War The Levi Coffin House This was a safe-house on the Underground Railroad for escaping slaves during the 1800s. The only Civil War battle to be fought on Indiana soil was the Battle of Corydon, July 8, 1863. This battle was a result of Morgan’s Raid. Abraham Lincoln U.S. President during the Civil War 1900to1929: 1900 to 1929 Indiana Soldiers in WWI – 130,000 Indiana Residents served during WWI – 3,000 died Gary, IN Harbor – Steel Mills In 1920, the 19th Amendment allowed all women to vote in federal elections. Women weren’t allowed to vote in Indiana State Elections until 1921. Ray Harroun – winner of the 1st Indianapolis 500 in 1911 1930 -1959: 1930 -1959 Indiana Soldiers serving during WWII Women had to take the men’s place in the workforce during the war. Ernie Pyle – A Pulitzer Prize winning journalist from Indiana. A stronger economy after WWII meant Hoosiers could work less and have more leisure time. This led to the Hoosier tradition of Basketball. An Indiana couple during the Great Depression While men were serving in WWII, many women on the home front began to play baseball. The two teams from Indiana were The Fort Wayne Daisies and the South Bend Blue Sox. Slide16: 1960 - 1989 Dan Quayle 44th Vice President Burns Harbor opened in 1970 on Lake Michigan in Northern Indiana. Robert Lee Brokenburr - 1st African American Senator of Indiana – championed for civil rights. Gus Grisom – the 2nd American in space - 1961 An increase in income allowed Hoosiers to relocate to the suburbs. Indianapolis, INIndianapolis became the capitol of Indiana in 1825. : Indianapolis, IN Indianapolis became the capitol of Indiana in 1825. State Building Indianapolis Sky-line The Soldiers and Sailors Monuments Indianapolis Arts Garden INDIANA: 1990 - Today: INDIANA: 1990 - Today Governor Frank O’Bannon Capital: Indianapolis Population: 6,114,745 Size: 36,420 sq mi Senators: 2 Representatives: 9 Electoral Votes: 11 Ethnic Groups 87.5 % Whites 8.4% Blacks 1% Asian 3.5% Hispanic 0.3 % Native Americans FAMOUS HOOSIERS: FAMOUS HOOSIERS Credits: Credits www.madamcjwalker.com www.geocities.com/hydey6/dilingerphotos.html www.animationartgallery.com/agarfield.html www.in.gov www.usi.edu/extserv/corydon/chron.htm www.nps.gov www.mapquest.com www.indystar.com www.angelmounds.org www.fallsoftheohio.org www.iupui.edu www.dlib.indiana.edu http://centennial.unidy.edu www.usi.edu www.waynet.org www.satatelib.in.us www.statehousegirls.net www.enchantedlearning.com www.corydon.shcsc.k12 www.encarta.msn Houghton Mifflin, Explore Indiana 1997 Swain Gwenith, Indiana . Learner Publ. Davis, Ken, The Fifity States.Scholastic Carpenter,Alan, Indiana. Children Press Welsbacher,Anne, Indiana. Abdo Publ. Brill, Marlene, Indiana. Benchmark Books Handbook on Indiana History –Compiled by Evalyn Sayers Indiana Fourth Grade Text- Indiana. publ.Harcourt and Brace.