Inequalities Health Lifestyle tcm 4 336481

Information about Inequalities Health Lifestyle tcm 4 336481

Published on August 6, 2007

Author: Pravez

Source: authorstream.com

Content

Slide1:  Lifestyle and Health:  Lifestyle factors include: Lifestyle and Health A person’s lifestyle is believed to have a significant effect on their health. The main causes of rising obesity levels are poor diet and lack of exercise:  Energy imbalance The main causes of rising obesity levels are poor diet and lack of exercise High fat content – we eat 50% more fat than in 1960. Fat contains twice the calories of protein and carbohydrate. Energy expenditure amongst children has decreased by 800 calories a day since the 1950s. So, not only is the population getting fatter, but it is getting fatter younger Slide4:  Diet:  Obesity is calculated by a person’s body mass index – BMI – weight in kg divided by height in m2 BMI andgt; 25 = overweight BMI andgt; 30 = obese Diet ObesityInternational Comparison (OECD, 2005) :  Obesity International Comparison (OECD, 2005) Obesity in the UK:  Obesity in the UK During last 25 years, the rate of obesity in adults has quadrupled in the UK. In England, 43% of men and 34% of women were classified as overweight and 22% of men and 23 % of women were classified as clinically obese. This means that over half of all adults weigh more than their recommended weight. (OECD 2005) Children and Obesity(:  Children and Obesity ( (www.esrcsocietytoday.ac.uk/ 2005) Link between dietand ill health:  Link between diet and ill health Link between diet and ill health :  Link between diet and ill health Obesity can lead to a variety of health problems. These include: high blood pressure coronary heart disease osteoarthritis diabetes A National Audit Office Study from 2002 estimated that obesity cost the NHS £500 million a year and the cost to the country overall has been put at up to £7.4 billion per annum. Causes:  1998, news report in the Herald newspaper described the increase in the number of diabetes cases caused by bad diet as ‘’the diabetes time bomb’ Between now and 2010, the number of Type 11 diabetes sufferers will increase from 1 to 3 million. Too many cakes and biscuits. Fizzy drinks Fatty diet Not enough exercise ‘’Diabetes could bankrupt the NHS’’ Causes 1998 news report in the Herald newspaper described the increase in the number of diabetes cases caused by bad diet as ‘’the diabetes time bomb’. Between now and 2010, the number of Type II diabetes sufferers will increase from 1 to 3 million. Too many cakes and biscuits Fizzy drinks Fatty diet Not enough exercise ‘’Diabetes could bankrupt the NHS’’. Fast Food Industry is the fastest growing area of food retailing and is worth £3b a year in sales. Obesity is a gender issue (Report of the Measuring Inequalities in Health Working Group (Scotland), November 2003):  More females are obese than males. In females, obesity levels are increasing amongst the less well off but remain the same for the better off. In males, obesity levels are increasing amongst both socio-economic groups. Obesity is a gender issue (Report of the Measuring Inequalities in Health Working Group (Scotland), November 2003) Obesity is also a class issue (Report of the Measuring Inequalities in Health Working Group (Scotland), November 2003):  Obesity levels are higher the lower the social class. Social class I – 10% are obese. Obesity levels in the lowest social class are similar to those in the USA. Social class IV – 20% are obese Social class V – 25% are obese. Obesity is also a class issue (Report of the Measuring Inequalities in Health Working Group (Scotland), November 2003) Differences in diet between social classes and genders:  Most affluent group: No daily fruit Females: 31% Males: 45% Least affluent group: No daily fruit Females: 55% Males: 69% Differences in diet between social classes and genders Graphs show that: The percentage of people in the least affluent group who do not eat fresh fruit on a daily basis is much higher than in the more affluent group. Consumption of fruit and vegetables is higher amongst females in both groups. Consumption of fruit and vegetables on a daily basis has increased generally but the increase has been higher in the more affluent group. Males in the least affluent group have made little progress. Slide15:  Link between diet, social classand ill health (Report of the Measuring Inequalities in Health Working Group (Scotland), November 2003):  Incidence of Chronic Illness by Social Class (per 10,000 of population) 1999 Income decreases Link between diet, social class and ill health (Report of the Measuring Inequalities in Health Working Group (Scotland), November 2003) The James Report:  the highest rates of mortality in the Western world the highest morbidity rates from coronary heart disease, cancer and stroke poor dental record. The James Report In 1993, a Government Working Party produced the ‘James Report’ on Scotland’s diet. The Report confirmed Scotland’s poor eating habits and identified it as one of the main causes of Scotland’s poor health record. Poor diet was the reason why Scotland had: Scotland - the facts!:  1 in 8 children in Scotland are officially overweight. Scottish boys are the fattest in Europe. Almost 100% ate sweets every day. 75% ate crisps and fizzy drinks as snacks every day. 24% of 15 year olds in the West of Scotland eat 4 or more snacks a day. 28% of adults eat fresh fruit and 20% eat fresh vegetables once a week or less. 17% of adults in the district of Renfrew eat less than one full meal a day. Scotland - the facts! The James Report:  The average Scottish diet is: deficient in fibre and certain vitamins contains too much sugar contains too much salt contains too much saturated fat. deficient in fruit and vegetables The James Report The James ReportRecommendations:  The James Report Recommendations Slide21:  More controversial recommendations The James Report Recommendations Benefits to Health ofRegular Exercise:  Benefits to Health of Regular Exercise 25% of strokes could be avoided and there could be a 20% reduction in mortality after a heart attack, if regular exercise was taken Yet, according to a Scottish Health Survey (‘’Working Towards a Healthier Scotland, 1999’’) 62% of women 53% of men do not get enough regular exercise and 26% of women 23% of men do not get any regular exercise. Percentage of peopletaking NO exercise ((‘’Working Towards a Healthier Scotland, 1999’’):  Percentage of people taking NO exercise ((‘’Working Towards a Healthier Scotland, 1999’’) by age Percentage of peopletaking NO exercise (‘’Working Towards a Healthier Scotland, 1999’’):  32% 33% 35% 43% 42% 30% Percentage of people taking NO exercise (‘’Working Towards a Healthier Scotland, 1999’’) by social class by gender

Related presentations


Other presentations created by Pravez

BlueGene
19. 09. 2007
0 views

BlueGene

krul presentation1
22. 04. 2008
0 views

krul presentation1

GRP
17. 04. 2008
0 views

GRP

Howe1 25
14. 04. 2008
0 views

Howe1 25

Panview 3en
10. 04. 2008
0 views

Panview 3en

Global Trends and Prospects
09. 04. 2008
0 views

Global Trends and Prospects

2002 12 22 Christingle
07. 04. 2008
0 views

2002 12 22 Christingle

303 151renewableenergy
30. 03. 2008
0 views

303 151renewableenergy

mechanics of materials
05. 01. 2008
0 views

mechanics of materials

genetic recombination
06. 08. 2007
0 views

genetic recombination

DRAMA
19. 10. 2007
0 views

DRAMA

jong
19. 09. 2007
0 views

jong

C102 Bergallo
03. 10. 2007
0 views

C102 Bergallo

text cat tutorial
04. 10. 2007
0 views

text cat tutorial

Tornado Safety
07. 10. 2007
0 views

Tornado Safety

newborn screening
12. 10. 2007
0 views

newborn screening

Switzerland Presentation
17. 10. 2007
0 views

Switzerland Presentation

CP15633
22. 10. 2007
0 views

CP15633

Hack lu cisco ddos
07. 10. 2007
0 views

Hack lu cisco ddos

DNA PowerPoint
15. 10. 2007
0 views

DNA PowerPoint

Membres du Bureau
23. 10. 2007
0 views

Membres du Bureau

23981
12. 10. 2007
0 views

23981

Joao LOBO ANTUNES
16. 10. 2007
0 views

Joao LOBO ANTUNES

Tomatoes
11. 12. 2007
0 views

Tomatoes

C avance
20. 11. 2007
0 views

C avance

Familias Unidas
22. 10. 2007
0 views

Familias Unidas

Module 20
23. 11. 2007
0 views

Module 20

media interview
08. 10. 2007
0 views

media interview

EO1 SysEngrColloq 03 02 04 Stu
05. 10. 2007
0 views

EO1 SysEngrColloq 03 02 04 Stu

hoffman arizona
30. 12. 2007
0 views

hoffman arizona

IA Emergency Preparedness
01. 01. 2008
0 views

IA Emergency Preparedness

Cohen NDIA
03. 01. 2008
0 views

Cohen NDIA

mathematicians
05. 01. 2008
0 views

mathematicians

hamm
23. 10. 2007
0 views

hamm

Prologue
15. 11. 2007
0 views

Prologue

geo inversion
19. 09. 2007
0 views

geo inversion

HIV AIDS Pandemic
06. 08. 2007
0 views

HIV AIDS Pandemic

Jeannie Armour Bearer
06. 08. 2007
0 views

Jeannie Armour Bearer

Hawaiian Cultural History
06. 08. 2007
0 views

Hawaiian Cultural History

jiscdigicon 07par1 1notay
06. 08. 2007
0 views

jiscdigicon 07par1 1notay

ESCpresentation
03. 01. 2008
0 views

ESCpresentation

Unit2 Lecture1
04. 01. 2008
0 views

Unit2 Lecture1

graficos ddet265
24. 10. 2007
0 views

graficos ddet265

Robin Room
07. 01. 2008
0 views

Robin Room

jageps
06. 08. 2007
0 views

jageps

Jewish Initiation
06. 08. 2007
0 views

Jewish Initiation

HIUG
06. 08. 2007
0 views

HIUG

singers
20. 02. 2008
0 views

singers

HGM2006 S7 01 Pedersen
06. 08. 2007
0 views

HGM2006 S7 01 Pedersen

ModuleA5Session3
04. 03. 2008
0 views

ModuleA5Session3

hlt 2004
06. 08. 2007
0 views

hlt 2004

Brussel Health Kuopio KPoutanen
20. 03. 2008
0 views

Brussel Health Kuopio KPoutanen

CIO Main Screens Sydney Final
26. 03. 2008
0 views

CIO Main Screens Sydney Final

Movimento Pentecostal 2 ok
01. 10. 2007
0 views

Movimento Pentecostal 2 ok

guyana csw 2000
06. 08. 2007
0 views

guyana csw 2000

05f 1800 lys a3
19. 02. 2008
0 views

05f 1800 lys a3

Guze 07 Sarah Pedersen
06. 08. 2007
0 views

Guze 07 Sarah Pedersen

Normativa Vittoria marzo06
18. 06. 2007
0 views

Normativa Vittoria marzo06

new Media Activism
18. 06. 2007
0 views

new Media Activism

LKD ACPC2005autoshow
18. 06. 2007
0 views

LKD ACPC2005autoshow

LAS VEGAS PRESENTATION
18. 06. 2007
0 views

LAS VEGAS PRESENTATION

lab storia marcia mille
18. 06. 2007
0 views

lab storia marcia mille

Kreutz
18. 06. 2007
0 views

Kreutz

kinder verzamelingen 05
18. 06. 2007
0 views

kinder verzamelingen 05

kereso halo
18. 06. 2007
0 views

kereso halo

japan overview
18. 06. 2007
0 views

japan overview

jaden
18. 06. 2007
0 views

jaden

2007 dossier pere
18. 06. 2007
0 views

2007 dossier pere

2005 NAIDC Promo
18. 06. 2007
0 views

2005 NAIDC Promo

1212 SLIDES CSR Briefing final1
18. 06. 2007
0 views

1212 SLIDES CSR Briefing final1

07PSPTribute
18. 06. 2007
0 views

07PSPTribute

bioprez1
17. 11. 2007
0 views

bioprez1

Chapter18
19. 09. 2007
0 views

Chapter18

LUXva
18. 06. 2007
0 views

LUXva

f38 math meets maps
15. 06. 2007
0 views

f38 math meets maps

Extraction of Beam into TT40
15. 06. 2007
0 views

Extraction of Beam into TT40

Experiencing HaShem
15. 06. 2007
0 views

Experiencing HaShem

Euthyphro
15. 06. 2007
0 views

Euthyphro

ethnic humor
15. 06. 2007
0 views

ethnic humor

Essentials of UP 1
15. 06. 2007
0 views

Essentials of UP 1

Catv2
15. 06. 2007
0 views

Catv2

Cartoons pig
15. 06. 2007
0 views

Cartoons pig

cartoons stick men 1
15. 06. 2007
0 views

cartoons stick men 1

attr 159897 115
12. 10. 2007
0 views

attr 159897 115

kskee
19. 09. 2007
0 views

kskee

akrishna
28. 11. 2007
0 views

akrishna

18cm
18. 06. 2007
0 views

18cm

BrazilSeminar
22. 10. 2007
0 views

BrazilSeminar

PRSarahL
13. 03. 2008
0 views

PRSarahL

prezent1
15. 11. 2007
0 views

prezent1

power law tut
19. 09. 2007
0 views

power law tut

EthicalEgoism
15. 06. 2007
0 views

EthicalEgoism

petersuter ppt
17. 10. 2007
0 views

petersuter ppt

Internet Equivalence
06. 08. 2007
0 views

Internet Equivalence

slogany
21. 11. 2007
0 views

slogany

Blue Chalkboard
19. 09. 2007
0 views

Blue Chalkboard

Gogol at the Edge of Being
27. 09. 2007
0 views

Gogol at the Edge of Being

ScottKsander10 10
02. 11. 2007
0 views

ScottKsander10 10

labrolazegbe
18. 06. 2007
0 views

labrolazegbe

chap12sp06 groups day 3
14. 12. 2007
0 views

chap12sp06 groups day 3

Resources Potpourri Final2006
26. 10. 2007
0 views

Resources Potpourri Final2006

powers tami portia topics
19. 09. 2007
0 views

powers tami portia topics

APGridPMA EU 200605
10. 10. 2007
0 views

APGridPMA EU 200605

Higgins Webinar Slides 070425
19. 09. 2007
0 views

Higgins Webinar Slides 070425