injury guidelines

Information about injury guidelines

Published on March 15, 2008

Author: Silvestre

Source: authorstream.com

Content

School Health Guidelines to Prevent Unintentional Injuries and Violence:  School Health Guidelines to Prevent Unintentional Injuries and Violence Injuries Kill More Children and Adolescents Than All Diseases Combined:  Injuries Kill More Children and Adolescents Than All Diseases Combined Source: CDC, 2000 Vital Statistics The Injury Pyramid:  The Injury Pyramid 5.5 million annual visits to emergency departments (children aged 5-14). 20 million children and adolescents/year have injuries requiring medical attention or restricted activity; $17 billion/year in medical costs. Adolescent Violence:  Adolescent Violence From 1990 to 1998, the adolescent homicide rate dropped 28%. The U.S. child homicide rate (2.6/100,000) is 5 times that of 25 other industrialized nations combined. Among adolescents aged 16 to 19 in 1995: 1 in 10 was a victim of violent crime. >100,000 were arrested for violent crimes. 2,944 were homicide victims. Suicide:  Suicide More than 1,700 adolescents aged 15-19 complete suicide each year. In 2001: 19% of high school students considered suicide. 15% made a suicide plan. 9% attempted suicide. 3% made an attempt requiring medical attention. Percentage of US High School Students Involved in Violence-Related Behaviors, 2001:  Percentage of US High School Students Involved in Violence-Related Behaviors, 2001 *In the 30 days before the survey. **In the 12 months before the survey. Source: CDC, National Youth Risk Behavior Survey Behavior % of Students Carried a weapon* 17.4 Carried a gun* 5.7 In a physical fight** 33.2 Percentage of US High School Students Engaging in Unsafe Behaviors, 2001:  Percentage of US High School Students Engaging in Unsafe Behaviors, 2001 Behavior % of Students Rarely or never wore seatbelts 14.1 Rarely or never wore bicycle 84.7 helmets* Rode with driver who had been 30.7 drinking alcohol** Drove after drinking alcohol** 13.3 *Among students who rode bicycles in the 12 months before survey. **In the 30 days before the survey. Source: CDC, National Youth Risk Behavior Survey Injuries Occur Everywhere:  Injuries Occur Everywhere Slide10:  Why Focus on School? Schools are Places of Living and Learning Injuries and Violence in the School Environment:  Injuries and Violence in the School Environment 80% of elementary school students visit a school nurse for injury in a 2 year period. 10-25% of child and adolescent injuries occur at school: 4 million school injury victims per year. School-associated injuries resulting in hospitalization: Falls (43%). Sports activities (34%). Assaults (10%). Injuries and Violence in School:  Injuries and Violence in School Most school injuries are minor: 6% of EMS incidents. 1 in 400 injury fatalities. High School Students Who Felt too Unsafe to Go to School, U.S., 1993-2001:  High School Students Who Felt too Unsafe to Go to School, U.S., 1993-2001 Source: Youth Risk Behavior Survey, CDC Violent Deaths Among School-Aged Children, 1994-1999:  Violent Deaths Among School-Aged Children, 1994-1999 What Are Schools Doing to Prevent Injuries and Violence?:  What Are Schools Doing to Prevent Injuries and Violence? Percentage of Schools with Specific Safety Policies, by Level:  Percentage of Schools with Specific Safety Policies, by Level Type of Policy Elementary Middle/JHS Sr. High Hall monitors 70% 77% 82% Bathroom monitors 60% 57% 59% Check bags, lockers 18% 38% 45% Uniformed police 6% 19% 30% Surveillance cameras 12% 21% 24% Require uniforms 21% 28% 10% Metal detectors 3% 10% 10% Source: CDC, School Health Policies and Programs Study, 2000 School Policies: Unintentional Injury:  School Policies: Unintentional Injury More than 94% of schools inspect and maintain: Fire extinguishers. Athletic facilities and equipment. Halls, stairs, and regular classrooms. Kitchen facilities and equipment. Playground facilities and equipment. School buses. Source: CDC, School Health Policies and Programs Study, 2000 School Policies: Unintentional Injury:  School Policies: Unintentional Injury 85% of schools inspect and maintain smoke detectors. 81% of schools inspect and maintain chemistry labs, workshops, and art rooms. Source: CDC, School Health Policies and Programs Study, 2000 Percentage of Schools Requiring Unintentional Injury, Violence and Suicide Prevention Education, by School Level:  Percentage of Schools Requiring Unintentional Injury, Violence and Suicide Prevention Education, by School Level Source: CDC, School Health Policies and Programs Study, 2000 Health Education:  Health Education Median hours teaching violence prevention: 4-5 hours/year. Median hours teaching unintentional injury prevention: 4-5 hours/year. Source: CDC, School Health Policies and Programs Study, 2000 Percentage of Schools Teaching Skills Related to Violence and Suicide Prevention in at Least One Required Class or Course:  Techniques to avoid interpersonal conflicts/fights: 95%. Anger management: 92%. Handling stress in healthy ways: 88%. Dating violence: 62%. Sexual assault: 61%. Recognizing stressors/signs of depression: 42%. What to do if someone is thinking about suicide: 38%. Percentage of Schools Teaching Skills Related to Violence and Suicide Prevention in at Least One Required Class or Course Source: CDC, School Health Policies and Programs Study, 2000 Percentage of Schools Teaching Topics Related to Unintentional Injury Prevention in at Least One Required Class or Course:  Protective equipment (biking, skating, sports): 86%. Fire safety: 84%. Road/transportation safety: 80%. Water safety: 66%. First aid/ CPR: 56%. Percentage of Schools Teaching Topics Related to Unintentional Injury Prevention in at Least One Required Class or Course Source: CDC, School Health Policies and Programs Study, 2000 How Were the Guidelines Developed?:  How Were the Guidelines Developed? Guidelines Development Process:  Guidelines Development Process Literature review. Expert panel: Is there appropriate evidence? How effective is the strategy? (effect size) How feasible is the strategy? What priority should the strategy be assigned? Agency and organization review. Revision. MMWR publication. Dissemination and diffusion. The Breadth of the Guidelines:  The Breadth of the Guidelines Suicide Violence Unintentional injury Crisis response Social environment Physical environment Health education Physical education Family/community Staff development Health services Elementary Middle/JHS High school Coordinated School Health Programs:  Coordinated School Health Programs Recommendations to Prevent Unintentional Injuries, Violence, and Suicide:  Recommendations to Prevent Unintentional Injuries, Violence, and Suicide 1. Social environment 2. Physical environment 3. Health education 4. Physical education and physical activity programs 5. Health services 6. Crisis response 7. Family and community involvement 8. Staff development (1) Establish a Social Environment that Promotes Safety and Prevents Unintentional Injuries and Violence:  (1) Establish a Social Environment that Promotes Safety and Prevents Unintentional Injuries and Violence Ensure high academic standards: Provide administrative leadership to promote the academic success of all students. Establish a strong academic mission statement. Establish academic support mechanisms. Provide opportunities for students to experience success. (1) Establish a Social Environment that Promotes Safety and Prevents Unintentional Injuries and Violence:  (1) Establish a Social Environment that Promotes Safety and Prevents Unintentional Injuries and Violence Encourage connection to school: Develop prosocial norms (disapprove of bullying, promote helpful acts). Involve faculty, staff, students, families, and community members in all aspects of school management. (1) Establish a Social Environment that Promotes Safety and Prevents Unintentional Injuries and Violence:  (1) Establish a Social Environment that Promotes Safety and Prevents Unintentional Injuries and Violence Develop, implement, and enforce written policies: Support nonviolence and protect all from harassment, violence, or discrimination. Emphasize positive behaviors expected of students. Explicitly state, communicate, and implement consequences of policy violations. (1) Establish a Social Environment that Promotes Safety and Prevents Unintentional Injuries and Violence:  (1) Establish a Social Environment that Promotes Safety and Prevents Unintentional Injuries and Violence Designate a person to coordinate safety activities. Have a school safety committee or school health council address safety issues. Regularly assess programs and policies. (1) Establish a Social Environment that Promotes Safety and Prevents Unintentional Injuries and Violence:  (1) Establish a Social Environment that Promotes Safety and Prevents Unintentional Injuries and Violence Integrate prevention of unintentional injuries and violence in: Academic classes. Employment certificates. Vocational education and school-to-work programs. (2) Provide a Safe Physical Environment to Prevent Unintentional Injuries and Violence:  (2) Provide a Safe Physical Environment to Prevent Unintentional Injuries and Violence Conduct regular safety and hazard assessments. (2) Provide a Safe Physical Environment to Prevent Unintentional Injuries and Violence:  (2) Provide a Safe Physical Environment to Prevent Unintentional Injuries and Violence Maintain structures, equipment, and grounds: Uncluttered paths. Slip-resistant floors. Proper storage of poisons and chemical hazards. Sufficient lighting. First aid equipment available throughout school. (2) Provide a Safe Physical Environment to Prevent Unintentional Injuries and Violence:  (2) Provide a Safe Physical Environment to Prevent Unintentional Injuries and Violence Actively supervise all student activities, especially in: Hallways. Bathrooms. Playgrounds. Shop and vocational education activities. (2) Provide a Safe Physical Environment to Prevent Unintentional Injuries and Violence:  (2) Provide a Safe Physical Environment to Prevent Unintentional Injuries and Violence Ensure that the school is free from weapons: Improve physical environment. Implement appropriate disciplinary measures. Work with families and communities. Supervise students and monitor campus. Consider environmental changes (fencing, limiting number of entrances, security technologies). (3) Implement Health and Safety Education Curricula and Instruction:  (3) Implement Health and Safety Education Curricula and Instruction Choose programs and curricula grounded in theory or with evidence of effectiveness. Implement curricula consistent with national and state standards: Part of comprehensive health education. Adequate time. Sequential from preschool through high school. Developmentally and culturally appropriate. (3) Implement Health and Safety Education Curricula and Instruction:  (3) Implement Health and Safety Education Curricula and Instruction Use active learning strategies and interactive teaching methods: Proactive classroom management. Repeated opportunities to practice skills. Involve families, community members, and community resources. (3) Implement Health and Safety Education Curricula and Instruction:  (3) Implement Health and Safety Education Curricula and Instruction Provide adequate staffing and resources: Budget. Facilities. Staff development. Class time. (4) Provide Safe Physical Education and Extracurricular Physical Activity Programs:  (4) Provide Safe Physical Education and Extracurricular Physical Activity Programs Promote injury prevention and non-violence through physical education and sports participation: Offer a range of experiences. Reward sportsmanship, effort, teamwork, and adherence to safety rules. Strictly enforce prohibitions against alcohol and drug use and violence during sporting events. Promote use of well-maintained, personal protective equipment. (4) Provide Safe Physical Education and Extracurricular Physical Activity Programs:  (4) Provide Safe Physical Education and Extracurricular Physical Activity Programs Develop, teach, implement, and enforce safety rules: Match participants according to size and ability. Adapt rules to skill levels and available protective equipment. Modify rules to eliminate unsafe practices. Establish criteria for reentering play after an injury. (4) Provide Safe Physical Education and Extracurricular Physical Activity Programs:  (4) Provide Safe Physical Education and Extracurricular Physical Activity Programs Ensure that spaces and facilities meet or exceed recommended safety standards: Regular inspection and maintenance. (4) Provide Safe Physical Education and Extracurricular Physical Activity Programs:  (4) Provide Safe Physical Education and Extracurricular Physical Activity Programs Hire PE teachers, coaches, athletic trainers, and other staff members who are trained in injury prevention, first aid, and CPR, and offer ongoing staff development. (5) Provide Health, Counseling, Psychological, and Social Services:  (5) Provide Health, Counseling, Psychological, and Social Services Coordinate school-based counseling; psychological, social, and health services; and the educational curriculum. Establish strong links with community resources. (5) Provide Health, Counseling, Psychological, and Social Services:  (5) Provide Health, Counseling, Psychological, and Social Services Identify and help students who have been injured, have witnessed violence, or have been the victims of violence or harassment: Establish confidential and nonjudgmental mechanisms for students to report that they have been abused, harassed, or injured by a member of the school community. For students at high risk for injury or violence, provide targeted prevention programs and services or link to community services. (5) Provide Health, Counseling, Psychological, and Social Services:  (5) Provide Health, Counseling, Psychological, and Social Services Assess the extent to which injuries occur on school property, at school-sponsored events, or on the way to or from school or school-sponsored events: Identify patterns and risks for each type of injury. Use findings to correct hazards and improve safety. (5) Provide Health, Counseling, Psychological, and Social Services:  (5) Provide Health, Counseling, Psychological, and Social Services Develop and implement emergency plans to assess, manage, and refer injured students and staff to appropriate care: Collaborate with local EMS. Obtain parental consent for transport in emergency. List staff assignments and instructions. Include methods for contacting parents. Practice plans annually, revise as needed. (6) Establish Mechanisms for Responding to Crises, Disasters, and Injuries:  (6) Establish Mechanisms for Responding to Crises, Disasters, and Injuries Establish a written response plan (1): Review district and state crisis plans. Create a crisis response team. Assign roles and responsibilities, provide training. Get community input. Consider need for school to serve as shelter in community crisis. (6) Establish Mechanisms for Responding to Crises, Disasters, and Injuries:  (6) Establish Mechanisms for Responding to Crises, Disasters, and Injuries Establish a written response plan (2): Include plans for evacuating students. Include procedures for handling suspicious packages or envelopes. Communicate basic emergency procedures to families. Share floor plans with security agencies. Practice annually, revise as needed. (6) Establish Mechanisms for Responding to Crises, Disasters, and Injuries:  (6) Establish Mechanisms for Responding to Crises, Disasters, and Injuries Prepare to implement the plan in a crisis: Know who can do first aid and CPR. Have a phone tree, emergency contact list, and “go box” with tools and information for the crisis-response post. Have transportation ready to evacuate students and establish reunion areas and procedures. Be prepared for contact with media. (6) Establish Mechanisms for Responding to Crises, Disasters, and Injuries:  (6) Establish Mechanisms for Responding to Crises, Disasters, and Injuries Have short-term responses and services: Consider reopening ASAP after the crisis. Make grief counselors available, seek community resources. Be proactive in helping students express their feelings. In the event of a death, allow grieving; beware of public tributes for suicides. (6) Establish Mechanisms for Responding to Crises, Disasters, and Injuries:  (6) Establish Mechanisms for Responding to Crises, Disasters, and Injuries Have long-term responses and services: Help students who need counseling and psychological services. Teach coping and grieving strategies. Anticipate anniversary dates. Have the school crisis-response team analyze the school’s experience and consider changes. (7) Integrate School, Family, and Community Efforts to Prevent Unintentional Injuries and Violence:  (7) Integrate School, Family, and Community Efforts to Prevent Unintentional Injuries and Violence Involve family members in all aspects of school life. Educate family members and help them secure assistance. Coordinate school and community services: Make school facilities available. Increase supervised after-school programs. Encourage support for community initiatives. Promote service learning. (8) Provide Staff Development Opportunities that Promote Safety:  (8) Provide Staff Development Opportunities that Promote Safety Ensure that all school personnel know about unintentional injuries and violence and have prevention skills: First aid, CPR, injury prevention. Classroom management, cooperative and interactive learning, social skills training. (8) Provide Staff Development Opportunities that Promote Safety:  (8) Provide Staff Development Opportunities that Promote Safety Teach all personnel to be positive role models for a healthy and safe lifestyle: Treat students respectfully. Intervene to stop harassment. Model safety behaviors. Provide links to community services. Slide56:  Target Audiences Policymakers. State and local health and education agencies. National health and education organizations. Post-secondary institutions. School personnel, community leaders, health service providers. More Resources Will Follow:  More Resources Will Follow School Health Index Curriculum Analysis Tool Policy guide School resource database Case studies Questions?:  Questions? www.cdc.gov/HealthyYouth

Related presentations


Other presentations created by Silvestre

Music and TOK
15. 01. 2008
0 views

Music and TOK

CAP08Lesson7
08. 05. 2008
0 views

CAP08Lesson7

VALENTINI WANKA 1165498491
07. 05. 2008
0 views

VALENTINI WANKA 1165498491

LSE Olympics slides
02. 05. 2008
0 views

LSE Olympics slides

2007525222912917
30. 04. 2008
0 views

2007525222912917

2005511164441155
24. 04. 2008
0 views

2005511164441155

2005317110534 9
22. 04. 2008
0 views

2005317110534 9

cooperation latvia
17. 04. 2008
0 views

cooperation latvia

B4 Qian 0215
15. 04. 2008
0 views

B4 Qian 0215

ZigBee Master
08. 04. 2008
0 views

ZigBee Master

Health Care Waste
18. 01. 2008
0 views

Health Care Waste

numbergendercase
11. 01. 2008
0 views

numbergendercase

cis bhs fhs foodborne 36957 7
12. 01. 2008
0 views

cis bhs fhs foodborne 36957 7

opinion
13. 01. 2008
0 views

opinion

ConsBeh Pt 2of3 PsyInfl
13. 01. 2008
0 views

ConsBeh Pt 2of3 PsyInfl

Child Protection
17. 01. 2008
0 views

Child Protection

biosummer04 yang keynote
17. 01. 2008
0 views

biosummer04 yang keynote

Satellite Testing
17. 01. 2008
0 views

Satellite Testing

COEL ExtRev
16. 01. 2008
0 views

COEL ExtRev

rabenhorstDRCS
19. 01. 2008
0 views

rabenhorstDRCS

Vermont Challenge poster Ding
21. 01. 2008
0 views

Vermont Challenge poster Ding

Cocoaine Chapter 6
22. 01. 2008
0 views

Cocoaine Chapter 6

AFEI NCO presentation
23. 01. 2008
0 views

AFEI NCO presentation

dubaitwo
24. 01. 2008
0 views

dubaitwo

Decision Making 10 06 p
05. 02. 2008
0 views

Decision Making 10 06 p

SCHLEGEL Thomas
12. 02. 2008
0 views

SCHLEGEL Thomas

crager xmastree1
22. 01. 2008
0 views

crager xmastree1

EDEA 630 Chapter 12 PowerPoint
28. 01. 2008
0 views

EDEA 630 Chapter 12 PowerPoint

Chapter 14
29. 01. 2008
0 views

Chapter 14

Activating Your Heart
29. 01. 2008
0 views

Activating Your Heart

Rome UPU PostCode StefanLindholm
17. 01. 2008
0 views

Rome UPU PostCode StefanLindholm

OS0607 YWANG what is good soil
22. 01. 2008
0 views

OS0607 YWANG what is good soil

CellPhones
30. 01. 2008
0 views

CellPhones

Keeoing Fit and Healthy
07. 02. 2008
0 views

Keeoing Fit and Healthy

Metamorphism
10. 01. 2008
0 views

Metamorphism

AW1
21. 01. 2008
0 views

AW1

MLA Documentation
14. 02. 2008
0 views

MLA Documentation

pps 308
14. 02. 2008
0 views

pps 308

Generic
22. 02. 2008
0 views

Generic

220 L13 Constantine
25. 02. 2008
0 views

220 L13 Constantine

48 The Hearts of the Children
08. 03. 2008
0 views

48 The Hearts of the Children

TZ Course and trip
14. 03. 2008
0 views

TZ Course and trip

College Prep for HS Students
19. 03. 2008
0 views

College Prep for HS Students

bh us 02 smith biometric
24. 03. 2008
0 views

bh us 02 smith biometric

ATTC 1981 2007
16. 03. 2008
0 views

ATTC 1981 2007

lenovo
14. 04. 2008
0 views

lenovo

Peds Indonesia
14. 01. 2008
0 views

Peds Indonesia

Trish Skillman Presentation
16. 01. 2008
0 views

Trish Skillman Presentation

KKurani 2 14 07
08. 02. 2008
0 views

KKurani 2 14 07

condon
09. 01. 2008
0 views

condon

anthony russell
10. 01. 2008
0 views

anthony russell

Marketingweek2
04. 02. 2008
0 views

Marketingweek2

SGP03
28. 02. 2008
0 views

SGP03

HKPresentationJmSeig neur
10. 04. 2008
0 views

HKPresentationJmSeig neur

s3 Calzadilla Sarmiento
22. 01. 2008
0 views

s3 Calzadilla Sarmiento

Budzet Mon 2007 ang
07. 03. 2008
0 views

Budzet Mon 2007 ang

Villeneuve Can Rpt
24. 01. 2008
0 views

Villeneuve Can Rpt

GlobalIT Class4
31. 03. 2008
0 views

GlobalIT Class4

icongo a z funds raise
15. 02. 2008
0 views

icongo a z funds raise

bredden först
07. 02. 2008
0 views

bredden först

habitat cluj
23. 01. 2008
0 views

habitat cluj

caringsocietypostKuu rne nov01
20. 02. 2008
0 views

caringsocietypostKuu rne nov01

MELL ASU 0708CCPOverview
10. 01. 2008
0 views

MELL ASU 0708CCPOverview

SETA 2 ETHICAL ATTITUDEs
17. 01. 2008
0 views

SETA 2 ETHICAL ATTITUDEs

Flex Benefit Coordinator
09. 01. 2008
0 views

Flex Benefit Coordinator

filmteaching
05. 02. 2008
0 views

filmteaching