interstate study GLAMA talk

Information about interstate study GLAMA talk

Published on August 6, 2007

Author: Woodwork

Source: authorstream.com

Content

Slide1:  Comparing Same-Sex Couples Who Were Married in Massachusetts, Had Domestic Partnerships in California, or Had Civil Unions in Vermont Esther Rothblum Kimberly Balsam Difficulties doing same-sex couples research:  Difficulties doing same-sex couples research Who is a lesbian, gay man, bisexual woman, or bisexual man: sexual orientation has many dimensions Each member of the couple may differ on these dimensions In the absence of legal marriage, what is a couple? Research on heterosexuals has nearly always focused on married couples Difficulties doing same-sex couples research:  Difficulties doing same-sex couples research Heterosexual cohabiting couples differ from married couples in many ways Studies on same-sex couples have included couples regardless of how long they have been together, or only focused on those who have been together for a certain number of years, or only those living together Who is bisexual? Few same-sex couples studies mention which couples identify as bisexual International Status of Same-Sex Marriage:  International Status of Same-Sex Marriage SAME-SEX MARRIAGE: Belgium, Canada, The Netherlands, South Africa (pending), Spain REGISTERED SAME-SEX COHABITANTS: Andorra, Argentina, Brazil, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greenland, Iceland, Israel, Luxembourg, New Zealand, Norway, Portugal, Slovenia, Sweden, Switzerland CURRENT STATUS OF SAME-SEX LEGISLATION IN THE U.S.:  CURRENT STATUS OF SAME-SEX LEGISLATION IN THE U.S. No federal legislation Over 40 states have legislation not recognizing same-sex marriages from other states 1996--Defense of Marriage Act--no state is required to honor same-sex marriages from other states George Bush advocating for constitutional amendment banning same-sex marriages CURRENT STATUS OF SAME-SEX LEGISLATION IN THE U.S.:  CURRENT STATUS OF SAME-SEX LEGISLATION IN THE U.S. Same-sex couples can get married in Massachusetts if they reside in that state. Vermont, New Jersey and Connecticut have civil unions California, Hawaii, Maine and D.C. recognize same-sex domestic partnerships All cover only statewide benefits, yet the real benefits of marriage are federal (1,138 benefits including social security survivor and spousal benefits, filing a joint federal income tax return, immigration rights, Family and Medical leave act, inheritance rights). Our prior research: Civil Union Study:  Our prior research: Civil Union Study Comparison Groups:  Comparison Groups IMPLICATIONS:  IMPLICATIONS IMPLICATIONS:  IMPLICATIONS How about same-sex marriage?:  How about same-sex marriage? Interstate Same-Sex Couples Study:  Interstate Same-Sex Couples Study Collected data to compare same-sex couples in 2004: MA couples in their first year of marriage CA couples in their first year of domestic partnerships VT couples in their first year of civil unions This allowed us to see whether the symbolism of marriage in MA differs from other types of legalized relationships Differences between these states:  Differences between these states VT is small, rural state, 97% white, couples can come from out of state to have civil unions and 80% of civil unions are from out of state CA and MA larger populations, urban, multi-ethnic In MA, only residents of MA can get married In CA, most domestic partnerships are from in state; couples have to live together to have dom. partnerships Differences between these states:  Differences between these states VT: For about $200, the Vermont Office of Vital Records of the Vermont Department of Health provides photocopies of civil union certificates of all couples who had civil unions. CA: For about $25, the Secretary of State’s Office in California provides an excel file with names and addresses of all couples who ever had same-sex domestic partnerships. Differences between these states:  Differences between these states MA: Each city keeps records of marriages, and it can take over a year for these data to get to the Secretary of the Commonwealth’s office. Consequently, by 2005 only data from Cambridge and Somerville, Massachusetts were complete and so we obtained names and contact information from these two cities. Even today, no statewide database of all MA same-sex couples Interstate Same-Sex Couples Study:  Interstate Same-Sex Couples Study VT: 235 surveys completed (167 women and 68 men; 93% white) CA: 431 surveys completed (235 women and 196 men, 83% white) MA: 258 surveys completed (149 women and 109 men, 89% white) Note gender ratio Race/ethnicity comparable to population in VT (only state to keep these data) Interstate Same-Sex Couples Study:  Interstate Same-Sex Couples Study For the present analyses, used one member per couple (the person who filled out questionnaire 'A') VT: 121 (86 women and 35 men) CA: 221 (120 women and 101 men) MA:133 (78 women and 55 men) 2 x 3 anovas or chi squares Used a cut-off of pandlt;.001 to control for multiple comparisons Interstate Same-Sex Couples Study:  Interstate Same-Sex Couples Study Differences by State: -MA couples higher on education -MA and CA couples have higher income than VT couples -MA and CA couples live in larger cities than VT couples -MA couples more politically liberal -MA couples more feminist -CA couples go to LGB bars and clubs more often Interstate Same-Sex Couples Study:  Interstate Same-Sex Couples Study Gender Differences: -Male couples: -Are older -Have been in their relationship longer -Are more exclusively gay (rather than bisexual) -Earn higher incomes Than female couples Interstate Same-Sex Couples Study:  Interstate Same-Sex Couples Study Gender Differences: Male couples: -Moved a greater distance the last time they moved -More likely to have served in the military -Less likely to have children -Go to bars and clubs more often -Go to bars and clubs more often by themselves Than female couples Interstate Same-Sex Couples Study:  Interstate Same-Sex Couples Study This study is not representative of same-sex couples of color. -Using data from the 2000 U.S. Census, Rosenfeld and Kim (2005) found that same-sex couples are more likely to be interracial than are heterosexual couples. -People of color may be faced with choosing between LGB communities and communities of color Same-sex legalized relationships are very public Interstate Same-Sex Couples Study:  Interstate Same-Sex Couples Study Politics: Over 95% of participants are registered to vote and about 95% voted in the last election. 83% of men are Democrats, 5% are Republicans, and 12% are Independent. Among women 77% are Democrats, 4% are Republicans, and 19% are Independent. Three-Year Follow-Up Study of Original Study:  Three-Year Follow-Up Study of Original Study Importance of relationships in western cultures:  Importance of relationships in western cultures

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