Intro Session 5 Collections-CBD

Information about Intro Session 5 Collections-CBD

Published on November 13, 2014

Author: csimkovich

Source: authorstream.com

Content

Collections Development in the Era of the CBD: Collections Development in the Era of the CBD Convention on Biological Diversity: Convention on Biological Diversity International Treaty: in force since 1993, 194 Countries Objectives: Conservation , Sustainable Use , Fair and Equitable B enefit-sharing arising from genetic resources Sovereign rights/responsibilities : national policies and laws c ontinue to be developed & revised Strategic Plan 2011-2020, Aichi Biodiversity Targets 2014 - “Global Biodiversity Outlook” midterm review Governing body: Conference of the Parties (COP ) meets every 2 years Oct 6-17, 2014, COP 12/MOP 1 - Nagoya Protocol Access and Benefit-Sharing: Access and Benefit-Sharing Access described in Article 15 of CBD Prior informed consent (PIC) of the provider country Mutually agreed terms (MAT) Fair and equitable benefit-sharing Not much detail - many different national responses - little clarity Nagoya Protocol on ABS: Nagoya Protocol on ABS Objective: fair and equitable benefit-sharing Focuses on utilization, R&D Covers associated traditional knowledge Excludes resources covered by specialized treaties; not designed for commodities Came into force October 12, 2014 Clarity, Compliance, Monitoring: Clarity, Compliance, Monitoring C ountries requiring PIC for access need to provide: legal certainty, clarity, fair rules, information, and permits as evidence of PIC & MAT ABS national focal points, competent authorities ABS Clearing-house https://absch.cbd.int / Monitor use via checkpoints & trackable permits Opportunities & Challenges: Opportunities & Challenges Strong existing collaborations between US/Canadian gardens and their counterparts in other countries Potential & interest of US/Canadian gardens to increase contributions to plant conservation US not a Party to Convention on Biological Diversity; Canada not a Party to Nagoya Protocol Lack of awareness, misinformation National CBD/ABS laws restricting access in some countries can discourage conservation National Issues Forum launched 2012: National Issues Forum launched 2012 Knowledge-Gathering & Analysis: Knowledge-Gathering & Analysis Framed the issues – What’s at Stake? Conducted baseline survey of APGA members Established Study Hall – “Become Informed” http://www.publicgardens.org/content/nif-community-engagement#2 APGA Community Engagement “Join the Discussion”: APGA Community Engagement “Join the Discussion ” http://www.publicgardens.ideascale.com / Face2Face Summit: Face2Face Summit October 2012, US National Arboretum, DC http:// publicgardens.org/content/nif-face2face-summit Results & Implementation: Results & Implementation 1-page affirmation/statement of good faith Inclusive of diverse members aligns BGs with CBD’s objectives & specific articles useful entry point promoting basic understanding ABS Session – 2013 Global Botanic Congress, Dunedin CBD Session – 2014 APGA Conference, Denver Collections Development & CBD Session – 2014 APGA Collections Symposium http:// publicgardens.org/content/nif-results-and-implementation Public Garden Responses: Public Garden Responses Principles on ABS a framework to help gardens develop an appropriate policy for their circumstances International Plant Exchange Network (IPEN) a code of conduct and facilitated exchange system for non- commercial use CETAF Code of Conduct and Best Practice Designed for European taxonomic facilities to comply with Nagoya and new EU regulation Package: code of conduct, best practice, use statement, MTA, draft templates for PIC and MAT (for countries of origin) APGA CBD Statement of Good Faith Concerns Raised during NIF: Concerns Raised during NIF Self-imposed restrictions can exceed those of provider countries Agreements are binding legal contracts – some Material Transfer Agreements poorly written Great diversity of US gardens – need flexible solutions, individual garden’s choice Tracking plant transfers could be onerous CBD doesn’t restrict commercial-use, but many agreements/networks do PowerPoint Presentation: Collections Development in the Era of the CBD Presenters: Chad Husby , Montgomery Botanical Center Stephanie Aktipis , US Department of State Gary Kinard , USDA-ARS National Germplasm Research Laboratory Kevin Conrad, US National Arboretum Moderator: Pam Allenstein, APGA

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