Published on November 3, 2014
Introduction to .NET FrameWork By Quontra Solutions: Introduction to .NET FrameWork By Quontra Solutions Email : [email protected] Contact : 404-900-9988 Website : www.quontrasolutions.com .NET – What Is It?: .NET – What Is It? Software platform Language neutral In other words: .NET is not a language (Runtime and a library for writing and executing written programs in any compliant language) What Is .NET: What Is .NET .Net is a new framework for developing web-based and windows-based applications within the Microsoft environment. The framework offers a fundamental shift in Microsoft strategy: it moves application development from client-centric to server-centric. .NET – What Is It?: .NET – What Is It? Operating System + Hardware .NET Framework .NET Application Framework, Languages And Tools: Base Class Library Common Language Specification Common Language Runtime ADO.NET: Data and XML VB VC++ VC# Visual Studio.NET ASP.NET: Web Services and Web Forms JScript … Windows Forms Framework, Languages And Tools The .NET Framework .NET Framework Services: The .NET Framework .NET Framework Services Common Language Runtime Windows ® Forms ASP.NET Web Forms Web Services ADO.NET, evolution of ADO Visual Studio.NET Common Language Runtime (CLR): Common Language Runtime (CLR) CLR works like a virtual machine in executing all languages. All .NET languages must obey the rules and standards imposed by CLR. Examples: Object declaration, creation and use Data types, language libraries Error and exception handling Interactive Development Environment (IDE) Common Language Runtime : Common Language Runtime Development Mixed language applications Common Language Specification (CLS) Common Type System (CTS) Standard class framework Automatic memory management Consistent error handling and safer execution Potentially multi-platform Deployment Removal of registration dependency Safety – fewer versioning problems Common Language Runtime Multiple Language Support: Common Language Runtime Multiple Language Support CTS is a rich type system built into the CLR Implements various types (int, double, etc) And operations on those types CLS is a set of specifications that language and library designers need to follow This will ensure interoperability between languages Compilation in .NET: Compilation in .NET Code in VB.NET Code in C# Code in another .NET Language VB.NET compiler C# compiler Appropriate Compiler IL(Intermediate Language) code CLR just-in-time execution Intermediate Language (IL): Intermediate Language (IL) .NET languages are not compiled to machine code. They are compiled to an Intermediate Language (IL). CLR accepts the IL code and recompiles it to machine code. The recompilation is just-in-time (JIT) meaning it is done as soon as a function or subroutine is called. The JIT code stays in memory for subsequent calls. In cases where there is not enough memory it is discarded thus making JIT process interpretive. Languages: Languages Languages provided by MS VB, C++, C#, J#, JScript Third-parties are building APL, COBOL, Pascal, Eiffel, Haskell, ML, Oberon, Perl, Python, Scheme, Smalltalk… PowerPoint Presentation: Windows Forms Framework for Building Rich Clients RAD (Rapid Application Development) Rich set of controls Data aware ActiveX ® Support Licensing Accessibility Printing support Unicode support UI inheritance ASP.NET: ASP.NET ASP.NET, the platform services that allow to program Web Applications and Web Services in any .NET language ASP.NET Uses .NET languages to generate HTML pages. HTML page is targeted to the capabilities of the requesting Browser ASP.NET “Program” is compiled into a .NET class and cached the first time it is called. All subsequent calls use the cached version. PowerPoint Presentation: ASP.NET Logical Evolution of ASP Supports multiple languages Improved performance Control-based, event-driven execution model More productive Cleanly encapsulated functionality ASP.NET Web Forms: ASP.NET Web Forms Allows clean cut code Code-behind Web Forms Easier for tools to generate Code within is compiled then executed Improved handling of state information Support for ASP.NET server controls Data validation Data bound grids ASP.NET Web Services: ASP.NET Web Services A technical definition “A programmable application component accessible via standard Web protocols” PowerPoint Presentation: Web Services It is just an application… …that exposes its features and capabilities over the network… …using XML… …to allow for the creation of powerful new applications that are more than the sum of their parts… PowerPoint Presentation: ADO.NET (Data and XML) New objects (e.g., DataSets) Separates connected / disconnected issues Language neutral data access Uses same types as CLR Great support for XML Visual Studio.NET: Visual Studio.NET Development tool that contains a rich set of productivity and debugging features .NET – Hierarchy, Another View: .NET – Hierarchy, Another View CLR CLR Summary: Summary The .NET Framework Dramatically simplifies development and deployment Provides robust and secure execution environment Supports multiple programming languages Comparison between J2EE and .NET: Comparison between J2EE and .NET PowerPoint Presentation: Comparison between J2EE and .NET Architectures J2EE and .NET: J2EE and .NET Execution Engine J2EE Java source code compiles into machine-independent byte code Runtime Environment : JVM .NET Any compliant language compiles into MSIL Runtime environment : CLR Both JVM and CLR ,support services, such as code verification, memory management via garbage collection, And code security J2EE and .NET: J2EE and .NET Cross Platform Portability J2EE Platform Independent JDK should exist on target machine .NET Supports Windows platform CLR should exist on target machine Can support other platforms provided it has its own JIT complier. J2EE and .NET: J2EE and .NET Language Support J2EE Tied to Java Supports other languages via interface technology .NET Language independent Supports any language if mapping exists from that language to IL J2EE and .NET: J2EE and .NET Tools Support J2EE Can employ any number of tools Pro :Developer has a great deal of choice Con :Difficulty in choosing a right tool for a given job .NET Visual Studio.NET, single IDE for building an application Thank you!: Thank you!