Published on August 7, 2014
N.G.Palit : N.G.Palit Leadership Leadership: Leadership What is Leadership ?: What is Leaders hip ? Leadership : Leadership Leadership is ”the ability to get extraordinary things done --- by ordinary people”. Leadership: Leadership Leading People Influencing People Commanding People Guiding people Leadership: Leadership Who is a Leader?: Who is a Leader? A leader is a person others opt to follow to a place they would not have gone by themselves. - BarkerBarker The Meaning of Leadership : The Meaning of Leadership Qualities of a Leader: Qualities of a Leader The Three Broad Heads are: 1. Personal Traits 2. Knowledge & Ability 3. Skills Leadership Attributes: Leadership Attributes Leadership Qualities: Leadership Qualiti es ”Leadership is the activity of influencing people to strive willingly for group objectives”. - Georgy R Terry Leaders As Role Models: Leaders As Role Models Team members copy and imbibe some of the qualities of their leader. Teams look up to their leaders very much like a child looks upto parents. Leaders As Catalysts: Leaders As Catalysts The presence of leader increases the speed of the reactions and responses, without personally getting involved in the activities performed. Leaders Create Confidence: Leaders Create Confidence Leaders provide firmness, courage and self-cofidence in people through encouragement and positive feedback. Effective Leadership: Effective Leadership Essential Factors for effective leadership are: 1. Set crystal clear Goals 2. Select people carefully to attain the Goal. 3. Use good interpersonal skills with encouraging communication to motivate . Characteristics of a Leader: Characteristics of a Leader Top Leadership Traits: Top Leadership Traits 1. Flexibility of mind 2 . Human Relations 3 . Imagination & Clarity of Thoughts . 4. Enthusiasm & Drive 5 . Faith in himself 6 . Mental & Physical energy. 7. Tact & Humour Good Interpersonal Skills: Good Interpersonal Skills Good Interpersonal skills is the key to getting along well with people. This is an art mastered by all successful leaders. Intelligence: Intelligence Knowledgable, smart, well Informed and wise are the leaders who WIN ! Coaching : Coaching * ” Coaching isn’t an addition to a leader’s job. It is an integral part of it” --- George. S. Odiron * It improves the productivity of team members Counselling Ability: Counselling Ability Leaders need to have good counselling ability to improve team members attitude towards Goal attainment. Technical Competance: Technical Competance The ability to Plan, Organize, Delegate, Analyze and take decision. Abilty to Coordinate and Control the group activities. Problem Solving & Decision Making Skills: Problem Solving & Decision Making Skills Quick, Effective, result oriented and correct decisions lead to SUCCESS Communication Skills: Communication Skills Listen more, talk less, use positive Body Language, smile, Praise loudly, Blame softly. Objectivity: Objectivity Leaders never lose sight of their goals, even against all odds. Ten Functions of Leadership: Ten Functions of Leadership 1 . LEAD Leaders propel team members towards attaining Goals 2. Motivate: 2. Motivate Leaders assure and propel their teams and themselves to achieve set goals. 3. Control: 3. Control Leaders govern, regulate, command and manage their teams towards goal attainment. 4. Stimulate: 4. Stimulate Leaders excite, urge, provoke and charge the team. Leaders stimulate them to go all out, towards goal attainment. 5. Assert: 5. Assert Leaders uphold, affirm, and emphasise the objectives set. 6.Goal Setting for the team: 6.Goal Setting for the team * Setting goal & clarifying. * Making Plan. * Defining the task. * Allocating work & resources. 7. Communicates Information: 7. Communicates Information Guiding & Controlling through communication Ensuring proper communication with the group. Regular evaluation & sharing information. 8.Builds Effective Team: 8.Builds Effective Team Builds a strong Team spirit 9. Conflict Solving: 9. Conflict Solving Effectively handles conflicts among Team members. 10. Leads his Team to Success: 10. Leads his Team to Success Improving both Task achievement and Job satisfaction Leadership Styles: Leadership Styles Structural Vs Situational Leadership: Structural Vs Situational Leadership 1. The Bison Herd Model. 2. The Bird Model The Bison Herd Model: The Bison Herd Model Early settlers immobilized bison herds by seeking out and killing the alpha male! Organizations led by leadership based on permanent precedence are vulnerable. The Bird Model: Th e Bird Model The Bird Model: The Bird Model Migratory birds are good example of both situational leadership and outstanding followership. As they fly, they keep changing the lead , yet reach their destination. Leadership Styles: Leadership Styles Leadership Style depends upon: 1. The situation (Appropriate for the situation) 2. Leader’s personality. 3. Team members’ maturity level & needs. The Management & Leadership Styles: The Management & Leadership Styles All leaders have two important priorities and these are: 1 . The Task & 2. The People to perform the task Classification of Leadership Styles: Classification of Leadership Styles 1. TASK ORIENTED: Also called work centered leadership. Leader shows greater concern for work than the workers. Uses maximum authority , direction and controll. Classification of Leadership: Classification of Leadership 2. PEOPLE ORIENTED: Leader shows greater concern for his people than the task (work) Democratic in controll & decision making. Another Type of Classification: Another Type of Classification 1. AUTOCRATIC: Leader dictates what he wants . Is strict. Doesn’t delegate authority. Is a one-man show. Types of Classification: Types of Classification 2. PERSUASIVE: Sells his ideas, Using moral and enthusiasm of members 3. CONSULTATIVE: Discusses with team members. Then, takes his decision himself. Types of Classification: Types of Classification 4. DEMOCRATIC: Involves team members in discussion & also in decision-making. Another Type of Classification: Another Type of Classification 1. DIRECTING: Leader instructs. Then, closely supervises task accomplishment Another Type of Classification: Another Type of Classification 2. COACHING: The leader continues to direct and closely supervises. But, also explains decisions. Solicits suggestions. Supports progress. Types of Classification: Types of Classification 3. SUPPORTING: Facilitates and supports task accomplishment. Shares responsibility for decision making and problem solving. Types of Classification: Types of Classification 4. DELEGATING: Turns over responsibilities to team members for decision-making and problem solving. Which Leadership to be Adopted?: Which Leadership to be Adopted? The leader has to adapt his style to a given situation. It is called ” Situational Adaptable Leadership (SAL). A good leader will find him- or herself switching instinctively between styles according to the people and work they are dealing with. Situational Leadership Style: Situational Leadership Style SAL takes into account the following : Leader’s awareness of self. His natural style. Situation. Organizational culture. Group characteristics & age of the team. Motivation level. Appropriate Leadership Style: Appropriate Leadership Style DEVELOPMENT LEVEL APPROPRIATE LEADERSHIP STYLE D1 * LOW COMPETENCE * HIGH COMMITMENT S1 DIRECTING STRUCTURE, CONTROL & SUPERVISE D2 SOME COMPETENCE VARIABLE COMMITMENT S2 COACHING DIRECT & SUPPORT Appropriate Leadership Style: Appropriate Leadership Style D3 * HIGH COMPETENCE * VARIABLE COMMITMENT S3 SUPPORTING PRAISE, LISTEN & FACILITATE D4 HIGH COMPETENCE HIGH COMMITMENT S4 * DELEGATING TURN OVER RESPONSIBILITY FOR DAY-TO-DAY WORK TASK RELATIONS: TASK RELATIONS (4) Low Task & Low Relationship (3) Low Task & High relationship (2) High Task & High Relationship (1) High Task & Low Relationship The Life Cycle Theory: The Life Cycle Theory (3) Low Task & High Relationship (4) LOW TASK & LOW RELATIONSHIP (2) HIGH TASK & HIGH RELATIONSHIP (1) HIGH TASK & LOW RELATIONSHIP HIGH 4 MEDIUM 3 2 LOW 1 DNA of a Leader: DNA of a Leader Management & Leadership: Management & Leadership The organization of resources is - Management. The organization of people is - Leadership. MANAGEMENT: MANAGEMENT Management is the art of organizing resources to meet objectives. Leadership: Leadership Leadership is instrumental in the success of the organization. Team performance normally depends upon the quality of leadership. Management & Leadership: Management & Leadership Management of things is relatively easy – They don’t answer back The leadership of people is much more difficult – They do. Leadership Vs Manager: Leadership Vs Manager To Sum Up: To Sum Up How to be an Effective Leader?: How to be an Effective Leader? Use Effective Leadership & Be a Winner: Use Effective Leadership & Be a Winner Excel As A Leader: Excel As A Leader QUESTIONS: QUESTIONS PowerPoint Presentation: Thank You - N.G.Palit At the end: At the end If you liked this presentation, please feel free to send your valuable feedback and suggestions to me at the following address: [email protected] or through facebook.