Published on February 4, 2008
Is there life after death?: Is there life after death? is life meaningful? could an after-life make this life meaningful? what is required for life to be ‘meaningful’? (b) life after death (a ‘summum bonum’) is necessary if acting morally is to be rational Slide2: (3) Metaphysical arguments, for example: 1. Human beings have immaterial (non-physical) souls as well as bodies. 2. Only material things die. Therefore 3. there is life after the death of the body. do souls exist? if Fred’s soul survives the death of his body, is that for (the person) Fred to survive? Questions about life after death lead to questions about personal identity. Personal identity over time: Personal identity over time Under what conditions are A (you at time 1) and B (you at time 2) the same person? numerical identity: that chair is the very same one you sat on in the last lecture (1-1 relation) qualitative identity: that chair is exactly similar to many other chairs in the lecture theatre (1-many relation) 2. what is necessary for A to be the very same person as B 3. what is sufficient for A to be the very same person as B Slide4: Once we know under what conditions A (you at time 1) and B (you at time 2) are the very same person, we can ask, in this situation can A and B be the very same person? What are your intuitions about personal identity over time?: What are your intuitions about personal identity over time?