Life of a slave 2

Information about Life of a slave 2

Published on January 24, 2008

Author: Ubert

Source: authorstream.com

Content

Slide1:  By: Kristi Riphon Slave Trade By: Kristi Riphon Block 1 Introduction:  Between 1505 and 1870, millions of African Americans were forced to leave their homes and families to be transported to America as slaves. About 2 million Africans died on the voyage. Slaves were Raped, beaten, and some suffocated, or committed suicide. Also diseases were another main reason for the many deaths, such as small pox, scurvy and dysentery. These diseases were often spread to other slaves and the crew killing many people. Introduction Middle Passage:  Middle Passage During the middle passage men were shackled two by two, with right wrist and ankle connected to the left wrist and ankle of another. Slaves were forced to sleep without coverings on bare wooden floors. On stormy days the elbows of slaves would be wore down to the bone. Women and children were allowed to wander the deck during the day, but the women were considered prey for white sailors. There were two methods used for housing the slaves such as a tight pack and a loose pack, the tight pack they figured they could fit more people on the ships and the greater number would offset the increased death rate. The loose pack was greater room for the slaves and was thought that more air,better sanitary conditions would get them bigger profit. Doctors on the ships would be paid a lot of money for every slave that made it to America in good health. Many of the paid doctors weren’t really doctors, but experienced to take care of the slaves. Most Slaves survived due to their strength, not due to the doctors on board. Doctors had to take their shoes off while going into the holds off the ships, because they couldn’t go in there without stepping on a salve. Doctors would often have cut up or bruised feet due to being bitten or pinched by the slaves. At the end of the voyage, the leftover food was fed to the slaves to fatten them up for the market. :  Doctors on the ships would be paid a lot of money for every slave that made it to America in good health. Many of the paid doctors weren’t really doctors, but experienced to take care of the slaves. Most Slaves survived due to their strength, not due to the doctors on board. Doctors had to take their shoes off while going into the holds off the ships, because they couldn’t go in there without stepping on a salve. Doctors would often have cut up or bruised feet due to being bitten or pinched by the slaves. At the end of the voyage, the leftover food was fed to the slaves to fatten them up for the market. In this picture a slaves is shackled, normally slaves would be shacked two by two. http://www.historyonthenet.com/Slave_Trade/punishments.htm A Whipped slave http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/slavery.htm Trade Triangle:  Trade Triangle The trade triangle was a triangular route between Africa, the Caribbean and North America. Slave owners from France, England and Holland would trade Africans in exchange for products such as sugar, tobacco and rum. Eventually, the trade route went to Virginia for rum, and rice crops from Georgia. In this picture here is the trade route that was taken http://www.historyonthenet.com/Slave_Trade/triangulartrade.htm Labor:  Labor Slaves worked on average 18 hours a day in fields, they planted, picked and processed crops such as tobacco, sugar, rice and cotton.Cotton was the largest industry for slaves. Before the cotton gin it took a slave one day to clean a pound of short stapled cotton. When the cotton gin was invented in 1793, slaves could clean up to 50 pounds of cotton a day. Cotton gin Cotton This is as picture of a person using the cotton gin to clean the cotton. http://www.cr.nps.gov/delta/plantation/plantation.htm#cotton Sugar plantation in 1823 http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/slavery.htm Family:  Family Slave owners encouraged slaves to marry. It was believes that a a married man was les likely to run away. Some masters liked marriage for religious reasons and for women to have children. Woman would start having children at age 13, and were expected to have 4-5 children by the age of 20. To make women have more children slave owners would promise woman slaves to freedom if they had at least 15 children. Selling Slaves:  Selling Slaves For the demands of sugar and cotton slave owners would trade excess slaves South. Louisiana and New Orleans became the largest slave markets. By the late 1800’s the upper South’s slaved population was sold deeper south. A slave market in America http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/slavery.htm   Slave Housing:  Slave Housing Slaves usually lived in wooden shacks with dirt floors, they were built to house two families. Some houses would have divider between the two families and some wouldn’t. Some would nail up old boards then stuff the cracks with old rags, when they didn’t have boards they would hang up old clothing. http://www.hfmgv.org/education/smartfun/hermitage/open.html Here is a picture of a slave home, that held two families Food and Clothing:  Food and Clothing Slaves would get a monthly payment of corn meal and salt herrings. Some slave owners would give their slaves a small piece of land so they could grow there own vegetables. Slaves would also get new clothes once a year, like a pair of trouser for winter, a pair of socks and shoes. . Punishment:  Punishment If slaves wouldn’t listen they would often be whipped, beaten, chained to the ground or put in different contraptions. http://www.historyonthenet.com/Slave_Trade/punishments.htm Slave Chained to the ground Slave being hung Slaves being whipped Different contraptions used Slide12:  http://www.afrc.af.mil/910aw/Black%20History%20Web/slave_trade_to_the_americas.htm

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